[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1510, 7-6-1988]
Muffler cutouts shall not be used upon any vehicle. The motors of all vehicles shall be fitted with properly attached mufflers of such capacity or construction as to quiet the maximum possible exhaust noise. Any cutout or opening in the exhaust pipe between the motor and the muffler on any motor vehicle shall be completely closed and disconnected from its operating lever and shall be arranged so that it cannot automatically open or be opened or operated while the vehicle is in motion.
No person shall drive a vehicle in a manner or condition such that excessive and unnecessary noises are made by its machinery, motor, signaling device, tires, or other parts, or by any improperly loaded cargo.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1515, 7-6-1988; Ord. No. 91-25 §3, 3-6-1991]
No driver shall operate a motor vehicle on any highway, roadway or alleyway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise, unless the vehicle displays at least two (2) lighted lamps on the front, one (1) on each side, having a light source of equal power, which project either white or yellow light.
Every person driving a motor vehicle equipped with multiple-beam road lighting equipment, during the times when lighted lamps are required, shall use a distribution of light or composite beam, directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations: Whenever the driver of a vehicle approaches an on-coming vehicle within five hundred (500) feet or is within three hundred (300) feet to the rear of another vehicle traveling in the same direction, the driver shall dim any high-beam lights operating at the time.
No driver shall operate a motor vehicle except a motorcycle on any highway, roadway or alleyway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise, unless the vehicle displays two (2) lighted lamps on the rear, which display a red light visible from the rear for a distance of at least five hundred (500) feet. The number plate must be illuminated in such a manner as to render the numerals on the plate visible for at least fifty (50) feet in the direction from which the vehicle is proceeding.
Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least one (1) and not more than two (2) approved headlights. Every motorcycle equipped with a sidecar or other attachment shall be equipped with a lamp on the outside limit of the attachment capable of displaying a white light to the front.
Every motorcycle when operated on a highway or roadway shall carry at the rear a red reflective rear lamp, which shall be of such size and characteristics and maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within three hundred (300) feet to fifty (50) feet from the vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps.
Every passenger car, commercial motor vehicle, motor-drawn vehicle and omnibus with a capacity of more than six (6) passengers, when operated on a highway or roadway shall also carry at the rear at least two (2) approved red reflectors, at least one (1) at each side, so designed, mounted on the vehicle and maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within five hundred (500) to fifty (50) feet from the vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps. Every reflector shall meet the requirements of this Chapter and shall be mounted upon the vehicle at a height not to exceed sixty (60) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface upon which the vehicle stands.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1520, 7-6-1988]
Vehicle mounted headlamps, when illuminated, shall display lights substantially white in color. Vehicle mounted auxiliary lamps, cowl lamps and spotlamps when illuminated shall display light substantially white, yellow or amber in color.
No person shall drive or move any vehicle or equipment upon any highway, roadway, alleyway or other public way when displaying a flashing warning signal of any color light visible in any and all directions from the signal, no matter how such flashing signal is mechanically produced. This provision shall not apply to school buses, to motor vehicles when used to transport United States mail from post offices to boxes of addresses thereof, to authorized emergency vehicles, to vehicles specified in this Title and to Firemen using blue flashing lights in accordance with Section 307.175, RSMo., 1969.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1525, 7-6-1988]
No motor vehicle may be equipped with more than three (3) auxiliary lamps mounted on the front at a height not less than twelve (12) inches nor more than forty-two (42) inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1530, 7-6-1988]
All vehicles, including agricultural machinery or implements, road machinery, road rollers, traction engines and farm tractors, not in this Title specifically required to be equipped with lamps, shall be equipped during the times when lighted lamps are required with at least one (1) lighted lamp or lantern exhibiting a white light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle and with a lamp or lantern exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear, and such lamps and lanterns shall exhibit to the sides of such vehicle.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1535, 7-6-1988]
Whenever a motor vehicle equipped with headlamps as this Chapter requires is also equipped with any auxiliary lamps or a spotlamp or any other lamp on the front of the vehicle projecting a beam of an intensity greater than three hundred (300) candlepower, not more than a total of four (4) of any such lamps on the front of a vehicle shall be lighted at any one time when upon a roadway.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1540, 7-6-1988]
Whenever a vehicle is lawfully parked upon a roadway during the hours between one-half (½) hour after sunset and one-half (½) hour before sunrise and in the event there is sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred (500) feet upon the roadway, no lights need to be displayed upon the parked vehicle.
