City of Lancaster, PA
Lancaster County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Lancaster 6-22-2004 by Ord. No. 12-2004. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction and floodplain management — See Ch. 109.
Numbering of buildings — See Ch. 113.
Contractors — See Ch. 117.
Fire prevention — See Ch. 142.
Historic districts — See Ch. 155.
Housing — See Ch. 169.
Plumbing — See Ch. 215.
Property maintenance — See Ch. 223.
Sewers — See Ch. 249.
Stormwater management — See Ch. 260.
Subdivision and land development — See Ch. 265.
Water — See Ch. 295.
Zoning — See Ch. 300.
[Amended 7-10-2012 by Ord. No. 8-2012]
The City of Lancaster (City) hereby elects to administer and enforce the provisions of the Pennsylvania Construction Code Act (Act 45 of 1999),[1] as amended from time to time, and all regulations promulgated pursuant thereto as herein provided.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. §§ 7210.101 through 7210.1103.
[Amended 7-10-2012 by Ord. No. 8-2012]
The Uniform Construction Code as set forth in 34 Pa. Code Chapters 401 through 405, as amended from time to time, is hereby adopted and incorporated herein by reference as the municipal building code of the City of Lancaster. Chapter 405 of Title 34 of the Pennsylvania Code shall be enforced and administered by the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.
[Amended 7-27-2010 by Ord. No. 11-2010; 7-10-2012 by Ord. No. 8-2012]
A. 
The administration and enforcement of the code within the City shall be undertaken by the Department of Economic Development and Neighborhood Revitalization. Notwithstanding the foregoing, City Council may, from time to time, by appropriate resolution, provide for the enforcement of the code in any of the following methods:
(1) 
By designation of other employees of the City to serve as municipal code officials to act on behalf of the City regarding the administration and enforcement of this chapter and the code.
(2) 
By retention or appointment of one or more construction code officials or third-party agencies to act on behalf of the City regarding the administration and enforcement of this chapter and the code.
(3) 
By agreement with one or more other municipalities for the joint administration and enforcement of this chapter and the code through an intermunicipal agreement pursuant to 53 Pa.C.S.A. Chapter 23, Subchapter A (relating to intergovernmental cooperation).
(4) 
By entering into a contract with the proper authorities of another municipality for the administration and enforcement of this chapter and the code on behalf of the City.
(5) 
By entering into an agreement with the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry for plan reviews, inspections and enforcement of structures other than one-family or two-family dwelling units and utility and miscellaneous use structures.
B. 
The Building Code Official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Determinations by the Building Code Official shall be made in one of two written forms of communication.
(1) 
The first form is the administrative order which will provide guidance as to policy decisions. Administrative orders shall be issued by the Building Code Official to clarify code questions and to establish departmental policy where no other criteria exists or where administrative guidance is needed to establish a methodology to resolve recurring problems.
(2) 
The second form is a standard design bulletin. These bulletins will be issued where code criteria leave a specific aspect of construction to the judgment of the Building Code Official or the authority having jurisdiction. They will set specific design criteria where necessary.
[Amended 12-12-2006 by Ord. No. 15-2006; 7-27-2010 by Ord. No. 11-2010; 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 11-2011; 7-10-2012 by Ord. No. 8-2012]
The code is hereby supplemented by the following administrative amendments to the Uniform Construction Code:
A. 
Section 403.1(b)(3) is amended to change "1,000 square feet" to "200 square feet."
B. 
The following provisions of Section 403.42, Permit Requirements and Exemptions, are amended as more fully set forth below:
(1) 
The language in Section 403.42(c)(1) is amended by deleting from Subsection (vi) “cabinets, countertops and similar finishing work,” and by deleting from Subsection (xiii) “window replacement without structural change.”
C. 
The language in Section 403.42a(b) is amended by adding the following language:
“Building permit fees shall be paid to the City upon filing of an application for construction, alteration, demolition, moving of buildings or structures, roofing, siding, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, swimming pools, spas or hot tubs and repairs for which a building permit is required by Section 403.42a, as amended. Such fees shall be as established from time to time by resolution of City Council.
"Where work for which a permit is required by this code is started prior to obtaining the required permit, the fees set forth by resolution of City Council may be tripled. The payment of such fee shall not relieve any persons from fully complying with the requirements of this code in the execution of the work or from other penalties prescribed herein.”
D. 
The language in Section 403.45, Inspections, Subsection (c), is amended by adding the following language: "Inspections: When a structure or equipment or other systems are not ready for the scheduled inspection when the inspector arrives, the responsible contractor and/or permit applicant shall be responsible for payment of such additional permit fees as established from time to time by resolution of City Council or by the third-party agency performing the reinspection.”
[Added 12-12-2006 by Ord. No. 15-2006; amended 7-27-2010 by Ord. No. 11-2010]
The Uniform Construction Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as adopted by the City of Lancaster is hereby supplemented with the following technical changes:
A. 
