Town of Groton, MA
Middlesex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Special Town Meeting of the Town of Groton 5-6-2002 by Art. 10. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Water — See Ch. 90.
Water Commission — See Ch. 93.
Water supply — See Chs. 210 and 325.
Wells — See Ch. 330.
Water Department — See Ch. 407.

§ 91-1 Authority.

This chapter is adopted by the Town under its police powers to protect public health and welfare and its powers under MGL C. 40, § 21 et seq. and implements the Town's authority to regulate water use pursuant to MGL C. 41, § 69B. This chapter also implements the Town's authority under MGL C. 40, § 41A, conditioned upon a declaration of water supply emergency issued by the Department of Environmental Protection.

§ 91-2 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to protect, preserve, and maintain the public health, safety, and welfare whenever there is in force a State of Water Supply Conservation or State of Water Supply Emergency by providing for enforcement of any duly imposed restrictions, requirements, provisions, or conditions imposed by the Town or by the Department of Environmental Protection.

§ 91-3 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
PERSON
Any individual, corporation trust, partnership or association, or other entity.
STATE OF WATER SUPPLY CONSERVATION
A State of Water Supply Conservation declared by the Town pursuant to § 91-4 of this chapter.
STATE OF WATER SUPPLY EMERGENCY
A State of Water Supply Emergency declared by the Department of Environmental Protection under MGL C. 21G, §§ 15 through 17.
WATER USERS or WATER CONSUMERS
All public and private users of the Town's public water system, irrespective of any person's responsibility for billing purposes for water used at any particular facility.

§ 91-4 Declaration of State of Water Supply Conservation.

The Town, through its Board of Water Commissioners, may declare a State of Water Supply Conservation upon a determination by a majority vote of the Board that a shortage of water exists and conservation measures are appropriate to ensure an adequate supply of water to all water consumers. Public notice of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall be given under § 91-6 of this chapter before it may be enforced.

§ 91-5 Restricted water uses.

A declaration of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall include one or more of the following restrictions, conditions, or requirements limiting the use of water as necessary to protect the water supply. The applicable restrictions, conditions, or requirements shall be included in the public notice required under § 91-6.
A. 
Odd/Even day outdoor watering: Outdoor watering by water users with odd-numbered addresses is restricted to odd-numbered days. Outdoor watering by water users with even-numbered addresses is restricted to even-numbered days.
B. 
Outdoor watering ban: Outdoor watering is prohibited.
C. 
Outdoor watering hours: Outdoor watering is permitted only during daily periods of low demand, to be specified in the declaration of a State of Water Supply Conservation and public notice thereof.
D. 
Filling swimming pools: Filling of swimming pools is prohibited.
E. 
Automatic sprinkler use: The use of automatic sprinkler systems is prohibited.

§ 91-6 Public notification of State of Water Supply Conservation; notification of Department of Environmental Protection.

Notification of any provision, restriction, requirement or condition imposed by the Town as part of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation within the Town, or by such other means reasonably calculated to reach and inform all users of water of the State of Water Supply Conservation. Any restriction imposed under § 91-5 shall not be effective until such notification is provided. Notification of the State of Water Supply Conservation shall also be simultaneously provided to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.

§ 91-7 Termination of State of Water Supply Conservation; notice.

A State of Water Supply Conservation may be terminated by a majority vote of the Board of Water Commissioners, upon a determination that the water supply shortage no longer exists. Public notification of the termination of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall be given in the same manner required by § 91-6.

§ 91-8 State of Water Supply Emergency; compliance with Department of Environmental Protection orders.

Upon notification to the public that a declaration of a State of Water Supply Emergency has been issued by the Department of Environmental Protection, no person shall violate any provision, restriction, requirement, or condition of any order approved or issued by the Department intended to bring about an end to the state of emergency.

§ 91-9 Violations and penalties.

Any person violating this chapter shall be liable to the Town in the amount of $50 for the first violation and $100 for each subsequent violation, which shall inure to the Town. Fines shall be recovered by indictment, or on complaint before the District Court, or by noncriminal disposition in accordance with § 21D of Chapter 40 of the General Laws. Each day of violation shall constitute a separate offense.