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Township of Hanover, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 3-11-2004 by Ord. No. 3-2004]
All parking areas for multifamily residential and nonresidential uses shall meet all of the following requirements, unless the same are superseded by the New Jersey Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-1.1 et seq., or in the case of the multifamily residential zone districts, unless the zone district regulations conflict with the following requirements, in which case the zone district regulations shall apply:
A. 
All off-street parking areas shall be surfaced in accordance with the requirements of § 166-104.
[Amended 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
B. 
Provisions shall be made for adequate drainage facilities for all parking, loading and storage areas in accordance with the requirements of §§ 166-104 and 166-104.1.
[Amended 7-9-1987 by Ord. No. 22-87; 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
C. 
Each parking space shall be indicated on the paved area with hairpin striping as required by § 166-104; and
[Amended 6-8-1995 by Ord. No. 16-95; 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
D. 
Adequate lighting of all parking and loading areas shall be provided as required by § 166-104.
[Amended 7-9-1987 by Ord. No. 22-87; 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
E. 
Each entrance to and exit from such parking lot shall be at least 50 feet distant from any adjacent property located in any residence zone, unless the requirements of § 166-125 or § 166-207.6I, as applicable, impose a more stringent requirement. All driveway widths shall be not less than 12 feet wide for one-way traffic or 24 feet wide for two-way traffic.
[Amended 12-13-2001 by Ord. No. 18-2001]
F. 
Off-street parking facilities as required by this article shall be provided on the same lot as the principal building, except when specifically permitted otherwise by this chapter.
[Amended 2-26-2009 by Ord. No. 5-09]
G. 
All off-street parking and loading areas shall be located and designed to mitigate detrimental impacts upon single-family residential zone districts, as follows:
[Amended 12-13-2001 by Ord. No. 18-2001; 10-11-2018 by Ord. No. 22-2018]
(1) 
Parking and loading areas shall be effectively screened on any side which adjoins or faces premises situated in any residential zone in accordance with the buffer requirements of § 166-125.
(2) 
Parking decks shall be designed to mitigate the negative effects of deck illumination, vehicle headlights, and sound upon nearby single-family or multifamily residential zone districts, as determined by the reviewing agency as part of any site plan application process. Such mitigation may include, but may not be limited to, screening of illumination of headlights and light fixtures on the top level and lower levels of such decks, installation of louvers in openings between deck levels, and location and orientation of openings for vehicular ingress to and egress from the deck.
H. 
Parking areas shall be enclosed by curbs as required by § 166-104.
[Amended 8-11-1988 by Ord. No. 19-88; 5-11-1989 by Ord. No. 7-89; 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
I. 
Sidewalks shall be constructed on the site to adequately serve pedestrian traffic as required by the Planning Board, provided that walks shall not be required for vehicle storage areas not receiving frequent pedestrian traffic.
[Amended 12-22-2003 by Ord. No. 26-2003]
J. 
All portions of the property not used for off-street parking shall be attractively landscaped with grass lawns, trees and shrubs as approved by the Planning Board.
K. 
Off-street parking facilities may be placed in any yard in the B, B-10, O-S, OB-RL, I-B2, I-P, I and I-2 Zones, subject to the following conditions:
[Amended 7-9-1987 by Ord. No. 22-87; 12-13-2001 by Ord. No. 18-2001; 2-26-2009 by Ord. No. 5-09; 8-12-2010 by Ord. No. 22-10; 12-14-2017 by Ord. No. 26-2017; 6-13-2019 by Ord. No. 24-19]
(1) 
Front yards.
(a) 
No part of any parking area in the front yard of any OB-RL, I, I-2, I-B2 or I-P Zone shall be closer to the front street right-of-way line than a distance that is not less than the required front yard setback requirement for the zone in which it is located; provided, however, that any site plan in any OB-RL, I, or I-P Zone approved by the Township Planning Board prior to December 30, 1982, which indicates off-street parking within the required front yard setback, that may be constructed in the future pursuant to Subsection L of this section, shall be treated as a legal nonconforming use, the same as if the parking area was installed, and said area, shown on the plan as possible future parking, may be installed as approved by the Planning Board if either the existing use deserves more parking or if the use changes, requiring more parking pursuant to said Subsection L. Parking areas and drives, where permitted in the front yard, shall be set back at least the following distances from the side line of the property:
Zone
Setback
(feet)
I
15
I-B2
25
OB-RL
25
I-P
25
(b) 
Off-street parking in the B and B-10 Zones is specifically prohibited within 15 feet of the front lot line or any road widening easement. Driveways and parking areas in any front yard in the B and B-10 Zones shall be set back at least five feet from the side property lines.
