Village of Elmsford, NY
Westchester County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Elmsford as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 109.
Water — See Ch. 328.
[Adopted 4-4-1932; repealed and reenacted in the same form 7-10-2006 by L.L. No. 4-2006]
A. 
Every person engaged or intending to engage in the plumbing business in the Village of Elmsford as a master plumber shall appear before the Plumbing Inspector and make application for his license, deposit the legal fee, register his name and business address and shall submit to an examination by the Examining Board of Plumbers and, if found qualified, shall be granted a license. No person other than a registered plumber of the Village of Elmsford shall be allowed to carry on or engage in the plumbing business or install plumbing in any building or make connections with sewer, drain, soil or waste pipes or to any pipe connected therewith, and it shall be unlawful for any person to display a sign or other notice intending to imply that he is engaged in the plumbing business, unless such person has obtained a license and has been duly registered in April of each year at the office of the Inspector of Plumbing, but a person who is a plumber may do work in his own home upon passing an examination and receiving a license.
B. 
In the event that an applicant fails the first examination, a minimum of three months shall elapse before a second examination will be given. Should three or more examinations be necessary due to repeated failures by the applicant to pass a satisfactory examination, a minimum of six months shall elapse between the second and third examinations, and thereafter, one year shall elapse between examinations.
[Added 12-19-1966]
C. 
The existing Examining Board of Plumbers is hereby continued in office and shall be known as the "Examining Board of Plumbers." Such Board shall continue to consist of three persons to be appointed by the Mayor, and each shall be a master or journeyman plumber of not less than 10 years' experience in the business of plumbing, and shall hold office at the pleasure of the Board of Trustees. All members of such Board shall be citizens and actual residents of the Village of Elmsford. The members of the Examining Board of Plumbers shall receive such compensation for their services as shall be determined from time to time by the Board of Trustees and shall be paid out of examination fees. Only the members present at the examination shall be recompensed. No examination may be held except in the presence of at least two members of the Examining Board.
[Added 12-19-1966]
A. 
Every registered master plumber shall give immediate notice of any change in his place of business or, upon his retirement from business, shall notify the Board of Examining Plumbers.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsections B and C, concerning bond requirements, which immediately followed this subsection, were repealed 2-3-1992 by L.L. No. 1-1992.
B. 
Any registered plumber who directly or indirectly allows his license to be used in connection with work not actually done under his management shall forfeit such license. Any registered plumber who shall be convicted of violating any section of this article shall be liable at the discretion of the Examining Board of Plumbers to suspension or revocation of his license and a fine of $100.
Accompanying all plans and specifications filed with the Inspector of Plumbing of the Village of Elmsford shall be suitable drawings or descriptions of the draining and plumbing of such building. Repairs and alterations of the existing plumbing may be made without the filing and approval of drawings, but the description must be filed with the Inspector of Plumbing for approval. Said repairs and alterations shall not be construed to include cases where new vertical and horizontal lines of soil, waste or vent pipes are to be used, in which case notices and descriptions of said repairs and alterations, as in the case of new work, shall be filed with and approved by the Inspector of Plumbing before such work is commenced.
[Amended 12-19-1966]
The Examining Board of Plumbers shall have power and it shall be its duty to:
A. 
Meet at stated intervals. It shall also meet whenever the Plumbing Inspector or the Mayor shall, in writing, request it to do so.
B. 
Have jurisdiction over and examine all persons desiring or intending to engage in the trade, business or calling of plumbing as employing plumbers in the village, with the power of examining persons applying for certificates of competency as such employing or master plumbers, and to determine their fitness and qualifications for conducting the business of master plumbers, and to issue certificates of competency to all such persons who shall have passed a satisfactory examination before such Board and shall be by it determined to be qualified for conducting the business as employing or master plumbers.
C. 
Charge and collect from each person applying for examination the sum of $75 for each examination made by such Board, and all moneys so collected shall be paid over by the Board monthly to the Treasurer of the village.
[Added 12-19-1966]
A domestic or foreign corporation desiring or intending to conduct the trade, business or calling of a plumber in the Village of Elmsford, as an employing or master plumber, may do so, provided that one or more officers of such corporation is the holder of a certificate of competency issued by the Examining Board of Plumbers in the village. In case one or more officers of such corporation engaged in such business shall die being the holder of a certificate of competency, the corporation may continue the business during the time necessarily required for another officer of the corporation to apply for and obtain a certificate of competency from the Examining Board of Plumbers, after examination duly held.
