Township of Wyckoff, NJ
Bergen County
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[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Committee of the Township of Wyckoff 6-1-2010 by Ord. No. 1616. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 108.
Subdivision and site plan review — See Ch. 168.
Zoning — See Ch. 186.

§ 77-1 Municipal fair share obligation.

The Township of Wyckoff has a third-round fair share obligation consisting of a prior-round obligation of 221 units, a rehabilitation obligation of 36 units, which has been partially addressed, and an adjusted growth share obligation of 76 units. Notwithstanding the fact that the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan have been prepared based upon an adjusted projection of the third-round growth share obligation, the actual third-round growth share obligation will be determined based on the actual development that occurs between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2018, calculated at the rate of one affordable housing unit for every four market rate residential units constructed and at the rate of one affordable housing unit for every 16 jobs created through the development or expansion of nonresidential floor area in accordance with the schedule presented in Appendix D of COAH's Substantive Rules (N.J.A.C. 5:97).

§ 77-2 Definitions.

The following terms when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given in this Section:
ACT
The Fair Housing Act of 1985, P.L. 1985, c. 222 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-301 et seq.).
ADAPTABLE
Constructed in compliance with the technical design standards of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7.
ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT
The entity responsible for the administration of affordable units in accordance with this chapter, N.J.A.C. 5:96, N.J.A.C. 5:97 and UHAC (N.J.A.C. 5:80-26).
AFFIRMATIVE MARKETING
A regional marketing strategy designed to attract buyers and/or renters of affordable units pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15.
AFFORDABILITY AVERAGE
The average percentage of median income at which new restricted units in an affordable housing development are affordable to low- and moderate-income households.
AFFORDABLE
A sales price or rent level that is within the means of a low- or moderate-income household as defined in N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and, in the case of an ownership unit, that the sales price for the unit conforms to the standards set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.6, as may be amended and supplemented, and, in the case of a rental unit, that the rent for the unit conforms to the standards set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.12, as may be amended and supplemented.
AFFORDABLE DEVELOPMENT
A housing development of which all or a portion consists of restricted units.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
A development included in the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, and includes, but is not limited to, an inclusionary development, a municipal construction project or a 100% affordable housing development.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROGRAM(S)
Any mechanism in a municipal Fair Share Plan prepared or implemented to address a municipality's fair share obligation.
AFFORDABLE UNIT
A housing unit proposed or created pursuant to the Act, credited pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-4, and/or funded through an affordable housing trust fund.
AGENCY
The New Jersey Housing and Mortgage Finance Agency established by P.L. 1983, c. 530 (N.J.S.A. 55:14K-1 et seq.).
AGE-RESTRICTED UNIT
A housing unit designed to meet the needs of, and exclusively for, the residents of an age-restricted segment of the population, such that:
A. 
All the residents of the development where the unit is situated are 62 years of age or older; or
B. 
At least 80% of the units are occupied by one person that is 55 years of age or older; or
C. 
The development has been designated by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development as "housing for older persons" as defined in Section 807(b)(2) of the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. § 3607.
ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCE
A facility that is licensed by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services to provide apartment-style housing and congregate dining and to assure that assisted living services are available when needed for four or more adult persons unrelated to the proprietor and that offers units containing, at a minimum, one unfurnished room, a private bathroom, a kitchenette and a lockable door on the unit entrance.
CERTIFIED HOUSEHOLD
A household that has been certified by an administrative agent as a low-income household or a moderate-income household.
COAH
The Council on Affordable Housing, which is in, but not of, the Department of Community Affairs of the State of New Jersey, as established by the New Jersey Fair Housing Act (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-301 et seq.).
DCA
The State of New Jersey Department of Community Affairs.
DEFICIENT HOUSING UNIT
A housing unit with health and safety code violations that require the repair or replacement of a major system. A major system includes weatherization, roofing, plumbing (including wells), heating, electricity, sanitary plumbing (including septic systems), lead paint abatement and/or load-bearing structural systems.
DEVELOPER
Any person, partnership, association, company or corporation that is the legal or beneficial owner or owners of a lot or any land proposed to be included in a proposed development, including the holder of an option to contract or purchase, or other person having an enforceable proprietary interest in such land.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation, or enlargement of any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or of any mining, excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, for which permission may be required pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
INCLUSIONARY DEVELOPMENT
A development containing both affordable units and market rate units. This term includes, but is not limited to, new construction, the conversion of a nonresidential structure to residential use and the creation of new affordable units through the reconstruction of a vacant residential structure.
LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income equal to 50% or less of the median household income.
LOW-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a low-income household.
MAJOR SYSTEM
The primary structural, mechanical, plumbing, electrical, fire-protection, or occupant service components of a building which include, but are not limited to, weatherization, roofing, plumbing (including wells), heating, electricity, sanitary plumbing (including septic systems), lead paint abatement or load-bearing structural systems.
MARKET RATE UNITS
Housing not restricted to low- and moderate-income households that may sell or rent at any price.
MEDIAN INCOME
The median income by household size for the applicable housing region, as adopted annually by COAH.
MODERATE-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income in excess of 50% but less than 80% of the median household income.
MODERATE-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a moderate-income household.
NONEXEMPT SALE
Any sale or transfer of ownership other than the transfer of ownership between husband and wife; the transfer of ownership between former spouses ordered as a result of a judicial decree of divorce or judicial separation, but not including sales to third parties; the transfer of ownership between family members as a result of inheritance; the transfer of ownership through an executor's deed to a Class A beneficiary; and the transfer of ownership by court order.
RANDOM SELECTION PROCESS
A process by which currently income-eligible households are selected for placement in affordable housing units such that no preference is given to one applicant over another except for purposes of matching household income and size with an appropriately priced and sized affordable unit (e.g., by lottery).
REGIONAL ASSET LIMIT
The maximum housing value in each housing region affordable to a four-person household with an income at 80% of the regional median as defined by COAH's adopted Regional Income Limits published annually by COAH.
REHABILITATION
The repair, renovation, alteration or reconstruction of any building or structure, pursuant to the Rehabilitation Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.
RENT
The gross monthly cost of a rental unit to the tenant, including the rent paid to the landlord, as well as an allowance for tenant-paid utilities computed in accordance with allowances published by DCA for its Section 8 program. In assisted living residences, rent does not include charges for food and services.
RESTRICTED UNIT
A dwelling unit, whether a rental unit or an ownership unit, that is subject to the affordability controls of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, but does not include a market rate unit financed under UHORP or MONI.
UHAC
The Uniform Housing Affordability Controls set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26 et seq.
VERY-LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income equal to 30% or less of the median household income for the applicable housing region.
VERY-LOW-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a very-low-income household.
WEATHERIZATION
Building insulation (for attic, exterior walls and crawl space), siding to improve energy efficiency, replacement storm windows, replacement storm doors, replacement windows and replacement doors, and is considered a major system for purposes of the rehabilitation program.