The provisions of the International Building Code of 2009 incorporated in § 403.21(a)(1) of the Uniform Construction Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are amended as follows:
(1) 
Section 3107.1, Signs, be and hereby is revised to read as follows: "Signs shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with this code, the Zoning Ordinance of the City of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and Appendix H of the code."
(2) 
Section 3303.4 is amended to read as follows: "Where a structure has been demolished or removed, all construction materials shall be removed from the site, and the vacant lot shall be filed and maintained to the existing grade. All backfill materials must remain consistent with the surrounding substrate. Materials shall not be used that will in effect create a drain field. During demolition sufficient materials shall be maintained on hand to complete the backfill process. Compaction is required to be accomplished in twelve-inch lifts with hydraulic tamping equipment. The surface shall be completed with an approved material or seeding as required. These requirements shall apply equally to all residential projects."
(3) 
Section 3303, Demolition, be and hereby is revised by adding the following Section 3303.7, Demolition Requirements:
3303.7 Demolition requirements. The following are additional requirements for demolition which shall apply equally to all residential projects:
A.
Demolition shall include the demolition of all structures, vaults, steps, walls and the disposal of all excess material and rubbish.
B.
The contractor shall furnish, erect and maintain approved hazard warning signs in places and locations where the placement of the signs is warranted, especially in working areas or as directed by the Chief Building Official.
C.
No burning shall be permitted on the site, unless approved by the City of Lancaster Bureau of Fire.
D.
In all cases where a structure is demolished, the contractor shall furnish all additional materials required for filling subsurface areas to the grade of the surface of the adjoining ground. Such material required shall be of a quality acceptable to the Chief Building Official, and a sufficient quantity shall be on hand to ensure uninterrupted progress in completing the backfilling. On completion of the demolition, the basement shall be filled to grade. All backfilling shall be done in twelve-inch layers, and each layer shall be compacted by a ten-ton roller or equivalent equipment approved by the Chief Building Official, or certified compaction results shall be performed and provided by an accredited engineering firm. Eighteen inches of soil, free from stones, clods and debris, shall be evenly spread over all areas where demolition activity occurred. The entire area shall be cleaned and graded so a rotary mower can be used in cutting the grass or weeds.
E.
In all cases where a structure is demolished, the grading of lots shall be completed in conformance with an approved E&SC plan and shall be approved by the Chief Building Inspector.
F.
All combustible material from the demolition activity shall be removed from the site, and any basements or pits exposed by such demolition activity shall be backfilled to at least the adjacent grade levels.
G.
Portions of structures more than one floor above grade and located immediately adjacent and parallel to any street shall be demolished piecemeal utilizing a method that will minimize debris falling toward the street.
I.
All floor construction, except a concrete basement floor or concrete slab, on grade shall be demolished. All partitions, furnaces, heating apparatus, piping, gasoline or oil tanks, miscellaneous fixtures, stairways, solid masonry and combustible materials shall be removed from the site and shall not be used for backfilling.
J.
Before any work is started, the contractor shall inquire of the City Arborist to determine if any trees existing on the site are to be saved. All trees which are to be saved shall be adequately protected.
K.
Upon completion of demolition, the contractor shall leave the site in a neat and clean condition clear of all materials, equipment, debris and rubbish.
L.
During the demolition of buildings and structures, the work shall be kept thoroughly wetted down to prevent the spread of dust. The contractor shall provide necessary water and connections therefor.
(4) 
Section 3303.6, Utility connections, be and hereby is amended to read as follows: "Service utility connections shall be discontinued and capped in accordance with the approved rules and requirements of the City of Lancaster. Notwithstanding the foregoing, all sewer laterals must be capped at the curb by the contractor before any demolition starts. A permit must be obtained from the administrative authority recognized under the International Plumbing Code prior to issuance of a demolition permit. Moreover, all electric service shall be disconnected prior to commencing demolition, and all heating utilities shall be made permanently inoperable by removal of fuel supplies prior to demolition."
(5) 
Section 3307, Protection of adjoining property, be and hereby is amended by adding the following Sections 3307.2 and 3307.3:
3307.2. The contractor shall leave contiguous buildings in a safe condition and shall not deface, mar, hurt or jeopardize any adjacent or nearby building, and any damage done to such adjacent or nearby building shall be repaired or restored by the contractor to the satisfaction of the Building Code Official. Extreme care must be exercised in the demolition of buildings adjacent to or nearby other structures which are to remain. The contractor shall be responsible for damages to an adjacent or nearby building, and all repairs shall be made by the contractor at no expense to the owner of the adjacent or nearby building. Any walls of contiguous building left exposed by this demolition shall be preserved and treated so as to seal the surface of such walls and provide adequate weather protection. All work required by this subsection shall be completed within 30 days from the date any demolition work results in exposure to the elements of contiguous building walls or parapets, which time may be extended by the Chief Building Official for good cause.
