Town of Babylon, NY
Suffolk County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Babylon 12-9-1969[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 89.
Garbage, rubbish and refuse — See Ch. 133.
Housing standards — See Ch. 138.
Plumbing — See Ch. 170.
Site plan review — See Ch. 180.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 191.
[1]
Editor's Note: The provisions of this chapter are derived from Sec. 7-124 and Art. VIII of Ch. 7 of the 1969 Unified Code of Ordinances of the Town of Babylon.

§ 181-1 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, known as "Sewers," the following terms shall have the meanings respectively ascribed herein:
FOUR-WAY SWING
Any combination of fittings to the top of a buried oil tank to permit settling of the tank in the subsurface without disturbance to fuel lines, e.g., two elbow fittings and two forty-five-degree angle fittings.
[Added 5-6-1975]
A. 
That part of the main horizontal drain and its branches inside the walls of a building, vault or area and extending to and connecting with the house sewer.
B. 
The lowest horizontal piping of the drainage system of a building receiving the discharge from soil waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building extending to a point five feet outside the inner face of the foundation walls and there connecting with the house sewer.
HOUSE SEWER
That part of the main drain or sewer extending from a point four feet outside the outer front wall of the building, vault or area to its connection with a public sewer, private sewer or cesspool and septic tanks.
LIFT PUMP
A gravity feed fuel intake whereby fuel is led to a suspended oil burner unit up and over the top of the unit.
[Added 5-6-1975]
PLUMBING
The profession, art or trade of and all work done and all materials used in and for:
A. 
Introducing, maintaining and extending a supply of water through a pipe or pipes or any appurtenances thereof in a building, premises or establishment.
B. 
Installing, connecting or repairing any system of drainage whereby foul waste, cooling water, rain or surplus water, gas, odor, vapor or fluid is discharged or proposed to be discharged through a pipe or pipes from any building lot, premises or establishment into any main public or private sewer, drain, pit, box, filter bed, leaching well, septic tank or other receptacle or into any natural or artificial body of water or watercourse, upon private or public property.
C. 
Ventilating any building sewer or fixture or appurtenance connected therewith.
D. 
Connecting any building, lot, premises or establishment with any service pipe, building sewer, water pipe main, public or private sewer or underground structure; performing all classes of work generally done by plumbers, such as:
(1) 
All piping and equipment for gas, water supply, cast-iron mains, irrigation or sprinkler systems, hydrants, steel mains and flange pipe on the site, drains, wastes, soil and vent lines, including all piping for hot and cold water for domestic and culinary purposes and connections to all fixtures and apparatus requiring same, all water piping or waste lines of a temporary or permanent use, all drinking water systems.
(2) 
All piping, connections and equipment for heating, pneumatic, thermostatic, vacuum and cleaning systems, including vacuum or wateroperated ash removal systems.
(3) 
All piping, connections and equipment for fire lines and standpipes of every description, including piping for other purposes, and standpipes taking place of tanks.
(4) 
All piping and equipment for the transmission of liquid soap systems, glucose, syrup, liquid sugar, ink or other liquids in manufacturing or commercial plants, acid lines and vents, subsoil drains, laundry machinery, transmitting gasoline and, where lead pipe, sheet lead or solder is used, for putting pipes or tubing together.
(5) 
All piping connections and equipment for ice machine work and all water supply, discharge and drain piping for refrigerating machinery, ammonia condensers, air compressor jackets cooling tanks and all other apparatus requiring such piping and connections, and all piping for drinking water as well as oxygen, nitrous oxide piping and hydrogen piping.
(6) 
All piping and equipment from drip pans, tanks, receptacles, apparatus, etc., of every description which conveys any liquid waste or drip to the plumbing drainage system or fixtures either by a direct or indirect connection to the plumbing system.
(7) 
All welding and burning in connection with plumbing work and plumbers' piping.
(8) 
Connecting all gas ranges, gas logs and gas-fired boilers and unit heaters, all gas dryers and other gas appliances for whatever use and fuel-burning appliances.
(9) 
Setting and connecting of all water meters, water filters, hot-water tanks, hot-water heaters and incinerators, cold-water tanks, suction tanks, pressure tanks, storage tanks, house tanks, sump tanks, sump pumps and water pumps of every description, whether steam- or motor-driven, all sewage ejectors and sewage disposal systems, air compressors and compressed air tanks.
(10) 
All piping and equipment used for exhaust fumes.
(11) 
All exhaust and vapor piping for sterilizers.
(12) 
All piping and equipment of gasoline bulk plants.
(13) 
The setting and connection of all fixtures, as partially enumerated below:
(a) 
Plumbing fixtures.
Autopsy tables
Basins
Bathtubs
Bedpan sinks
Bidets
Clothes hampers
Cuspidors
Dental chairs
Drinking fountains
Gas ranges
Grease and plaster traps
Laundry tubs
Sacraria
Showers
Sinks and sink cabinets
Slop sinks
Swimming pools and pools of any type
Unit heaters
Urinals
Water closets
(b) 
Pumps.
Circulating pumps
Compressor pumps
Drinking-water pumps
Ejectors, electric
Ejectors, pneumatic
Fire pumps
Gasoline pumps
House pumps
Sump pumps
Vacuum cleaning machines
Vacuum pumps
(c) 
Sterilizers,
Aspirators
Bandage sterilizers
Bedpan sterilizers
Hot and cold water sterilizers
Instrument sterilizers
Utensil sterilizers
Water stills of every description
(d) 
Heaters and water meters, etc.
Gas heaters
Steam hot-water heaters
Steam pre-water heaters
Tank heaters of every description
Water filters
Water meters and fish traps and gauges
(e) 
Tanks.
Beer tanks
Drinking-water tanks
Expansion tanks
Gasoline tanks
Hot water tanks
House tanks
Kerosene tanks
Milk tanks
Perfume tanks
Peroxide tanks
Pneumatic tanks
Septic tanks
Soap tanks
Suction tanks
Vacuum tanks
Wax tanks
(f) 
Equipment.
All milk piping
Bottle-filling machines
Bottle-washing machines
Chlorating machines
Fill boxes
Fountains
Hydraulic lifts
Laundry dryers
Laundry washers
Liquidometers
Milk storage tank machines
Oil separators
Pasteurizing machines
Roof and floor drains of every description
Washers of every description
PLUMBING SYSTEM
The hot and cold water supply, distributing pipes, hot-water storage tanks and connections thereof, the fixtures and fixture traps; the soil, waste and vent pipes; the house drain and house sewer; the stormwater drainage with their devices, appurtenances and connections all within or adjacent to the building.
PRIVATE SEWER
Main sewers that are not constructed by and under the supervision of the Town.
SOIL LINE
Any vertical line of pipe having outlets above the floor of a first story for water closet connections.
SUSPENDED OIL BURNER UNIT
Any oil burner suspended from a ceiling.
[Added 5-6-1975]
VENT ALARM
A device by which air pressure in an oil fuel line will produce a whistle-like sound to indicate completed refueling.
[Added 5-6-1975]
VENT PIPE
Any special pipe provided to ventilate a system of piping and to prevent trap siphonage and back pressure.
WASTE LINE
Any vertical line of pipe having outlets above the first floor for fixtures other than water closets.

