[HISTORY: Adopted by the Mayor and Council of the Town of Sykesville 8-8-2005 by Ord. No. 262. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the health, safety, and general welfare of the residents of the Town through the regulation of nonstormwater discharges to the storm drainage system. This chapter establishes methods for controlling the introduction of illicit discharges or pollutants into the Town's separate storm sewer system ("Town system") in order to comply with requirements of the NPDES permit process.
In this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated. Any term not defined in this chapter shall have the meaning as defined in any chapter of the Code or in the Natural Resource Article, § 8-1201 et seq., Annotated Code of Maryland. Any term not defined in the Code in any chapter shall have its generally accepted meaning.
- BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES or BMPS
- Conservation practices or systems of practices and management measures that minimize adverse impacts to the environment, including surface water, groundwater flow and circulation patterns, and to the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics, BMPs include schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, general good housekeeping practices, pollution prevention and educational practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants directly or indirectly to stormwater, receiving waters, or stormwater conveyance systems. BMPs also include treatment practices, operating procedures, and practices to control site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or water disposal, or drainage from raw materials storage.
- CLEAN WATER ACT
- The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.), and any subsequent amendments.
- Code of Maryland Regulations.
- CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY
- An activity subject to NPDES construction permits, including a construction project resulting in land disturbance of one acre or more, clearing, grubbing, grading, excavating, and demolition.
- DRAINAGE BASIN
- An area drained by an ordered stream system and classified by the highest order stream that forms its discharge.
- An action performed to provide additional protection to create or improve the function of an ecosystem.
- Any structure or complex of structures where runoff is discharged into a Town system.
- HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
- Any material, including any substance, waste, or combination thereof, which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly contribute to, a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, safety, property, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
- ILLICIT CONNECTION
- A surface or subsurface drain or conveyance which allows an illicit discharge to enter the storm drain system, including but not limited to:
- A. A conveyance which allows a nonstormwater discharge, including sewage, process wastewater, and wash water, to enter the storm drain system or a connection to the storm drain system from an indoor drain or sink, regardless of whether the drain or connection had been previously allowed, permitted, or approved by an authorized enforcement agency; or
- B. A drain or conveyance connected from a commercial or industrial land use to the storm drain system which has not been documented in plans, maps, or equivalent records and approved by an authorized enforcement agency.
- ILLICIT DISCHARGE
- Any discharge to any Town system that is not composed entirely of stormwater runoff except discharges resulting from common residential stormwater runoff, fire-fighting activities or from any legally permitted discharge. The direct discharge of any sanitary discharge, including domestic sewage or other pollutants into any Town system, will be considered an illicit discharge.
- INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY
- An activity subject to NPDES industrial permits as defined in 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14).
- National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.
- NPDES STORMWATER DISCHARGE PERMIT
- A permit issued by the Environmental Protection Agency or the state that authorized the discharge of pollutants to waters of the United States.
- The point where a storm sewer system discharges.
- Includes the federal government, the state, any county, municipal corporation, or other political subdivision of the state, or any of their units, or an individual, receiver, trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, fiduciary, or representative of any kind, or any partnership, firm, association, public or private corporation, or any other entity.
- A. A contaminant that may result in any alteration of the physical, chemical, or biological properties of groundwater or surface water, including any change in temperature, taste, color, turbidity, or odor of the receiving waters or discharge or deposit of any organic matter, harmful organism, or liquid, gaseous, solid, radioactive, or other substance into groundwater or surface water that may render the waters harmful, or detrimental to the public health or welfare, to any domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other legitimate beneficial use of the water, to any livestock, wild animals, birds, fish or other aquatic species that may use the water; or
- B. Any substance that may cause or contribute to pollution, including, but not limited to, paints, varnishes, and solvents; oil and other automotive fluids; nonhazardous liquid and solid wastes and yard wastes; refuse, rubbish, garbage, litter, or other discarded or abandoned objects, ordnances, and accumulations, so that same may cause or contribute to pollution; floatables; pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers; hazardous substances and wastes; sewage, fecal coliform and pathogens; dissolved and particulate metals; animal wastes; wastes and residues that result from constructing a building or structure; and noxious or offensive matters of any kind.
