City of Richmond, MO
Ray County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
For the purposes of Chapters: 400, 401, 405, 406, 407, and 410, the following words and terms used herein are defined to mean the following:
Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the singular number include the plural, and words in the plural number include the singular; the word "building" includes the word "structure"; the word "may" is permissive, the word "shall" and the word "must" are mandatory and not directory; the term "used for" includes the meaning "designated for" or "intended for."
A.P.W.A. STANDARDS
The standards for streets, street lights, sanitary sewers, sidewalks, storm drainage structures and other public works elements, published by the Kansas City Chapter of the American Public Works Association.
ACCESSORY BUILDING OR USE
A subordinate building, a portion of the main building, or a use customarily incident to and located on the lot occupied by the main building or use of the property.
AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP
Any premises which are used or intended for use for the landing and takeoff of aircraft; and any appurtenant areas which are used or intended for use or airport buildings or other airport structures or right-of-way, together with all airport buildings and structures located thereon.
AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP-PRIVATE
Any airport/airstrip that is not open to the public.
ALLEY
A public way which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
APPEAL
A request for a review of the interpretation of any provision of this Chapter or a request for a variance.
AWNING
Any structure entirely supported by the wall or canopy to which it is attached and which is covered by canvas, cloth or other similar temporary material and/or which can be retracted or rolled to the structure by which it is supported.
BASEMENT
A portion of a building located partially underground, but having more than half (1/2) its floor to ceiling height below the average grade of the adjoining ground.
BED AND BREAKFAST FACILITIES
A home, a portion of which if used for temporary occupancy by individuals, who are lodged with one (1) or more meals provided and in which provisions for cooking are made in a central kitchen area and not in the individual rooms or suites. Rooms or suites shall not be occupied by the same persons for more than fourteen (14) consecutive nights.
BILLBOARDS
All signs which advertise a product or business not located on the same lot or premises as the sign. This includes, but is not limited to, billboards, junior poster panels (billboards less than one hundred (100) square feet in surface area), and freestanding signs on separate parcels. Real estate, subdivision and subdivision real estate signs are excluded from this definition.
BLOCK
An area of land entirely bounded by streets, highways or ways, except alleys, pedestrian ways or exterior boundaries of a subdivision unless such exterior boundary is a street, highway or way or a combination of streets, public parks, cemeteries, railroad rights-of-way, bulkhead lines or shorelines or waterways, or corporate boundary lines.
BOARDING HOUSE/LODGING HOUSE
A Residential building containing one (1) or more rooms which have no cooking facilities and which are occupied by persons other than members of the immediate family and does not include meals.
BUILDABLE WIDTH
The width of that part of a lot not included within the open spaces herein required.
BUILDING
Any structure, whether temporary, semi-permanent or permanent, designed or intended for the support, enclosure, shelter or protection of persons or property.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average finished grade adjoining the building to the highest point of the underside of the ceiling beams, in the case of a flat roof; to the deck line of a mansard roof; and to the mean level of the underside of the rafters between the eaves and the ridge of a gable, hip, or gambrel roof. Chimneys, spires, towers, elevator penthouses, tanks, and similar projections shall not be included in calculating the height.
BUILDING LINE
See "Setback Line."
BUILDING, ACCESSORY
A subordinate building or portion of a principal building the use of which is incidental to that of the principal building and customary in connection with that use.
BUILDING, DETACHED
A principal building surrounded by open space on the same lot.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is located.
BUILDING, RESIDENTIAL
A building arranged, designed, used or intended to be used for residential occupancy by one (1) or more families.
BUILDING, TEMPORARY
Any building not designed to be permanently located, placed, or affixed in the place where it is situated.
BULK
A composite characteristic of a given building as located upon a given lot, not definable as a single quantity, but involving all of the following characteristics:
1. 
Size and height of building,
2. 
Location of exterior walls at all levels in relation to lot lines, streets, or to other buildings,
3. 
Gross floor area of the building in relation to lot area (floor area ratio),
4. 
All open spaces allocated to the building, and
5. 