§ 181-2 Notice and inspection of work.

Before beginning work on a house sewer, notice shall be given to the Plumbing Inspector, and no such work shall be covered until it has been inspected and approved by him.

§ 181-3 Sumps and receiving tanks.

All subhouse drains shall discharge into airtight sumps or receiving tanks so located as to receive the sewage and shall be lifted and discharged into the house sewer by pumps, ejectors or equally efficient method, Such pumps shall either be automatically discharged or be of sufficient capacity to receive the sewage and wastes of the building for not less than 24 hours.

§ 181-4 Joints in house sewers.

Joints in house sewers shall be made watertight, and precautions shall be taken to prevent caulking materials from percolating into the pipes.

§ 181-5 Covering house sewers; placement of lines.

House sewers shall be covered to a depth of at least two feet with well-rammed fine earth free from stones and rubbish; but lines need not be placed lower than one foot above water level.

§ 181-6 Use of cesspools and septic tanks in absence of public sewer.

All plumbing fixtures not connected to the public sewer system shall have waste therefrom emptying into cesspools or septic tanks constructed as hereinafter provided. Septic tanks shall be required where the average yearly water table is less than 4 1/2 feet. All systems, including trenches and leaching fields, shall be kept open for inspection by the Building Inspector.

§ 181-7 Connection to cesspool.

Cast-iron and asbestos cement sewer pipe, not less than four inches in size, may be used from a cesspool to a distance of four feet outside the foundation walls; the remainder of the sewer pipe shall be caulked with molten lead and oakum. There shall be a running trap inside the building, having two brass cleanout screws accessible at all times; in the building side of the trap there shall be an outlet of the same dimensions as the sewer to be continued to the outside of the building, not less than two feet from any door or window, to act as a fresh air intake to the building sewer. Vent pipes, where required, shall be not less than two inches in diameter and through pitched roofs shall extend at least 12 inches above such roof and through flat roofs at least two feet above the roof.

§ 181-8 Cesspool construction.

A. 
Cesspools shall be of brick, concrete or concrete block construction, open-joint type, up to a level two feet below grade line; above this level all units shall be laid in cement mortar and a removable tight cover of iron or concrete installed. No cesspool shall be less than 30 feet from any well or 15 feet from the building which it serves, nor less than 10 feet from any property line nor less than 50 feet from the shoreline of any canal, bay or other waterway. A single cesspool with inside diameter of six feet and a depth of six feet from the inlet pipe shall be provided for a two-bedroom dwelling; an additional two feet in depth shall be added for each additional bedroom.
B. 
Where the water table is greater than 4 1/2 feet but not sufficient to permit proper installation or functioning of the single cesspool, then twin cesspools, each with an inside diameter of six feet and a depth of three feet below the inlet pipe, shall be provided for a two-bedroom dwelling; an additional one foot in depth shall be added to each cesspool for each additional bedroom.
C. 
A twenty-four-inch space shall be provided around a single cesspool and a twelve-inch space shall be provided around twin cesspools, in each instance from the inlet pipe to the bottom of the cesspool, which space shall be filled with 1 1/2 inches of stone.

