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Town of Westminster, MA
Worcester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Town of Westminster as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Smoking — See Ch. 248.
[Adopted 6-3-2009; amended in its entirety 3-11-2019]
Whereas there exists conclusive evidence that tobacco smoking causes cancer, respiratory and cardiac diseases, negative birth outcomes, irritations to the eyes, nose and throat;[1]
Whereas the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has concluded that nicotine is as addictive as cocaine or heroin[2] and the Surgeon General found that nicotine exposure during adolescence, a critical window for brain development, may have lasting adverse consequences for brain development,[3] and that it is addiction to nicotine that keeps youth smoking past adolescence;[4]
Whereas a Federal District Court found that Phillip Morris, RJ Reynolds and other leading cigarette manufacturers "spent billions of dollars every year on their marketing activities in order to encourage young people to try and then continue purchasing their cigarette products in order to provide the replacement smokers they need to survive" and that these companies were likely to continue targeting underage smokers;[5]
Whereas more than 80% of all adult smokers begin smoking before the age of 18, more than 90% do so before leaving their teens, and more than 3.5 million middle and high school students smoke;[6]
Whereas 18.1% of current smokers aged less than 18 years reported that they usually directly purchased their cigarettes from stores (i.e., convenience store, supermarket, or discount store) or gas stations, and among 11th grade males this rate was nearly 30%;[7]
Whereas the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concludes that raising the minimum age of legal access to tobacco products to 21 will likely reduce tobacco initiation, particularly among adolescents 15 to 17, which would improve health across the lifespan and save lives;[8]
Whereas cigars and cigarillos can be sold in a single "dose"; enjoy a relatively low tax as compared to cigarettes; are available in fruit, candy and alcohol flavors; and are popular among youth;[9]
Whereas research shows that increased cigar prices significantly decreased the probability of male adolescent cigar use and a 10% increase in cigar prices would reduce use by 3.4%;[10]
Whereas 59% of high school smokers in Massachusetts have tried flavored cigarettes or flavored cigars and 25.6% of them are current flavored tobacco product users; 95.1% of 12 to 17 year olds who smoked cigars reported smoking cigar brands that were flavored;[11]
Whereas the Surgeon General found that exposure to tobacco marketing in stores and price discounting increase youth smoking;[12]
Whereas the federal Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FSPTCA), enacted in 2009, prohibited candy- and fruit-flavored cigarettes,[13] largely because these flavored products were marketed to youth and young adults,[14] and younger smokers were more likely to have tried these products than older smokers,[15] neither federal nor Massachusetts laws restrict sales of flavored noncigarette tobacco products, such as cigars, cigarillos, smokeless tobacco, hookah tobacco, and electronic devices and the nicotine solutions used in these devices;
Whereas the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Surgeon General have stated that flavored tobacco products are considered to be "starter" products that help establish smoking habits that can lead to long-term addiction;[16]
Whereas the U.S. Surgeon General recognized in his 2014 report that a complementary strategy to assist in eradicating tobacco-related death and disease is for local governments to ban categories of products from retail sale;[17]
Whereas the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported that the current use of electronic cigarettes, a product sold in dozens of flavors that appeal to youth, among middle and high school students tripled from 2013 to 2014;[18]
Whereas 5.8% of Massachusetts youth currently use e-cigarettes and 15.9% have tried them;[19]
Whereas the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection has classified liquid nicotine in any amount as an "acutely hazardous waste";[20]
Whereas in a lab analysis conducted by the FDA, electronic cigarette cartridges that were labeled as containing no nicotine actually had low levels of nicotine present in all cartridges tested, except for one;[21]
Whereas according to the CDC's youth risk behavior surveillance system, the percentage of high school students in Massachusetts who reported the use of cigars within the past 30 days is 10.8% in 2013;[22]
Whereas data from the National Youth Tobacco Survey indicate that more than 2/5 of U.S. middle and high school smokers report using flavored little cigars or flavored cigarettes;[23]
Whereas the sale of tobacco products is incompatible with the mission of health care institutions because these products are detrimental to the public health and their presence in health care institutions undermine efforts to educate patients on the safe and effective use of medication, including cessation medication;
Whereas educational institutions sell tobacco products to a younger population, who is particularly at risk for becoming smokers, and such sale of tobacco products is incompatible with the mission of educational institutions that educate a younger population about social, environmental and health risks and harms;
Whereas the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court has held that "...[t]he right to engage in business must yield to the paramount right of government to protect the public health by any rational means".[24]
Now, therefore it is the intention of the Westminster Board of Health to regulate the sale of tobacco products.
[1]
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC) (2012), Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking Fact Sheet. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistice/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/index.htm.