Whenever a vehicle is parked or stopped upon a roadway or shoulder adjacent to it, whether attended or unattended, during the hours between one-half (½) hour after sunset and one-half (½) hour before sunrise and there is not sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred (500) feet upon the highway, a vehicle parked or stopped shall be equipped with one (1) or more lamps meeting the following requirements: At least one (1) lamp shall display a white or amber light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle, and the same lamp or at least one (1) lamp shall display a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle, and the location of the lamps shall always be such that at least one (1) lamp or combination of lamps meeting the requirements of this Section is installed as near as practicable to the side of the vehicle which is closest to passing traffic. This Section does not apply to a motorized bicycle. Any lighted headlamp upon a parked vehicle shall be depressed or dimmed.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1545, 7-6-1988]
Any person who places or drives, or causes to be placed or driven, upon or along any roadway any horse-driven vehicle whatsoever, whether in motion or at rest, shall after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise have attached to every such vehicle at the rear a red taillight or a red reflecting device of not less than three (3) inches in diameter of effective area or its equivalent in area. When the device consists of reflecting buttons, there shall be no less than seven (7) buttons covering an area equal to a circle with a three (3) inch diameter. The reflector shall be visible to the driver of any motor vehicle approaching such horse-drawn vehicle from the rear of a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1550, 7-6-1988]
Brakes. All motor vehicles except motorcycles shall be provided at all times with two (2) sets of adequate brakes. Motorcycles shall be provided with one (1) set of adequate brakes kept in good working order.
Mirrors. All motor vehicles which are constructed or loaded so that the operator cannot see the road behind the vehicle by looking back or around the side of the vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror adjusted so as to reveal the road behind and be visible from the operator's seat.
Projections on Vehicles. All vehicles carrying poles or other objects which project more than five (5) feet from the rear of the vehicle shall display a red flag or red cloth not less than sixteen (16) inches square at the end of the projections. During periods in which lights are required by this Chapter, vehicles carrying such projection shall carry a red light at or near the end of the projection.
Tow Lines. When one (1) vehicle is being towed by another, they shall be coupled by a line so that the two (2) vehicles will be separated by not more than fifteen (15) feet. There shall be displayed on the tow line a white cloth or other material white in color that is clearly visible to other users of the highway or roadway. During the time lights are required by this Chapter, the required lights shall be displayed by both vehicles.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1555, 7-6-1988]
No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon any highway or roadway between April first (1st) and November first (1st) while the motor vehicle is equipped with tires containing metal or carbide studs.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1560, 7-6-1988]
No metal-tired vehicles shall be operated over any improved highway or roadway, except over highways or roadways constructed of gravel or clay bound gravel, if the vehicle has on the periphery of any of the road wheels any lug, flange, cleat, ridge, bolt, or any projection of metal or wood which projects radially beyond the tread or traffic surface of the tire, unless the roadway is protected by putting down solid planks or other suitable material, or by attachment to the wheels so as to prevent such vehicles from damaging the highway or roadway. This prohibition shall not apply to tractors or traction engines equipped with caterpillar treads, when the caterpillar does not contain any projection of any kind likely to injure the surface of the roadway. Tractors, traction engines and similar vehicles may be operated which have upon their road wheels "V" shaped, diagonal, or other cleats arranged in a manner as to be continuously in contact with the road surface if the gross weight on the wheels per inch of width of such cleats or road surface does not exceed eight hundred (800) pounds when measured in the direction of the axle of the vehicle.
No tractor, tractor engine, or other metal-tired vehicle weighing more than four (4) tons including the weight of the vehicle and its load, shall drive onto, upon or over the edge of any improved roadway without protecting the edge by putting down solid planks or other suitable material to prevent the vehicle from breaking off the edges of the pavement.
Any person violating this Section, whether operating with or without a permit, or who shall wilfully or negligently damage a highway or roadway, shall be liable for the amount of the damage caused to any highway, roadway, bridge, culvert, or sewer, and any vehicle causing such damage shall be subject to a lien for the full amount of the damage. The lien shall not be superior to any duly recorded or filed chattel mortgage or any other lien previously attached to the vehicle. The amount of the damage may be recovered in any action in any court of competent jurisdiction, in the name of the City of Bridgeton or other interested party.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1565, 7-6-1988]
Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn adequate for warning of the approach of the vehicle to users of the highway, roadway or alleyway and to pedestrians.
No person shall drive a motor vehicle to which is attached a gong, bell, whistle or siren, or activate such device while the motor vehicle is on a roadway.
This Section does not apply to authorized emergency vehicles.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1570, 7-6-1988]
No person shall operate a vehicle without rear fenders upon any highway, roadway, or alleyway which is not equipped with mudflaps for the rear wheels. When mudflaps are used, they shall be wide enough to cover the full tread width of the tire or tires being protected, shall be installed so that they extend from the underside of the vehicle body in a vertical plane behind the rear wheels to within eight (8) inches of the ground, and shall be constructed of rigid material or a flexible material which is of a sufficient rigid character to provide adequate protection when the vehicle is in motion. No provision of this Section shall apply to a motor vehicle in transit and in process of delivery equipped with temporary mudflaps.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1575, 7-6-1988]
No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon any highway, roadway or alleyway when the body has been altered in such a manner that the front or rear of the vehicle is raised at an angle so as to obstruct the vision of the operator to the front or to the rear of the vehicle.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1580, 7-6-1988; Ord. No. 97-73 §§1 — 5, 10-1-1997]
Except as otherwise provided in this Section, each driver and front seat passenger of a passenger car manufactured after January 1, 1968, operated on a street or highway in this City shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt that meets Federal National Highway Transportation and Safety Act requirements, except that a child less than four (4) years of age shall be protected as required in Subsection (E) of this Section.