(c) 
Off-street parking in the front yard of the I-B3 Zone District shall be located as follows:
[1] 
Parking for retail sales, banks, personal services, rental and leasing establishments, eating and drinking establishments and conference centers shall be set back at least 75 feet from any street right-of-way line, including any road widening easement line, provided that said depth may be reduced to not less than 25 feet when a buffer consisting of plantings, berms, walls, fencing and/or topography is provided between the street right-of-way and the parking area, designed to reasonably screen the view of the parking area from the street, as determined by the reviewing board. Parking located in the front yard shall be set back at least 10 feet from other property lines; provided that where shared access and/or parking between adjacent lots is permitted, no setback shall be required as necessary to accommodate such shared access and/or parking.
[2] 
Parking for uses other than retail sales, banks, personal services, rental and leasing establishments, eating and drinking establishments and conference centers shall be set back at least 75 feet from any street right-of-way line, including any road widening easement line. Parking located in the front yard shall be set back at least 10 feet from other property lines; provided that where shared access and/or parking between adjacent lots is permitted, no setback shall be required as necessary to accommodate such shared sharing access and/or parking.
(d) 
Off-street parking areas in the O-S Zone District shall be located at least 25 feet from each front lot line or any road widening easement, whichever is more restrictive. Driveways and parking areas in any front yard in the O-S Zone District shall be set back at least 10 feet from the side lot lines. In case of conflict between these requirements and the buffer requirements of § 166-125, the more restrictive requirement shall apply.
(2) 
Parking areas and drives in the side yards must be located at least the following distances from any property line, provided that where shared access and/or parking between adjacent lots is permitted, no setback shall be required as necessary to accommodate such shared access and/or parking:
Zone
Setback
(feet)
B
5
B-10
5
O-S
10
I-B3
10
I
15
I-2
15
I-B2
15
I-P
25
OB-RL
25
(3) 
Parking areas and drives in the rear yards must be at set back at least the following distances from any property line, provided that where shared access and/or parking between adjacent lots is permitted, no setback shall be required as necessary to accommodate such shared access and/or parking:
Zone
Setback
(feet)
B
5
B-10
5
O-S
10
I-B2
10
I-B3
10
I
10
I-2
10
I-P
25, or 1/2 of the minimum side yard requirement, whichever is greater
OB-RL
25, or 1/2 of the minimum side yard requirement, whichever is greater
(4) 
Parking areas and drives in the B, B-10 and O-S Zone Districts shall be at least 25 feet from any residential zone property line, unless the requirements of § 166-125 impose a more stringent requirement.
(5) 
Parking areas and drives in the I, I-2, I-B3, OB-RL, I-P and D-S Zones shall be at least 50 feet from any residence district boundary line, unless the requirements of § 166-125 impose a more stringent requirement.
L. 
If an applicant can clearly demonstrate to the Planning Board or, in the case of processing a site plan involving a variance, to the Board of Adjustment that, because of the nature of the operation or the use of the premises, the parking requirements are unnecessary and excessive, the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment, as the case may be, may approve parking plans showing less parking area than is required, subject to the following conditions:
[Amended 9-8-2011 by Ord. No. 25-11]
(1) 
A landscaped area shall be reserved that can readily be converted to off-street parking if the conditions for allowing lesser parking area ever change.
(2) 
In the case of planned industrial development or planned commercial development only, where permitted in the OB-RL, I-P or I Zones, a parking structure may be constructed to meet the required off-street parking requirements if the conditions for allowing lesser parking ever change.