Amount of lot area provided per dwelling unit.
BULK FUEL
Anything over a hundred (100) gallons.
BUSINESS
An occupation, employment, or enterprise which occupies time, attention, labor, and materials, or wherein merchandise is exhibited or sold or where services are offered.
CAMPGROUND/TRAVEL TRAILER PARK
Any plot of ground upon which a camper or travel trailer is located regardless of whether or not a charge is made for such accommodation. However, such definition shall not include storage of one (1) personal camper or travel trailer upon the property of the owner.
CANOPY
Any structure other than an awning attached to a building at the inner end and projected outward either supported or cantilevered. A portico shall be considered a canopy for the purpose of this Chapter.
CHANGE OF USE
Any different way of using the land or improvements.
CITY
As hereinafter referred to shall mean Richmond, Missouri.
CLINIC
An office building or group of offices for one (1) or more physicians, surgeons or dentists engaged in treating the sick or injured, but not including rooms for the overnight care of patients.
CLUB, PRIVATE
A building or premises used for social, recreational, dining or philanthropic purposes, the normal use of which is limited to specific members, patrons or otherwise listed persons.
COMMERCIAL TRUCKS OR BUSES
A vehicle that is licensed to be used for the transportation of goods, materials, or passengers.
COMMISSION
Planning and Zoning Commission of Richmond, Ray County, Missouri.
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR
Community Development Director and his/her designee, Zoning Administrator, Planner, Inspector, and Flood Plain Administrator.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The plan or any portion thereof adopted by the Commission for the coordinated physical development of Richmond, including, among other things, plans and programs regarding the location, character and extent of highways, transportation routes, bridges, public buildings, schools, parks, forests, wildlife refuges, dams and projects affecting the conservation of natural resources.
CONDOMINIUM
A type of ownership whereby portions of a building are separately owned under the Condominium Statutes of the State of Missouri.
CONVALESCENT HOME
A building where regular nursing care is provided for more than one (1) person not a member of the family which resides on the premises.
COURTYARD
An open space bounded on three (3) or more sides by exterior buildings, walls or by exterior walls of a building and lot lines upon which walls or fences are allowable.
CUL-DE-SAC
A short street having only one (1) end open for vehicular traffic and the other permanently terminated by a full turnaround for vehicles and shall be no longer than six hundred (600) feet.
DAY CARE CENTER
A building wherein children not being of the same family, are kept during portions of the day when the children's parents are employed or otherwise occupied elsewhere.
DENSITY OF SCREEN OR FENCE
The percent of vision obstruction caused by the arrangement or dispersion of the physical properties of a fence wall or planted living screen as viewed from a point perpendicular to the vertical surface.
DESIGN
The arrangement of land for easements, lots and rights-of-way including materials, alignment, grade and width of these elements.
DEVICE, ATTENTION-ATTRACTING
Wind-operated mechanisms, flashing lights and any other type of flashing object designed or intended to attract the attention of the public but shall not include three-dimensional signs or those otherwise defined under this Chapter.
DOG KENNEL
A structure used for the harboring of more than two (2) dogs that are more than one (1) year old.
DUST-FREE SURFACE
As per the Kansas City Metro Chapter of American Public Works Association for construction and material specifications. The Dust-Free Surface shall at the very minimum, hard surfaced with a ninety-five percent (95%) compacted base that is minimum of four (4) inches of crushed rock and covered with a minimum of four (4) inches of cement concrete or asphaltic concrete.
DWELLING
A building or portion thereof intended for occupancy for residential purposes but not including hotels, motels, rooming houses, nursing homes, tourist homes, motor homes or recreation vehicles.
DWELLING — MULTI-FAMILY (APARTMENT HOUSE)
A dwelling, or portion thereof, containing three (3) or more dwelling units.
DWELLING — SINGLE-FAMILY
A dwelling containing one (1) dwelling unit.
DWELLING — TWO-FAMILY (DUPLEX)
A dwelling containing two (2) dwelling units.
