[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of East Rochester 2-9-1983 by L.L. No. 2-1983 as Ch. 157 of the 1983 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
It shall be the responsibility of the owner of each new or existing multifamily dwelling unit to install smoke and/or heat detectors in each such multifamily dwelling unit as hereinafter provided. Said smoke detectors shall be capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion; heat detectors shall be capable of sensing abnormally high temperatures or rate of temperature rises; and both types shall be capable of providing a suitable, audible alarm thereof. Further, they shall be installed in accordance with the schedule provided for in § 157-11.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- Approved by the Fire Marshal of the Village of East Rochester or his designated representative.
- APARTMENT HOUSE
- A structure arranged, intended or designed to be occupied by three or more families living independently of each other with separate housekeeping facilities for each family.
- Accepted by the Fire Marshal of the Village of East Rochester or his designated representative.
- Space between the top of the uppermost floor construction and the underside of the roof.
- HABITABLE SPACE
- Space occupied by one or more persons for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Restaurants for employees and occupants, kitchens serving them and kitchenettes shall not be deemed to be habitable space.
- HEAT DETECTOR
- A protection device that can sense an abnormally high air temperature or an abnormal rate of heat rise and, on sensing such a condition, can automatically initiate a signal indicating the condition.
- LODGING HOUSE OR ROOMING HOUSE
- Includes any building or portion thereof not an apartment house or hotel used by families or single individuals as a place of shelter or lodging, but not including a building where less than three persons are received or lodged.
- To keep in operating condition at all times.
- MULTIFAMILY DWELLING
- A building occupied or intended to be occupied as a residence or home by three or more families or persons living independently of each other, except, however, an apartment house as herein defined. The term "multifamily dwelling" shall include, but is not limited to, flats, hotels, motels, lodging houses, rooming houses, boardinghouses, boarding schools, school dormitories, furnished room houses, clubhouses or fraternal houses, homes for the indigent and single-family dwellings with one or more transient or permanent boarders, roomers or lodgers.
- NONHABITABLE SPACE
- Space used as kitchenettes, pantries, bath-, toilet, laundry, rest, dressing, locker, storage, utility, heater and boiler rooms, closets and other spaces for service and maintenance of the building and those spaces used for access and vertical travel between stories.
- Applied to a building or land, shall include any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety of the whole or of a part of such building or land.
- SLEEPING AREAS
- The area or areas of the family living unit in which the bedrooms or sleeping rooms are located. Bedrooms or sleeping rooms separated by other use areas, such as but not limited to kitchens or living rooms (except bathrooms), shall be considered as separate sleeping areas for the purposes of this chapter.
- STORAGE AREA
- Includes all areas of buildings, structures or areas thereof utilized primarily for the storage or sheltering of goods, merchandise, products, vehicles or animals.
Smoke detectors and heat detectors shall have Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or Factory Mutual listings. Smoke detectors shall be of the ionization or photoelectric type, capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion. Detectors sensitive only to heat are not acceptable except in certain areas. Smoke detectors and/or heat detectors shall be capable of producing a suitable, audible alarm having a minimum rating of 85 dBA at 10 feet and also a visible or audible signal when the fire detection system (i.e., the fire control panel box and/or the individual smoke detector units) is not operating properly.
Suitable audible alarm. Each detection device shall cause the operation of an alarm which shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed. The tests of audibility level shall be conducted with all household equipment in operation. Also, all alarm-sounding devices must have a minimum rating of 85 dBA at 10 feet.
The following location requirements shall apply for up to 10 units:
At least one smoke detector, hard-wired or battery-operated, shall be installed to protect each sleeping area. To assure protection for any sleeping area which might require more than one smoke detector because of arrangement or dimension or for any sleeping area exceeding 800 square feet, there shall be a minimum of one smoke detector for each 800 square feet or any part thereof.
Stairways, passageways, corridors, hallways, basements, storage areas, laundry rooms and/or any other nonhabitable areas not considered part of the dwelling unit shall have smoke detectors, hard-wired or battery-operated, installed in these areas. There shall be a minimum of one smoke detector for each 800 square feet or any part thereof.
The following location requirements shall apply for 11 or more units:
At least one hard-wired smoke detector shall be installed to protect each sleeping area and interconnected to an electric fire alarm control panel box with a battery backup system which, upon actuation of any detector, shall be capable of actuating horns or bells installed in an area that would alert all occupants of each unit. To assure protection for any sleeping area which might require more than one smoke detector because of arrangement or dimension or for any sleeping area exceeding 800 square feet, there shall be a minimum of one smoke detector for each 800 square feet or any part thereof.