[2]
CDC (2010), How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2010/.
[3]
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2014. The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, p. 122. Retrieved from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/full-report.pdf.
[4]
Id. at Executive Summary p. 13. Retrieved from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/exec-summary.pdf.
[5]
United States v. Phillip Morris, Inc., RJ Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al., 449 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2006) at Par. 3301 and Pp. 1605-07.
[6]
SAMHSA, Calculated based on data in 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health and U.S. Department of Health and Human services (HHA).
[7]
CDC (2013) Youth Risk Behavior, Surveillance Summaries (MMWR 2014: 63 (No SS-04)). Retrieved from: www.cdc.gov.
[8]
IOM (Institute of Medicine) 2015. Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products. Washington DC: The National Academies Press, 2015.
[9]
CDC (2009), Youth Risk Behavior, Surveillance Summaries (MMWR 2010: 59, 12, note 5). Retrieved from: http:www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss5905.pdf.
[10]
Ringel, J., Wasserman, J., & Andreyeva, T. (2005) Effects of Public Policy on Adolescents' Cigar Use: Evidence from the National Youth Tobacco Survey. American Journal of Public Health, 95(6), 995-998, doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.030411 and cited in Cigar, Cigarillo and Little Cigar Use among Canadian Youth: Are We Underestimating the Magnitude of this Problem?, J. Prim. P. 2011, Aug: 32(3-4):161-70. Retrieved from: www.nebi.nim.gov/pubmed/21809109.
[11]
Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 2015 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey (MYHS); Delneve CD et al., Tob Control, March 2014: Preference for flavored cigar brands among youth, young adults and adults in the USA.
[12]
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2012. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, p. 508-530, www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/full-report.pdf.
[13]
21 U.S.C. § 387g.
[14]
Carpenter CM, Wayne GF, Pauly JL, et al. 2005. "New Cigarette Brands with Flavors that Appeal to Youth: Tobacco Marketing Strategies." Health Affairs. 24(6): 1601-1610; Lewis M and Wackowski O. 2006. "Dealing with an Innovative Industry: A Look at Flavored Cigarettes Promoted by Mainstream Brands." American Journal of Public Health. 96(2): 244-251; Connolly GN. 2004. "Sweet and Spicy Flavours: New Brands for Minorities and Youth." Tobacco Control. 13(3): 211-212; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2012. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, p. 537, www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/full-report.pdf.
[15]
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2012. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, p. 539, www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/full-report.pdf.
[16]
Food and Drug Administration 2011. Fact Sheet: Flavored Tobacco Products, www.fda.gov/downloads/TobaccoProducts/ProtectingKidsfromTobacco/FlavoredTobacco/UCM183214.pdf; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2012. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, p. 539, www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/full-report.pdf.
[17]
See fn. 3 at p. 85.
[18]
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. 2015. "Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2011-2014," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 64(14): 381-385.
[19]
Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 2015 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey (MYHS).
[20]
310 CMR 30.136.
[21]
Food and Drug Administration, Summary of Results: Laboratory Analysis of Electronic Cigarettes Conducted by FDA, available at: http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/publichealthfocus/ucm173146.htm.
[22]
See fn. 7.
[23]
King BA, Tynan MA, Dube SR, et al. 2013. "Flavored-Little-Cigar and Flavored-Cigarette Use Among U.S. Middle and High School Students." Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article in press], www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X%2813%2900415-1/abstract.
[24]
Druzik et al v. Board of Health of Haverhill, 324 Mass. 129 (1949).
This regulation is promulgated pursuant to the authority granted to the Westminster Board of Health by MGL c. 111, § 31, which states "Boards of health may make reasonable health regulations."
For the purpose of this regulation, the following words shall have the following meanings:
ADULT-ONLY RETAIL TOBACCO STORE
An establishment that is not required to possess a retail food permit, whose primary purpose is to sell or offer for sale, but not for resale, tobacco products and tobacco paraphernalia, in which the sale of other products is merely incidental, and in which the entry of persons under the minimum legal sales age is prohibited at all times, and maintains a valid permit for the retail sale of tobacco products as required to be issued by the Westminster Board of Health.
BLUNT WRAP
Any tobacco product manufactured or packaged as a wrap or as a hollow tube made wholly or in part from tobacco that is designed or intended to be filled by the consumer with loose tobacco or other fillers regardless of any content.
BUSINESS AGENT
An individual who has been designated by the owner or operator of any establishment to be the manager or otherwise in charge of said establishment.