A. 
All material shall be of the best quality and free from defects, and the work must be executed in a thorough and workmanlike manner.
B. 
All cast-iron pipes and fittings must be sound, cylindrical and smooth, free from cracks, sand holes and other defects, and of uniform thickness and of the grade known to commerce as "extra heavy."
C. 
Pipes, including the hub, shall weigh not less than the following average weight per linear foot:
(1) 
Two-inch pipe: 5 1/2 pounds per foot.
(2) 
Three-inch pipe: 9 1/2 pounds per foot.
(3) 
Four-inch pipe: 13 pounds per foot.
(4) 
Five-inch pipe: 17 pounds per foot.
(5) 
Six-inch pipe: 20 pounds per foot.
(6) 
Seven-inch pipe: 27 pounds per foot.
(7) 
Eight-inch pipe: 33 1/2 pounds per foot.
D. 
The size and weight must be cast on each length of the pipe. All joints must be made with picked oakum and molten lead and be made gastight. Twelve ounces of fine, soft pig lead must be used at each joint for each inch in the diameter of the pipe.
E. 
All wrought-iron and steel pipes must equal in quality to standard and be properly tested by the manufacturer.
F. 
All wrought-iron and steel pipes must be galvanized.
G. 
Fittings for vent pipes on wrought-iron or steel pipes may be the ordinary cast or malleable galvanized fittings.
H. 
Fittings for waste or soil pipes must be special, extra-heavy cast iron, recessed and threaded drainage fittings, with smooth interior waterway and threads tapped so as to give a uniform grade to branches of not less than 1/4 of an inch per foot.
A. 
The main drain of every house or building shall be separately and independently connected with the cesspool or street sewer, where one is provided. The house drain, from a point five feet outside the outer surface of cellar wall, as well as all soil pipes and all waste pipes connected to the same, shall be of either cast-iron, wrought-iron or steel pipe, complying as to character, dimensions, weights and joints with the specifications for the same in § 252-6. None other than cast iron will be allowed under cellar floors. All pipes shall be laid at a uniform grade at not less than 1/4 of an inch per foot. Where above, cellar pipes shall rest on eight-inch brick piers laid in cement mortar (said piers to be not more than seven feet apart), or shall be suspended from the floor beams, supported by heavy iron pipe hangers at intervals of not more than 10 feet. The use of pipe hooks for supporting drains is prohibited. No test shall be made by the Inspector until said pipes are secured as above directed. Where galvanized pipes are in tile or cement floors, same must be given a coat of tar paint or wrapped in tar paper.
B. 
The location of the cesspool for any building must be approved and a written permit issued by the Plumbing Inspector before the same is started.
C. 
The material to be used in the constructing of the cesspool must also be approved by the Plumbing Inspector.
D. 
The sewer from the main public sewer in the street to the house to be four-inch extra-heavy iron pipe caulked with lead and oakum, or four-inch vitreous tile pipe, joints to be filled with oakum and tar. When ground is soft and swampy or filled, tile pipe cannot be used. All changes in direction shall be made with long one-eighth-inch or forty-five-degree bends.
E. 
House drains may be connected to sewer outside of house where practical, if the proper fall can be maintained, nothing less than 1/4 of one inch to the foot. (Long sweep bends may be used.)
F. 
Water and sewer mains may be laid in the same trench, but must be laid not less than two feet from each other.
G. 
Application must be made at the office of the Village Clerk for all sewer taps.
H. 
A penalty of $100 will be exacted for the connecting of any surface drain to the sanitary sewer.
I. 
The sewer connection shall be under the supervision of the Superintendent.
J. 
Where a sidewalk or curb is in existence at the time application is filed for sewer tap, a deposit of $25 will be required, said sum to be deposited for a period of three months from date tap is made.
K. 
Floor drains. No street, gutter, surface drain, land drain or subsurface drain or floor drain of any kind shall be connected to the public sewer directly or indirectly.