Stairways, passageways, corridors, hallways, basements, storage areas, laundry rooms and/or any other nonhabitable areas not considered part of the dwelling unit and furnace rooms, janitor's closets, elevator shafts, dumbwaiter shafts, utility closets or attics shall have hard-wired smoke or heat detectors installed in these areas and interconnected to an electric fire alarm control panel box with a battery backup system which, upon actuation of any detector, shall be capable of actuating horns or bells installed in an area that would alert all occupants of each unit.
Smoke and/or heat detectors shall be installed in the above-mentioned areas in accordance with the following guidelines:
In passageways, corridors, hallways, etc., smoke detectors shall be installed a maximum of 30 feet apart, with the first detector being not more than 15 feet from the end wall.
In areas such as furnace or boiler rooms, incinerator rooms, elevator shafts, dumbwaiter shafts, utility or janitor closets there shall be a minimum of at least one heat detector installed in each such unit.
To assure protection for storage or other areas which might require more than one smoke or heat detector due to arrangement or dimension for any area, except those mentioned in Subsection C(1) above, there shall be a minimum of one smoke detector installed for each 800 square feet of open area or part thereof, and where required, there shall be a minimum of one heat detector installed for each 625 square feet of open area or part thereof.
At least one smoke detector shall be installed in each stairway leading to an occupied area in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke is not obstructed in reaching the detector and that rising smoke cannot effectively bypass such detector.
Whenever possible, smoke and/or heat detectors should be centrally located on the ceilings to assure maximum coverage.
Fire alarm systems shall, at each floor level:
Have manually operated fire alarm signaling devices, be mounted in durable boxes and be designed to transmit an alarm signal to sounding devices on the premises.
Be located in a public hall or passageway in the natural path of escape from fire and be accessible on every story without the necessity of first passing through a fire door or fire zone.
Be located within 200 horizontal feet of any room or any point on a story not divided into rooms.
Be ready to operate at all times when activated.
Be readily identifiable as such and have a conspicuous exterior color and label.
Be designed and used only for fire protection purposes.
Fire alarm systems shall:
Be provided with devices designed to sound a clear, audible alarm signal that is distinct from all signals made by other sounding devices used in the vicinity. All fire alarm sounding devices within a building shall be of the same type.
Have sounding devices so located that the alarm is audible in all parts of the building.
Fire alarm systems shall:
Be supplied with electrical energy from both a main source and from an auxiliary source, such as a battery supply or generator. If a generator is used as an auxiliary source, automatic transfer shall occur within 15 seconds of main power interruption.
Have circuits for the transmission of alarms used only for fire protection.
Have all wiring and equipment installed in accordance with Article 760, Fire Protective Signaling Devices, National Electrical Code NFPA No. 70.
Emergency lighting shall:
Be provided in multiple dwellings (11 units or more) to illuminate adequately passenger elevators and exits.
Be designed and installed so as to permit occupants to make their way safely out of the building in the event of failure of the normal lighting.
Be furnished through an independent electrical wiring system supplied from a main source, and from an auxiliary source.
Means shall be provided for automatically transferring the emergency lighting and power supply from the main source to the auxiliary source within 15 seconds in the event of failure of the main source.
Exits in multiple dwellings (11 units or more) shall be provided with exit and directional signs visible from the approach to the exits.
Directional signs shall be provided at locations from which the exit doorway is not readily discernible.
Such signs shall be worded in plainly legible block letters with the word "exit" for exit signs and the words "to exit," with a suitable pointer or arrow indicating the direction of exit, for directional signs. Letters for signs shall be conspicuous, readily discernible and at least six inches high, except that, for internally illuminated signs, the height of such letters shall be at least 41/2 inches.
Exit and directional signs shall be illuminated either externally or internally by electric lights and shall be kept illuminated at all times when the building is occupied. Where a system of emergency lighting is provided, electric lights illuminating exit and directional signs shall be supplied with current from the emergency lighting system. When such system is not provided, current shall be supplied from a separate circuit or circuits controlled from a central location. Circuits supplying exit and directional sign outlets shall supply no other outlets.
It shall be the responsibility of the property owner or agent to test, inspect and maintain any smoke or heat detector and emergency lighting in accordance with the manufacturer's warranty and/or suggested maintenance and to have a minimum of at least two detectors on the site to replace defective detectors that cannot be repaired. In addition, the property owner shall provide any tenant access to a copy of the maintenance schedule, operating manual and any other instructions or precautionary literature which the manufacturer may supply.
Each apartment complex or multifamily dwelling unit shall have a maximum completion time of one year, with a minimum of 50% of the total number of dwelling units having been completed within six months. Said time period shall begin upon the effective date of this chapter.
Any person who violates or maintains a violation of any provision of this chapter shall be deemed guilty of an offense punishable by a fine not exceeding $250 or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 15 days, or both. Each day the violation continues shall be deemed a separate offense.