Each driver of a motor vehicle transporting a child four (4) years of age or more, but less than sixteen (16) years of age, shall secure the child in a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt.
All persons operating or riding inside the cab of a truck licensed under twelve thousand (12,000) pounds gross weight on a street or highway in this State shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened seat belt.
Persons under the age of eighteen (18) operating or riding inside the cab of a truck on a street or highway in this State shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened seat belt regardless of said truck's licensed gross weight.
The provisions of Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section shall not be applicable to persons who have a medical reason for failing to have a seat belt fastened about his or her body or to any person employed by the United States Postal Service while performing duties for the Federal agency which requires the operator to service postal boxes from their vehicles, or which require frequent entry into and exit from their vehicles.
As used in these Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section, the term "passenger car" means every motor vehicle designed for carrying ten (10) persons or less and used for the transportation of persons; except that the term "passenger car" shall not include motorcycles, motorized bicycles and motor tricycles.
Each person who violates the provisions of Subsections (A) or (B) of this Section shall, prior to July 1, 1987 receive a warning citation only. After July 1, 1987, such persons shall, upon conviction, be subject to a fine not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00) in amount. All other provisions of law and court rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no court costs may be imposed if court costs have been assessed on any other charge arising out of the same occurrence.
Every person transporting a child under the age of four (4) years residing in this State shall be responsible, when transporting such child in a motor vehicle operated by that person on the streets or highways of this City for providing for the protection of such child. When traveling in the front seat of a motor vehicle, the child shall be protected by a child passenger restraint system approved by the Missouri Department of Public Safety when traveling in the rear seat of a motor vehicle, the child shall be protected by either a child passenger restraint system approved by the Missouri Department of Public Safety, or the vehicle's seat belt. When the number of child passengers exceeds the number of available passenger positions, and all passenger positions are in use, remaining children shall be transported in the rear seat of the motor vehicle.
With respect to Subsection (E) of this Section, it shall not apply to motor vehicles registered in another State, or to a temporary substitute vehicle.
This Section does not apply to any public carrier for hire.
No person shall operate any truck with a licensed gross weight of less than twelve thousand (12,000) pounds on any highway which is part of the State or Federal highway system, or when such truck is operated within the corporate limits of any City, when any person under eighteen (18) years of age is riding in the unenclosed bed of such truck. No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall ride in the unenclosed bed of such truck when the truck is in operation.
The provisions of this Section shall only apply when a truck described in this Subsection is operated on a highway which is part of the State or Federal highway system or when such truck is operated within the corporate limits of any City. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to:
An employee engaged in the necessary discharge of the employee's duties where it is necessary to ride in the unenclosed bed of the truck;
Any person while engaged in agricultural activities where it is necessary to ride in the unenclosed bed of the truck;
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck while such truck is being operated in a parade, caravan or exhibition which is authorized by law;
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck has installed a means of preventing such person from being discharged or such person is secured to the truck in a manner which will prevent the person from being thrown, falling or jumping from the truck;
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is being operated solely for the purposes of participating in a special event and it is necessary that the person ride in such unenclosed bed due to a lack of available seating. "Special event" for the purposes of this Section, is a specific social activity of a definable duration which is participated in by the person riding in the unenclosed bed;
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is being operated solely for the purposes of providing assistance to, or ensuring the safety of, other persons engaged in a recreational activity; or
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is the only legally titled, licensed and insured vehicle owned by the family of the person riding in the unenclosed bed and there is insufficient room in the passenger cab of the truck to accommodate all passengers in such truck. For the purposes of this Subdivision, the term "family" shall mean any person related within the first degree of consanguinity.
Provisions of this Section shall not be applicable to persons who have a medical reason for failing to have a seat belt fastened about their body, nor shall the provisions of this Section be applicable to persons while operating or riding a motor vehicle being used in agricultural work-related activities. Non-compliance with this Subsection shall not constitute probable cause for violation of any other provision of law.
If there are more persons than there are seat belts in the enclosed area of a motor vehicle, then the driver and passengers are not in violation of this Section.
Each driver who violates the provisions of this Section is guilty of an infraction for which a fine not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00) may be imposed. All other provisions of law and court rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no court costs shall be imposed on any person due to a violation of this Section. In no case shall points be assessed against any person, pursuant to Section 302.302, RSMo., for a violation of this Section.
[Ord. No. 88-39 §24.1585, 7-6-1988]
No person shall operate a motor vehicle unless the operator has a clear vision of all parts of the roadway essential to the safe operation of the vehicle unobstructed by the vehicle's load, modifications to the vehicle, accumulation on the windshield or other windows of snow, mud, or other material, or any other cause.