[Amended 2-23-2017 by Ord. No. 2-17]
(3) 
Evidence of the feasibility of meeting the full parking requirement of this chapter shall be submitted by the applicant in the form of supplemental plans graphically illustrating the manner in which the full parking requirement can be met, with the area actually proposed to be constructed clearly delineated from the potential future parking area or structure. Any elevated parking structure must provide screening approved by the Planning Board for all aboveground levels that will adequately screen cars viewed from any abutting residential zone.
M. 
Unless provided otherwise by this chapter, any parking area containing more than 15,000 square feet shall provide between every bay of parking a landscaped area extending the length of the bay and at least 10 feet wide. A bay is a service aisle with parking on one or both sides of said aisle. The requirement for a landscaped area shall not apply to vehicle storage that is located in the rear yard, but only if such storage is screened from view as required for outdoor storage by § 166-124.
[Amended 7-9-1987 by Ord. No. 22-87; 12-22-2003 by Ord. No. 26-2003; 8-12-2010 by Ord. No. 22-10]
N. 
In addition to all other applicable provisions of this article, off-street parking in the OB-DS Zone District shall comply with the following requirements. In case of conflict between the following requirements and any other provisions of this article, the following requirements shall supersede:
[Added 12-13-2012 by Ord. No. 23-12]
(1) 
Location. Parking facilities may be placed in any yard in the OB-DS Zone but shall comply with the following minimum required setbacks from the property lines or any road widening easements, whichever is more restrictive:
Yard Location
Minimum Setback
(feet)
Front
75 from Route 10, 50 from other streets
Side
25
Rear
25
(2) 
Adequate lighting of all parking and loading areas shall be provided, as required and approved by the Planning Board, which shall comply with the following:
(a) 
Lighting fixtures for surface parking and loading areas shall not exceed a height of 30 feet. The output of such fixtures shall not exceed 400 watts.
(b) 
Exterior lighting fixtures on the top level of a parking deck shall not exceed a height of 15 feet above the pavement on the top level. The output of such fixtures shall not exceed 250 watts.
(c) 
Illumination levels from site lighting shall not exceed 0.5 footcandle at any point along the property line of the premises, provided that this limitation shall not apply at the intersection of site driveways with public streets or along driveways that provide for shared access with adjacent properties.
(d) 
Site lighting shall be reduced to the minimum necessary for safety and security purposes when the use served by the parking area is not in operation.
[Amended 5-13-1993 by Ord. No. 12-93; 12-22-1993 by Ord. No. 36-93; 10-10-1996 by Ord. No. 15-96; 3-11-2004 by Ord. No. 3-2004; 5-22-2008 by Ord. No. 12-08]
A. 
The required number of parking spaces for residential uses shall be in accordance with the New Jersey Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-1.1 et seq., with fractions of required spaces rounded as set forth in the standards. Community residences and shelters shall be required to provide the same number of parking spaces as required for single-family detached dwellings, provided that community residences and shelters that contain more than five bedrooms shall be required to provide at least three off-street parking spaces plus 0.25 parking space for each bedroom in excess of five bedrooms.
B. 
In all zones except the RM Zone Districts, and except for developments wherein all of the dwelling units are affordable, and except for community residences and shelters, there shall be at least one parking space in a private garage for each new dwelling unit, and no conversion or other alteration of an existing garage shall be permitted which would result in fewer than one parking space in a private garage for each dwelling unit.
[Amended 8-12-2010 by Ord. No. 22-10]
C. 
Private garage(s) shall be located on the same lot as the dwelling to which they are accessory and shall be adequately served with either a paved driveway which meets the specifications of § 166-153A or, in the case of single-family dwellings, a driveway surfaced with three-fourths-inch clean broken stone four inches thick on a compacted subgrade, and no driveway shall be closer than five feet to any side or rear property line, unless the specific zone district regulations require a greater setback.
D. 
Nonresidential uses hereinafter permitted by right, by variance or as a legal nonconforming use in the residential zones shall provide for one-hundred-percent off-street parking at all times. The required number of off-street parking spaces shall be as provided in § 166-155, as provided in § 166-138.4 for institutional uses, as provided in § 166-115.1 for home occupations, or as specifically provided otherwise by this chapter.