§ 77-3 Affordable housing programs.

Wyckoff Township has determined that it will use the following programs to satisfy its remaining prior-round affordable housing obligation and its third-round affordable housing obligation, which programs are identified and more fully described in the adopted 2008 Third Round Housing Element and Fair Share Plan:
A. 
A rehabilitation program covering at least 30 units that will be available to owner-occupied and rental units alike. See § 77-4.
B. 
Inclusionary residential development on a previously certified site (Lot 4, Block 202), but at increased densities than the site is currently zoned for and with higher set-asides, consistent with COAH's current rules.
C. 
A one-hundred-percent affordable family rental housing municipal construction/redevelopment project.
D. 
The following general guidelines apply to all developments that contain low- and moderate-income housing units, including any currently unanticipated future developments that will provide low- and moderate-income housing units. All developers and providers of affordable housing units in the Township of Wyckoff shall consult COAH's rules and UHAC for requirements specific to the type of affordable housing development proposed.

§ 77-4 Rehabilitation.

Wyckoff's rehabilitation program will result in the rehabilitation of up to 30 deficient housing units occupied by low- and moderate-income households within Wyckoff Township. It is the Township's intention to fund the rental rehabilitation component of this program, preliminarily estimated to be not more than six rental units and to ensure that sufficient improvements to the rental units such that, after rehabilitation, these units will comply with the New Jersey State Housing Code pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:28. The owner-occupied rehabilitation program will continue to be administered by Bergen County Department of Community Development.
A. 
Wyckoff Township will contract with Bergen County Community Development (BCCD) to act as the rehabilitation administrator for the Township's rental rehabilitation program.
B. 
Both owner-occupied and renter-occupied units shall be eligible for rehabilitation funds.
C. 
All rehabilitated units shall remain affordable to low- and moderate-income households for a period of 10 years (the control period). For owner-occupied units, the control period shall be enforced with a lien, and for renter-occupied units, the control period shall be enforced with a deed restriction.
D. 
Wyckoff Township shall dedicate funds based on a minimum of $10,000 for each rental unit to be rehabilitated through the rehabilitation program, at the rate of $10,000 per year for the first six years, with a minimum of $50,000 to have been authorized and available by December 1, 2013. All of the $10,000 authorized herein (or any additional amount) shall be utilized for the hard costs of rehabilitation. The cost of the rehabilitation administrator's services shall be over and above the hard cost of the rehabilitation.
E. 
The Township of Wyckoff shall adopt a resolution committing to fund any shortfall in its rehabilitation program, including any shortfall caused by more than six qualified renter-occupied units or rehabilitation hard costs exceeding the minimum of $10,000.
F. 
The Township of Wyckoff shall prepare a rehabilitation manual covering the rental rehabilitation program to be adopted by resolution of the governing body so as to ensure that COAH's rehabilitation program requirements are met. The manual shall be continuously available for public inspection in the office of the Township Clerk, in the office of the Township's Affordable Housing Liaison, and in the office of the rehabilitation administrator.
G. 
Units in a rehabilitation program shall be exempt from N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC, but shall be administered in accordance with the following:
(1) 
Upon the initial rental of a vacant unit subsequent to rehabilitation, or if a renter-occupied unit is re-rented prior to the end of controls on affordability, the deed restriction shall require the unit to be rented to a low- or moderate-income household at an affordable rent and to be affirmatively marketed pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC and in accordance with Wyckoff's Affirmative Marketing Plan.
(2) 
If a unit is renter-occupied, upon completion of the rehabilitation, the maximum rent shall be the lesser of the current rent or the maximum permitted rent pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC.
(3) 
Rents in rehabilitated units may increase annually based on the standards in N.J.A.C. 5:97-9.
(4) 
Applicant and/or tenant households shall be certified as income-eligible in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC, except that households in owner-occupied rehabilitation units shall be exempt from the regional asset limit.

