Village of Chittenango, NY
Madison County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any unpolluted waters, such as stormwater, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage or cooling water, to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Superintendent and other regulatory agencies. The discharge of unpolluted industrial cooling water or process waters requires a NYSDEC SPDES permit and is subject to federal and state regulations.
Each user of the Chittenango sewage treatment plant will comply with all applicable federal categorical pretreatment standards and requirements.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following-described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
Any water or wastes with heat in amounts which will inhibit biological activity in the sewage treatment plant, resulting in interference. In no case shall the temperature of the liquid or vapor exceed 65° C. (150° F.) or such wastes be discharged in quantities such that the temperature at the sewage treatment plant influent exceeds 40° C. (104° F.) unless the plant is designed to accommodate such heat.
Any waters or wastes which contain grease or oil or other substance that will solidify or become discernibly viscous at temperatures between 32° and 150° F.
Any waters or wastes containing fats, wax, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, exceeding an average of 50 milligrams per liter (417 pounds per million gallons) or other soluble matter.
Any gasoline, benzine, naphtha, fuel oil or mineral oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any noxious or malodorous gas, such as hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide or nitrous oxide, or other substance which, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, is capable of creating a public nuisance or hazard to life or preventing entry into sewers for their maintenance and repair.
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent.
Any ashes, cinder, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastic, cardboard, wood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails, lime slurry, lime residues, beer or distillery slops, whey, chemical residues, paint residues, cannery waste, bulk solids or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow of the sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes, acid and alkaline in reaction, having corrosive properties capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works. Free acids and alkalies must be neutralized, at all times, within a permissible pH range of 6.0 to 9.5.
Any cyanides in excess of 0.2 milligram per liter by weight as CN.
Radioactive wastes that do not comply with federal or state regulations.
Any water or wastes that for a duration of 15 minutes has a concentration greater than five times that of "normal" sewage as measured by suspended solids and BOD and/or which is discharged continuously at a rate exceeding 1,000 gallons per minute except by special permit. "Normal" sewage shall be defined as falling within the following ranges:
Permissible Range
(milligrams per liter)
Suspended solids
180 to 350
140 to 300
Chlorine requirements
5 to 15
Any stormwater, roof drains, spring water, cistern or tank overflow, footing drain, discharge from any vehicle wash rack or water motor, or the contents of any privy vault, septic tank or cesspool, or the discharge or effluent from any air-conditioning machine or refrigeration unit.
Any waters or wastes containing a toxic or poisonous substance, a high chlorine demand or suspended solids in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals or create any hazard in the receiving waters or the effluent of the sewage treatment plant. Such toxic substances shall be limited to the average concentrations listed hereinafter in the sewage as it arrives at the treatment plant, and at no time shall the hourly concentration at the sewage treatment plant exceed three times the average concentration. If concentrations listed are exceeded, individual establishments will be subject to control by the Engineer or Superintendent in volume and concentration of wastes discharged.
Limits of Toxic Substances in Sewage
Average Concentration
(milligrams per liter)
Iron, as Fe
Chromium, as Cr (hexavalent)
Copper, as Cu
Chlorine requirements
Cyanide, as CN
Cadmium, as Cd
Zinc, as Zn
Arsenic, as As
Barium, as Ba
Lead, as Pb
Selenium, as Se
Mercury, as Hg
Persistent pesticides
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the wastewater treatment processes employed, or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the wastewater treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
Any water or wastes which, by interaction with other water or wastes in the public sewer system, release obnoxious gases, form suspended solids which interfere with the collection system or create a condition deleterious to structures and treatment processes.
Any substance which may cause the POTW's effluent or any other product of the POTW, such as residues, sludge or scums, to be unsuitable for reclamation and reuse. In no case shall a substance discharged to the POTW cause the POTW to be in noncompliance with sludge use or disposal criteria, guidelines or regulations developed under Section 405 of Public Law 95-2171, any criteria, guidelines or regulations affecting sludge use or disposal development pursuant to the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substance Control Act, or state criteria applicable to the sludge management method being used.
Any water or wastes which result in excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions).
