[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Council of the Town of West Hartford 9-27-1983. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Amended 6-28-1994; 1-9-1996]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- ALARM BUSINESS
- Any business operated for a profit which engages in the activity of altering, installing, leasing, maintaining, repairing, replacing, selling, servicing or responding to a burglar or holdup alarm system or fire alarm system or which causes any of these activities to take place.
- ALARM SYSTEM
- An assembly of equipment and devices (or a single device, such as a solid-state unit, which plugs directly into a one-hundred-ten-volt AC line) arranged to signal the presence of a hazard requiring urgent attention and to which police or fire are expected to respond. In this chapter, the term "alarm system" shall include but not be limited to the terms "automatic holdup alarm systems," "burglar alarm systems," "holdup alarm systems," "manual holdup alarm systems," "audible alarm systems" and "fire alarm systems" or similar systems. Alarm systems which monitor temperature, humidity or any other condition not directly related to the detection of an unauthorized intrusion into a premises or an attempted robbery or a fire or smoke condition at a premises are specifically excluded from the provisions of this chapter.
- AUDIBLE ALARM SYSTEM
- An alarm system which gives alarm by means of a bell, siren, buzzer or similar sound-producing device mounted at some location other than wholly within a building or which, when activated, is clearly audible at a distance of 50 feet or more outside of any building in which it is mounted.
- AUTOMATIC DIALING DEVICE
- Refers to an alarm system which automatically sends over regular telephone lines, by direct connection or otherwise, a prerecorded voice message or coded signal indicating the existence of the emergency situation that the alarm system is designed to detect.
- CENTRAL STATION
- An office to which remote alarm and supervisory signaling devices are connected, where operators supervise the circuits and where operators transmit the alarm to the West Hartford Emergency Reporting Center or direct security guards to investigate the alarm.
- DIRECT CONNECT
- An alarm system which has the capability of transmitting system signals to and receiving them at any agency maintained by the Town, such as the communication center.
- DIRECT LINE
- A telephone line leading directly from a central station to the communication center of the Police Department that is for use only to report emergency signals on a person-to-person basis.
- FALSE ALARM
- An activation of a fire, burglar, holdup or security system or combination of burglar/fire system that is caused by some accidental, malicious or intentional act on the part of the system owner, employee, worker or person other than an intruder, some internal fault of the system or in its communication device or by carelessness or mistakes.
- FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
- Refers to a signal or message from a person or device indicating the existence of a fire or other emergency which requires Fire Department action.
- To connect an alarm system to a voice-grade telephone line, either directly or through a mechanical device that utilizes a standard telephone, for the purpose of using the telephone line to transmit an emergency message upon the activation of the alarm system.
- PRIMARY TRUNK LINE
- A telephone line providing voice communication with the West Hartford Emergency Reporting Center which is for the purpose of sending and receiving person-to-person telephone calls and which is listed as an emergency or nonemergency telephone number assigned to the West Hartford Police Department or West Hartford Fire Department in the telephone directory issued by the telephone company.
- PROPRIETARY SYSTEM
- An alarm system sounding and/or recording alarm and supervisory signals at a control center located within the protected premises, the control center being under the supervision of the proprietor of the protected premises. If a proprietary system includes a signal line connected directly or by means of an automatic dialing device to a police communication center, a central station, modified central station or answering service, it thereby becomes an alarm system, as defined in this chapter.
- REMOTE SIGNALING SYSTEM
- An alarm signaling system which, when activated by an alarm device, transmits a signal from an alarm signaling device to the Police Department or other central location, where appropriate action is taken to investigate and respond to the signal.
- SPECIAL TRUNK LINE
- A telephone line leading into the communication center of the Police Department and having the primary purpose of handling emergency signals or messages originating either directly or through a central location from automatic dialing devices.
- A person who buys and/or leases or otherwise obtains an alarm system and thereafter installs it or has it installed. The term "subscriber" shall also mean a person who has control of a premises in which an operable alarm system exists.
The Police Chief may promulgate rules and regulations to implement this chapter and may promulgate standards and specifications to be met by burglar alarm systems which are registered in accord with the provisions of this chapter.
The Fire Chief may promulgate rules and regulations to implement this chapter relating to fire alarms and may promulgate standards and specifications to be met by fire alarm systems which are registered in accord with the provisions of this chapter. Said regulations relating to fire alarms shall be consistent with any regulations adopted by the Police Chief to implement this chapter to the extent possible without jeopardizing public safety.
[Amended 11-14-1989; 1-9-1996]
Any alarm system which is regulated pursuant to this chapter may be registered with the Police Chief or, in the case of fire alarm systems, the Fire Chief. Any property owner who registers such an alarm system with the Police Chief and/or Fire Chief shall be exempt from all fines established pursuant to § 44-11 for a period of six months from the date of said registration, provided that said system meets the standards and specifications established by those authorities.
[Amended 2-26-1985; 1-9-1996]
Interconnecting to primary trunk lines prohibited. No automatic dialing device shall be interconnected to a primary trunk line.
Interconnecting to special trunk line permitted. Automatic dialing devices designed to transmit signals directly to the Police Department shall be interconnected to a special trunk line into the Police Department according to standards and procedures established by the Chief of Police.
[Amended 1-9-1996; 10-9-2001]
Each subscriber is required to maintain all components of the alarm system in good working order at all times to ensure that the sensory mechanism is adjusted to suppress false indications of holdups or intrusions or fire or smoke conditions so that the alarm system will not be activated by impulses due to short flashes of light, wind, noises, vehicular noise or other forces unrelated to genuine alarms.
No alarm system designed to transmit emergency messages directly or to be relayed to the Police Department shall be tested or demonstrated without first obtaining permission from the Police Chief.
[Amended 1-9-1996; 5-22-2001; 9-9-2008]
The Police Chief shall enforce and administer this chapter and any rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, except that the Fire Chief shall have jurisdiction over fire alarms systems.
No more than three false alarms from any one protected property per calendar year shall be permitted.
Written order and fines.
After the second false alarm in any calendar year, the Police Chief, or, in cases involving fire alarms, the Fire Chief, shall send a written order to the subscriber instructing the subscriber to:
Within five days after this order is sent, the subscriber shall forward to the Police Chief, or, in cases involving fire alarms, the Fire Chief, proof that the alarm system has been inspected and is in good working order.
A subscriber shall be fined $100 for the fourth false burglar alarm and each false alarm thereafter, in any one calendar year.
A subscriber shall be fined $200 for the fourth false fire alarm and each false alarm thereafter in any one calendar year.
Editor's Note: Former § 44-11, Penalties for fourth and more false alarms; enforcement, as amended, was repealed 10-9-2001.
The Police Chief and the Fire Chief shall jointly compile a continuous record of all false alarms and of all written notices and orders given to subscribers and alarm businesses. Such record shall indicate the number and frequency of false alarms and shall separately state the number of false alarms received from residences and from businesses. Said record shall not contain the names of persons or entities from whom false alarms are received or to whom notices and/or orders are issued. At least semiannually the Police Chief and the Fire Chief shall appear before the Public Safety Committee of the Town Council and present said record to the Committee for review and comment.
The Town of West Hartford shall not be liable for any defects in operation of any signal line system for any failure or neglect to respond appropriately upon receipt of an alarm from such a source, for any failure or neglect of any person in connection with the installation, operation, disconnection or removal of equipment, the transmission of alarm signals or the relaying of such signals or messages.