§ 77-5 Permanent supportive living and supportive shared living housing.

A. 
The administration of a supportive living housing facility shall be in compliance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-6.10, including the administration thereof in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC, with the following exceptions:
(1) 
Affirmative marketing (N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15); provided, however, that the units or bedrooms shall be affirmatively marketed to individuals with special needs in accordance with a plan approved by COAH's Executive Director; and
(2) 
Affordability average and bedroom distribution (N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.3).
B. 
With the exception of units established with capital funding through a twenty-year operating contract with the Department of Human Services, Division of Developmental Disabilities, supportive living housing facilities shall have the appropriate controls on affordability in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC.
C. 
The service provider for a supportive living housing facility shall act as the administrative agent for the purposes of administering the affirmative marketing and affordability requirements for the supportive living housing facility.

§ 77-6 Inclusionary zoning.

A. 
Wyckoff Township has designated one site in its Housing Element and Fair Share Plan for inclusionary residential development, Lot 4, Block 202.
B. 
In this development and in any other existing or currently unanticipated inclusionary development, the following phasing schedule shall be followed for the delivery of the affordable housing units:
Maximum Percentage of Market rate Units Completed
Minimum Percentage of Low- and Moderate-Income Units Completed
25%
0%
25%, plus 1 unit
10%
50%
50%
75%
75%
90%
100%

§ 77-7 New construction.