3307.3. In the case of an existing party wall or an existing exposed wall which is not intended to be used by the person causing the demolition and where the surface of such wall is to remain exposed, such person causing the demolition shall preserve, at his own expense, the party or exposed wall by ensuring that the exposed surfaces are structurally sound and made permanently waterproof by the application of stucco, Gunite, Driv-it or other approved material.
(6) 
The code is amended by adding the following Section 3313, Sandblasting:
3313 Sandblasting. The most gentle cleaning method possible shall be used to clean brick, stone or masonry surfaces. Brick and stone shall not be sandblasted with dry grit or hydro-silica blasting. In such cases where sandblasting has been approved by the Building Code Official as necessary for the maintenance of the historic structure, the sandblasting contractor shall conform to the requirements of 25 Pa. Code § 123.1 relating to the regulation of certain fugitive emissions, or its successor standards, and water shall be used for all such sandblasting operations. These requirements shall apply equally to all commercial and residential projects.
B. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B, regarding amendments to the provisions of the International Code Council Electrical Code 2009, was repealed 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 11-2011.
C. 
The provisions of the International Plumbing Code 2009 as incorporated in § 403.21(a)(5) of the Uniform Construction Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are amended as follows:
(1) 
Section 102.4 be and hereby is amended to read as follows:
Section 102.4 Additions, alterations or repairs. Additions, alterations, renovations or repairs to any plumbing system shall conform to that required for a new plumbing system without requiring the existing plumbing system to comply with all the requirements of this code. Additions, alterations or repairs shall not cause an existing system to become unsafe, insanitary or overloaded. All materials used for repairs shall be of like kind.
(2) 
Section 102.4 be and hereby is amended by adding the following Subsections 102.4(a), 102.4(b), 102.4(c) and 102.4(d):
(a) 
Where two or more buildings are connected to a common sewer, which common sewer then enters the public sewer in the street or alley adjoining such buildings, and such private sewer system is blocked, it shall be the duty of the owners of all buildings connected to such common sewer to cause the blockage to be removed immediately, and the cost thereof shall be borne equally by the parties.
(b) 
If the owner of the buildings connected to such blocked sewer fails to correct the same promptly and, as a result, the situation becomes hazardous to public health, the Plumbing Inspector shall cause the same to be corrected and collect the actual cost of labor, materials, equipment or any other item, service or expense incurred by the City to correct such blockage or failure and the administrative fee prescribed by Chapter 36, equally from the owners.
(c) 
In addition to the foregoing remedies, if the situation warrants, the use of the common sewer shall be eliminated, and the owner of each building required to connect such building separately to the public sewer.
(d) 
Any bill for repairs made to a property pursuant to this chapter shall be paid by the owner in accordance with Chapter 36, Municipal Claims. Upon failure of the property owner to pay the amounts due the City in accordance with Chapter 36, the City shall be entitled to collect all amounts and pursue any or all of the remedies identified in Chapter 36, Municipal Claims.
(3) 
Section 106.6.2 be and hereby is amended to provide that City Council may from time to time establish fees and permit fees by resolution.
(4) 
Section 605.3 be and hereby is amended to read as follows:
[Amended 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 11-2011]
605.3 Water service pipe. Water service piping for all R-2, R-3 and R-4 residential service lines shall be limited to Type K copper. All other water lines are subject to approval of the municipal water authority standards as referenced in Section 305 of the Uniform Construction Code, "Existing municipality or municipal authority standards for lateral connections."
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
The International Residential Code incorporated by reference into the Pennsylvania Construction Act and adopted as the code of the City of Lancaster be and hereby is amended as follows:
A. 
Section R110.1, Use and Occupancy, is hereby amended by adding the following section:
R110.2 Occupant Load. The occupant load of any residential structure under the One- and Two-Family Dwelling Code shall be subject to an occupant load limit in living space floor area of 200 gross square feet per occupant. Living space shall not include kitchen space, bath rooms, storage spaces or closets but does include attic spaces accessible by stairway and basements approved for sleeping purposes.
B. 
Section R202, Definitions. The definition of "building sewer" is amended by adding the following sentence: "All matters related to the building sewer design, installation, inspection, testing and repair of a building sewer system shall be in accordance with the rules and regulations set forth by the City of Lancaster Department of Public Works and the rules and regulations of the Bureau of Code Compliance and Inspections for the City of Lancaster."
C. 
Section R314, Smoke Alarms, Section 314.1, Smoke Detection and Notification, is amended to read: "All battery-operated smoke alarms (that are not 110-volt interconnected units) shall be listed in accordance with U/L 217 and shall be ten-year sealed lithium battery devices and installed in accordance with the provisions of this code, the household fire warning equipment provisions of NFPA 72, and the equipment U/L listing."
D. 