§ 181-9 Filling discontinued cesspool.

Where cesspools or overflow pools are discontinued following connections to a street sewer or for any other reason, the owner shall have said pools promptly emptied, cleaned and backfilled with earth, sand or other acceptable clean material.

§ 181-10 Septic tank construction.

A septic tank may be of steel, brick or concrete construction, must be airtight and located not less than five feet from the building which it serves and not less than 10 feet from any adjoining property. A five-hundred-gallon septic tank shall be provided for two- and three-bedroom dwellings and a seven-hundred-fifty-gallon septic tank shall be provided for a four-bedroom dwelling. Septic tanks shall overflow into a leaching field as hereinafter provided.

§ 181-11 Leaching field construction.

A. 
Leaching fields shall be constructed as follows: Tile or fiber pipe, according to federal specifications, at least four inches in diameter, shall be installed in a trench which shall be two feet wide and shall contain at least 14 inches of clean sand and gravel under 12 inches of washed gravel. The leaching pipe shall be located at least one foot below grade in the upper half of the layer of washed gravel. Heavy tar paper shall be laid over the completed field, and the same shall be covered with at least 10 inches of fill or topsoil.
B. 
A minimum of 100 feet of leaching fields shall be provided for two- and three-bedroom dwellings and an additional 50 feet of leaching fields shall be provided for each additional bedroom.

§ 181-12 Construction of cesspools and septic tanks under rights-of-way.

Upon application to the Board of Appeals and after approval by it, granted after due public hearing, septic tanks and/or cesspools may be built under sidewalks or other public rights-of-way. Walls of same shall be not less than eight inches thick if of brick or concrete, nor less than 12 inches thick if built of concrete blocks. All joints thereof shall be of cement mortar. Tops of same shall be concrete, reinforced to withstand a live load of not less than 300 pounds per square foot.

§ 181-13 Approval required for other sanitary disposal systems.

Plans for sanitary disposal systems for industrial and business buildings, multiple dwellings and other structures not expressly described in this chapter shall be submitted for approval by the Town Engineer or the public health authorities; and such plans as finally approved by the Building Inspector shall be strictly complied with.

§ 181-14 Use of vents restricted.

No soil or waste vent, circuit or loop vent above the highest installed fixture on the branch or main shall hereafter be used as a soil or waste pipe.

§ 181-15 Permits required for connection to sewer system.

A. 
No connection shall be made to a public sewer or any sewer system, except by special permit from the Plumbing Department and under the direction and supervision of a Plumbing Inspector.
B. 
No permit for a sewer connection shall be issued unless the plumbing system conforms with the Plumbing Code. This shall not be construed to apply to work previously performed.
C. 
All connections with a public sewer shall be made only after issuance of a permit.

§ 181-16 Public sewer connection required for new installations.

Every new installation of a plumbing system in a building or structure, when there is an accessible public sewer in the street abutting the lot on which such building or structure is located, shall be connected with such sewer as provided in this chapter.

§ 181-17 Public sewer connection for existing installations.

A. 
The plumbing system of an existing building or structure located on a lot abutting on a street in which a public sewer is being placed or has been placed after such plumbing or drainage was installed shall, whenever directed by the Plumbing Inspector, be connected to such public sewer.
B. 
Connection to such public sewer shall be made in all instances where any existing private sewer requires substantial repair or replacement.

§ 181-18 Plumbing systems to be separately connected to sewers.

Each plumbing system of a building or structure shall be separately connected with the public sewer or with a private sewer or cesspool.

§ 181-19 Prohibited sewer connections.

No direct or indirect connection for the removal of sewage from any premises shall be made with the stormwater drainage of the Town or with a stream or watercourse.

§ 181-20 Private sewage disposal facilities.

A. 
Regulated. Private sewage disposal facilities shall be constructed and installed within the Town limits, in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Town Department of Health and/or the Town Building Code and under such other conditions as may be prescribed.
B. 
Location. Waterborne sewage disposal facilities for dwellings shall be installed in the front yard wherever possible, and for any other location, approval shall first be obtained from the Building Department of the county.

§ 181-21 Unlawful uses of sewers.

It shall be unlawful to throw or deposit or cause to be thrown or deposited in any fixture, vessel or receptacle connected with a public sewer or with a plumbing system connected with a public sewer any matter other than feces, urine, the necessary water closet paper and liquid house slops, unless special permission is obtained for the discharge of other wastes.

§ 181-22 Cellar water supply in new buildings.

All new buildings, including stores, apartments and public buildings, must have a properly vented and water-supplied sink in the cellar for indirect wastes or a properly vented plugged connection for future accommodation.