The following requirements shall be applicable to all inclusionary residential developments that include affordable housing and to any one-hundred-percent affordable housing/municipal construction/redevelopment projects within the Township of Wyckoff:
A. 
Low/moderate split and bedroom distribution of affordable housing units:
(1) 
Affordable housing units constructed on each site shall be divided equally between low- and moderate-income units, except that where there is an odd number of affordable housing units, the extra unit shall be a low-income unit.
(2) 
In each affordable development, at least 50% of the restricted units within each bedroom distribution shall be low-income units.
(3) 
Affordable developments that are not age-restricted shall be structured in conjunction with realistic market demands such that:
(a) 
The combined number of efficiency and one-bedroom units shall be no greater than 20% of the total low- and moderate-income units;
(b) 
At least 30% of all low- and moderate-income units shall be two-bedroom units;
(c) 
At least 20% of all low- and moderate-income units shall be three-bedroom units; and
(d) 
The remaining units may be allocated among two- and three-bedroom units at the discretion of the developer.
(4) 
Affordable developments that are age-restricted shall be structured such that the number of bedrooms shall equal the number of age-restricted low- and moderate-income units within the inclusionary development. This standard may be met by having all one-bedroom units or by having a two-bedroom unit for each efficiency unit.
B. 
Accessibility requirements.
(1) 
The first floor of all restricted townhouse dwelling units and all restricted units in all other multistory buildings shall be subject to the technical design standards of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14.
(2) 
All restricted townhouse dwelling units and all restricted units in other multistory buildings in which a restricted dwelling unit is attached to at least one other dwelling unit shall have the following features:
(a) 
An adaptable toilet and bathing facility on the first floor;
(b) 
An adaptable kitchen on the first floor;
(c) 
An interior accessible route of travel on the first floor;
(d) 
An adaptable room that can be used as a bedroom, with a door or the casing for the installation of a door, on the first floor;
(e) 
An interior accessible route of travel between stories within an individual unit, except that if all of the terms of Subsection B(2)(a) through (d) above have been satisfied, an interior accessible route of travel shall not be required between stories within an individual unit; and
(f) 
An accessible entranceway as set forth at P.L. 2005, c. 350 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-311a et seq.) and the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14, or evidence that Wyckoff has collected funds from the developer sufficient to make 10% of the adaptable entrances in the development accessible:
[1] 
Where a unit has been constructed with an adaptable entrance, upon the request of a disabled person who is purchasing or will reside in the dwelling unit, an accessible entrance shall be installed.
[2] 
To this end, the builder of restricted units shall deposit funds within the Township of Wyckoff's Affordable Housing Trust Fund sufficient to install accessible entrances in 10% of the affordable units that have been constructed with adaptable entrances.
[3] 
The funds deposited under Subsection B(2)(f)[2] above shall be used by the Township of Wyckoff for the sole purpose of making the adaptable entrance of an affordable unit accessible when requested to do so by a person with a disability who occupies or intends to occupy the unit and requires an accessible entrance.
[4] 
The developer of the restricted units shall submit a design plan and cost estimate for the conversion of adaptable to accessible entrances to the Construction Official of the Township of Wyckoff.
[5] 
Once the Construction Official has determined that the design plan to convert the unit entrances from adaptable to accessible meets the requirements of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14, and that the cost estimate of such conversion is reasonable, payment shall be made to the Township's Affordable Housing Trust Fund in care of the Township CFO or Township Treasurer, as applicable, who shall ensure that the funds are deposited into the Affordable Housing Trust Fund and appropriately earmarked.
[6] 
Full compliance with the foregoing provisions shall not be required where an entity can demonstrate that it is "site impracticable" to meet the requirements. Determinations of site impracticability shall be in compliance with the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14.
C. 
Design.
(1) 
In inclusionary developments, to the extent possible, low- and moderate-income units shall be integrated with the market units.
(2) 
In inclusionary developments, low- and moderate-income units shall have access to all of the same common elements and facilities as the market units.
D. 
Maximum rents and sales prices.
(1) 
In establishing rents and sales prices of affordable housing units, the administrative agent shall follow the procedures set forth in UHAC, utilizing the regional income limits established by COAH.
(2) 
The maximum rent for restricted rental units within each affordable development shall be affordable to households earning no more than 60% of median income, and the average rent for restricted low- and moderate-income units shall be affordable to households earning no more than 52% of median income.
(3) 
The developers and/or municipal sponsors of restricted rental units shall establish at least one rent for each bedroom type for both low-income and moderate-income units, provided that at least 10% of all low- and moderate-income rental units shall be affordable to very-low-income households.
(4) 
The maximum sales price of restricted ownership units within each affordable development shall be affordable to households earning no more than 70% of median income, and each affordable development must achieve an affordability average of 55% for restricted ownership units; in achieving this affordability average, moderate-income ownership units must be available for at least three different sales prices for each bedroom type, and low-income ownership units must be available for at least two different sales prices for each bedroom type.
(5) 
In determining the initial sales prices and rent levels for compliance with the affordability average requirements for restricted units other than assisted living facilities and age-restricted developments, the following standards shall be used:
(a) 
A studio shall be affordable to a one-person household;
(b) 
A one-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a one-and-one-half-person household;
(c) 
A two-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a three-person household;
(d) 
A three-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a four-and-one-half-person household; and
(e) 
A four-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a six-person household.
(6) 
In determining the initial sales prices and rents for compliance with the affordability average requirements for restricted units in assisted living facilities and age-restricted developments, the following standards shall be used:
(a) 
A studio shall be affordable to a one-person household;
(b) 
A one-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a one-and-one-half-person household; and
(c) 
A two-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a two-person household or to two one-person households.
(7) 
The initial purchase price for all restricted ownership units shall be calculated so that the monthly carrying cost of the unit, including principal and interest (based on a mortgage loan equal to 95% of the purchase price and the Federal Reserve H.15 rate of interest), taxes, homeowner and private mortgage insurance and condominium or homeowners' association fees do not exceed 28% of the eligible monthly income of the appropriate size household as determined under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.4, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that the price shall be subject to the affordability average requirement of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.3, as may be amended and supplemented.
(8) 
The initial rent for a restricted rental unit shall be calculated so as not to exceed 30% of the eligible monthly income of the appropriate size household, including an allowance for tenant-paid utilities, as determined under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.4, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that the rent shall be subject to the affordability average requirement of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.3, as may be amended and supplemented.
(9) 
The price of owner-occupied low- and moderate-income units may increase annually based on the percentage increase in the regional median-income limit for each housing region. In no event shall the maximum resale price established by the administrative agent be lower than the last recorded purchase price.
(10) 
The rent of low- and moderate-income units may be increased annually based on the permitted percentage increase in the Housing Consumer Price Index for the United States. This increase shall not exceed 9% in any one year. Rents for units constructed pursuant to low-income housing tax credit regulations shall be indexed pursuant to the regulations governing low-income housing tax credits.

§ 77-8 Utilities.

A. 
Affordable units shall utilize the same type of heating source as market units within an inclusionary development.
B. 
Tenant-paid utilities included in the utility allowance shall be set forth in the lease and shall be consistent with the utility allowance approved by DCA for its Section 8 program.

§ 77-9 Occupancy standards.

In referring certified households to specific restricted units, the administrative agent shall, to the extent feasible and without causing an undue delay in the occupancy of a unit, strive to:
A. 
Provide an occupant for each bedroom;
B. 
Provide children of different sexes with separate bedrooms;
C. 
Provide separate bedrooms for parents and children; and
D. 
Prevent more than two persons from occupying a single bedroom.

§ 77-10 Control periods for restricted ownership units; enforcement mechanisms.

A. 
Control periods for restricted ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.5, as may be amended and supplemented, and each restricted ownership unit shall remain subject to the requirements of this chapter for a period of at least 30 years, until Wyckoff takes action to release the unit from such requirements; prior to such action, a restricted ownership unit must remain subject to the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented.
B. 
The affordability control period for a restricted ownership unit shall commence on the date the initial certified household takes title to the unit.
C. 
Prior to the issuance of the initial certificate of occupancy for a restricted ownership unit and upon each successive sale during the period of restricted ownership, the administrative agent shall determine the restricted price for the unit and shall also determine the nonrestricted, fair market value of the unit based on either an appraisal or the unit's equalized assessed value without the restrictions in place.
D. 
At the time of the initial sale of the unit, the initial purchaser shall execute and deliver to the administrative agent a recapture note obligating the purchaser (as well as the purchaser's heirs, successors and assigns) to repay, upon the first nonexempt sale after the unit's release from the restrictions set forth in this chapter, an amount equal to the difference between the unit's nonrestricted fair market value and its restricted price, and the recapture note shall be secured by a recapture lien evidenced by a duly recorded mortgage on the unit.
E. 
The affordability controls set forth in this chapter shall remain in effect despite the entry and enforcement of any judgment of foreclosure with respect to restricted ownership units.
F. 
A restricted ownership unit shall be required to obtain a continuing certificate of occupancy or a certified statement from the Construction Official stating that the unit meets all code standards upon the first transfer of title following the removal of the restrictions provided under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.5(a), as may be amended and supplemented.