DWELLING UNIT/APARTMENT
One (1) or more rooms constituting all or part of a dwelling and which are arranged, designed, used, or intended for use exclusively as a single housekeeping unit for one (1) family, and which includes cooking, living, sanitation, and sleeping facilities.
EASEMENT
A grant by the property owner to a person, corporation or the public of the right to the use of designated land area for specified purposes.
ELECTRONIC MESSAGE BOARD
A type of sign that presents its message through illumination of flashing, intermittent, or moving lights forming the letters, numbers, or symbols of the message, whether or not the message appears to move across the sign face.
ERECT
To build, construct, attach, hang, place, suspend or affix a sign to a wall, pole or structure.
EXCEPTION
The allowance of an otherwise prohibited used within a given district, such use and the conditions by which it may be permitted being clearly and specifically stated within these regulations, and the allowance being by express permission of the Board of Zoning Adjustment.
FACING or SURFACE
Any area of a sign upon, against or through which the advertising message is displayed or illustrated on the sign, including structural trim, which displays or upon which is displayed any graphic, message, name or symbol of any kind for the purpose of advertising, announcing, directing or attracting attention from the outside of a building and which can be seen from a single location on an adjacent street, provided that the ends or thickness of a sign shall not be counted as a separate sign face unless an advertising message is displayed thereon.
FAMILY
One (1) or more persons, each related to the other by blood, marriage, or legal adoption, or group of not more than four (4) persons not so related, and maintaining a common household and using one (1) set of kitchen facilities in a dwelling unit. A family may include not more than two (2) roomers, boarders, or permanent guests not a part of a common household, whether or not gratuitous.
FINAL PLAT
A plan or map prepared in accordance with the provisions of these regulations and those of any applicable local regulations, which plat is prepared to be placed on record in the office of the Recorder of Deeds of the County.
FLAG, COMMERCIAL
A piece of cloth or other flexible material varying in size, shape, color and design, usually attached at one (1) edge to a staff or cord and that is imprinted with a primarily commercial message or design.
FLAG, OFFICIAL
A piece of cloth or other flexible material varying in size, shape, color and design, usually attached at one (1) edge to a staff or cord and used as the symbol of a nation, State or City, or as a symbol of a primarily non-commercial matter.
FLOOD BOUNDARY AND FLOODWAY MAP (FBFM)
An official map of a community on which the Community Development Director had delineated both special flood hazard areas and the designated regulatory floodway.
FLOOD ELEVATION DETERMINATION
A determination of the water surface elevation of the 100-year flood; that is, the level of flooding that has a one percent (1%) chance of occurring in any given year.
FLOOD ELEVATION STUDY
An examination, evaluation and determination of flood hazards.
FLOOD HAZARD AREA
All land subject to periodic inundation from overflow of natural waterways when subjected to the maximum possible runoff from three (3) inches of rain per hour as calculated by approved engineering methods.
FLOOD HAZARD BOUNDARY MAP (FHBM)
An official map of a community, issued by the Community Development Director, where the boundaries of the flood areas having special flood hazards have been designated as unnumbered or numbered A Zones.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
An official map of a community on which the Community Development Director has delineated both the special flood hazard areas and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY
The official report provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The report contains flood profiles, as well as the Flood Boundary Floodway Map, and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FLOOD or FLOODING
A general or temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from:
1. 
The overflow of inland or tidal waters,
2. 
The unusual and rapid accumulation of runoff of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPLAIN or FLOOD PRONE AREA
Any land area susceptible to being inundated by water from any source.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and non-structural additions, changes or adjustments to structures, including utility and sanitary facilities, which would preclude the entry of water. Structural components shall have the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and the effect of buoyancy.
FLOODWAY ENCROACHMENT LINES
The lines marking the limits of floodways on Federal, State and local floodplain maps.
FLOODWAY FRINGE
That area of the floodplain, outside of the floodway, that on the average is likely to be flooded once every one hundred (100) years (i.e., that has a one percent (1%) chance of flood occurrence in any one (1) year).
FLOODWAY OR REGULATORY FLOODWAY
The channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent floodplain that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than one (1) foot.
1. 
Gross.
a. 