Table R301.2(1), Climatic and Geographic Design Criteria, shall read as follows:
Ground snow load
30 PSF
Wind speed
90 mph
Seismic Design Category
B
Weathering
Severe
Frost line depth
36 inches
Termites
Moderate to heavy
Decay
Slight to moderate
Winter design temperatures
11º
Ice shield underlayment
Yes
Flood hazards
*Lancaster City Zoning, Flood Plain Management Ordinances and Regulations
Air freezing index
974
Mean annual temperature
51°
*Flood hazards to read: (a) the date of the jurisdiction's entry into the NFI Program is September 25, 1979, (b) the date of the Flood Insurance Study is April 19, 2005, and (c) the panel numbers and dates of all currently effective FIRMS and FBFMs or other flood hazard map adopted by the City are as follows: 42071C0367E; 42071C0362E; 4271C0389E; 42071C0353E; 42071C0364E; 42071C0366E; 42071C0368E; all dated April 25, 2005.
E. 
Section R322.1.6, Protection of mechanical and electrical systems, "Exception" is amended by deleting the "Exception" in its entirety.
F. 
Section R322.2.1, Elevation requirements, is amended to read as follows: "Buildings and structures in designated floodplain districts shall comply with the City floodplain ordinance."
G. 
Section R403.1, Footings: General, is amended by adding the following: "When unsuitable soil conditions, including groundwater, are present or if blasting is required in the excavation of footings and foundation, two 1/2-diameter reinforcing bars are required to be installed on raised chairs or supports in the entire footing. If conditions warrant, the Code Official may require that a design professional be engaged for footing/foundation and/or drainage design."
H. 
Section R403.1.1, Footings: Minimum size, is amended as follows: Insert "eight" inches in place of "6" in the third sentence.
I. 
Section R602.3.1, Bearing studs,[1] is amended to read as follows: "All load-bearing walls that enclose the building envelope where wood frame construction is used shall be constructed of nominal two-by-six studs spaced at a maximum of 16 inches on center and limited in height to 10 feet."
[1]
Editor's Note: See R602.3.1 Stud size, height and spacing.
J. 
Section R602.3.3, Bearing studs: Exceptions, is amended by adding exception 4: "One-story attached and detached garages, and accessory structures may use nominal two-by-four studs."
K. 
Section M1801.3.2, Flue passageways, is amended to replace the code text and read as follows: "The flue gas passageway shall be free of obstructions and combustible deposits. Where a furnace unit is to be added or replaced, a U/L-listed chimney liner shall be installed by a qualified and competent contractor. Liners shall be listed and approved for the respective fuel source of the furnace to be installed. All liners shall have a proper shroud/cap installed at the top as part of the listed liner. The top of the liner shall be flashed in an approved manner to prevent moisture from entering the chimney cavity."
L. 
Section P2603.6, Freezing, is amended by deleting the last sentence and adding in its place the following: "Water service pipes shall be installed a minimum of 42 inches below finish grade."
M. 
Section P2719, Floor drains, is amended by adding the following language to the code section: "Floor drains in residential structures shall discharge by means of gravity or mechanical sewage pumps to the exterior of the structure. Floor drains shall not be connected to the sanitary sewer system unless approved in writing by the Code Official. Floor drains and sump pump discharge points in existing residential structures are subject to approval by the Code Official."
N. 
Section P2903.10, Hose bibb, is amended by adding following:
Hose bibbs installed on the exterior of the building or other locations subject to freezing shall be automatic draining, freezeless wall faucets with an atmospheric vacuum breaker.
O. 
Section P2903.7, Size of water service mains, branch mains and risers, is amended in the first sentence by inserting "one" in place of "3/4" for all new single-family and converted dwellings from single-family to two or more units.
P. 
Section P2905.4 is amended by deleting the section and replacing it with the following: "Water service pipe shall be limited to type 'K' copper as allowed by the UCC adopted standards."
Q. 
Appendix H, Patio Covers, is adopted as part of this Code.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
The International Building Code incorporated by reference into the Pennsylvania Construction Act and adopted as the Code of the City of Lancaster be and hereby is amended as follows:
A. 
Section 202, General definitions: The definition of "Building Code Official" shall mean the Bureau Chief of Code Compliance and Inspections or his designee.
B. 
Section 301, General, is amended by adding the following:
301.2 Address identification required. New and existing buildings shall have approved street address numbers or building numbers placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property and also on the rear of the building at or near any entrances or exit doors for each respective tenant space. These numbers shall be in contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be a minimum of four inches in height with a stroke of 1/2 inch. Where the address cannot be viewed from the public right-of-way, a pole or other approved means shall be used to make the address visible from the public right-of-way.
C. 
Section 903.4, Sprinkler system monitoring and alarms, is amended by adding the following: "This section shall include all new and existing, automatic fire sprinkler systems, both required and nonrequired."
D. 
Section 907.6.5, Monitoring, is amended by adding the following sentence: "This section shall include new and existing, both required and nonrequired, fire alarm and detection systems."
E. 
Section 907.6.5.1, Automatic telephone-dialing devices, is amended by deleting in its entirety.
F. 