CHARACTERIZING FLAVOR
A distinguishable taste or aroma, other than the taste or aroma of tobacco, menthol, mint or wintergreen, imparted or detectable either prior to or during consumption of a tobacco product or component part thereof, including, but not limited to, tastes or aromas relating to any fruit, chocolate, vanilla, honey, candy, cocoa, dessert, alcoholic beverage, herb or spice; provided, however, that no tobacco product shall be determined to have a characterizing flavor solely because of the provision of ingredient information or the use of additives or flavorings that do not contribute to the distinguishable taste or aroma of the product.
CIGAR
Any roll of tobacco that is wrapped in leaf tobacco or in any substance containing tobacco with or without a tip or mouthpiece not otherwise defined as a cigarette under MGL c. 64C, § 1, Paragraph 1.
COMPONENT PART
Any element of a tobacco product, including, but not limited to, the tobacco, filter and paper, but not including any constituent.
CONSTITUENT
Any ingredient, substance, chemical or compound, other than tobacco, water or reconstituted tobacco sheet, that is added by the manufacturer to a tobacco product during the processing, manufacturing or packaging of the tobacco product. Such term shall include a smoke constituent.
COUPON
Any card, paper, note, form, statement, ticket or other issue distributed for commercial or promotional purposes to be later surrendered by the bearer so as to receive an article, service or accommodation without charge or at a discount price.
DISTINGUISHABLE
Perceivable by either the sense of smell or taste.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
Any public or private college, school, professional school, scientific or technical institution, university or other institution furnishing a program of higher education.
EMPLOYEE
Any individual who performs services for an employer.
EMPLOYER
Any individual, partnership, association, corporation, trust or other organized group of individuals that uses the services of one or more employees.
FLAVORED TOBACCO PRODUCT
Any tobacco product or component part thereof that contains a constituent that has or produces a characterizing flavor. A public statement, claim or indicia made or disseminated by the manufacturer of a tobacco product, or by any person authorized or permitted by the manufacturer to make or disseminate public statements concerning such tobacco product, that such tobacco product has or produces a characterizing flavor shall constitute presumptive evidence that the tobacco product is a flavored tobacco product.
LIQUID NICOTINE CONTAINER
A bottle or other vessel which contains nicotine in liquid or gel form, whether or not combined with another substance or substances, for use in a tobacco product, as defined herein. The term does not include a container containing nicotine in a cartridge that is sold, marketed, or intended for use in a tobacco product, as defined herein, if the cartridge is prefilled and sealed by the manufacturer and not intended to be opened by the consumer or retailer.
LISTED OR NONDISCOUNTED PRICE
The higher of the price listed for a tobacco product on its package or the price listed on any related shelving, posting, advertising or display at the place where the tobacco product is sold or offered for sale, plus all applicable taxes if such taxes are not included in the state price, and before the application of any discounts or coupons.
MINIMUM LEGAL SALES AGE (MLSA)
The age an individual must be before that individual can be sold a tobacco product in the municipality.
NONRESIDENTIAL ROLL-YOUR-OWN (RYO) MACHINE
A mechanical device made available for use (including to an individual who produces cigars, cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, pipe tobacco, or roll-your-own tobacco solely for the individual's own personal consumption or use) that is capable of making cigarettes, cigars or other tobacco products. RYO machines located in private homes used for solely personal consumption are not nonresidential RYO machines.
PERMIT HOLDER
Any person engaged in the sale or distribution of tobacco products who applies for and receives a tobacco product sales permit or any person who is required to apply for a tobacco product sales permit pursuant to these regulations, or his or her business agent.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind, including, but not limited to, an owner, operator, manager, proprietor or person in charge of any establishment, business or retail store.
SCHOOLS
Public or private elementary or secondary schools.
SELF-SERVICE DISPLAY
Any display from which customers may select a tobacco product, as defined herein, without assistance from an employee or store personnel.
SMOKE CONSTITUENT
Any chemical or chemical compound in mainstream or sidestream tobacco smoke that either transfers from any component of the tobacco product to the smoke or that is formed by the combustion or heating of tobacco, additives or other component of the tobacco product.
SMOKING BAR
An establishment that primarily is engaged in the retail sale of tobacco products for consumption by customers on the premises and is required by MGL c. 270, § 22, to maintain a valid permit to operate a smoking bar issued by the Massachusetts Department of Revenue. "Smoking bar" shall include, but not be limited to, those establishments that are commonly known as "cigar bars" and "hookah bars."
TOBACCO PRODUCT
Any product containing, made, or derived from tobacco or nicotine that is intended for human consumption, whether smoked, chewed, absorbed, dissolved, inhaled, snorted, sniffed, or ingested by any other means, including, but not limited to: cigarettes, cigars, little cigars, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, snuff; or electronic cigarettes, electronic cigars, electronic pipes, electronic hookah, or other similar products, regardless of nicotine content, that rely on vaporization or aerosolization. "Tobacco product" includes any component or part of a tobacco product. "Tobacco product" does not include any product that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration either as a tobacco use cessation product or for other medical purposes and which is being marketed and sold or prescribed solely for the approved purpose.
