City of Bridgeton, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 563 §§2,3, 12-19-1962]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall have the respective meanings ascribed to them:
DRY CLEANING DEVICE
Any device or apparatus for the cleaning of clothes or fabrics, and designed to be used or operated by persons other than the owner or an employee of the owner, which machine or device makes use of or contains perchlorethylene or any chemical solvent other than water.
SELF-SERVICE LAUNDRY, DRY CLEANING ESTABLISHMENT, OR COMBINATION THEREOF
Any attended or unattended place, building, structure, room, establishment, or portion thereof, available to the general public for the purpose of washing, drying, extracting moisture from, or dry cleaning, wearing apparel, or table, bed or other household linens, towels, curtains, draperies, rugs, blankets, or other materials through the use of coin-operated machines or devices.
[Ord. No. 563 §3, 12-19-1962]
No dry cleaning establishment shall be operated or open to the public unless there is at least one (1) attendant, who has been trained in the operation of such devices, on duty on the premises at all times such establishment is open for business.
[Ord. No. 563 §4, 12-19-1962]
No person shall engage in the business of operating any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, without first obtaining a license to do so for each such establishment to be conducted by such person.
[Ord. No. 563 §5, 12-19-1962]
An application for said license shall be made in conformity with the general requirements of this Chapter relating to application for licenses. A separate application shall be made for each establishment where such business is to be engaged in by the applicant wherever located within the City and such application shall describe the equipment to be installed and specify the dry cleaning solvent, if any, which is to be provided. Every such application shall be approved by the City Engineer as to compliance of the premises described therein with the building and fire regulations before a license shall be issued. The Director of Public Health and Sanitation shall cause an investigation to be made of the premises described in such application for the purpose of determining whether the provisions of this Chapter regulating health, safety, and sanitation, relating to such establishment, have been complied with.
[Ord. No. 563 §6, 12-19-1962]
An annual license tax consistent with the merchants' license tax in the City shall be charged for each self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof. In addition to the merchants license fee there shall be charged an inspection fee of six dollars ($6.00) per dry cleaning machine per year plus the six dollars ($6.00) premises inspection per year.
[Ord. No. 563 §7, 12-19-1962]
Such license shall specify whether it is for a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaning establishment, or either, and shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the licensed establishment, and in addition thereto there shall be so posted the name, address and telephone number of either the owner, operator, manager or proprietor thereof, and of the service department or agency responsible for the proper maintenance of the machines.
[Ord. No. 563 §32, 12-19-1962]
Any license granted pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter shall be subject to revocation for cause, as is the case with all other licenses, and in addition thereto, the City may suspend the same at any time it shall appear, upon a finding of the appropriate department, that any such self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, is being maintained in violation of the ordinances of the City, or is dangerous or detrimental to the health of the public or the health of the persons patronizing said establishment.
[Ord. No. 563 §31, 12-19-1962]
It shall be the duty of the City Engineer to inspect each self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, at least once every three (3) months for the purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this Chapter and the laws of the State relative to keeping and operating of such self-service laundries and dry cleaning establishments are being complied with, and it shall be its duty to cause all such provisions of this Chapter and said laws to be strictly enforced.
[Ord. No. 563 §30, 12-19-1962]
Each self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall have posted in a prominent place proximate to the dry cleaning devices situated therein, complete step-by-step instructions for the use thereof and all prohibitions with regard thereto, and also a statement which reads substantially as follows: "CAUTION" — Do not overload machine. An overloaded machine may not remove all solvent from fabric. If fabric smells of solvent do not handle until thoroughly aired."
[Ord. No. 563 §9, 12-19-1962]
Every owner, operator, manager or proprietor of a self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall cause an appropriate refuse receptacle to be situated upon its premises in a location easily accessible to the patrons.
[Ord. No. 563 §10, 12-19-1962]
No self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be open to the general public unless the area therein accessible to the general public is visible from the outside thereof.
[Ord. No. 563 §11, 12-19-1962]
No self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be conducted or operated unless there is provided during its period of availability to the general public in all parts of such store, room or place available to the general public, and not directly obstructed by machines or other equipment, either natural light or artificial light of at least thirty (30) foot candles, as shown by an illuminameter test.
[Ord. No. 563 §12, 12-19-1962]
Any coin-changing devices which may be situated within the confines of any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be of a vault type and located in a position as conspicuous to the exterior vantage points thereof as may be practicable.
[Ord. No. 563 §13, 12-19-1962]
No coin-operated music device or any amusement device may be situated upon the premises of any combination self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof.
[Ord. No. 563 §14, 12-19-1962]
No self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be conducted in any store, room or place in which the clear height between the ceiling and the finished floor is less than nine (9) feet, or in which the temperature and humidity are such as might endanger the health of persons utilizing the facilities therein.
[Ord. No. 563 §15, 12-19-1962]
No electrical outlets shall be made available for use by the general public in any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof.
[Ord. No. 563 §16, 12-19-1962]
All facilities or mechanisms for the heating and softening of water, for the production of heat, for the operation of venting and cooling devices, for the operation and maintenance of dry cleaning devices and for the storage of dry cleaning solvents shall be inaccessible to the general public in every self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof.
