City of Bridgeton, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.310, 7-6-1988]
The City of Bridgeton Council may by ordinance establish those locations at which traffic signal controls shall be installed. The City Traffic Engineer shall have the authority to install and maintain the proper traffic signal controls on other than highways and arterial roadways in accordance with Schedule I of this Code. The Missouri Highway and Transportation Commission, and St. Louis County Department of Highways and Traffic shall install and maintain the proper traffic signal controls on highways and arterial roadways.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.315, 7-6-1988]
A. 
Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic signal indications exhibiting different colored lights successively one (1) at a time, or with arrows, the following colors only shall be used and the lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
1. 
Green indications shall allow the following:
a. 
Traffic, except pedestrians, facing a circular green may proceed straight through or turn right or left except as such movement is modified by lane use signs, turn prohibition signs, lane markings, or roadway design. But vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk, at the time such signal indication is exhibited.
b. 
Traffic, except pedestrians, facing a green arrow, shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection
c. 
Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian signal, pedestrians facing any green indication, except when the sole green indication is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
2. 
Steady yellow indications shall have the following meanings:
a. 
Traffic, except pedestrians, facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal is thereby warned that the movement allowed by green indications is being terminated and that a red indication will be exhibited immediately following the yellow indications at which point vehicular traffic shall not enter the intersection. No vehicle shall be in the intersection at the time the yellow indication is terminated and the red indication is begun.
b. 
Pedestrians facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian signal, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
3. 
Steady red indications alone shall require the following:
a. 
Vehicular traffic facing a steady red signal alone shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until a green indication is shown except as provided in Paragraph (b) of this Subsection.
b. 
The driver of a vehicle which is stopped as close as practicable at the entrance to the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then at the entrance to the intersection in obedience to a red signal, may cautiously enter the intersection to make a right turn but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic proceeding as directed by the signal at the intersection, except that the State Highways and Transportation Commission with reference to an intersection involving a State highway, and local authorities with reference to an intersection involving other highways under their jurisdiction, may prohibit any such right turn against a red signal at any intersection where safety conditions so require, said prohibition shall be effective when a sign is erected at such intersection giving notice thereof.
c. 
Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal, pedestrians facing a steady red signal shall not enter the roadway.
4. 
Flashing signal indications shall have the following meanings:
a. 
Flashing red (stop signal). When a red lens is illuminated with intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop at a clearly marked stop line. If a crosswalk is present at the near side of the intersection, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the crosswalk. The right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
b. 
Flashing yellow (caution signal): When a yellow lens is illuminated with intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.
5. 
In the event a traffic signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this Section shall be applicable except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made, but in the absence of any such sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.320, 7-6-1988]
A. 
Whenever pedestrian indications exhibiting the words or symbols for "walk" or "don't walk" are in place, the indications shall mean the following:
1. 
The "don't walk" indication or a symbol of a raised palm, steadily illuminated, means that a pedestrian shall not enter the roadway in the direction of the indication.
2. 
The "don't walk" indication or a symbol of a raised palm, while flashing, means that a pedestrian shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the indication, but that any pedestrian who has partly completed crossing during the steady "walk" indication shall proceed to a sidewalk, or to a safety island.
3. 
A "walk" indication or symbol of a walking person, steadily illuminated, means that pedestrians facing the signal indication may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the indication.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.325, 7-6-1988]
When lane direction control signal indications are placed over the individual lanes of a highway or roadway, vehicular traffic may travel in any lane over which a green signal indication is shown. Traffic shall not enter or travel in any lane over which a red indication is shown.
[Ord. No. 08-17 §1, 3-19-2008; Ord. No. 08-38 §1, 8-6-2008]
A. 
Definitions. For purposes of this Section, the following terms have these prescribed meanings:
AUTOMATED PHOTO TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM
A system that:
1. 
Consists of camera(s) and vehicle sensor(s) installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic control signal; and
2. 
Is capable of producing high resolution color digital recorded images that show:
a. 
The traffic control signal while it is emitting a steady red signal for a direction of travel through an intersection;
b. 
A motor vehicle entering or in the intersection in that direction of travel; and
c. 
The license plate and number of the motor vehicle; and
3. 
Is designed to take recorded images of the faces of occupants of a motor vehicle.
MUNICIPAL COURT
The Municipal Court of the City.
OPERATOR
Any person who operates or drives a motor vehicle and has the same meaning as "driver".
OWNER
The owner(s) of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration records of the Missouri Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another State or country.
RECORDED IMAGE
An image digitally recorded by an automated photo traffic enforcement system.
SYSTEM LOCATION
An intersection at which an automated photo traffic enforcement system has been installed.
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL
A traffic control device that displays alternating red, yellow and green lights intended to direct traffic when to stop at or proceed through an intersection.
B. 
Violation of Public Safety at Intersections. Except as otherwise provided in this Section 305.050, a person commits the infraction of violation of public safety at an intersection when a motor vehicle of which that person is an owner is present in an intersection while the traffic control signal for the intersection is emitting a steady red signal for the direction of travel or orientation of that vehicle in or through the intersection, unless the motor vehicle is in the process of making a lawful right turn; provided however, that an infraction shall be excused upon submission of a sworn statement that the presence of the motor vehicle in the intersection was justified because:
1. 
The traffic control signal was not in proper position and sufficiently legible to an ordinarily observant person;
2. 
The operator of the motor vehicle was acting in compliance with the lawful order or direction of a Police Officer;
3. 