§ 77-11 Price restrictions for restricted ownership units, homeowners' association fees and resale prices.

Price restrictions for restricted ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, including:
A. 
The initial purchase price for a restricted ownership unit shall be approved by the administrative agent.
B. 
The administrative agent shall approve all resale prices, in writing and in advance of the resale, to assure compliance with the foregoing standards.
C. 
The master deeds of inclusionary developments shall provide no distinction between the condominium or homeowners' association fees and special assessments paid by low- and moderate-income purchasers and those paid by market purchasers.
D. 
The owners of restricted ownership units may apply to the administrative agent to increase the maximum sales price for the unit on the basis of anticipated capital improvements. Eligible capital improvements shall be those that render the unit suitable for a larger household or the addition of a bathroom. See § 77-14.

§ 77-12 Buyer income eligibility.

A. 
Buyer income eligibility for restricted ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, such that low-income ownership units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 50% of median income, and moderate-income ownership units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than 80% of median income.
B. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, however, the administrative agent may, subject to COAH's approval, permit moderate-income purchasers to buy low-income units in housing markets determined by COAH to have an insufficient number of eligible low-income purchasers to permit prompt occupancy of the units. All such low-income units to be sold to moderate-income households shall retain the required pricing restrictions for low-income units.
C. 
A certified household that purchases a restricted ownership unit must occupy it as the certified household's principal residence and shall not lease the unit; provided, however, that the administrative agent may permit the owner of a restricted ownership unit, upon application and a showing of hardship, to lease the restricted unit to a certified household for a period not to exceed one year.
D. 
The administrative agent shall certify a household as eligible for a restricted ownership unit when the household is a low-income household or a moderate-income household, as applicable to the unit, and the estimated monthly housing cost for the particular unit (including principal, interest, taxes, homeowner and private mortgage insurance and condominium or homeowners' association fees, as applicable) does not exceed 33% of the household's eligible monthly income.

§ 77-13 Limitations on indebtedness secured by ownership unit; subordination.

A. 
Prior to incurring any indebtedness to be secured by a restricted ownership unit, the owner shall apply to the administrative agent for a determination in writing that the proposed indebtedness complies with the provisions of this section, and the administrative agent shall issue such determination prior to the owner incurring such indebtedness.
B. 
With the exception of first purchase money mortgages, neither an owner nor a lender shall at any time cause or permit the total indebtedness secured by a restricted ownership unit to exceed 95% of the maximum allowable resale price of the unit, as such price is determined by the administrative agent in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.6(b).

§ 77-14 Capital improvements to ownership units.

A. 
The owners of restricted ownership units may apply to the administrative agent to increase the maximum sales price for the unit on the basis of capital improvements made since the purchase of the unit. Eligible capital improvements shall be those that render the unit suitable for a larger household or that add an additional bathroom. In no event shall the maximum sales price of an improved housing unit exceed the limits of affordability for the larger household.
B. 
Upon the resale of a restricted ownership unit, all items of property that are permanently affixed to the unit or were included when the unit was initially restricted (for example, refrigerator, range, washer, dryer, dishwasher, wall-to-wall carpeting) shall be included in the maximum allowable resale price. Other items may be sold to the purchaser at a reasonable price that has been approved by the administrative agent at the time of the signing of the agreement to purchase. The purchase of central air conditioning installed subsequent to the initial sale of the unit and not included in the base price may be made a condition of the unit resale, provided that the price, which shall be subject to ten-year, straight-line depreciation, has been approved by the administrative agent. Unless otherwise approved by the administrative agent, the purchase of any property other than central air conditioning shall not be made a condition of the unit resale. The owner and the purchaser must personally certify at the time of closing that no unapproved transfer of funds for the purpose of selling and receiving property has taken place at the time of or as a condition of resale.

§ 77-15 Control periods for restricted rental units.

A. 
Control periods for restricted rental units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.11, as may be amended and supplemented, and each restricted rental unit shall remain subject to the requirements of this chapter for a period of at least 30 years, until Wyckoff Township takes action to release the unit from such requirements. Prior to such action, a restricted rental unit must remain subject to the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented.
B. 
Deeds of all real property that include restricted rental units shall contain deed restriction language. The deed restriction shall have priority over all mortgages on the property, and the deed restriction shall be filed by the developer or seller with the records office of the County of Bergen. A copy of the filed document shall be provided to the administrative agent within 30 days of the receipt of a certificate of occupancy.
C. 
A restricted rental unit shall remain subject to the affordability controls of this chapter despite the occurrence of any of the following events:
(1) 
Sublease or assignment of the lease of the unit;
(2) 
Sale or other voluntary transfer of the ownership of the unit; or
(3) 
The entry and enforcement of any judgment of foreclosure on the property containing the unit.