VENDING MACHINE
Any automated or mechanical self-service device, which upon insertion of money, tokens or any other form of payment, dispenses or makes cigarettes or any other tobacco products, as defined herein.
A. 
No person shall sell or provide a tobacco product, as defined herein, to a person under the minimum legal sales age. The minimum legal sales age in Westminster is 21 in conformance with state law.
B. 
Required signage:
(1) 
In conformance with and in addition to MGL c. 270, § 7, a copy of MGL c. 270 § 6, shall be posted conspicuously by the owner or other person in charge thereof in the shop or other place used to sell tobacco products at retail. The notice shall be provided by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and made available from the Westminster Board of Health. The notice shall be at least 48 square inches and shall be posted conspicuously by the permit holder in the retail establishment or other place in such a manner so that it may be readily seen by a person standing at or approaching the cash register. The notice shall directly face the purchaser and shall not be obstructed from view or placed at a height of less than four feet or greater than nine feet from the floor. The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell tobacco products at retail shall conspicuously post any additional signs required by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell hand-rolled cigars must display a warning about cigar consumption in a sign at least 50 square inches pursuant to 940 CMR 22.05(2)(e).
(2) 
The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell tobacco products, as defined herein, at retail shall conspicuously post signage provided by the Westminster Board of Health that discloses current referral information about smoking cessation.
(3) 
The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell tobacco products that rely on vaporization or aerosolization, as defined herein as "tobacco products," at retail shall conspicuously post a sign stating that "The sale of tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, to someone under the minimum legal sales age of 21 in conformance with state law is prohibited." The notice shall be no smaller than 8.5 inches by 11 inches and shall be posted conspicuously in the retail establishment or other place in such a manner so that they may be readily seen by a person standing at or approaching the cash register. The notice shall directly face the purchaser and shall not be obstructed from view or placed at a height of less than four feet or greater than nine feet from the floor.
C. 
Identification: Each person selling or distributing tobacco products, as defined herein, shall verify the age of the purchaser by means of a valid government-issued photographic identification containing the bearer's date of birth that the purchaser is 21 years or older in conformance with state law. Verification is required for any person under the age of 27.
D. 
All retail sales of tobacco products, as defined herein, must be face-to-face between the seller and the buyer and occur at the permitted location.
A. 
No person shall sell or otherwise distribute tobacco products, as defined herein, within the Town of Westminster without first obtaining a tobacco product sales permit issued annually by the Westminster Board of Health. Only owners of establishments with a permanent, nonmobile location in Westminster are eligible to apply for a permit and sell tobacco products, as defined herein, at the specified location in Westminster.
B. 
As part of the tobacco product sales permit application process, the applicant will be provided with the Westminster regulation. Each applicant is required to sign a statement declaring that the applicant has read said regulation and that the applicant is responsible for instructing any and all employees who will be responsible for tobacco product sales regarding federal, state and local laws regarding the sale of tobacco and this regulation.
C. 
Each applicant who sells tobacco products is required to provide proof of a current tobacco retailer license issued by the Massachusetts Department of Revenue, when required by state law, before a tobacco product sales permit can be issued.
D. 
The fee for a tobacco product sales permit shall be determined by the Westminster Board of Health annually.
E. 
A separate permit is required for each retail establishment selling tobacco products, as defined herein.
F. 
Each tobacco product sales permit shall be displayed at the retail establishment in a conspicuous place.
G. 
A tobacco product sales permit is nontransferable. A new owner of an establishment that sells tobacco products, as defined herein, must apply for a new permit. No new permit will be issued unless and until all outstanding penalties incurred by the previous permit holder are satisfied in full.
H. 
Issuance of a tobacco product sales permit shall be conditioned on an applicant's consent to unannounced, periodic inspections of his/her retail establishment to ensure compliance with this regulation.
I. 
Issuance and holding of a tobacco product sales permit shall be conditioned on an applicant's ongoing compliance with current Massachusetts Department of Revenue requirements and policies, including, but not limited to, minimum retail prices of tobacco products.
J. 
A tobacco product sales permit will not be renewed if the permit holder has failed to pay all fines issued and the time period to appeal the fines has expired and/or the permit holder has not satisfied any outstanding permit suspensions.
K. 
Maximum number of tobacco product sales permits.