The operator of the motor vehicle violated the instruction of the traffic control signal in order to yield the right-of-way to an immediately approaching authorized emergency vehicle;
4. 
The motor vehicle was being operated as part of a funeral procession pursuant to Section 194.503, RSMo.;
5. 
The motor vehicle was being operated as an authorized emergency vehicle as defined and in compliance with Section 304.022, RSMo.;
6. 
The motor vehicle was a stolen vehicle and being operated by a person other than the owner without the effective consent of the owner (but this shall not be a justification for such an operator) and the theft was timely reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency;
7. 
The license plate and/or tags depicted in the recorded image(s) were stolen and being displayed on a motor vehicle other than the motor vehicle for which they were issued (but this shall not be a justification for the operator of the motor vehicle) and the theft was timely reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency;
8. 
Ownership of the motor vehicle had in fact been transferred prior to the violation (provided State records substantiate this statement);
9. 
The motor vehicle was present in the intersection because it was inoperable.
Liability hereunder is based on ownership without regard to whether the owner was operating the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, except that, as provided in Section 304.120.4, RSMo., no liability shall be imposed on the owner of a motor vehicle when the vehicle is being permissively used by a lessee if the owner furnishes the name, address and operator's license number of the person renting or leasing the motor vehicle at the time the violation occurred to the City within ten (10) days from the time of receipt of written request for such information.
C. 
Automated Photo Traffic Enforcement System Authorized. An automated photo traffic enforcement system is hereby authorized to be installed and operated within the City for the purpose of detecting violations of public safety at intersections. Specific system locations shall be determined from time to time by the Chief of Police. Recorded images from a single camera unit shall constitute sufficient basis for citation if alone or in combination they clearly show that the traffic control signal for an intersection is emitting a steady red signal for the direction of travel or orientation of a motor vehicle in or through the intersection, the motor vehicle present in the intersection and the license plate and license number of the motor vehicle along with a clean photo image of the vehicle operator. Recorded images may also be used as evidence of other violations to the extent permitted by applicable law.
D. 
Enforcement Procedures.
1. 
Except as otherwise provided herein, upon review of recorded image(s) showing an infraction under this Section, a Police Officer of the City Police Department shall complete a citation in a form approved by the Municipal Judge (which form may be completed electronically or online) and the City shall cause the completed citation to be mailed to the owner/driver at its last known address by first class U.S. mail, postage prepaid, within thirty (30) days after the date the recorded image(s) were taken.
a. 
Based upon the information obtained from the recorded image, the Police Officer may obtain any additional information about the owner which is necessary to complete or mail the citation from the records of the Missouri Department of Revenue or any other legal means; or, if the motor vehicle is registered in another State or country, from the motor vehicle registration records of the department or agency of the other State or country analogous to the Missouri Department of Revenue or any other legal means.
b. 
If there is more than one (1) owner of the motor vehicle, a citation may be completed and addressed to any identified owner or driver.
c. 
The citation shall direct the owner to respond within thirty (30) days of the date of mailing of the citation either by paying the fine specified in this Section at the appropriate time and place in the City or by providing a sufficient sworn statement of applicability of one of the justifications for presence of the motor vehicle in the intersection set forth in this Section 305.050.
d. 
A copy of the recorded image(s) upon which the citation is based shall be sent to the owner with the citation.
e. 
The citation shall include a request that the name, address and operator's license number of any person renting or leasing the motor vehicle at the time the violation occurred be furnished to the City within ten (10) days of receipt of the request.
2. 
Any sworn statement provided by an owner shall be examined by the City prosecuting attorney. If the City prosecuting attorney determines that a statement is sufficient, then the citation shall be withdrawn and a letter to that effect shall be sent to the owner by the City. If the City prosecuting attorney determines that a statement is insufficient, including, but not limited to, a determination based upon a comparison of the statement to the recorded image(s), then a letter shall be sent to the owner (any or all of them) at its last known address by first class U.S. mail, postage prepaid, by the City indicating that the statement was insufficient and the fine specified in this Section must be paid at the appropriate time and place in the City within ten (10) days of the date of the letter. If the statement timely provides the name, address and operator's license number of any person renting or leasing the motor vehicle at the time the violation occurred, then the citation shall be withdrawn, a letter to that effect shall be sent to the owner by the City and a new citation shall be issued to the identified person together with a copy of the identifying statement, which person shall be liable hereunder as if an owner.
3. 
In lieu of completing a citation, the Police Department may send a warning notice to the owner if the system location was established within one (1) week of the violation or if the reviewing officer determines that the recorded images are inconclusive or that it is more likely than not that a justification applies to the violation.
E. 
Fine. Notwithstanding any other provision of the City Code of Ordinances, the fine for the infraction of violation of public safety at an intersection shall be one hundred dollars ($100.00) and under no circumstances may a person be imprisoned for such an infraction.
F. 
Warning Signs. An automated photo traffic enforcement system may be identified by advance warning signs posted at entrances to the City and/or at specific system locations, if the City Traffic Engineer determines that such signs will enhance the efficacy of the system. Absence of such signs shall not provide justification for a violation.
G. 
Failure to Respond to Citation. Any person who shall fail to respond to a citation or letter issued under this Section 305.050 by timely payment of fine or by timely and sufficient statement as described herein, or who shall submit a false sworn statement hereunder shall be subject to prosecution for failure to respond to citation in the Municipal Court for violation of this Section subject to the general penalty provisions of Section 100.080 in addition to any other applicable liabilities or sanctions.