[Amended 2-12-2015 by Ord. No. 1-15; 7-14-2016 by Ord. No. 20-16; 8-10-2017 by Ord. No. 19-17; 12-13-2018 by Ord. No. 37-18]
E. 
Any site upon which is permitted a nonresidential use and upon which is located a permitted residential use shall be provided with off-street parking for each of such uses, and the computation for each use shall be made separately and cumulatively.
F. 
Off-street parking accessory to a single-family detached residence is permitted within the driveway for the residence, provided that each of the following requirements is complied with:
[Added 12-13-2018 by Ord. No. 37-18]
(1) 
The driveway shall be improved as set forth in § 166-154C above.
(2) 
The width of the driveway shall not be wider than 12 feet plus 10 feet for each parking stall in the accessory garage as required in § 166-154B above.
(3) 
Existing residential structures that are not served by an accessory garage at the time of adoption of Ord. No. 24-86, adopted 8-14-1986, shall be permitted to construct a driveway no wider than 12 feet for the parking of cars accessory to the residential structure on the site, provided that said driveway meets the improvement requirements set forth in § 166-154C above.
(4) 
The parking of any automobile or other type of vehicle shall comply with §§ 166-118.1 and § 166-124B.
[Amended 7-9-1987 by Ord. No. 22-87; 5-13-1993 by Ord. No. 12-93; 6-8-1995 by Ord. No. 16-95; 10-22-1998 by Ord. No. 25-98; 10-26-2000 by Ord. No. 14-2000; 2-26-2009 by Ord. No. 5-09; 8-12-2010 by Ord. No. 22-10; 5-12-2011 by Ord. No. 15-11; 9-8-2011 by Ord. No. 25-11; 10-27-2011 by Ord. No. 28-11; 12-13-2012 by Ord. No. 23-12; 2-12-2015 by Ord. No. 1-15; 2-11-2016 by Ord. No. 3-16; 6-8-2017 by Ord. No. 15-17; 8-10-2017 by Ord. No. 19-17]
A. 
General. In all nonresidential zones, off-street parking shall be provided for all uses as required by this section or by other provisions of this chapter. In calculating the required number of off-street parking spaces, the following general provisions shall apply:
(1) 
Conflicting provisions: In case of conflict between the provisions of this section and the provisions of other parts of this chapter or other provisions of the Township Code, the more restrictive provision shall apply.
(2) 
Exclusions. The floor areas excluded from floor area requirements by § 166-113.2 shall also be excluded from required parking calculations that are based upon floor area.
(3) 
Principal and accessory uses. The parking requirements in this section for various uses are based upon typical operations involving both principal and accessory uses. Accordingly, if the property or development includes both principal and accessory uses, the required number of parking spaces shall be calculated based on the requirements for the principal use. By way of example, but not limitation, the number of parking spaces for a retail sales use containing a back office and storage area accessory to the retail use shall be based upon the parking requirement for retail sales use, using the entire floor area of the building or buildings devoted to the principal and accessory uses. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the reviewing agency may permit less parking than otherwise required, without the need for a variance, for unusual circumstances involving accessory uses meeting one or more of the following criteria:
(a) 
If the accessory use(s) is/are of a nature that is not commonly associated with the principal use and the developer demonstrates that such accessory uses generate less parking demand than is typical for uses accessory to the principal use.
(b) 
If the amount or proportion of floor area devoted to the accessory use(s) is greater than is typical for the principal use, and the developer demonstrates that the greater floor area devoted to the accessory use(s) results in less parking demand than the typical condition.
(4) 
Multiple principal uses. When two or more uses are proposed on one lot, or are proposed on multiple lots with common parking areas, the minimum number of parking spaces shall be the aggregate of the number of parking spaces required for each use, computed separately for each use and summed, unless the provisions for shared parking in § 166-157 are complied with, or unless specified otherwise by this chapter, such as in the case of shopping centers that by definition involve multiple uses and which are subject to a parking ratio for the center.
(5) 
Change of use. A change of use shall be subject to the required number of parking spaces for the new use. Approval of the number of parking spaces shall be valid only for the particular use for which it was granted.
(6) 
Fractions of spaces. Requirements for a fraction of a parking or loading space shall be rounded up to the next whole number space.
B. 