(1) 
At any given time, there shall be no more than seven tobacco product sales permits issued in Westminster reduced by the number of permits not renewed pursuant to Subsection K(2). No permit renewal will be denied based on the requirements of this subsection, except any permit holder who has failed to renew his or her permit within 30 days of expiration will be treated as a first-time permit applicant.
(2) 
As of January 1, any permit not renewed either because a retailer no longer sells tobacco products, as defined herein, or because a retailer closes the retail business, shall be returned to the Westminster Board of Health and shall be permanently retired by the Board of Health, and the total allowable number of tobacco product sales permits under Subsection K(1) shall be reduced by the number of the retired permits.
(3) 
A tobacco product sales permit shall not be issued to any new applicant for a retail location within 500 feet of a public or private elementary or secondary school as measured by a straight line from the nearest point of the property line of the school to the nearest point of the property line of the site of the applicant's business premises.
(4) 
Applicants who purchase an existing business that holds a current tobacco product sales permit at the time of the sale of said business must apply within 60 days of such sale for the permit held by the seller if the buyer intends to sell tobacco products, as defined herein.
A. 
No person shall sell or distribute or cause to be sold or distributed a single cigar.
B. 
No person shall sell or distribute or cause to be sold or distributed any original factory-wrapped package of two or more cigars, unless such package is priced for retail sale at $5 or more.
C. 
This section shall not apply to:
(1) 
The sale or distribution of any single cigar having a retail price of $2.50 or more.
(2) 
A person or entity engaged in the business of selling or distributing cigars for commercial purposes to another person or entity engaged in the business of selling or distributing cigars for commercial purposes with the intent to sell or distribute outside the boundaries of Westminster.
D. 
The Westminster Board of Health may adjust from time to time the amounts specified in this section to reflect changes in the applicable Consumer Price Index by amendment of this regulation.
No person shall sell or distribute or cause to be sold or distributed any flavored tobacco product, except in adult-only retail tobacco stores.
No person or entity shall sell or distribute blunt wraps in Westminster.
No person shall:
A. 
Distribute or cause to be distributed any free samples of tobacco products, as defined herein;
B. 
Accept or redeem, offer to accept or redeem, or cause or hire any person to accept or redeem or offer to accept or redeem any coupon that provides any tobacco product, as defined herein, without charge or for less than the listed or nondiscounted price; or
C. 
Sell a tobacco product, as defined herein, to consumers through any multi-pack discounts (e.g., "buy-two-get-one-free") or otherwise provide or distribute to consumers any tobacco product, as defined herein, without charge or for less than the listed or nondiscounted price in exchange for the purchase of any other tobacco product.
A. 
The sale or distribution of tobacco products, as defined herein, in any form other than an original factory-wrapped package is prohibited, including the repackaging or dispensing of any tobacco product, as defined herein, for retail sale. No person may sell or cause to be sold or distribute or cause to be distributed any cigarette package that contains fewer than 20 cigarettes, including single cigarettes.
B. 
A retailer of liquid nicotine containers must comply with the provisions of 310 CMR 30.000, and must provide the Westminster Board of Health with a written plan for disposal of said product, including disposal plans for any breakage, spillage or expiration of the product.
C. 
All retailers must comply with 940 CMR 21.05, which reads: "It shall be an unfair or deceptive act or practice for any person to sell or distribute nicotine in a liquid or gel substance in Massachusetts after March 15, 2016, unless the liquid or gel product is contained in a child-resistant package that, at a minimum, meets the standard for special packaging as set forth in 15 U.S.C. §§ 1471 through 1476 and 16 CFR § 1700 et seq."
All self-service displays of tobacco products, as defined herein, are prohibited. All humidors, including, but not limited to, walk-in humidors, must be locked. The only self-service displays that are permissible pursuant to U.S. FDA and Massachusetts Attorney General regulations are displays that are located in retail tobacco stores that ensure that no person younger than the MLSA is present, or permitted to enter, at any time.
All vending machines containing tobacco products, as defined herein, are prohibited.
All nonresidential roll-your-own machines are prohibited.
No educational institution located in Westminster shall sell or cause to be sold tobacco products, as defined herein. This includes all educational institutions as well as any retail establishments that operate on the property of an educational institution.
The sale or distribution to tobacco products, as defined herein, must comply with those provisions found at 940 CMR 21.00 ("Sales and Distribution of Cigarettes, Smokeless Tobacco Products and Electronic Smoking Devices in Massachusetts").
The use of tobacco, as defined in § 250-3, Definitions, is hereby prohibited in Westminster in locations and establishments covered by M.G.L. c. 270, § 22 (commonly known as the "Smoke-free Workplace Law"), and in additional locations and establishments covered by any regulation or bylaw in Westminster.
A. 