Section 912.2.2, Fire department connections: Existing buildings, shall be amended by adding the following sentence: "The following signage in engraved plastic shall be installed at all FDCs: 'THIS FDC SERVES THE AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM AND/OR STANDPIPE SYSTEM AT (insert street address) or (facility name).'"
G. 
Section 912.4, Signs, is amended by adding the following: "The following signage in engraved plastic of metal with raised letters shall be installed at all FDCs: 'THIS FDC SERVES THE AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER AND/OR STANDPIPE SYSTEM AT (insert street address) or (facility name).'"
H. 
Section 1608.1, Snow loads: General, is amended by deleting it in its entirety and replacing it with the following: "Design snow loads shall be determined in accordance with this section or shall comply with Section 7 of ASCE listed in Referenced Standard chapter. The design snow loads shall be determined by Section 1608.2, but no less than 30 pounds per square foot."
I. 
Section 1612.3, Establishment of flood hazard areas, is amended by inserting "City of Lancaster" in lieu of "insert name of jurisdiction" and inserting "September 25, 1979" in lieu of "insert date of issuance."
J. 
Section 3303.4 is amended by adding the following: "Where a structure has been demolished or removed, all construction materials shall be removed from the site and the vacant lot shall be back filled and maintained to the existing grade. All backfill materials must remain consistent with the surrounding substrate. Materials shall not be used that will in effect create a drain field. During demolition operations, sufficient materials shall be required to be placed in twelve-inch lifts and compacted with hydraulic tamping equipment. The surface shall be completed with an approved material or seeding as required. These requirements shall apply equally to all residential and commercial projects.
K. 
Section 3303.6, Utility connections, is amended to read as follows: "Service utility connections shall be discontinued and capped in accordance with the approved rules and requirements of the City of Lancaster. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the following shall apply:
1. 
All sewer laterals must be capped at the curb by the contractor and inspected by a code official before any demolition starts.
2. 
All electric service shall be disconnected prior to commencing demolition and all heating utilities shall be made permanently inoperable by removal of fuel tanks and/or piping prior to demolition.
3. 
Water and sewer utilities shall be removed to the public main and capped at the direction of the Public Works Director or his or her designee."
L. 
Section 3303, Demolition, is amended by adding the following:
3303.7.1, Demolition requirements. The following additional requirements for demolition which shall apply equally to all projects:
1. 
Demolition shall include the demolition of all structures, vaults, steps and walls and the disposal of all excess material and rubbish.
2. 
The contractor shall furnish, erect and maintain approved hazard warning signs in places and locations where the placement of the signs is warranted, especially in working areas or as directed by the Code Official.
3. 
No burning shall be permitted on the site, unless approved by the City of Lancaster Bureau of Fire and Department of Environmental Resources.
4. 
In all cases where a structure is demolished, the contractor shall furnish all additional materials required for filling subsurface areas to the grade of the surface of the adjoining ground. Such material required shall be of a quality acceptable to the Code Official, and a sufficient quantity shall be on hand to ensure uninterrupted progress in completing the backfilling. On completion of the demolition, the basement shall be filled to grade. All backfilling shall be done in twelve-inch layers, and each layer shall be compacted by a ten-ton roller or equivalent equipment approved by the Code Official, or certified compaction results shall be performed and provided by an accredited engineering firm. Eighteen inches of soil, free from stones, clods and debris, shall be evenly spread over all areas where demolition activity occurred. The entire area shall be cleaned and graded so a rotary mower can be used in cutting the grass or weeds.
5. 
In all cases where a structure is demolished, the final grading and seeding or paving of lots shall be completed in conformance with an approved erosion and sedimentation control plan and shall be approved by the Code Official and the City of Lancaster Bureau of Planning zoning and planning staff.
6. 
All combustible material from the demolition activity shall be removed from the site, and any basements or pits exposed by such demolition activity shall be backfilled to at least the adjacent grade levels.
7. 
Portions of structures more than one floor above grade and located immediately adjacent and parallel to any street shall be demolished piecemeal utilizing a method that will minimize debris falling toward the street.
8. 
All floor construction, except a concrete basement floor or concrete slab, on grade shall be demolished. All partitions, furnaces, heating apparatus, piping, gasoline or oil tanks, miscellaneous fixtures, stairways, solid masonry and combustible materials shall be removed from the site and shall not be used for backfilling.
9. 
Before any work is started, the contractor shall inquire of the City Arborist to determine if any trees existing on the site are to be saved. All trees which are to be saved shall be adequately protected.
10. 
Upon completion of demolition, the contractor shall leave the site in a neat and clean condition clear of all materials, equipment, debris and rubbish.
11. 
During the demolition of buildings and structures, the work shall be kept thoroughly wetted down to prevent the spread of dust. The contractor shall provide necessary water and connections and shall not use municipal sources for water supply without approval of the City of Lancaster Water Bureau.
12. 
All sidewalks, curbing and driveways that do not meet City requirements shall be repaired or replaced as directed by Department of Public Works personnel and shall not be left in an unsafe or damaged condition.