Minimum parking ratios. The minimum number of parking spaces for various uses in the nonresidential zones are as follows:
[Amended 4-11-2019 by Ord. No. 12-19; 6-13-2019 by Ord. No. 24-19]
Use
(where permitted)
Minimum Parking
(number of spaces)
Office buildings:
Less than 50,000 square feet of gross floor area
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area
50,000 to 99,999 square feet of gross floor area
1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area
100,000 to 199,999 square feet of gross floor area
1 per 275 square feet of gross floor area
200,000 or more square feet of gross floor area
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Data processing centers:
Low-intensity - data processing performed primarily by equipment, not by employees or staff, and having an employee/staffing ratio of not more than 1 employee/staff person, on the maximum shift, per 2,500 square feet of gross floor area
1 per 2,500 square feet of gross floor area, provided that the applicant demonstrates, as part of its site plan application, that the proposed number of parking spaces are sufficient for normal operations and that any potential increase in parking demand will only be temporary, sporadic and/or occurring in an emergency. The applicant shall also obtain Board approval of a plan for addressing such increased parking demand, which plan may include but is not limited to car- or van-pooling, temporary overflow parking on areas having no pavement or substandard pavement, use of available off-site and/or on-street parking spaces and valet parking
Other than low intensity
Same as required for office buildings
Utility facilities, such as but not limited to power plants, power houses, power generator buildings, sewer or water treatment plants
1 per employee on the peak shift
Industrial, manufacturing, assembly and research or testing laboratory buildings
1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area
Warehouse or distribution facility
1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area
Self-service storage facilities
As required in the I-B2 Zone at § 166-203.4N(4)
Hotels:
Guest rooms only without restaurant or bar facilities or meeting space facilities, such as ballrooms, meeting rooms and conference suites
1.1 per guest room
Guest rooms and restaurant or bar facilities as an ancillary use
1 per guest room, plus 1 per 2 seats in said restaurant or bar
Guest rooms and restaurant or bar facilities and meeting space facilities, such as ballrooms, meeting rooms and conference suites, as an ancillary use
1 per guest room, plus 1 per 2 seats in said restaurant or bar, plus 1 per 100 square feet of floor area of said meeting space facilities
For purposes of administering the foregoing hotel parking ratios, "guest rooms" shall refer to individual lodging units, regardless of the actual number of rooms in such unit. Thus, a lodging unit with 2 separate sleeping rooms, or separate sleeping and living rooms, shall be considered to be one guest room.
Notwithstanding the above parking ratios, the Planning Board, as part of a site plan application, may approve less parking than required by such ratios, without the need for a variance, if the applicant demonstrates 1 or both of the following:
(1)
The number of required parking spaces is not necessary to address the actual parking demand due to the location of the site near alternative transportation modes, such as air, bus, shuttle, train or other mass transit facilities, and/or due to demonstrated alternative transportation mechanisms, and such alternative transportation modes are likely to continue for the life of the development.
(2)
The restaurant, dining areas, bar facilities, meeting rooms, ballrooms, conference rooms, etc., do not increase the parking demand, since such facilities are limited primarily to hotel guests and not the general public or others besides guests.
Restaurant as a principal use:
Quality restaurant or high-turnover (sit-down) restaurant with bar or lounge
1 per 55 square feet of gross floor area or 0.55 per seat, whichever is greater
High-turnover (sit-down) restaurant, no bar or lounge
1 per 65 square feet of gross floor area or 0.5 per seat, whichever is greater
Fast food restaurant, no drive-through lanes/windows
1 per 75 square feet of gross floor area or 0.65 per seat, whichever is greater
Fast food restaurant, with drive-through lanes/windows
1 per 65 square feet of gross floor area or 0.6 per seat, whichever is greater
Other restaurant
1 per 60 square feet of gross floor area or 0.55 per seat, whichever is greater
For purposes of the above restaurant parking requirements, the following definitions shall apply:
QUALITY RESTAURANT — A high-quality, full-service eating establishment with typical turnover rates of at least one hour or longer. Such establishments generally do not serve breakfast; some do not serve lunch; all serve dinner. Reservations are typically accepted or required. Patrons commonly wait to be seated, are served by a waiter/waitress, order from menus and pay for meals after they eat.
