[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the Township of Long Beach 11-6-2017 by Ord. No. 17-37C. Amendments noted where applicable.]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- ARTIFICIAL LIGHT SOURCE
- A man-made thing or object from which light originates.
- ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
- The Township Code Enforcement Officer or designee.
- A unit of measurement of illuminance (one footcandle equals one lumen per square foot of area).
- Illuminance within the visual field of a human eye which is sufficiently greater than the intensity of illuminance to which the eye is adapted that it causes annoyance, discomfort, nuisance, and/or loss in visual performance and visibility.
- The total amount (density) of visible light incident upon (i.e., illuminating) a point of a surface from all directions above the surface measured in footcandles (note: the "surface" may be a part, or all, of a physical object or an imaginary plane).
- See "lighting."
- LIGHT FIXTURE
- An electrically powered lighting device consisting of a lamp, a lamp holder, an electrical ballast (if necessary), and the means for connecting the device to an electrical power source.
- LIGHT TRESPASS
- Any form of illumination emanating from a light fixture or light source whether internally or externally illuminated on a property that penetrates another property and creates a nuisance, annoyance, or glare.
- The deliberate utilization of one or more artificial light sources to achieve an aesthetic or intended effect.
- Measurement of light output. One lumen is equal to the amount of light emitted by one candle that falls on one square foot of surface located one foot away from the candle.
- OBJECTIONABLE DIRECT GLARE SOURCE
- A glare resulting from artificial light sources and excessive levels of illumination or insufficiently shielded light sources emanating from light fixtures in the field of view where the lens, lamp, or reflector is offensively visible above a height of five feet at a property line, public or private roadway. Rule of thumb: if the lamp (bulb) is objectionably visible from outside the illuminated property's boundary, then it's a direct glare source. Rule of thumb: If you must squint to see due to glare within your field of view, then it's objectionable.
- OUTDOOR LIGHTING
- The lighting of areas exterior to the walls of enclosed buildings and/or within structures having open or partially open walls such as canopies, porte cocheres, pavilions, gazebos, etc., artificial light sources and/or light fixtures.
All outdoor lighting shall be of a soft or glare-free type and shall not cast an illumination color which shall be distractive, obliterate, or obscure the view, or be ultraviolet, strobic, pulsating, flashing, travel, or of any unnatural kind.
No outdoor lighting or outdoor light fixtures shall shine directly upon any neighboring property or into any room or rooms of structures on any neighboring property in a manner that creates glare for the occupants of any neighboring property or in such a manner that the lighting constitutes an objectionable glare source.
No outdoor lighting or outdoor light fixtures at any property shall be permitted where such create light trespass.
No outdoor lighting shall be located on any structure adjacent to a natural body of water if such outdoor lighting creates glare, constitutes a safety hazard, or otherwise constitutes an objectionable direct glare source.
Path lighting shall be placed a minimum of 18 inches from the property lot lines and shall be directed downward or shielded to diminish glare.
Landscape lighting shall be directed towards the structure located on the lot upon which it is placed.
Lighting adjacent to any public right-of-way shall be no less than 10 feet from any curb or edge of pavement.
All path or landscape lighting placed on grade, docks or top of bulkheads shall not exceed 18 inches in height.
All commercial properties shall comply with the lighting requirements set forth in § 164-9A(6).
All property owners and occupants shall control the placement and direction of all exterior lighting located within the property lot lines and ensure the lighting shall not create a nuisance, annoyance, or light trespass to adjacent properties or public rights-of-way. Failure to comply with the requirements set forth above shall be a violation of this chapter. The provisions of this chapter shall be enforced by the Enforcement Officer.
Whenever an outdoor light fixture and/or artificial light source is determined to be in violation of this chapter, a notice of violation shall be given to the owner of the property to turn off the light immediately, and, thereafter, remove same within 30 days.