M. 
Section 3307, Protection of adjoining property, is amended by adding the following Sections 3307.2 and 3307.3:
3307.2 The contractor shall leave contiguous buildings in a safe condition and shall not deface, mar, hurt or jeopardize any adjacent or nearby building, and any damage done to such adjacent or nearby building shall be repaired or restored by the contractor to the satisfaction of the Building Code Official. Extreme care must be exercised in the demolition of buildings adjacent to or nearby other structures which are to remain. The contractor shall be responsible for damages to an adjacent or nearby building, and all repairs shall be made by the contractor at no expense to the owner of the adjacent or nearby building. Any walls of contiguous buildings left exposed by this demolition shall be preserved and treated so as to seal the surface of such walls and provide adequate weather protection. All work required by this subsection shall be completed within 30 days from the date any demolition work results in exposure to the elements of contiguous building walls or parapets, which time may be extended by the Chief Building Official for good cause.
3307.3 In the case of an existing party wall or an existing exposed wall which is not intended to be used by the person causing the demolition and where the surface of such wall is to remain exposed, such person causing the demolition shall preserve, at his own expense, the party or exposed wall by ensuring that the exposed surfaces are structurally sound and made permanently waterproof by the application of stucco, Gunite, Driv-it or other approved exterior finish material.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
Appendix B, Section B101, General, of the 2009 ICC International Building Code is adopted as part of the City Construction Code and is amended by deleting the text entirely and replacing it with the following:
B101.1. The Building Code Board of Appeals shall serve as the Board of Appeals (the "Board") in conformity with the requirements all of the relevant provisions of the Uniform Construction Code of the Commonwealth or Pennsylvania as adopted by the City of Lancaster, as the same may be amended from time to time, for the purposes set forth therein. If at any time enforcement and administration is undertaken jointly with one or more other municipalities, said Board shall be established by the joint action of the participating municipalities. No members of Council may serve as members of the Board while actively on Council.
B101.2. The Board shall consist of seven members: six regular members and one alternate, all of whom will be appointed by the Mayor. The terms of appointment for the regular members shall be one member to be appointed for five years, one for four years, one for three years, one for two years and two for one year; and thereafter each new regular member shall serve for five years or until his successor has been appointed. The alternate member shall be appointed for a term of one year. Existing members of the Board who, at the time of adoption of this Code, are serving under the Code repealed hereby may continue to serve until the expiration of their terms of appointment.
Each member shall be qualified by training and experience to pass upon matters pertaining to building construction. One member shall be a registered architect, one shall be a registered professional engineer whose experience pertains to building construction, one shall be a competent builder, one shall be the Chief of the City Fire Bureau, one shall be a person knowledgeable in electricity and one shall be an interested citizen of the City representing the public. The member knowledgeable in electricity shall be present at all meetings when an appeal is heard involving matters relating to the City Electrical Code. In addition, one alternate shall be appointed who shall be either an engineer, builder or architect with the qualifications set forth above. Each appointee shall be a resident of or have his place of business in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Board shall be appointed to serve with no salary, and any expenses incurred in connection with such offices may only be authorized by the department director prior to the expenditure.
A quorum shall consist of five members. A majority vote of the members present shall constitute an official action of the Board. If fewer than five members are present, an appeal may be heard by the members of the Board present if the appellant and the Chief Building Code Official or his representative consent. In such a case, the action taken shall be considered an official action of the Board.
B101.3. The time period for filing an appeal from the date that a notice or order was served is 10 business days after the day the decision, notice or order was served.
B101.4. Any party aggrieved by a decision of the Board may appeal to the Court of Common Pleas of Lancaster County as provided by law. Such appeal shall be filed within 30 days from the date of decision rendered.
B101.5. Application for appeal. All appeals regarding UCC issues shall be on an application form provided by the Code Official.
Exception: The applicant or design professional shall be responsible for filing any appeal for accessibility issues to the Labor and Industry Accessibility Review Board.
B101.6. Fees for filing appeals as established in accordance with the provisions of any prior ordinance or as set forth in a fee resolution by City Council and shall be paid in advance for each appeal filed. Furthermore, the Board may require the party bringing the appeal to pay any costs associated with hearing the appeal, including, but not limited to, advertising and stenographic services (where appropriate) and attorney fees, whether or not the Board partially or fully upholds the Code Official's issuance of the appealed notice of violation.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
Appendix H of the 2009 International Building Code is adopted as part of the City Construction Code and is amended as follows:
A. 
Appendix H104 is amended by adding the following: "A street address is required to be permanently posted for all freestanding signs. Each freestanding sign shall have the street address attached to it and visible from both travel directions. The street address is to be mounted on a permanent background, contrasting in color to the numbers. All numbers shall be a minimum of six inches in height with a half-inch stroke.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
The International Mechanical Code incorporated by reference into the Pennsylvania Construction Act and adopted as the Code of the City of Lancaster be and hereby is amended as follows:
A. 
