The Common Council of the City of Albany finds and declares that the proliferation and use of assault weapons pose and present a threat to the health, safety, welfare and security to the citizens of Albany.
As used herein, "assault weapon" generally means a firearm of such a nature and with such a high rate of fire and/or capacity for firepower that its function as a legitimate sports or recreational firearm is substantially outweighed by the danger that it can be used to kill and injure human beings. While it is the intent, then, of this legislation to restrict the use and possession of assault weapons, it is not the intent of the Common Council to place restrictions on the use of those firearms which are primarily designed and intended for hunting, target practice or other legitimate sports or recreational activities.
A copy of any of the weapons listed in Subsection A(1), (2) and (3) of this section shall include any other model by the same manufacturer with the same action design having slight modifications or enhancements, provided that such weapon as modified or enhanced employs only ammunition of more than .22 caliber rimfire; any weapon with an action design identical or nearly identical to any of the listed weapons which has been designed from, renamed, renumbered or patterned after any of the listed weapons regardless of the manufacturer or country of origin, provided that such weapon employs only ammunition of more than .22 caliber rimfire; or any weapon which has been manufactured and sold by another company under a licensing agreement to manufacture or sell a weapon identical or nearly identical to any of the listed weapons regardless of the company or production or country of origin, provided that such weapon employs only ammunition of more than .22 caliber rimfire.
"Assault weapon" does not include weapons that do not use cartridges, manually operated bolt-action weapons, lever-action weapons, slide-action weapons, single-shot weapons, multiple-barrel weapons, revolving-cylinder weapons except shotguns, semiautomatic weapons that use exclusively a rotary Mannlicher-style magazine, any antique firearm as defined in Article 265 of the Penal Law or any assault weapon which has been modified either to render it permanently inoperable or permanently make it a device no longer defined as an assault weapon.
Any person, firm or corporation who or which shall, on or after the effective date of this article, manufacture, import, keep, offer or expose for sale, give, lend or possess any assault weapon in the City of Albany, except as provided for herein, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.) and/or to imprisonment not exceeding one (1) year.
Any individual who lawfully acquired and possessed an assault weapon, as defined herein, prior to the effective date of this article shall register the firearm with the Chief of the Albany Police Department pursuant to the provisions of § 193-17 herein. The registration shall be made within ninety (90) days of the effective date hereof and shall contain a description of the firearm that identifies it uniquely, including all identification marks and the full name, address, date of birth and fingerprints of the owner, together with such other information as the Chief of Police may deem appropriate. Any change of address of the owner must be registered with the Department within ninety (90) days of the change. The Department may charge a fee for registration not to exceed the actual processing costs of the Department. Such registration shall allow the possession of the firearm on the registrant's property or for the uses specified in § 193-17.
On and after the date fixed herein for the registration of assault weapons, no such weapon possessed pursuant hereto shall be sold or transferred to anyone within the City of Albany other than at a licensed gun dealer as defined in the Penal Law. Any individual who obtains title to an assault weapon registered under this section by bequest or intestate succession must, within ninety (90) days, either render the weapon inoperable in accordance with § 193-15, apply for a license pursuant to § 193-17 herein, sell the weapon to a licensed gun dealer or remove the weapon from the City.
A license for an assault weapon may be issued as provided in Subsection B to possess such weapon for the purpose of loading and firing the same while participating as a competitor in organized competitive matches or league competition under the auspices of or approval by a law enforcement agency or a nationally or state recognized organization that fosters proficiency in or promotes education about firearms or to possess such weapon for the purpose of loading and firing the same at a range located on premises owned and occupied by such agency or organization. Such license shall not permit use for any other purpose and shall not be transferable.
Application for such license as hereinbefore specified shall be made to the Chief of the Albany Police Department on forms prescribed by him for that purpose. Every person so licensed shall have such license on his or her person when engaged in such activity and while transporting such weapon to or from such competition or range.
All such weapons shall be transported in a case, together with a copy of the match program, match schedule or match registration. Where such person is transporting such weapon to or from a range, it shall be transported in a case. Magazines and ammunition for such weapon shall be carried and transported in a locked container separate from the weapon.
A licensed gun dealer, as defined in the Penal Law of the State of New York, who lawfully possessed an assault weapon prior to the effective date of this legislation or who gains possession thereof pursuant to this legislation may transport the weapon between dealers or out of the City, display it at any gun show licensed by a state or local governmental entity or sell it to a person licensed under this section. Any transporting allowed herein shall be accomplished as required in Subsection C.
The provisions of this article shall not apply to the sale to, purchase by or the use or possession of firearms by the Police Department, Sheriff's office, Marshal's office, corrections officers and the like or the military forces of this state while engaged in the discharge of their official duties or as otherwise permitted by regulation or law.
If any provisions of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held unenforceable or invalid, in whole or in part, by any court of competent jurisdiction, such holding of unenforceability or invalidity shall in no way affect or impair any other provision of this article or the application of any such provision to any other person or circumstance.
This article shall take effect immediately upon final passage, publication and signing as required by law.