- SEPARATE STORM SEWER SYSTEM
- The equivalent of a municipal separate storm sewer system ("municipal system") as defined in 40 CFR 122.26. A conveyance or system of conveyance, including but not limited to drainage systems, public streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, swales, constructed channels, storm drains, associated underground piping and any on-site stormwater management facilities that are:
- SIGNIFICANT MATERIALS
- Includes, but is not limited to, raw materials, petroleum derivative products; any controlled hazardous substances pursuant to COMAR 26.13; industrial waste pursuant to COMAR 26.08.01.01; infectious waste pursuant to COMAR 26.04.07.02; materials such as solvents or detergents; finished materials such as metallic products; raw materials used in food processing or production; fertilizers; pesticides; waste products such as ashes, slag and sludge or any other material that could result in pollution of waters of the state as a constituent in stormwater discharge.
- The State of Maryland.
- STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEM
- Any facilities by which stormwater is collected or conveyed, including but not limited to any roads with drainage systems, streets, gutters, curbs, inlets, piped storm drains, pumping facilities, retention and detention basins, natural and man-made or altered drainage channels, reservoirs, and other drainage structures.
- Any surface flow, runoff, and drainage consisting entirely of water resulting from any form of natural precipitation.
- Anything constructed, the use of which requires fixed location on the ground or which is attached to something having fixed location.
- The Town of Sykesville, Maryland.
- TOWN SEPARATE STORM SEWER or TOWN SYSTEM
- A separate storm sewer system that is owned or maintained by the Town and designed to convey stormwater runoff to a point of discharge into waters of the state.
- Any water or other liquid, other than uncontaminated stormwater, discharged from a facility.
- Any natural or artificial stream, river, creek, ditch, channel, canal, conduit, culvert, drain, waterway, gully, ravine, or wash, in and including any adjacent area that is subject to inundation from overflow or floodwaters and their associated wetlands.
Editor's Note: See now § 5-901 et seq. of the Natural Resources Article of the Annotated Code of Maryland.
No new connection to a Town system may be effected without prior approval of the Town.
No person may:
Discharge any significant materials or pollutant into any component of any Town system that would constitute an illicit discharge;
Continue any illicit discharge to any Town system;
Create any condition that may result in an illicit discharge or pollution of stormwater conveyed and discharged from any outfall of those systems;
Cause or contribute to any type of illicit discharge into a Town system or watercourse that may result in a potential for adverse impact;
Alter or create an obstruction to flow of a Town system or watercourse that reduces its capacity or ability to provide its intended design capacity or natural function; or
Create a new connection or maintain a connection that may introduce any discharge other than stormwater into a Town system or watercourse.
The construction, use, maintenance or continued existence of illicit connections to the storm drain system is prohibited.
The following discharges are exempt from the prohibitions established by this chapter:
Water line flushing or other potable water sources;
Landscape irrigation or lawn watering;
Permitted diverted stream flows;
Groundwater infiltration to storm drains;
Uncontaminated pumped groundwater;
Uncontaminated discharge from foundation drains or pumps;
Air conditioning condensation;
Noncommercial washing of vehicles;
Natural riparian habitat or wetland flows;
Any water source not containing pollutants;
Discharges specified in writing by the authorized enforcement agency as being necessary to protect public health and safety;
Dye testing with prior verbal notification to the authorized enforcement agency; and
Any nonstormwater discharge legally permitted under a NPDES permit issued by the Maryland Department of the Environment, provided that the discharger is in full compliance with all requirements of the issued permit and with all other applicable laws and regulations and with prior written approval of discharge to the Town system.
The Town may, without prior notice, suspend any approved discharge access to a Town system to a person, when suspension is necessary to stop an actual or threatened discharge which presents or may present imminent and substantial danger to the environment, to public health or welfare, or to any system, watercourse, or designated sensitive resource. If a person fails to comply with a suspension order, the Town may take steps to prevent or minimize damage to any storm sewer system, watercourse, or sensitive resource or to minimize an identified danger or hazard to the general health and welfare.