Section 506.3, Ducts serving Type I hoods, is amended to read follows: "Type I exhaust ducts shall be independent of all other exhaust systems except as provided in Section 506.3.5. All commercial kitchen duct systems serving Type I hoods shall be designed, constructed, listed and installed in accordance with UL 1978 and Section 304.1 of the Mechanical Code."
B. 
Section 507, Commercial kitchen hoods, Section 507.1, General, is amended to read as follows: "All commercial kitchen exhaust hoods serving cooking appliances shall be U/L-listed hoods and shall be Type I or II and designed to capture and confine cooking vapors and residues. Commercial kitchen exhaust hood systems shall operate during the cooking operation."
C. 
Section 507.1, General, is amended by adding the following section:
507.1.1 Existing hoods. Any existing hood installed in a facility with a valid health license and certificate of occupancy that is not of stainless steel construction shall be permitted to remain in service for a period of five years from the date of adoption of this Ord. No. 4-2014, at which time it shall be replaced with a U/L-listed kitchen hood and U/L-listed exhaust grease duct system. Permits and inspections are required.
D. 
Section 801.18.2, Flue passageways, is amended to replace the code section and adding the following language: "The flue gas passageway shall be free of obstructions and combustible deposits. Where a furnace unit is to be replaced, a U/L-listed chimney liner shall be installed by a qualified and competent contractor. Liners shall be listed and approved for the respective fuel source of the furnace to be installed. All liners shall have a proper shroud/cap installed at the top as part of the listed liner. The top of the liner shall be flashed in an approved manner to prevent moisture from entering the chimney cavity."
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
The International Plumbing Code incorporated by reference into the Pennsylvania Construction Act and adopted as the Code of the City of Lancaster be and hereby is amended as follows:
A. 
Section 202, Definitions. "Building sewer" is amended by adding the following sentence: "All matters related to building sewer design, installation, inspection, testing and repair of building sewer system shall be in accordance with the rules and regulations set forth by the authority having jurisdiction: City of Lancaster."
B. 
Section 301.3, Connections to the sanitary drainage system, is amended by adding the following: "Sump pumps shall not be connected to the sanitary sewer system when prohibited by the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ)."
C. 
Section 301.6, Prohibited locations, is amended by adding the following: "Building drain piping shall not be placed under basement floors when the building drain piping is connected to the public sanitary sewer system with a gravity discharge unless approved by the Code Official."
D. 
Section 302.2, Industrial wastes, is amended by inserting "commercial properties" in front of "manufacturing or industrial" and deleting "code official or other authority having jurisdiction" and inserting in its place "sewer authority having jurisdiction."
E. 
Section 305.6, Freezing, is amended by deleting and replacing the last sentence with the following: "Water service pipe shall be a minimum of 42 inches below finish grade."
F. 
Section 412, Floor drains, is amended by adding the following: "Floor drains in both new and existing structures are subject to approval by the Code Official."
G. 
Section 603.1, Water service pipe, is amended by inserting "one" in place of "3/4" in the second sentence.
H. 
Section 608.15.4.2, Hose connections, is amended by adding the following: "Wall hydrants installed on the exterior of the building or other locations subject to freezing shall be automatic draining, freezeless wall faucets with an atmospheric vacuum breaker."
I. 
Section 803, Special Wastes, is amended by adding a new subsection that reads:
803.4 Requirements. The sewer authority having jurisdiction shall approve any discharge of special waste prior to any discharge.
J. 
Section 1003, Interceptors and Sewers, Subsection 1003.1, Where required, is amended to read: "Approved separators shall be installed in accordance with this code in any new or existing structure where a determination is made by the Bureau Chief of Code Compliance and inspections or the sewer authority having jurisdiction of the need of a separator based on the use of the structure, proposed waste(s) or discharged waste regulated by this Code. This includes but is not limited to parking garages and automotive or truck repair facilities."
K. 
Section 1113, Sumps, is amended by adding the following subsection:
1113.1.5 Sump pump discharge piping termination. Sumps should not discharge to the sanitary system unless approved by the Code Official.
[Amended 12-12-2006 by Ord. No. 15-2006]
The Building Code Board of Appeals shall serve as the Board of Appeals in conformity with the requirements of the relevant provisions of the Uniform Construction Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as adopted by the City of Lancaster, as the same may be amended from time to time, for the purposes set forth therein. If at any time enforcement and administration is undertaken jointly with one or more other municipalities, said Board of Appeals shall be established by the joint action of the participating municipalities. No members of Council may serve as members of the Board of Appeals. Notwithstanding the foregoing, appeals of citations or actions under the International Plumbing Code as incorporated into the Uniform Construction Code shall be in accordance with Chapter 215, Article II, of the Code of the City of Lancaster.
A. 