It shall be the responsibility of the establishment, permit holder and/or his or her business agent to ensure compliance with all sections of this regulation. The violator shall receive:
(1) 
In the case of a first violation, a fine of at least $100, and the tobacco sales permit shall be suspended for three consecutive business days.
(2) 
In the case of a second violation within 36 months of the date of the current violation, a fine of at least $200, and the tobacco product sales permit shall be suspended for 14 consecutive business days.
(3) 
In the case of three or more violations within a thirty-six-month period, a fine of $300, and the tobacco product sales permit shall be suspended for 30 consecutive business days.
(4) 
In the case of four violations or repeated, egregious violations of this regulation within a thirty-six-month period, the Board of Health shall hold a hearing in accordance with Subsection E and may permanently revoke a tobacco product sales permit.
B. 
All tobacco products must be removed from public view for three-day tobacco sales permit suspension. All tobacco products shall be removed from the premises for fourteen-day or more tobacco sales permit suspensions. Failure to remove all tobacco products shall constitute a separate violation of this regulation.
C. 
Refusal to cooperate with inspections pursuant to this regulation shall result in the suspension of the tobacco product sales permit for 30 consecutive business days.
D. 
In addition to the monetary fines set above, any permit holder who engages in the sale or distribution of tobacco products while his or her permit is suspended shall be subject to the suspension of all Board of Health issued permits for 30 consecutive business days.
E. 
The Westminster Board of Health shall provide notice of the intent to suspend or revoke a tobacco product sales permit, which notice shall contain the reasons therefor and establish a time and date for a hearing, which date shall be no earlier than seven days after the date of said notice. The permit holder or its business agent shall have an opportunity to be heard at such hearing and shall be notified of the Board of Health's decision and the reasons therefor in writing. After a hearing, the Westminster Board of Health shall suspend or revoke the tobacco product sales permit if the Board of Health finds that a violation of this regulation occurred. For purposes of such suspensions or revocations, the Board shall make the determination notwithstanding any separate criminal or noncriminal proceedings brought in court hereunder or under the Massachusetts General Laws for the same offense. All tobacco products, as defined herein, shall be removed from the retail establishment upon suspension or revocation of the tobacco product sales permit. Failure to remove all tobacco products, as defined herein, shall constitute a separate violation of this regulation.
Whoever violates any provision of this regulation may be penalized by the noncriminal method of disposition as provided in MGL c. 40, § 21D.
Each day any violation exists shall be deemed to be a separate offense.
Enforcement of this regulation shall be by the Westminster Board of Health or its designated agent(s). Any resident who desires to register a complaint pursuant to the regulation may do so by contacting the Westminster Board of Health or its designated agent(s), and the Board shall investigate.
If any provision of this regulation is declared invalid or unenforceable, the other provisions shall not be affected thereby but shall continue in full force and effect.
This regulation was amended on March 11, 2019 and shall take effect on May 1, 2019.
[Adopted 5-5-2010]
Whereas there exists conclusive evidence that the United States Department of Health and Human Services has concluded that nicotine is as addictive as cocaine or heroin; the appeal created by nicotine-delivery products or e-cigarettes, which contain addictive nicotine, can lead minors into a nicotine addiction that may result in their daily use of tobacco; the United States Food and Drug Administration has conducted laboratory tests finding e-cigarettes contain toxic chemicals and carcinogens; e-cigarettes seriously compromise current laws governing indoor smoking bans, including, but not limited to, the Smoke-Free Workplace Law (MGL c. 270, § 22) and the Education Reform Act (MGL c. 71, §§ 2A, 37H); and Westminster aims to protect its youth against the use of nicotine-delivery products and its residents against the involuntary exposure of vapors from nicotine-delivery products such as e-cigarettes; now, therefor it is the intention of the Westminster Board of Health to curtail the access and use of nicotine-delivery products.
This regulation is promulgated pursuant to the authority granted to the Westminster Board of Health by MGL c. 111, § 31, that "Boards of health may make reasonable health regulations."
For the purpose of this regulation, the following words shall have the following meanings:
BUSINESS AGENT
An individual who has been designated by the owner or operator of any establishment to be the manager or otherwise in charge of said establishment.
E-CIGARETTE
Any electronic nicotine-delivery product composed of a mouthpiece, heating element, battery and/or electronic circuits that provides a vapor of liquid nicotine to the user, or relies on vaporization of any liquid or solid nicotine. This term shall include such devices whether they are manufactured as e-cigarettes, e-cigars, e-pipes or under any other product name.
EMPLOYEE
Any individual who performs services for an employer.
EMPLOYER
Any individual, partnership, association, corporation, trust or other organized group of individuals, including Westminster or any agency thereof, which uses the services of one or more employees.
