[HISTORY: Adopted by the Borough Council of the Borough of West Chester 7-17-2019 by Ord. No. 09-2019. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The purpose of this chapter is to reduce the use of single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws by commercial establishments within the Borough of West Chester, curb litter on the streets, in the parks, and in the trees, protect the local streams, rivers, waterways and other aquatic environments, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce solid waste generation, promote the use of reusable, compostable, and recyclable materials within the Borough of West Chester, and to preserve the natural, scenic, historic, and esthetic values of the Borough of West Chester.
The use of single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws have severe environmental impacts, including greenhouse gas emissions, litter, harm to wildlife, water consumption and solid waste generation.
There are numerous commercial establishments within the Borough of West Chester which provide single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws to their customers.
Most of single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws are made from plastic or other material that does not readily decompose.
Approximately one hundred billion single-use plastic carry-out bags are discarded by United States consumers each year. In the Borough of West Chester such bags are not readily recyclable.
Hundreds of millions of single-use plastic straws are discarded by United States consumers every day. In the Borough of West Chester, such straws are not readily recyclable.
Numerous studies have documented the prevalence of single-use plastic carry-out bags and/or single-use plastic straws littering the environment, blocking storm drains, entering local waterways, and becoming stuck in or upon natural resources and public property.
The taxpayers of the Borough of West Chester pay the costs related to the cleanup of single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws from the roadways, trees, sewers, waters, and parks within the Borough.
From an overall environmental and economic perspective, the best alternative to single-use plastic carry-out bags is a shift to reusable, compostable or recyclable paper bags, and the best alternative to single-use plastic straws are reusable straws or straws made from other natural products, if a straw is required.
There are several alternatives to single-use plastic carry-out bags and single-use plastic straws readily available in and around the Borough of West Chester.
As required by the Environmental Rights Amendment to the Pennsylvania Constitution, the Borough seeks to preserve the natural, scenic, historic, and esthetic values of the Borough.
It is the Borough Council's desire to conserve resources, reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, waste, litter, water pollution, and to protect the public health and welfare, including wildlife, all of which increases the quality of life for the Borough's residents and visitors.
For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
- The Borough of West Chester.
- COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any store or retail establishment that sells perishable or nonperishable goods, including, but not limited to, clothing, food, and personal items, directly to the customer and is located within or doing business within the geographical limits of the Borough of West Chester. Commercial establishments include: a business establishment that generates a sales or use tax; a drugstore, pharmacy, supermarket, grocery store, farmers market, convenience food store, food mart, or other commercial entity engaged in the retail sale of a limited line of goods that include milk, bread, soda and snack foods; a public eating establishment (i.e., a restaurant, take-out food establishment, or any other business that prepares and sells prepared food to be eaten on or off its premises); and a business establishment that sells clothing, hardware, or any other nonperishable goods.
- COMPLIANT BAG
- Certain paper carry-out bags and reusable bags.
- A. A paper bag that meets all the following minimum requirements:
- (1) It is considered a recyclable material based on the Borough Code, as the same may be amended from time to time, contains a minimum of 40% postconsumer recycled material and displays the words recyclable and/or reusable in a highly visible manner on the outside of the bag; or
- (2) It can be composted.
- B. A reusable bag is a bag made of cloth, fabric or other material that is specifically designed and manufactured for multiple reuse. If the bag is made of plastic, it must be a minimum of 4.0 mils thick.
- Any person purchasing goods or services from a commercial establishment.
- The person in control of, or having responsibility for, the operation of a commercial establishment, which may include, but is not limited to, the owner of the commercial establishment.
- POST-CONSUMER RECYCLED MATERIAL
- A material that would otherwise be destined for solid waste disposal, having completed its intended end use and product life cycle. "Post-consumer recycled material" does not include materials and by-products generated from and commonly reused within an original manufacturing and fabrication process.
- PRODUCT BAG
- A very thin bag without handles used exclusively to carry meats or other uncooked food items to the point of sale inside a commercial establishment or, for reasons of public health and safety, to prevent such food items from coming into direct contact with other purchased items.
- Material that can be sorted, cleansed and reconstituted using available recycling collection programs for the purpose of reusing the altered, incinerated, converted or otherwise thermally destroyed solid waste generated therefrom.
- SINGLE-USE PLASTIC CARRY-OUT BAG
- Any bag made predominantly of plastic derived from either petroleum or a biologically based source, such as corn or other plant sources, that is provided by an operator of a commercial establishment to a customer at the point-of-sale. The term does not include bags intentionally designed for reuse or product packaging. This definition specifically exempts the following from the category of single-use plastic carry-out bags:
- SINGLE-USE PLASTIC STRAW
- A straw provided by a commercial establishment that is primarily made of plastic. A "single-use plastic straw" shall not include straws provided under the following circumstances:
- A tube designed or intended for transferring a beverage from its container to the mouth of the drinker by suction or for the stirring of a beverage.
Effective July 2, 2020, no commercial establishment shall provide to any customer a single-use plastic carry-out bag, as defined in § 81-2 above. This prohibition applies to bags provided for the purpose of carrying goods away from the point of sale. This prohibition applies to single-use plastic carry-out bags used for takeout deliveries from commercial establishments within the Borough of West Chester. The point of sale in such transactions is deemed to be at the commercial establishment, regardless of where payment for the transaction physically occurs.
Effective July 2, 2020, no commercial establishment shall provide to any customer a single-use plastic straw, as defined in § 81-2 above.
If the commercial establishment provides a compliant bag, as defined in § 81-2 above, for the purpose of carrying goods or other materials away from the point of sale, they shall charge a fee in the amount of $0.10 per compliant bag. This charge shall be reflected in the sales receipt.
Customers may use bags of any type that they bring to the commercial establishment themselves, without incurring a fee for a compliant bag.
The Borough Sustainability Advisory Committee may, upon written request of a commercial establishment, exempt a commercial establishment from the requirements of this chapter for a period of one year from the effective date of this chapter upon a finding by the Sustainability Advisory Committee that the requirements of this chapter would cause undue hardship to the commercial establishment. An undue hardship shall be found only if the commercial establishment demonstrates that it has a unique circumstance or situation such that there are no reasonable alternatives to the use of single-use plastic carry-out bags or single-use plastic straws.
The Borough Manager, or his designee, has the responsibility for enforcement of this chapter and may promulgate reasonable rules and regulations in order to enforce the provisions thereof, including, but not limited to, investigating violations and issuing fines.
Any commercial establishment that violates or fails to comply with any of the requirements of this chapter, after an initial written warning notice has been issued for that violation, shall be liable for a violation.
Any commercial establishment that receives an initial written warning notice may file a request for an exemption pursuant to the procedure in § 81-6 above.
If a commercial establishment has subsequent violations of this chapter after the issuance of an initial written warning notice of violation, the following penalties shall be imposed and shall be payable by the operator of the commercial establishment:
In addition to the penalties set forth in this chapter, the Borough may seek legal, injunctive, or other equitable relief to enforce this chapter.