The Board of Appeals shall consist of seven members: six regular members and one alternate, all of whom will be appointed by the Mayor. The terms of appointment for the regular members shall be one member to be appointed for five years, one for four years, one for three years, one for two years, and two for one year; and thereafter, each new regular member shall serve for five years or until his successor has been appointed. The alternate member shall be appointed for a term of one year. Existing members of the Board who, at the time of adoption of this code, are serving under the code repealed hereby, may continue to serve until the expiration of their terms of appointment.
B. 
Each member shall be qualified by training and experience to pass upon matters pertaining to building construction. One member shall be a registered architect, one shall be a registered professional engineer whose experience pertains to building construction, one shall be a competent builder, one shall be the Chief of the City Fire Bureau, one shall be a person knowledgeable in electricity and one shall be an interested citizen of the City representing the public. The member knowledgeable in electricity shall be present at all meetings when an appeal is heard involving matters relating to the City Electrical Code. In addition, one alternate shall be appointed who shall be either an engineer, builder or architect with the qualifications set forth above. Each appointee shall be a resident of or have his place of business in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Board of Appeals shall be appointed to serve with no salary, and any expenses incurred in connection with such offices are to be paid by the City upon proper presentation of bills.
C. 
A quorum shall consist of five members. A majority vote of the members present shall constitute an official action of the Board. If fewer than five members are present, an appeal may be heard by the members of the Board present if the appellant and the Chief Building Official or his representative consent. In such a case, the action taken shall be considered an official action of the Board.
D. 
Any party aggrieved by a decision of the Board of Appeals may appeal to the Court of Common Pleas of Lancaster County as provided by law.
A. 
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which were adopted by the City prior to July 1, 1999, the provisions of which are equal or exceed the requirements of the Code, such as requiring all connected dwellings to have concrete block fire walls, shall continue in full force and effect until such time as such provisions fail to equal or exceed the minimum requirements of the Code, as amended from time to time, at which time the provisions of such ordinances shall be deemed amended to provide for the minimum requirements of the Code.
B. 
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which are in effect as of July 1, 1999 and which requirements do not equal or exceed the minimum requirements of the Code are hereby amended to conform with the comparable provisions of the Code.
C. 
All relevant ordinances, regulations, rules and policies of the City not governed by the Code shall remain in full force and effect.
The Council, by resolution adopted from time to time shall establish such fees that are assessable by the City for the administration and enforcement undertaken pursuant to this chapter and the Code.
A. 
In addition to any other section or remedial procedure provided in the Code, whoever violates any provision of the Code, or who shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, construct, alter or repair a building or structure in violation of an approved plan or directive of the Code Official or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of the Code, shall, upon conviction thereof in a summary proceeding, be fined not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for the first offense, not less than $200 and not more than $1,000 for the second offense and not less than $300 and not more than $1,000 for the third and all succeeding offenses and costs of prosecution for each offense, to be collected as other fines and costs are by law collectible, and in default of payment thereof shall be imprisoned for not more than 90 days.
B. 
In the case of a continual and uncorrected violation of the same subsection of the Code, a fine, not exceeding one per month on a single property and not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 shall be imposed for the first two continual and uncorrected violations and not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000 for the third and any subsequent continual and uncorrected violation of the same subsection of the Code on the same property, unless the violation is found to pose a threat to the public's health, safety or property, then, upon conviction thereof, penalties of fine shall be imposed as follows:
(1) 
Not exceeding one citation per five calendar days for a continual and uncorrected violation of the same subsection of the Code on the same property;
(2) 
Limited to no less than $600 and no more than $1,000 for the first two continual and uncorrected violations of the same subsection of the Code on the same property and no less than $1,000 and not exceeding $10,000 for the third and any subsequent continual and uncorrected violation of the same subsection of the Code on the same property, or imprisonment for any term up to 90 days, or both.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
A. 
This chapter shall control in all cases where the requirements of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania or the United States of America are not as strict as those contained within the Uniform Construction Code.
B. 
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which were adopted by the City of Lancaster prior to July 1, 1999, the provisions of which are equal to or exceed the requirements of the Pennsylvania Construction Code, such as requiring fire walls between dwelling units, shall continue in full force and effect until such time as such provisions fail to equal or exceed the minimum requirements of the Pennsylvania Construction Code, as amended from time to time, at which time the provisions as such ordinances shall be deemed amended to provide for the minimum requirements of the Pennsylvania Construction Code.
C. 
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which were in effect as of July 1, 1999, and which requirements do not equal or exceed the minimum requirements of the Pennsylvania Construction Code are hereby amended to conform with comparable provisions of the Pennsylvania Construction Code.
D. 
All relevant ordinances, regulations, rules and policies of the City of Lancaster not governed by the Pennsylvania Construction Code shall remain in full force and effect.
[Added 5-14-2014 by Ord. No. 4-2014]
The City Council of the City of Lancaster, by resolution adopted from time to time, may establish such fees as needed by the City for the reimbursement of the administration and enforcement expenses undertaken pursuant to this chapter and the Pennsylvania Construction Code.