LIQUID NICOTINE (also known as "NICOTINE SOLUTION")
Any product composed either in whole, or in part, of nicotine and manufactured for use with nicotine-delivery products, including, but not limited to, e-cigarettes.
MINOR
Any individual who is under the age of 18.
NICOTINE-DELIVERY PRODUCT
Any article or product made wholly or in part of a tobacco substitute or otherwise containing nicotine that is expected or intended for human consumption, but not including a tobacco substitute prescribed by a licensed physician or a product that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for sale as a tobacco use cessation or harm reduction product or for other medical purposes and which is being marketed and sold solely for that approved purpose.
PERSON
An individual, employer, employee, retail store manager or owner, or the owner or operator of any establishment engaged in the sale or distribution of nicotine-delivery products directly to consumers.
SELF-SERVICE DISPLAY
Any display from which customers may select a nicotine-delivery product without assistance from an employee or store personnel, excluding vending machines.
VENDING MACHINE
Any automated or mechanical self-service device, which upon insertion of money, tokens or any other form of payment, dispenses nicotine-delivery products.
A nicotine-delivery product permit is required for any retailer who sells nicotine-delivery products in Westminster.
A. 
No person shall sell or otherwise distribute nicotine-delivery products at retail within Westminster without first obtaining a nicotine-delivery product sales permit issued annually by the Westminster Board of Health. Only owners of establishments with a permanent, nonmobile location in Westminster are eligible to apply for a permit and sell nicotine-delivery products at the specified location in Westminster.
B. 
As part of the nicotine-delivery product sales permit application process, the applicant will be provided with the Westminster Board of Health regulation. Each applicant is required to sign a statement declaring that the applicant has read said regulation and that the applicant is responsible for instructing any and all employees who will be responsible for nicotine-delivery product sales regarding any applicable state laws regarding the sale of nicotine-delivery products and this regulation.
C. 
The fee for a nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be determined by the Westminster Board of Health annually. All such permits shall be renewed annually by January 1.
D. 
A separate permit is required for each retail establishment selling nicotine-delivery products.
E. 
Each nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be displayed at the retail establishment in a conspicuous place.
F. 
No nicotine-delivery product sales permit holder shall allow any employee to sell nicotine-delivery products until such employee reads this regulation and any state laws regarding the sale of nicotine-delivery products and signs a statement, a copy of which will be placed on file in the office of the employer, that he/she has read the regulation and applicable state laws.
G. 
A nicotine-delivery product sales permit is nontransferable. A new owner of an establishment that sells nicotine-delivery products must apply for a new nicotine-delivery product sales permit. No new permit will be issued unless and until all outstanding penalties incurred by the previous permit holder are satisfied in full.
H. 
Issuance of a nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be conditioned on an applicant's consent to unannounced, periodic inspections of his/her retail establishment to ensure compliance with this regulation.
I. 
A nicotine-delivery product sales permit will not be renewed if the permit holder has failed to pay all fines issued and the time period to appeal the fines has expired.
A. 
No person shall sell nicotine-delivery products or permit nicotine-delivery products to be sold to a minor or give nicotine-delivery products to a minor.
B. 
Identification. Each person selling or distributing nicotine-delivery products shall verify the age of the purchaser by means of government-issued photographic identification containing the bearer's date of birth that the purchaser is 18 years old or older. Verification is required for any person under the age of 27.
C. 
All retail sales of nicotine-delivery products must be face-to-face between the seller and the buyer.
A. 
No person shall distribute, or cause to be distributed, any free samples of nicotine-delivery products.
B. 
No person shall permit any sampling of a nicotine-delivery product.
C. 
All self-service displays of nicotine-delivery products are prohibited.
D. 
Vending machines selling nicotine-delivery products are prohibited.
The use of e-cigarettes is hereby prohibited in Westminster in locations and establishments covered by MGL c. 270, § 22 (commonly known as the "Smoke-Free Workplace Law") and in additional locations and establishments covered by any regulation or bylaw in Westminster.
The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell nicotine-delivery products at retail shall conspicuously post a sign stating that "The sale of nicotine-delivery products to minors under 18 years of age is prohibited." The owner or other person in charge of a shop or other place used to sell e-cigarettes at retail shall conspicuously post a sign stating that "The use of e-cigarettes at indoor establishments may be prohibited by local law." The notices shall be no smaller than 8.5 inches by 11 inches and shall be posted conspicuously in the retail establishment or other place in such a manner so that they may be readily seen by a person standing at or approaching the cash register. These notices shall directly face the purchaser and shall not be obstructed from view or placed at a height of less than four feet or greater than nine feet from the floor.
A. 