§ 77-16 Rent restrictions for rental units; leases.

A. 
A written lease shall be required for all restricted rental units and tenants shall be responsible for security deposits and the full amount of the rent as stated on the lease. A copy of the current lease for each restricted rental unit shall be provided to the administrative agent.
B. 
No additional fees or charges shall be added to the approved rent (except, in the case of units in an assisted living residence, to cover the customary charges for food and services) without the express written approval of the administrative agent.
C. 
Application fees (including the charge for any credit check) shall not exceed 5% of the monthly rent of the applicable restricted unit and shall be payable to the administrative agent to be applied to the costs of administering the controls applicable to the unit as set forth in this chapter.

§ 77-17 Tenant income eligibility.

A. 
Tenant income eligibility shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.13, as may be amended and supplemented, and shall be determined as follows:
(1) 
Very-low-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 30% of median income.
(2) 
Low-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 50% of median income.
(3) 
Moderate-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than 80% of median income.
B. 
The administrative agent shall certify a household as eligible for a restricted rental unit when the household is a very-low-income household, low-income household or a moderate-income household, as applicable to the unit, and the rent proposed for the unit does not exceed 35% (40% for age-restricted units) of the household's eligible monthly income as determined pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.16, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that this limit may be exceeded if one or more of the following circumstances exists:
(1) 
The household currently pays more than 35% (40% for households eligible for age-restricted units) of its gross household income for rent, and the proposed rent will reduce its housing costs;
(2) 
The household has consistently paid more than 35% (40% for households eligible for age-restricted units) of eligible monthly income for rent in the past and has proven its ability to pay;
(3) 
The household is currently in substandard or overcrowded living conditions;
(4) 
The household documents the existence of assets with which the household proposes to supplement the rent payments; or
(5) 
The household documents proposed third-party assistance from an outside source such as a family member in a form acceptable to the administrative agent and the owner of the unit.
C. 
The applicant shall file documentation sufficient to establish the existence of the circumstances in Subsection B(1) through (5) above with the administrative agent, who shall counsel the household on budgeting.

§ 77-18 Municipal Housing Liaison.

A. 
COAH requires municipalities to appoint a specific municipal employee to serve as a Municipal Housing Liaison responsible for administering the affordable housing program, including affordability controls, the Affirmative Marketing Plan, monitoring and reporting, and, where applicable, supervising any contracted administrative agent. Wyckoff Township has adopted an ordinance creating the position of Municipal Housing Liaison and has adopted a resolution appointing a Municipal Housing Liaison.
B. 
The Municipal Housing Liaison shall be responsible for oversight and administration of the affordable housing program for the Township, including the following responsibilities, which may not be delegated to the administrative agent:
(1) 
Serving as the Township's primary point of contact for all inquiries from the state, affordable housing providers, administrative agents and interested households;
(2) 
Monitoring the status of all restricted units in the Fair Share Plan;
(3) 
Compiling, verifying and submitting annual monitoring reports as required by COAH;
(4) 
Coordinating meetings with affordable housing providers and administrative agents, as needed; and
(5) 
Attending continuing education opportunities on affordability controls, compliance monitoring and affirmative marketing as offered or approved by COAH.
C. 
The Township of Wyckoff has an Affordable Housing Project Team that is the designated administrative agent to administer newly constructed affordable units in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96, N.J.A.C. 5:97 and UHAC. Operating manuals have been prepared by the administrative agent, adopted by the governing body and approved by COAH. The Operating Manual is and shall remain available for public inspection in the office of the Township Clerk, in the office of the Municipal Housing Liaison, and in the offices of all members of the Affordable Housing Project Team.

§ 77-19 Administrative agent.