The floor area within the inside perimeter of the exterior walls of the building under consideration, exclusive of vent shafts and courts, without deduction for corridors, stairways, closets, the thickness of interior walls, columns or other features. The floor area of a building, or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the usable area under horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. The gross floor area shall not include shafts with no openings or interior courts.
b. 
Residential buildings; the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of a dwelling exclusive of garages, basements and open porches measured from the external faces of the exterior walls.
(1) 
Attic space providing headroom of less than seven (7) feet;
(2) 
Basement space not used for retailing; or
(3) 
Accessory water and cooling towers.
2. 
Net.
a. 
The actual occupied area not including unoccupied accessory areas such as corridors, stairways, toilet rooms, mechanical rooms.
FLOOR AREA FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS
The total floor area of the building, expressed in square feet, measured from the exterior surface of outside walls, and including mezzanines, upper floors, whether finished or not, from which is subtracted the floor area of washrooms, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical room and any permanent shopping center malls.
FOOT-CANDLE
The illumination of a surface one (1) foot distance from a source of one (1) candela, equal to one (1) lumen per square foot.
FRONT YARD
An open space unoccupied by buildings or structures (except as hereinafter provided) across the full width of the lot extending from the front line of the building to the front street line of the lot.
FRONT YARD DEPTH
The minimum horizontal distance from the front line of the building to the front street line of the lot.
FRONTAGE
The length of the lot along the abutting street. The front of a lot abutting more than one (1) street is considered separate for each street.
GARAGE, COMMUNITY
Any building or premises, other than a public, private or storage garage providing storage for motor vehicles with facilities for washing, but no other services, such garage to be in lieu of private garages within a block or portion of block.
GARAGE, DETACHED
A free standing "accessory building" as defined above which is not a part of the principal structure, but is accessory to a principal structure. A "detached garage" may not be a principal structure or be allowed on a lot or parcel in a residential district where no principal structure is located.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
An accessory building or an accessory portion of the principal building, including a carport, which is intended for and used for storing of private passenger vehicles of the persons, family or families using the premises; as well as the storage of boats, campers and recreational vehicles; and except carports for legally permitted hobby and craft pursuits of the persons, family or families using the premises.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
Any building or premises, used for the storage, care or repair of motor vehicles, which is operated for commercial purposes.
GOVERNING BODY
The Mayor and City Council of the City of Richmond, Missouri.
GROUP HOME
Any home in which eight (8) or fewer unrelated mentally or physically handicapped persons reside, and may include two (2) additional persons acting as house parents or guardians who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped persons residing in the home.
HEALTH DEPARTMENT
Health Department of Ray County, Missouri.
HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS
The vertical distance measured from the highest of the following three (3) levels:
1. 
From the street curb level.
2. 
From the established or mean street grade in case the curb has not been constructed.
3. 
From the average finished ground level adjoining the building where it sits back from the street line; to the level of the highest point of the roof beams of flat roofs or roofs inclining not more than one (1) inch to the foot, and to the mean height level between the eaves and the highest ridge for other roofs.
HELIPORT OR HELIPAD
An area, either on the ground or on a building, used as a landing pad for helicopters to pick up or discharge passengers or cargo.
HILLSIDE AREA
An area with an average slope of twenty percent (20%) or more, and a cross slope from twenty percent (20%) to forty percent (40%).
HILLSIDE STREET
A Street in which the cross slope of the existing ground exceeds fifteen percent (15%) and the centerline slope exceeds fifteen percent (15%).
HOME OCCUPATION
A use of no more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the floor area of any one (1) floor of a dwelling unit by no more than two (2) members of the family residing therein for the provision of personal services not involving stocking, storing, transfer or exchange of any goods or merchandise. Such services shall be the same or similar to the following: Bookkeeping, accounting, architecture, engineering, legal counsel, medical, financial counseling, artist, photography, instruction in the arts, crafts, tutoring, child or adult care of three (3) or less persons, secretarial services, beauty or barber shop, drafting and millinery, "homemade" crafts, and home accessory gift items. No evidence of such home occupation shall extend beyond the confines of the dwelling unit other than an identification sign as permitted by these zoning regulations.