A person discharging to a Town system or watercourse in violation of this chapter may have the system access terminated if such termination would abate, reduce, or eliminate an illicit discharge. The Town shall notify a violator in writing of the proposed termination of system access. The violator may petition the Town for reconsideration. Reinstatement of a discharge, connection, or access which has been terminated pursuant to this section without the Town's approval constitutes a violation of this chapter.
A person subject to an industrial or construction activity NPDES stormwater discharge permit shall comply with all provisions of the permit. Proof of compliance with the permit shall be submitted in a form acceptable to the Town prior to allowing any discharge to the Town system.
This section applies to all facilities that have stormwater discharges, including construction activity or any other discharge to any Town system.
The Town may, upon notification, enter and inspect the source of any discharge, including those under an individual or general NPDES permit, that are subject to this chapter when necessary to determine compliance. Failure to cooperate with an inspection constitutes a violation of this chapter.
To determine compliance, the Town may inspect, sample, examine and investigate the source of any discharge to a Town system. In support of any investigation, the Town may review and copy any records maintained pursuant to the conditions of any discharge permit or this chapter.
The Town may require the discharger to install monitoring equipment if the nature of the discharge warrants. The facility's sampling and monitoring equipment shall be maintained in a safe and proper operating condition by the discharger at its own expense. All devices used to measure stormwater flow and quality shall be calibrated to ensure accuracy.
The owner of any property shall prevent accidental discharge of prohibited materials or pollutants into Town system or watercourses through the use of structural and nonstructural BMPs.
Any person who is the source of an illicit discharge may be required to implement, at the person's expense, additional structural and nonstructural BMPs to prevent the further discharge of pollutants to any Town system. Compliance with the terms and conditions of a valid NPDES permit authorizing the discharge of stormwater constitutes compliance with this section.
The owner of property through which a watercourse passes shall keep and maintain that part of the watercourse within the property generally free of man-made obstructions or sources of pollutants.
The owner shall maintain existing privately owned structures within or adjacent to a watercourse, so that the structures will not become a hazard to the use, function, or physical integrity of the watercourse.
Notwithstanding other requirements of law, any person responsible for a site who has information of an illicit discharge or discharge of pollutants into stormwater, the storm sewer system, or watercourse shall contain and clean up the release.
For a release of hazardous materials, the person shall immediately notify emergency response agencies of the occurrence via emergency dispatch services.
For a release of nonhazardous materials, the person shall notify the Town in person or by telephone or facsimile no later than the next business day.
Notifications in person or by phone shall be confirmed by written notification addressed and mailed to the Town within three business days of the notice by telephone.
If the discharge of prohibited materials emanates from a commercial or industrial use, the owner or operator shall retain an on-site written record of the discharge and the actions taken to prevent its recurrence.
The Town may require a surety, cash bond, irrevocable letter of credit, or other means of security acceptable to the Town as a guaranty under certain requirements of this chapter. In cases when a guaranty is required, the amount required shall be no less than the total estimated cost of the action required. The guaranty shall include forfeiture provisions for failure to complete the required activity within the time specified. The guaranty may not be released prior to final inspection which verifies compliance with this chapter. No partial releases may be made. In the event that the guarantor fails to perform or complete the required activity, the Town may use the guaranty to complete the work.
Whenever the Town finds that a person has violated this chapter, the Town shall issue a notice of violation.
If abatement of a violation or restoration of affected property is required, the notice shall set forth a deadline within which such remediation or restoration shall be completed. The notice shall state that, should the violator fail to remediate or restore within the established deadline, the work will be contracted for completion by the Town and the costs shall be charged to the violator.
If a person has violated or continues to violate the provisions of this chapter, the Town may petition for a preliminary or permanent injunction restraining the person from activities which would create further violations or compelling the person to perform abatement or remediation of the violation.
Any person aggrieved by issuance of a written notice of violation of this chapter may appeal the action to the Town Council, which shall hold a hearing on the appeal.