The administrative agent shall perform the duties and responsibilities of an administrative agent as set forth in UHAC, including those set forth in Sections 5:80-26.14, 5:80-26.16 and 5:80-26.18 thereof, which include:
A. 
Affirmative marketing:
(1) 
Conducting an outreach process to affirmatively market affordable housing units in accordance with the Affirmative Marketing Plan of the Township of Wyckoff and the provisions of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15; and
(2) 
Providing counseling or contracting to provide counseling services to low- and moderate-income applicants on subjects such as budgeting, credit issues, mortgage qualification, rental lease requirements, and landlord/tenant law.
B. 
Household certification:
(1) 
Soliciting, scheduling, conducting and following up on interviews with interested households;
(2) 
Conducting interviews and obtaining sufficient documentation of gross income and assets upon which to base a determination of income eligibility for a low- or moderate-income unit;
(3) 
Providing written notification to each applicant as to the determination of eligibility or noneligibility;
(4) 
Requiring that all certified applicants for restricted units execute a certificate substantially in the form, as applicable, of either the ownership or rental certificates set forth in Appendixes J and K of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1 et seq.;
(5) 
Creating and maintaining a referral list of eligible applicant households living in the housing region and eligible applicant households with members working in the housing region where the units are located; and
(6) 
Employing a random selection process as provided in the Affirmative Marketing Plan and the Affordable Housing Operating Manual of the Township of Wyckoff when referring households for certification to affordable units.
C. 
Affordability controls
(1) 
Furnishing to attorneys or closing agents forms of deed restrictions and mortgages for recording at the time of conveyance of title of each restricted unit;
(2) 
Creating and maintaining a file on each restricted unit for its control period, including the recorded deed with restrictions, recorded mortgage and note, as appropriate;
(3) 
Ensuring that the removal of the deed restrictions and cancellation of the mortgage note are effectuated and properly filed with the Bergen County Register of Deeds or Bergen County Clerk's office after the termination of the affordability controls for each restricted unit;
(4) 
Communicating with lenders regarding foreclosures; and
(5) 
Ensuring the issuance of continuing certificates of occupancy or certifications pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.10.
D. 
Resales and rerentals:
(1) 
Instituting and maintaining an effective means of communicating information between owners and the administrative agent regarding the availability of restricted units for resale or rerental; and
(2) 
Instituting and maintaining an effective means of communicating information to low- and moderate-income households regarding the availability of restricted units for resale or rerental.
E. 
Processing requests from unit owners:
(1) 
Reviewing and approving requests for determination from owners of restricted units who wish to take out home equity loans or refinance during the term of their ownership that the amount of indebtedness to be incurred will not violate the terms of this chapter;
(2) 
Reviewing and approving requests to increase sales prices from owners of restricted units who wish to make capital improvements to the units that would affect the selling price, such authorizations to be limited to those improvements resulting in additional bedrooms or bathrooms and the depreciated cost of central air-conditioning systems;
(3) 
Notifying the municipality of an owner's intent to sell a restricted unit; and
(4) 
Making determinations on requests by owners of restricted units for hardship waivers.
F. 
Enforcement:
(1) 
Securing annually from the municipality a list of all affordable housing units for which tax bills are mailed to absentee owners, and notifying all such owners that they must either move back to their unit or sell it;
(2) 
Securing from all developers and sponsors of restricted units, at the earliest point of contact in the processing of the project or development, written acknowledgment of the requirement that no restricted unit can be offered, or in any other way committed, to any person, other than a household duly certified to the unit by the administrative agent;
(3) 
The posting annually in all rental properties, including two-family homes, of a notice as to the maximum permitted rent, together with the telephone number of the administrative agent where complaints of excess rent or other charges can be made;
(4) 
Sending annual mailings to all owners of affordable dwelling units, reminding them of the notices and requirements outlined in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.18(d)4;
(5) 
Establishing a program for diverting unlawful rent payments to the municipality's Affordable Housing Trust Fund or other appropriate municipal fund approved by the DCA; and
(6) 
Creating and publishing a written operating manual, as approved by COAH, setting forth procedures for administering the affordability controls.
G. 
Additional responsibilities:
(1) 
The administrative agent shall have the authority to take all actions necessary and appropriate to carry out its responsibilities hereunder.
(2) 
The administrative agent shall prepare monitoring reports for submission to the Municipal Housing Liaison in time for their submission by the Municipal Housing Liaison to COAH, as required by COAH.
(3) 
The administrative agent shall attend continuing education sessions on affordability controls, compliance monitoring, and affirmative marketing as offered or approved by COAH.

§ 77-20 Affirmative marketing requirements.

A. 
The Township of Wyckoff shall adopt, by resolution, an Affirmative Marketing Plan that is compliant with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15, as may be amended and supplemented.
B. 
The Affirmative Marketing Plan is a regional marketing strategy designed to attract buyers and/or renters of all majority and minority groups, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, marital or familial status, gender, affectional or sexual orientation, disability, age or number of children to housing units which are being marketed by a developer, sponsor or owner of affordable housing. The Affirmative Marketing Plan is intended to target those potentially eligible persons who are least likely to apply for affordable units in that region. It is a continuing program that directs marketing activities toward COAH Housing Region 1 and is required to be followed throughout the period of restriction.
C. 
The Affirmative Marketing Plan shall provide a regional preference for all households that live and/or work in COAH Housing Region 1, comprised of Bergen, Hudson, Passaic and Sussex Counties.
D. 
The municipality has the ultimate responsibility for adopting the Affirmative Marketing Plan and for the proper administration of the Affirmative Marketing Program, including initial sales and rentals and resales and rerentals. The administrative agent designated by the Township of Wyckoff shall implement the Affirmative Marketing Plan to assure the affirmative marketing of all affordable units.
E. 
In implementing the Affirmative Marketing Plan, the administrative agent shall provide a list of counseling services to low- and moderate-income applicants on subjects such as budgeting, credit issues, mortgage qualification, rental lease requirements, and landlord/tenant law.
F. 
The Affirmative Marketing Plan shall describe the media to be used in advertising and publicizing the availability of housing. In implementing the Affirmative Marketing Plan, the administrative agent shall consider the use of language translations where appropriate.
G. 
The affirmative marketing process for available affordable units shall begin at least four months prior to the expected date of occupancy.
H. 
Applications for affordable housing shall be available in several locations, including, at a minimum, the County Administration Building and/or the County Library for each county within the housing region; the Wyckoff Township Memorial Town Hall; and the developer's sales or rental office. Applications shall be mailed to prospective applicants upon request.
I. 
The costs of advertising and affirmative marketing of the affordable units shall be the responsibility of the developer, sponsor or owner.