Any water or wastes which exert unusual BOD, UOD or COD in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works. Levels shall not exceed the following:
Maximum Limit
(milligrams per liter)
Any unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs as defined in Article I.
If any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in § 115-45 and which, in the judgment of the Superintendent, may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment or receiving waters or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Superintendent may recommend to the Board one or more of the following:
Reject the wastes;
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
Require payment to cover the added costs of handling and treating the wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges under the provisions of § 115-53 of this article.
If the Superintendent permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Board and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Superintendent and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperatures. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times and shall be readily accessible and open to inspection by the Superintendent at any time.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes having a five-day biochemical oxygen demand greater than 300 milligrams per liter, or containing more than 350 milligrams per liter of suspended solids, or containing more than 15 milligrams per liter of chlorine requirement, or containing any quantity of substances having the characteristics described in § 115-45, or having an average daily flow greater than 2% of the average daily sewage flow of the Village shall be subject to the review and approval of the Engineer or Superintendent. Where necessary, in the opinion of the Engineer or Superintendent, the owner shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to 300 milligrams per liter and the suspended solids to 350 milligrams per liter by weight, or reduce the chlorine requirements to 15 milligrams per liter, or reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in § 115-45, or control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. When pretreatment standards are adopted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation for any given class of industries, then such industries must immediately conform to the timetable for adherence to these standards. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Engineer and of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing. Failure to comply with one or more of the remedial procedures as required by the Engineer or Superintendent will constitute a violation of this chapter.
Where preliminary treatment or flow equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When required by the Superintendent, the owner of any property served by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole, together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer, to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
The Superintendent may require a user of sewer services to provide information needed to determine compliance with this chapter. These requirements may include:
Wastewaters discharge peak rate and volume over a specified time period.
Chemical analyses of wastewaters.
Information on raw materials processes and products affecting wastewater volume and quality.
Quantity and disposition of specific liquid, sludge, oil, solvent or other materials important to sewer use control.
A plot plan of sewers on the user's property showing sewer and pretreatment facility location.
Details of wastewater pretreatment facilities.
Details of systems to prevent and control the losses of materials through spills to the municipal sewer.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this chapter shall be determined in accordance with the most recent edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater upon suitable samples taken at the control manhole provided for in § 115-50. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb and property. The particular analysis involved will determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premise is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-four-hour composites of all outfalls whereas pH's are determined from periodic grab samples.
Nothing in this article shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the Village and user of the wastewater facilities whereby wastewater of unusual strength or character is accepted into the system and specially treated, subject to any payments or user charges as may be applicable.
In entering into such a special agreement, the Village Board must consider whether the agreement will:
Prevent pass through or interfere with sewage treatment plant operations;
Protect municipal employees; and
Provide equitable compensation to the Village for wastewater conveyance and treatment.
No discharge in violation of federal pretreatment standards will be allowed under the terms of such special agreements.
All of the preceding standards are to apply at the point where the industrial wastes are discharged into the public sanitary sewerage system. Any chemical or mechanical corrective treatment required must be accomplished to practical completion before the wastes reach that point. The laboratory methods used in the examination of all industrial wastes shall be those set forth in the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater published by the American Public Health Association. However, alternate methods for the analysis of industrial wastes may be used, subject to mutual agreement between the Village Board and the producer of such wastes. The frequency and duration of the sampling of any industrial waste shall not be less than once every three months for a twenty-four-hour period. However, more frequent and longer periods may be required at the discretion of the Village Board.
No user shall ever increase the use of process water or in any way attempt to dilute a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with the limitations contained in the federal categorical pretreatment standards or in any other pollutant specific limitation developed by the Village or state unless authorized by state or federal regulations.
A user shall notify the Village and the operator of the POTW immediately upon accidentally discharging wastes in violation of this chapter. This notification shall be followed, within 15 days of the date of occurrence, by a detailed statement describing the causes of the accidental discharge and the measures being taken to prevent future occurrence. Such notification will not relieve users from liability for any expense, loss or damage to the sewer system, treatment plant or treatment process or for any fines imposed on the Village under applicable state and federal regulations.