[Ord. No. 563 §17, 12-19-1962]
Every washing, extracting, drying or dry cleaning device which shall be installed or maintained in a self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be of a make, type or design having principal component parts which have been tested and approved by, and which bear the tested label of an organization nationally recognized as an authority on safety with respect to the type of device or part concerned.
[Ord. No. 563 §18, 12-19-1962]
No washing, drying or extracting device having a capacity rated by its manufacturers to be in excess of twenty-five (25) pounds of dry weight of materials, and no cleaning device so rated as having a capacity in excess of twelve (12) pounds dry weight of materials shall be installed or maintained in any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof.
[Ord. No. 563 §19, 12-19-1962]
Every dryer, extractor and dry cleaning device situated within any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment or combination thereof shall be so designed that it be inoperable when the door thereof is open, and every dry cleaning device so situated shall be so designed that its door cannot be opened during the course of its normal operating cycle, or upon an abnormal interruption thereof. Each dry cleaning machine shall be equipped with a transparent door or port to allow visual examination of the status of the cleaning cycle.
[Ord. No. 563 §20, 12-19-1962]
Every dry cleaning device situated in such a self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall be accessible to the general public from its front only.
[Ord. No. 563 §21, 12-19-1962]
Every dry cleaning device situated in a self-service laundry establishment, or combination thereof, shall have a fully automatic operation and be, while in operation, substantially vapor-tight with respect to the area accessible to the public therein, and be of such a design that its normal course of operation will be uninterrupted and will remove all significant amounts of the solvents utilized by it from the materials placed within it.
[Ord. No. 563 §22, 12-19-1962]
Every such device shall be equipped with a mechanical system of ventilation connected by way of vapor-tight conduits to the outside atmosphere, or to an efficient vapor reclaiming device, and so designed as to maintain automatically an air flow of at least one hundred (100) feet per minute face velocity through its door whenever it be opened; and be it further provided that such system shall be the sole means by which vapors shall be allowed to escape from said dry cleaning device.
[Ord. No. 563 §23, 12-19-1962]
The discharge stack for the machines and for the room in which the machines are located shall extend at least two (2) feet above the level of any window which can be opened, located within fifty (50) feet of the outlet of the stack, and shall be at least fifty (50) feet away from any fresh air intake leading to any premises.
[Ord. No. 563 §24, 12-19-1962]
No solvent other than water may be used or provided in any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, except within a dry cleaning device, except such solvents generally used for spotting in dry cleaning establishments, which solvents shall be used only under the direction and control of the attendant on duty, and no solvent shall be flammable nor of a type other than that specified by the manufacturer thereof or have an established maximum allowable concentration of less than one hundred (100) parts per million for eight (8) hours of human exposure thereto.
[Ord. No. 563 §25, 12-19-1962]
All such solvents shall be circulated to and removed from such dry cleaning devices by means of vapor-tight, corrosive-resistant conduits and emanate from tanks or other enclosures so designed as to prevent the escape therefrom of any significant amounts of solvent vapor, and each unit of any such system shall be so designed that upon leakage of liquids therefrom the products of such leakage shall be intercepted and contained in reservoirs having a capacity greater than the entire contents of such system.
[Ord. No. 563 §26, 12-19-1962]
All such solvents stored upon the premises of any combination self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment or combination thereof, shall be contained in sealed metal containers.
[Ord. No. 563 §29, 12-19-1962]
A concentration of such dry cleaning solvent in excess of forty (40) parts per million shall not be permitted to prevail in that part of any self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, available to the public, nor shall there emanate therefrom vapors or odors which shall constitute a nuisance to any portion of the premises in which such establishment is located, nor to any adjoining or nearby premises.
[Ord. No. 563 §27, 12-19-1962]
Any connection of a dry cleaning machine with the water supply system must be equipped with an air-gap or vacuum breaker in the line upstream from the condenser,with no control valves downstream from such gap or breaker. Wastewater shall be discharged through an air-gap.
[Ord. No. 563 §8, 12-19-1962]
Every store, room or place used as a self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall at all times be kept in good repair and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition as to floors, walls, ceilings, windows, woodwork, machines, utensils and fixtures.
[Ord. No. 563 §29, 12-19-1962]
The operator of every self-service laundry or dry cleaning establishment, or combination thereof, shall cause the dry cleaning devices and related component facilities situated therein to be inspected at least once during each aggregate period of twenty-four (24) hours that said establishment be open to the public, and shall cause said mechanisms to be maintained in good working order.
[Ord. No. 563 §28, 12-19-1962]
All equipment for the maintenance and operation of such dry cleaning devices shall be enclosed by partitions and be mechanically ventilated to the outside atmosphere by devices capable of evacuating against static pressure of twenty-five hundredths (.25) water inch from such partitioned area air-drawn from that part of the premises available to the public, which shall be provided with sufficient make-up air, in the following specified quantities:
Number of Machines Served By Equipment in Partitioned Area
Cubic Feet Per Minute Per Machine
1 to 3
250
4 to 8
200
9 to 16
150
17 or more
100
The operation of both this system of exhaust and the independent ventilation system of each dry cleaning machine, as required under Section 630.230, shall be maintained at all times when any self-service dry cleaning establishment is open to the public and solvent is contained in the system concerned.