An iron running trap must be placed on the house drain near the wall of the house and on the sewer side of all connections. If placed outside the house or below the cellar floor, it must be made accessible in a brick manhole, the walls of which must be eight inches thick. Said manhole to be covered by an iron frame and cover not less than two feet square, said frame and cover to be of cast iron. When trap is outside of house, it must never be less than three feet below the surface of the ground. The house trap must have two cleanouts, with brass screw cap ferrules caulked in.
A fresh-air inlet pipe shall be connected with the house trap and extended to the outer air, terminating with open end at least one foot above the grade and at least two feet away from any door or window, covered with a proper strainer.
Where main sewer enters the building, place on the end of the same a "Y," and in the end of the "Y" a cleanout, and at the bottom of each vertical line or soil pipe, also at the end of each horizontal line and at each change in direction. All cleanouts shall be of the same diameter as that of the pipe in which they are inserted, and shall be heavy iron body with cast-brass plug and airtight joints. The joints fastening a cleanout into a pipe shall be of the same kind as that used on the pipe to which it is connected, and shall be caulked in with lead and oakum.
A. 
The arrangements of soil and waste pipes shall be direct as possible. All changes in direction on horizontal pipes shall be made with "Y" branches, one-sixteenth, one-eighth or long sweep bends.
B. 
All main soil, waste or vent pipes must be of iron, steel or brass. They must be extended full-size at least one foot above the roof coping and well away from all shafts, windows, chimneys or other ventilating openings. When less than four inches in diameter, they must be enlarged to four inches at a point not less than one foot below the roof surface by an increaser. Sanitary T-Y's may be used on upright lines only.
C. 
No caps, cowls or bends shall be affixed to the top of air pipes.
D. 
All pipes issuing from extensions or elsewhere, which would otherwise open within 15 feet of a window or door of any building, must be extended above the highest roof on the inside of house. The arrangement of all pipelines must be as straight and direct as possible. All pipes and traps should, where possible, be exposed to view. They should always be accessible for inspection and repairing.
E. 
No traps shall be placed at the foot of main soil and waste pipelines. A main waste pipe two inches in diameter may be intersected by only one other two-inch line. No dead ends will be permitted in either soil pipes or in main waste pipes or vent pipes.
The sizes of soil and waste pipes must not be less than those given in the following table:
A. 
Main house drain, four inches. Main soil pipe can be three inches in diameter on vertical runs, four inches to be on branches. Four-inch must be used on all horizontal lines.
B. 
Branch soil pipe shall be four inches in diameter.
C. 
Branch waste for laundry tubs shall be 1 1/2 inches in diameter. (Run not to exceed 10 feet.)
D. 
Where three or more tubs are used, waste must be increased to two inches in diameter. Branch wastes for kitchen sinks shall be two inches in diameter. On bath waste, when run does not exceed 10 feet, one-and-one-half-inch waste may be used. Long three-inch drainage or forty-five-degree elbows to be used on all waste pipes where galvanized pipe is used for waste.
E. 
New York regulation traps are to be used on sinks and basins. Where more than eight water closets are connected to the same soil pipe, the diameter of the pipe shall not be less than five inches.
A. 
Vents from bathrooms may be connected to closet vents. Vent pipes shall be made as follows:
(1) 
Four water closets, two inches.
(2) 
Four to six water closets, three inches.
(3) 
Six to 10 water closets, four inches.
B. 
Main vents running up through a building shall be connected at the bottom with the sewer or with a stack below the lowest fixture, using lowest fixture to keep line washed out. All water closets and all fixture must be back-vented, except top water closet on line. Circuit or loop vents may be used on batteries or water closets or basins, but pipes must be increased accordingly.
Water closets and vent for slop sinks to be two inches in diameter, all other vents to be 1 1/2 inches in diameter. No waste of any kind to be run into lead bends.
Where three or more refrigerators are on one pipe, the pipe must not be less than two inches, run up and through the roof, and before going through the roof must be increased to four inches in diameter. The waste must run to an open sink in the cellar with flap valve, and sink must have a water connection over same. Refrigerator waste must not enter sewer or soil lines.
[1]
Editor's Note: As to water regulations concerning refrigeration, see Ch. 328, Water, Art. I, Water Use Restrictions.
A. 
Every fixture shall have its own separate trap, except that no more than four washtubs may use the same trap if the fixtures are located immediately and completely together. All traps shall be placed as near the fixtures as possible.
