[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Town of Franklin 8-1-2008. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This regulation has been drafted to comply with the requirements of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection's Wellhead Protection "Source Approval" Regulations, 310 CMR 22.21 (2)(a)8, within designated Zone II areas.
Though the regulations cited above only require the regulation to cover Zone II of the public water supply in the source approval process, this regulation will apply to the entire Town of Franklin so as to be consistent with the state regulation (310 CMR 27.00).
Whereas floor drains in industrial and commercial facilities are often tied to a system leading to a leaching structure (e.g., dry well, cesspool, leach field) or a septic system; and poor management practices and accidental and/or intentional discharges may lead petroleum and other toxic or hazardous materials into these drainage systems in facilities managing these products; and improper maintenance or inappropriate use of these systems may allow the passage of contaminates or pollutants entering the drain to discharge from the leaching structure or septic system to the ground; and discharges of hazardous wastes and other pollutants to floor drains leading to leaching structures and septic systems have repeatedly threatened surface water and groundwater quality throughout Massachusetts; and surface water and groundwater resources in the Town of Franklin contribute to the Town's drinking water supplies, the Town of Franklin Board of Health adopts the following regulation, under its authority as specified in § 222-3, as a preventative measure for the purpose of preserving and protecting the Town of Franklin's drinking water resources from discharges of pollutants to the ground via floor drains, and minimizing the threat of economic losses to the Town due to such discharges.
The Franklin Board of Health adopts the following regulation pursuant to authorization granted by MGL c. 111 §§ 31 and 122. The regulation shall apply, as specified herein, to all applicable facilities, existing and new, within the Town of Franklin.
For the purpose of this regulation, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
- COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FACILITY
- A public or private establishment where the principal use is the supply, sale, and/or manufacture of services, products, or information, including, but not limited to, manufacturing, processing, or other industrial operations; services or retail establishments; printing or publishing establishments; research and development facilities; small or large quantity generators of hazardous waste; laboratories, hospitals.
- The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.
- The accidental or intentional disposal, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, incineration, or placing of toxic or hazardous material or waste upon or into any land or water so that such hazardous waste or any constituent thereof may enter the land or water of the Commonwealth. Discharge includes, without limitation, leaking of such materials from failed or discharged containers or storage systems and disposal of such materials into any on-site leaching structure or sewage disposal system.
- FLOOR DRAIN
- An intended drainage point on a floor constructed to be otherwise impervious which serves as the point of entry into any subsurface drainage, treatment, disposal, containment, or other plumbing system.
- LEACHING STRUCTURE
- Any subsurface structure through which a fluid that is introduced will pass and enter the environment, including, but not limited to, dry wells, leaching catch basins, cesspools, leach fields, and oil/water separators that are not watertight.
- OIL/WATER SEPARATOR
- A device designed and installed so as to separate and retain petroleum-based oil or grease, flammable wastes as well as sand and particles from normal wastes while permitting normal sewage or liquid wastes to discharge into the drainage system by gravity. Other common names for such systems include MDC traps, gasoline and sand traps, grit and oil separators, grease traps, and interceptors.
- TOXIC OR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
- Any substance or mixture of physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics posing a significant, actual, or potential hazard to water supplies or other hazards to human health if such substance or mixture were discharged to land or water of the Town of Franklin. Toxic or hazardous materials include, without limitation, synthetic organic chemicals, petroleum products, heavy metals, radioactive or infectious wastes, acids and alkalis, and all substances defined as toxic or hazardous under MGL c. 21C, §§ 21C and 21E or Massachusetts Hazardous Waste Regulation (310 CMR 30.000), and also include such products as solvents, thinners, and pesticides in quantities greater than normal household use.
- USE OF TOXIC OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
- The handling, generation, treatment, storage, or management of toxic or hazardous materials.
With the exception of discharges that have received (or have applied for and will receive) a Department-issued permit prior to the effective date of this regulation, no floor drain(s) shall be allowed to discharge, with or without pretreatment (such as an oil/water separator), to the ground, a leaching structure, or septic system in any industrial or commercial facility if such floor drain is located in either:
An industrial or commercial process area;
A petroleum, toxic, or hazardous materials and/or waste storage area; or
A leased facility without either Subsection A or B of this section, but in which the potential for a change of use of the property to a use which does have either Subsection A or B is, in the opinion of the Board of Health or its agents, sufficient to warrant the elimination of the ground discharge at the present.
The owner of a facility in operation prior to the effective date of this regulation with a prohibited (as defined under § 322-5) floor drain system shall:
Disconnect and plug all applicable inlets to and outlets from (where possible) applicable leaching structures, oil/water separators, and/or septic systems;
Remove all existing sludge in oil/water separators, septic systems, and, where accessible, leaching structures. Any sludge determined to be a hazardous waste shall be disposed of in accordance with state hazardous waste regulations (310 CMR 30.000). Remedial activity involving any excavation and/or soil or groundwater sampling must be performed in accordance with appropriate Department policies;
Alter the floor drain system so that the floor drain shall be either:
Connected to a holding tank that meets all applicable requirements of Department policies and regulations, with hauling records submitted to the Franklin Board of Health at the time of hauling;
Connected to a municipal sanitary sewer line, if available with all applicable Department and local permits; or
Permanently sealed. (Any facility sealing a drain shall be required to submit for approval to the Board of Health a hazardous waste management plan detailing the means of collecting, storing, and disposing any hazardous waste generated by the facility, including any spill or other discharge of hazardous materials or wastes.)
Any oil/water separator remaining in use shall be monitored weekly, cleaned not less than every 90 days, and restored to proper conditions after cleaning so as to ensure proper functioning. Records of the hauling of the removed contents of the separator shall be submitted to the Board of Health at the time of hauling.
Compliance with all provisions of this regulation must be accomplished in a manner consistent with Massachusetts Plumbing, Building and Fire Code requirements.
Upon complying with one of the options listed under § 222-6A(3), the owner/operator of the facility shall notify the Department of closure of said system by filing the Department's UIC Notification Form (which may be obtained by calling 617-348-4014) with the Department, and sending a copy to the Franklin Board of Health.
The effective date of this regulation is the date posted on the front page of the regulation, which shall be identical to the date of the adoption of the regulation.
Owners/Operators of a facility affected by this regulation shall comply with all of its provisions within 120 days of the effective date.
All applicable discharges to the leaching structures and septic systems shall be disconnected immediately through temporary isolation or sealing of the floor drain.
As of the effective date of the regulation, all new construction and/or applicable change of use within the Town of Franklin shall comply with the provisions of this regulation.
Certification of conformance with the provisions of this regulation by the Board of Health shall be required prior to the issuance of construction and occupancy permits.
Editor's Note: This regulation was adopted 8-1-2008.
Failure to comply with provisions of this regulation will result in the levy of fines of not less than $200, but no more than $1,000. Each day's failure to comply with the provisions of this regulation shall constitute a separate violation.
The Agent(s) for the Board of Health and the Director of Public Works and his designee shall enforce this regulation, and may pursue all civil and criminal remedies for violations thereof.