Violations of §§ 250-18, 250-19 and 250-20:
(1) 
It shall be the responsibility of the permit holder and/or his or her business agent to ensure compliance with all sections of this regulation pertaining to his or her distribution of nicotine-delivery products.
(a) 
The violator shall receive:
[1] 
In the case of a first violation, a fine of $100 and the nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be suspended for three consecutive business days.
[2] 
In the case of a second violation within 18 months of the date of the current violation, a fine of $200 and the nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be suspended for 14 consecutive business days.
[3] 
In the case of three violations within 18 months of the date of the current violation, a fine of $300 and the nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be suspended for 30 consecutive business days.
[4] 
In the case of a fourth violation within 18 months of the date of the current violation, a fine of $300 and the nicotine-delivery product sales permit shall be permanently revoked.
(b) 
All nicotine-delivery products shall be removed from public view for three-day nicotine-delivery product sales permit suspensions. All nicotine-delivery products shall be removed from the premises for fourteen-day-or-more nicotine-delivery product sales permit suspensions. Failure to remove all nicotine-delivery products shall constitute a separate violation of this regulation.
(2) 
Refusal to cooperate with inspections pursuant to this regulation shall result in the suspension of the nicotine-delivery product sales permit for 30 consecutive business days.
(3) 
In addition to the monetary fines set above, any permit holder who engages in the sale or distribution of nicotine-delivery products directly to a consumer while his or her permit is suspended shall be subject to the suspension of all Board of Health issued permits for 30 consecutive business days.
(4) 
The Westminster Board of Health shall provide notice of the intent to suspend a tobacco sales permit, which notice shall contain the reasons therefor and establish a time and date for a hearing which date shall be no earlier than seven days after the date of said notice. The permit holder or its business agent shall have an opportunity to be heard at such hearing and shall be notified of the Board of Health's decision and the reasons therefor in writing. After a hearing, the Westminster Board of Health shall suspend the nicotine-delivery product sales permit if the Board finds that a sale to a minor occurred. For purposes of such suspensions, the Board shall make the determination notwithstanding any separate criminal or noncriminal proceedings brought in court hereunder or under the Massachusetts General Laws for the same offense. All nicotine-delivery products shall be removed from the retail establishment upon suspension of the nicotine-delivery product sales permit. Failure to remove all nicotine-delivery products shall constitute a separate violation of this regulation.
B. 
Violations of § 250-21.
(1) 
It shall be the responsibility of the owner, manager, or other person in control of a building, vehicle or vessel to ensure compliance with § 250-21 of this regulation pertaining to the use of e-cigarettes.
(a) 
The violator shall receive:
[1] 
For the first violation: $100.
[2] 
For a second violation occurring within two years of the date of the first offense: $200.
[3] 
For a third or subsequent violation occurring within two years of the second violation: $300.
(b) 
If an owner, manager or other person in control of a building, vehicle or vessel violates this regulation repeatedly, demonstrating egregious noncompliance, the Board of Health may revoke or suspend the license to operate and shall provide notice of the intent to suspend such license, which notice shall contain the reasons therefor and establish a time and date for a hearing which date shall be no earlier than seven days after the date of said notice. The owner, manager or its business agent shall have an opportunity to be heard at such hearing and shall be notified of the Board of Health's decision, and the reasons therefor in writing. For purposes of such suspensions, the Board shall make the determination notwithstanding any separate criminal or noncriminal proceedings brought in court hereunder or under the Massachusetts General Laws for the same offense.
(2) 
An individual or person who violates § 250-21 by using an e-cigarette in a place where smoking is prohibited shall be subject to a penalty of $100.
(3) 
Violations may be disposed of by a civil penalty using the noncriminal method of disposition procedures contained in MGL c. 40, § 21D.
(4) 
Each calendar day on which a violation occurs shall be considered a separate offense.
(5) 
This regulation shall be enforced by the Board of Health and its designees.
(6) 
Any person may register a complaint to initiate an investigation and enforcement with the Board of Health, the local inspection department or the equivalent.
A. 
Whoever violates any provision of this regulation may be penalized by the noncriminal method of disposition as provided in MGL c. 40, § 21D, or by filing a criminal complaint at the appropriate venue.
B. 
Each day any violation exists shall be deemed to be a separate offense.
A. 
Enforcement of this regulation shall be by the Board of Health of Westminster or its designated agent(s).
B. 
Any citizen who desires to register a complaint pursuant to the regulation may do so by contacting the Board of Health of Westminster or its designated agent(s) and the Board shall investigate.
If any provision of these regulations is declared invalid or unenforceable, the other provisions shall not be affected thereby but shall continue in full force and effect.
This regulation was passed on May 5, 2010. This regulation shall take effect on May 5, 2010.