No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Superintendent.
There shall be two classes of building sewer permits: Class A for residential and commercial service, and Class B for service to establishments producing industrial waste. In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the Village. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Superintendent. A permit, connection and inspection fee shall be paid to the Village Clerk at the time such application is made, such fees being established by resolution of the Board.
A Class B permit (industrial) shall not be reassigned or transferred or sold to a new owner, new user, different premises or a new or changed operation. An industrial-type discharger shall apply for a permit modification if production or process is changed so that the wastewater characteristics or flow is altered. Industrial-type discharges are subject to the provisions of Article X.
All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer on private property shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the Village from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except that where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, courtyard or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer.
Existing building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Superintendent, to meet all requirements of this chapter.
Except where cast iron is specifically required, the building sewer may be either of the following two types of pipe:
Service class cast-iron soil pipe conforming to the requirements of ASTM 74-75. Joints shall be hub and spigot type with preformed rubber gaskets conforming to Specification HSN of the Cast Iron Soil Pipe Institute.
Rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe which shall meet the requirements of ASTM 3034-74-SDR-35. Pipes shall have an integral bell, and pipe and fittings shall be jointed with a solid rubber ring. Joints shall be tight and waterproof.
A cleanout shall be provided on all building drains near the point where such drain leaves the building. An additional cleanout shall be installed for each 100 feet of building sewer which is required to connect to the public sewer. A cleanout shall also be provided for each change of direction of 90° or more. Such cleanouts shall be extended to grade and constructed in such manner as to allow ready access of a sewer rod for cleaning. Cleanouts shall not be less than four inches in size, and no bend sharper than a one-eighth bend (45°) shall be used for a change in direction.
The size and slope of the building sewer shall be subject to the approval of the Superintendent. The diameter shall not be less than four inches. The minimum slope shall be 1/4 inch per foot. Where necessary, a minimum slope of 1/8 inch per foot will be allowed; however, six-inch-diameter pipe will be required.
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No building sewer shall be laid parallel to and within three feet of any bearing wall, which might thereby be weakened. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The building sewer shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment, insofar as possible. Changes in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe cleanout and fittings. The ends of the building sewers which are not connected to the building drain of the structure for any reason shall be sealed against infiltration by a suitable stopper, plug or other approved means.
In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sewage or industrial wastes carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved mechanical means at the building owner's cost and discharged to the building sewer.
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the National Plumbing Code and other applicable rules and regulations of the Village, including the detail as attached hereto. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the Superintendent before installation.
The owner or applicant installing the building sewer shall employ a plumber whose competence has been established by the Village and whose name is registered by the Village as having such competence, or the installation of the pipe may be performed by the owner of the property. In all instances, the required inspections and approvals of such installations shall be made by the Superintendent.
The connection from a gas station or car wash shall provide for a settlement pit, so that sand and grit that may develop from the washing of motor vehicles or thawing of ice and snow will not be allowed to enter into the sewage disposal system. Discharge of said waters into the sanitary sewer will be made only upon approval of the Village.
All building sewers shall be installed by the open-trench method. Trenches should be wide enough so as to permit proper installation and inspection of the pipe. Where foundation conditions are suitable, if care is taken to gauge the depth of the trench, it shall be dug as close as possible to the desired level so as to allow the pipe to rest on undisturbed soil. Should an unstable condition be found or if the trench is in rock, it shall be overexcavated by at least four to six inches and a bed of crushed stone placed on which to lay the pipe. Bedding material shall be sufficiently tamped to prevent future settlement.
After placement of the pipe and following inspection and approval by the Superintendent, the trench may be backfilled. Clean sand or fine gravel shall first be placed to a depth of six inches above the crown of the pipe. Following this, the material excavated from the trench may be used for the remainder of the backfill.
Transitions between dissimilar pipe materials shall be made with proper, standard adapters. For cast-iron to asbestos-cement pipe transitions, the cast-iron pipe shall extend 18 inches into the asbestos-cement pipe with premolded ring gasket(s) (two if groundwater is excessive).
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Superintendent when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Superintendent or his representative. At least a forty-eight-hour notice shall be given to the Superintendent. When trenches are opened for the laying of building sewer pipes, such trenches shall be inspected by the Superintendent before the trenches are filled; and the person performing such work shall notify the Superintendent when the installation of the building sewer is completed. The filling of a trench before inspection is made will subject the person to whom a permit is issued to a penalty of $250 for each offense, and such person shall also bear the cost of reopening the trench for inspection.
All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent.
Building sewers shall be spaced at least 10 feet laterally from any existing or proposed water main or water service. Whenever sewers must cross under water mains or water services, the sewer shall be laid at such an elevation that the top of the sewer is at least 18 inches below the bottom of the water main or water service. When it is impossible to obtain proper horizontal and vertical separation, detailed plans shall be submitted to the Village Engineer for review and approval before any deviations may be made from the requirements of this section.
All approvals required under any procedures of this chapter shall be given in writing and signed by the appropriate and authorized Village employee, agent or engineer. Reliance upon verbal approvals will not be sanctioned, and the builder, developer or other persons acting upon verbal approvals shall be required to remedy, correct, reconstruct, remove or otherwise perform, at his own expense, in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. The failure or refusal of such person to obtain required written approvals shall be sufficient and just cause for the denial of the issuance of any certificate of occupancy for any structure relating thereto and shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
All costs of cleaning stopped or plugged building sewers or laterals shall be borne by the owner.
A property which is located more than 100 feet from an existing sewer line shall not be connected to or serviced by such sewer line, except as provided by Article III of this chapter. No building permit shall be issued for houses to be constructed on such property and nothing contained in this chapter shall prohibit the Village from making agreement with property owners whereby the existing sewer may be extended to within 100 feet of such owner's property line at the expense of such owner.
The Board will establish permit and inspection fees.