HIGH-TURNOVER (SIT-DOWN) RESTAURANT — A sit-down, full-service eating establishment with turnover rates of approximately one hour or less. Such establishments are usually moderately priced and frequently belong to a restaurant chain. Generally, lunch and dinner are served, and sometimes breakfast as well. Typically, reservations are not taken. Patrons commonly wait to be seated, are served by a waiter/waitress, order from menus and pay for meals after they eat.
Fast food restaurant — An eating establishment characterized by a large carry-out clientele, long hours of service, and high turnover rates for eat-in customers. Table service is typically not provided; patrons generally order at a cash register or drive-through menu board or window, and pay before they eat.
Indoor physical fitness facility
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Retail sales and services
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Independent/assisted living facilities and other residences restricted to occupants at least 62 years of age
0.4 for each living unit or 0.4 for each bed when individual living units are not provided
Other residences
As required by the New Jersey Residential Site Improvement Standards
Other nonresidential uses:
1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area
Designed shopping centers
1 per 200 square feet of the gross leasable area of all nonresidential uses in the center
Manufacturing use with accessory retail uses and/or accessory assembly uses
Manufacturing portion: same ratio as industrial uses, above
Retail portion: same ratio as retail sales and services, above
Assembly portion: one per 2 seats, or one per 100 square feet of gross floor area of assembly area in use at same time
[Amended 6-8-1995 by Ord. No. 16-95; 10-27-2011 by Ord. No. 28-11; 4-11-2013 by Ord. No. 13-13]
A. 
In all districts, for every building or part thereof hereafter erected for or converted to manufacturing, storage, goods display, retail stores, wholesale stores or warehouses, markets, hospitals, laundries, dry cleaning, offices or other uses similarly requiring the receipt or distribution in vehicles of materials or merchandise there shall be provided on the same premises at least one loading or unloading space, provided that additional spaces may be required if determined necessary by the reviewing agency to accommodate the needs of the use and to avoid inappropriate parking, stopping or standing of trucks. In developments containing more than one principal building, the sharing of one or more loading spaces between multiple buildings shall be permitted if the applicant demonstrates that such space(s) will function appropriately.
B. 
In no case shall loading or unloading be conducted from public streets, and provided further that:
(1) 
Each loading space comply with the minimum dimensions in § 166-104.
(2) 
No loading dock or loading space shall be permitted in the front yard of any lot.
(3) 
No loading dock or loading space shall be permitted within five feet, or within the minimum setback required for parking areas and driveways, whichever is greater, from any side or rear property line.
[Amended 6-8-1995 by Ord. No. 16-95; 10-22-1998 by Ord. No. 25-98; 10-26-2000 by Ord. No. 14-2000; 2-26-2009 by Ord. No. 5-09; 8-12-2010 by Ord. No. 22-10; 9-8-2011 by Ord. No. 25-11; 12-13-2012 by Ord. No. 23-12; 12-14-2017 by Ord. No. 26-2017; 6-13-2019 by Ord. No. 24-19]
Developments in the B, B-10, O-S, OB-RL, OB-DS, I-B2, I-B3, WC and I-4 Zones, and planned developments in any of the zones where the same are permitted, may meet the required parking provisions of this article by participation in a shared parking and/or loading program of two or more uses, provided that plans for such a program have been approved by the Planning Board, and further provided that the number of the parking and loading spaces equals the sum of the required number of parking and loading spaces of each use participating therein. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board may approve a shared parking plan with fewer parking spaces than the sum of the requirements for the participating uses without the need for a variance, if all of the following requirements are complied with:
A. 
The developer must demonstrate that the particular combination of uses and the peak periods of demand for parking and/or loading spaces, as applicable, are such that a lesser number of spaces are necessary to meet the total parking and/or loading needs for the development at all times.
B. 
The developer must demonstrate that the parking and/or loading spaces are located to be reasonably convenient, safe and suitable for use by the various uses, buildings and/or lots involved in the shared parking program.
C. 
The developer and the Board must agree on a mechanism that will ensure that the shared parking and/or loading spaces, as applicable, will continue to comply with this section for the life of the development.