§ 77-21 Enforcement of affordable housing regulations.

A. 
Upon the occurrence of a breach of any of the regulations governing the affordable unit by an owner, developer or tenant, the municipality shall have all remedies provided at law or equity, including but not limited to foreclosure, tenant eviction, a requirement for household recertification, acceleration of all sums due under a mortgage, recuperation of any funds from a sale in violation of the regulations, injunctive relief to prevent further violation of the regulations, entry on the premises, and specific performance.
B. 
After providing written notice of a violation to an owner, developer or tenant of a low- or moderate-income unit and advising the owner, developer or tenant of the penalties for such violations, the municipality may take the following action(s) against the owner, developer or tenant for any violation that remains uncured for a period of 60 days after service of the written notice:
(1) 
The municipality may file a court action pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2A:58-11 alleging a violation or violations of the regulations governing the affordable housing unit. If the owner, developer or tenant is adjudged by the Court to have violated any provision of the regulations governing affordable housing units, the owner, developer or tenant shall be subject to one or more of the following penalties, at the discretion of the Court:
(a) 
A fine of not more than $500 per day or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 90 days, or both, provided that each and every day that the violation continues or exists shall be considered a separate and specific violation of these provisions and not a continuation of the initial offense;
(b) 
In the case of an owner who has rented a low- or moderate-income unit in violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units, payment into the Township of Wyckoff Affordable Housing Trust Fund of the gross amount of rent illegally collected;
(c) 
In the case of an owner who has rented a low- or moderate-income unit in violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units, payment of an innocent tenant's reasonable relocation costs, as determined by the Court.
(2) 
The municipality may file a court action in the Superior Court seeking a judgment that would result in the termination of the owner's equity or other interest in the unit, in the nature of a mortgage foreclosure. Any such judgment shall be enforceable as if the same were a judgment of default of the first purchase money mortgage and shall constitute a lien against the low- or moderate-income unit.
(a) 
The judgment shall be enforceable, at the option of the municipality, by means of an execution sale by the Sheriff, at which time the low- and moderate-income unit of the violating owner shall be sold at a sale price which is not less than the amount necessary to fully satisfy and pay off any first purchase money mortgage and prior liens and the costs of the enforcement proceedings incurred by the municipality, including attorney's fees. The violating owner shall have his right to possession terminated as well as his title conveyed pursuant to the Sheriff's sale.
(b) 
The proceeds of the Sheriff's sale shall first be applied to satisfy the first purchase money mortgage lien and any prior liens upon the low- and moderate-income unit. The excess, if any, shall be applied to reimburse the municipality for any and all costs and expenses incurred in connection with either the court action resulting in the judgment of violation or the Sheriff's sale. In the event that the proceeds from the Sheriff's sale are insufficient to reimburse the municipality in full as aforesaid, the violating owner shall be personally responsible for the full extent of such deficiency, in addition to any and all costs incurred by the municipality in connection with collecting such deficiency. In the event that a surplus remains after satisfying all of the above, such surplus, if any, shall be placed in escrow by the municipality for the owner and shall be held in such escrow for a maximum period of two years or until such earlier time as the owner shall make a claim with the municipality for such. Failure of the owner to claim such balance within the two-year period shall automatically result in a forfeiture of such balance to the municipality. Any interest accrued or earned on such balance while being held in escrow shall belong to and shall be paid to the municipality, whether such balance shall be paid to the owner or forfeited to the municipality.
(c) 
Foreclosure by the municipality due to violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units shall not extinguish the restrictions of the regulations governing affordable housing units as the same apply to the low- and moderate-income unit. Title shall be conveyed to the purchaser at the Sheriff's sale, subject to the restrictions and provisions of the regulations governing the affordable housing unit. The owner determined to be in violation of the provisions of this plan and from whom title and possession were taken by means of the Sheriff's sale shall not be entitled to any right of redemption.
(d) 
If there are no bidders at the Sheriff's sale, or if insufficient amounts are bid to satisfy the first purchase money mortgage and any prior liens, the municipality may acquire title to the low- and moderate-income unit by satisfying the first purchase money mortgage and any prior liens and crediting the violating owner with an amount equal to the difference between the first purchase money mortgage and any prior liens and costs of the enforcement proceedings, including legal fees and the maximum resale price for which the low- and moderate-income unit could have been sold under the terms of the regulations governing affordable housing units. This excess shall be treated in the same manner as the excess which would have been realized from an actual sale as previously described.
(e) 
Failure of the low- and moderate-income unit to be either sold at the Sheriff's sale or acquired by the municipality shall obligate the owner to accept an offer to purchase from any qualified purchaser which may be referred to the owner by the municipality, with such offer to purchase being equal to the maximum resale price of the low- and moderate-income unit as permitted by the regulations governing affordable housing units.
(f) 
The owner shall remain fully obligated, responsible and liable for complying with the terms and restrictions of governing affordable housing units until such time as title is conveyed from the owner.

§ 77-22 Appeals.

Appeals from all decisions of an administrative agent appointed pursuant to this chapter shall be filed in writing with the Executive Director of COAH.