B. 
Soil lines on repair jobs. Where alterations or repairs to the present plumbing are required, standard pipe may be used if the same is already installed in the house, but standard pipe must be restricted to short runs only. On new lines of soil or waste, extra-heavy pipe must be used and the Plumbing Inspector must be notified. All connections for fixtures must be taken by "Y" branch or other fittings from line. Saddle fitting not allowed. No branches allowed to go into lead bend or water closets except back vent for the same.
A. 
The use of lead pipe is restricted to the short branches of the soil, waste and vent pipes, bends and traps.
B. 
All lead, waste, soil and vent pipes must be of the best quality drawn pipes of the quality known in commerce as "D" and of not less than the following weights per linear foot:
Diameter
Weight
(pounds)
1 1/2-inch (for waste pipe only)
3
2-inch (for waste pipe only)
4
3-inch (for waste pipe only)
6
4-inch (for waste pipe only)
8
C. 
All lead traps and bends must be of the same weight and thickness as their corresponding pipe branches.
A. 
All connections with lead and iron pipe shall be made with a cast-brass, extra-heavy ferrule put on the hub of the iron pipe and caulked with lead; the lead shall be attached to the ferrule by a wiped solder joint.
B. 
All connections of lead pipe shall be by wiped solder joints. Under no conditions will the use of combination lead bends and ferrule be permitted.
No steam exhaust, boiler, blowoff or drip pipe shall be connected with the house drain or sewer.
House supply tanks must be covered so as to exclude dust, and overflow from same must not be connected to the plumbing system.
A. 
All water closets within building shall be glazed earthenware. In no instance shall any wood casing be allowed. They shall be supplied with water from special tanks or cisterns. The water in stand tanks shall not be used for any other purpose. All water closets and slop sinks within a building shall be set on tile floor or a marble or slate base not less than 12 inches by 24 inches and shall have a cast-brass flange not less than 3/16 of an inch thickness soldered to lead pipe and bolted to the closet.
B. 
Washout, pan, plunger and iron hopper water closets are prohibited. Water closets must not be located in the sleeping apartments of any building, nor in any room or apartment which has not direct communication with the external air either by a window or an air shaft having an area to the open air of at least four square feet.
All urinals within buildings must be of glazed earthenware fastened with brass screws to marble or slate slabs. A nonabsorbent slab containing not less than four square feet must be placed under the urinal. The waste or urinal must be trapped and ventilated.
Water closet range fixtures of design approved by the Examining Board of Plumbers and the Inspector of Plumbing may be installed upon special permit only.
A. 
On alteration work where it is impossible to vent traps, a Clark antisiphon trap may be used with permission of the Plumbing Inspector.
B. 
Water pipe.
(1) 
All piping from curb box to inside of cellar wall must be genuine lead pipe or copper.
(2) 
A valve shall be installed on the street side of meter and a valve on house side of meter and a test tee and check valve and relief valve on the house side of meter. All water piping from meter to fixtures, including risers to boilers, is to be 3/4 inch, no less. Branches to fixtures, 1/2 inch. Air chambers to be used on all fixtures, hot and cold water.
(3) 
From meter point in cellar, proper valves are to be installed, known as "stop and waste valves." Control risers, three-fourths-inch valves. Also domestic boilers, so each unit is separately valved. Also fixtures to be separately valved. All water piping to be reamed and properly installed. Also inspected by Plumbing Inspector inside of building on roughing test.
A. 
All plumbing, drainage and sewer work shall be subjected to a preliminary test and to a final test, each under the direction and in the presence of the Plumbing Inspector, before any such work can be accepted, and shall not be covered up until so tested and until a certificate of approval of the preliminary test has been issued by the Plumbing Inspector.
B. 
At least 24 hours' notice that the work is ready for inspection and the test shall be given to the Plumbing Inspector on blanks furnished by the Bureau of Plumbing for such purposes.
All house drainpipes from the point of connection with the sewer outside the wall of the building, soil pipes and main pipes and main branch waste pipes and ventilation pipes inside the building shall be given the preliminary test with water, and all leaks and defective work developed by the test shall be made perfect before being passed by the Plumbing Inspector.
