City of Bridgeton, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 99-62 §1, 8-18-1999]
A historic building is any structure that is on the National Register of Historic Places or has been determined to be eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places or has otherwise been determined by competent authority to be a historic site or structure.
[Ord. No. 99-62 §1, 8-18-1999]
A. 
The Historical Commission shall have the powers and duties as provided herein with respect to historic structures.
1. 
The Historical Commission shall establish and articulate policy with respect to historic preservation in Bridgeton, establish and articulate standards for minimum exterior appearance of improvements and the regulation of such improvements in historic buildings, and promote increased public awareness of the value of historic, architectural and cultural preservation through public information programs.
2. 
The Commission shall advise the Mayor, Council and Planning Commission of all significant matters relating to historic, architectural, archaeological, and cultural preservation in Bridgeton.
3. 
The Commission shall research, identify and inventory structures characterized by one (1) or more of the following criteria:
a. 
Has significant character, interest or value as part of the development, heritage or cultural characteristics of Bridgeton, the County of St. Louis, the State of Missouri, or the United States.
b. 
Is the site of a significant historic event.
c. 
Is the work of a designer whose individual work has significantly influenced the development of the St. Louis region, State of Missouri or United States.
d. 
Contains elements of design, detail, materials or craftsmanship which represent a particular architectural style or significant innovation.
e. 
Owing to its unique location or singular physical characteristic represents an established and familiar visual feature of a neighborhood, community or Bridgeton.
4. 
The Commission shall make comments and recommendations for the inclusion of any structure on the National Register of Historic Places. The comments and recommendations shall include, but not be limited to, documentation of the historic, architectural, cultural or aesthetic significance of the proposed building or structure and a critical review of the exterior facade and design features or details of the proposal. Recommended conditions for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places may be included in the report.
5. 
The Commission shall recommend approval or disapproval of development plans for historic buildings. Such recommendation shall be based on a review of exterior facade and design features or details for consistency with the following standards:
a. 
Every reasonable effort shall be made to provide a compatible use for a property that requires minimal alteration of the building, structure, or site and its environment, or to use a property for its originally intended purpose.
b. 
The distinguishing original qualities or character of a building or structure and its environment should not be destroyed. The removal or alteration of any historic material or distinctive architectural features should be avoided when possible.
c. 
All buildings, structures and sites shall be recognized as products of their own time. Alterations that have no historical basis and which seek to create an earlier appearance shall be discouraged.
d. 
Changes which may have taken place in the course of time are evidence of the history and development of a building, structure, or site and its environment. These changes may have acquired significance in their own right, and this significance shall be recognized and respected.
e. 
Distinctive stylistic features or examples of skilled artisanship which characterize a building or structure shall be treated with sensitivity.
f. 
Deteriorated architectural features shall be repaired rather than replaced wherever possible. In the event replacement is necessary, the new material should match the material being replaced in composition, design, color, texture, and other visual qualities. Repair or replacement of missing architectural features should be based on accurate duplication of features, substantiated by historic, physical, or pictorial evidence rather than on conjectural designs or the availability of different architectural elements from other buildings or structures.
g. 
The surface cleaning of structures shall be undertaken with the gentlest means possible. Sandblasting and other cleaning methods that will damage the historic building materials shall not be undertaken.
h. 
Contemporary design for alterations and additions to existing properties shall not be discouraged when such alterations and additions do not destroy significant historical, architectural or cultural material, and such design is compatible with the size, scale, color, material and character of the property, neighborhood or environment.
i. 
Wherever possible, new additions or alterations to structures shall be done in such a manner that if such additions or alterations were to be removed in the future, the essential form and integrity of the structure would be unimpaired.
6. 
The Commission shall make and adopt, and may amend, rules and by-laws governing the conduct of its business and providing for the administration of this Chapter.
[Ord. No. 99-62 §1, 8-18-1999]
A. 
It shall be unlawful to demolish or move any historic building or structure without first obtaining the appropriate permit in accord with the requirements of the Building Code. No such permit shall be issued without the approval of the Historical Commission granted pursuant to this Section. Demolition by or pursuant to order of the Director of Public Works pursuant to his authority under the Building Code is exempt from the provisions of this Section, but no such demolition shall be ordered by the Director of Public Works unless he shall have notified the Historical Commission of any such proposed order and shall have permitted the Commission a reasonable time to review and comment on his proposed order.
1. 
After examining an application for permission to demolish or move a historic building and finding that the application is in proper form, contains all necessary information, and complies with all other applicable ordinances, the Director of Public Works shall forward a copy of the application to the Historical Commission.
2. 
The Commission shall review every application for a permit subject to this Section. The Commission may establish procedures to facilitate the issuance of permits to demolish or move accessory structures; or to demolish or move other structures in accord with an approved site development plan.
3. 
In reviewing an application for a demolition or moving permit, the Commission shall determine whether the proposed demolition or moving is detrimental to the preservation of the historic structure buildings and, if so, whether denial of the permit would impose an economic hardship upon the applicant exceeding the public benefit from preserving the building or structure. In making this determination, the Commission may consider the following criteria:
a. 
The historic value of the building or structure by reason of age or association with important figures or events; or as evidence of aspects of the history of Bridgeton, the State of Missouri, or the United States; or as an embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction; or as a representation of the work of a historically notable architect, designer or artisan.
b. 
The visual and spatial relationship of the building or structure to the area in which it is located.
c. 
The state of deterioration or disrepair or structural unsoundness of the building or structure, and the feasibility, including economic feasibility, of rehabilitation.
4. 
The Commission shall approve or disapprove issuance of a demolition or moving permit subject to this Section within sixty (60) days after the receipt of the copy of such an application from the Director of Public Works. In the event that the Commission does not act on application within this time period, the Director of Public Works shall consider the application approved. When the Commission disapproves of an application, it shall render a written report to the Director of Public Works, a copy of which shall be given to the applicant setting forth the grounds for the Commission's decision.
[Ord. No. 99-62 §1, 8-18-1999]
A. 
Any person aggrieved by the grant or denial of a permit or any other administrative decision under this Chapter may request review by the City Council of such decision within ten (10) days after the issuance of such decision.
1. 
A request for review shall be filed with the Director of Public Works upon such forms as are approved for such purpose by the Director of Public Works.
2. 
A request for review shall not operate as a stay of an order denying a permit or suspending or revoking a permit for cause.
3. 
The City Council shall hold a hearing upon receiving a request for review. Such hearings shall be held under the same rules governing hearings by the Council on special use permits, except as provided in this Chapter.
4. 
At least five (5) days' notice of the time and place of such hearing shall be sent by certified mail to the petitioner and any other person known to the Director of Public Works to have any interest in the matter. Such notice shall contain the name of the petitioner, the date, time and place fixed for the hearing, and a brief statement of the subject. In addition, notice of the hearing shall be published in one (1) newspaper of general circulation in St. Louis County not less than five (5) days prior to the hearing.
5. 
Hearings may be adjourned from time to time and, if the time and place of the continued hearing be publicly announced at the time of the adjournment, no further notice of such continued hearing need be prescribed.
6. 
The City Council shall after such hearing render a final decision on the grant or denial of the permit in question. If the Commission has denied the permit, six (6) affirmative votes of the Council shall be required to grant the permit. If the Commission has granted the permit, the Council can deny the permit only if there are six (6) votes against granting the permit.
[Ord. No. 99-62 §1, 8-18-1999]
Any decision of the City Council may be appealed by the petitioner or any other aggrieved person in the manner provided by law.