When the plumbing work is finally completed and all fixtures and accessories fully installed, the entire system shall be subject to a smoke test or peppermint test eight ounces per stack.
No plumbing, drainage or sewer work shall be used until the same shall have satisfactorily passed the final test and until a certificate of approval of the same shall have been issued by the Plumbing Inspector.
All plumbing fixtures must be put in good, strong and substantial manner by blocking in the wall; no fixtures to be screwed to lathes. Where any extra fixtures are installed, a fee shall be charged accordingly.
[Amended 5-25-1953; 9-17-1973]
A. 
The Village of Elmsford shall be entitled to a fee of not less than $25 for a complete inspection, and at the rate of $5 per fixture over the first 10 fixtures.
[Amended 5-1-2000]
B. 
The fees stated in Subsection A refer to all new work and to all overhauling jobs.
C. 
Said fee shall be paid to the Plumbing Inspector by the plumber doing the work before the work is started and when the inspections are completed, a certificate shall be issued.
D. 
In addition to the foregoing fee or fees, there shall be an additional fee of the sum of $25 for each and every sewer and water inspection.
[Amended 5-1-2000]
[Amended 7-10-2006 by L.L. No. 4-2006]
Any person who violates any of the provisions of the foregoing code shall forfeit and pay a penalty of $250 for each and every offense, and in addition to such penalty, such a violation shall constitute a misdemeanor punishable on conviction as such.
Nothing in this article shall be construed to control the laying of pipes under the authority of the Water Department of this village, where the regulations of the Water Department conflict with that of this article. In all such cases of conflict, the work on water pipes shall be done in accordance with the regulations of the Water Department.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 328, Water.
A written permit must be secured from the Plumbing Inspector before starting work either on new work or alteration work.
All refrigerating plants shall be installed in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the National Board of Fire Underwriters and shall be installed under the supervision of the Fire Chief of the Village of Elmsford.
[Adopted 12-20-1993 by L.L. No. 8-1993; repealed and reenacted in the same form 7-10-2006 by L.L. No. 4-2006]
The purpose of this article is to safeguard potable water supplies from potential contamination by preventing backflow from a water user's system into the public water supply system and to comply with the requirements of the New York State Sanitary Code, Part 5, Section 5-1.31.
A. 
Cross-connection control devices conforming to the current requirements of the New York State Department of Health and the Westchester County Department of Health shall be installed by a qualified licensed plumber (contractor licensed by the village) hired by the owner of those systems, upon application to and approval by the village and the Westchester County Department of Health pursuant to the rules of those Departments in force at the time of the application.
B. 
Certificates of occupancy shall not be issued for new or modified/renovated/rehabilitated structures without a letter from the Plumbing Inspector or his/her designee stating that the cross-connection control devices have been properly installed and tested.
C. 
The cost to install the cross-connection control devices shall be borne by the owner of the property.
The village, through such persons as are designated by the Village Board, shall notify, in writing, those property owners or occupants whose water systems require cross-connection control devices pursuant to the requirements of the New York Sanitary Code and the Westchester County Department of Health. Property owners or occupants so notified shall, within 60 days following the service of such notice, install cross-connection control devices in accordance with the provisions of this article.
The testing of cross-connection control devices shall be performed on an annual basis by the owner of any system requiring the same; and the cost of such testing shall be borne by the owner of the system. The testing procedures shall conform to the requirements of the New York State Department of Health and the Westchester County Department of Health.
The Cross-Connection Control Manual published by the New York State Department of Health, Bureau of Public Water Supply, dated January 1981, or latest revisions thereto, is hereby adopted by reference. Compliance with the provisions of this manual shall constitute compliance with this article.
The service of water to any premises may be discontinued by the water supplier if cross-connection control devices required by this article and regulations adopted pursuant thereto are not installed, tested and maintained; if any defect is found in an installed cross-connection control device; if it is found that a cross-connection control device has been removed or bypassed; or if unprotected cross-connections exist on the premises; and service will not be restored until such conditions or defects are corrected.
[Amended 7-10-2006 by L.L. No. 4-2006]
In addition to the possible discontinuance of water service, any person who shall violate any provision of this article shall be liable to a penalty for each violation not exceeding $250 per day that the violation shall continue. Each day's violation shall constitute a separate offense.