HOTEL
A building containing lodging rooms, a common entrance and lobby, halls and stairways, and which lodging rooms do not have doorways opening directly to the outdoors except for emergencies; and where more than fifty percent (50%) of the lodging rooms are for rent, with or without meals, to transient guests for a continuous period of less than thirty (30) days.
IMPROVEMENT PLANS
The engineering plans showing types of materials and construction details for the physical structures and facilities to be installed, both in or in conjunction with the plat.
IMPROVEMENTS
Refers to such street work, streetlights, signs, and utilities, including water, sewer, electric, gas, and storm water, to be installed or agreed to be installed, in total or in part, by the subdivider on land to be used for public or private streets and easements, as are necessary for the general use of lot owners in the subdivision and local neighborhood traffic and drainage needs as a condition precedent to the approval and acceptance of the final plat thereof.
INDEXING
Turning and stopping action of the sections of multi-prism sign designed to show several messages in the same area.
JUNK/SALVAGE YARD
An open area where waste, used or second-hand materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, packed, disassembled, or handled, including, but not limited to, scrap iron and other metals, paper, rags, rubber tires, and bottles. A junk yard includes an auto wrecking yard, but does not include uses carried on entirely within enclosed buildings, nor does it include an establishment engaged only in the processing of scrap metal for the manufacture of steel on the same premises.
LANDSCAPING
The bringing of the soil surface to a smooth finished grade, installing sufficient trees, shrubs, ground cover and grass to soften building lines, provide shade and generally produce a pleasing visual effect of the premises.
LEGAL POSTING
A sign intended to convey a legal right or restriction on a property, such as a "no trespassing" or "no hunting" sign; a sign intended to warn the public of a bona fide danger on the property, such as a "beware of the dog" sign; or a sign placed by order of a court or by a government official in the normal course of their duties, such as posting of a legal notice or a "building condemned" sign.
LIVESTOCK
Includes cattle, sheep, horses, goats, and other domestic animals ordinarily raised or used on the farm.
LOADING SPACE
A space within the main building or on the same lot, providing for the loading or unloading of trucks, with a minimum of fourteen (14) by fifty (50) feet and a vertical clearance of eighteen (18) feet.
LODGING ESTABLISHMENT
Any building, group of buildings, structure, facility, place, or places of business where five (5) or more guest rooms are provided, which is owned, maintained, or operated by any person and which is kept, used, maintained, advertised or held out to the public for hire which can be construed to be a hotel, motel, motor hotel, apartment hotel, tourist court, resort, cabins, tourist home, bunkhouse, dormitory, or other similar place by whatever name called, and includes all such accommodations operated for hire as lodging establishments for either transient guests, permanent guests, or for both transient and permanent guests.
LODGING ROOM
A room rented as sleeping and living quarters, but without cooking facilities, and with or without an individual bathroom. In a suit of rooms, each room shall be counted as one (1) lodging room.
LOT
A parcel of land occupied or to be occupied by a building and its accessory buildings, and including such open spaces as are required under this Chapter, and having its principal frontage upon a public street or place.
LOT AREA
The total horizontal area within the boundaries of a lot, exclusive of any land designated for roadway purposes.
LOT DEPTH
The average horizontal distance between the front lot line and the rear lot line of a lot measured within the lot boundaries.
LOT LINE — FRONT
That boundary line between a lot and the street on which it fronts.
LOT LINE — REAR
That boundary of a lot which is opposite and most distant from and is approximately parallel to the front lot line. If the rear lot line is less that ten (10) feet in length, or if the lot forms a point at the rear, the rear lot line shall be deemed to be a line ten (10) feet in length within the lot, parallel to, and at the maximum distance from the front lot line.
LOT LINE — SIDE
Any boundary of a lot which is not a front or rear lot line.
LOT LINES
The lines bounding a lot as defined herein.
LOT OF RECORD
A lot which is a part of a subdivision, the map of which has been recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds, or a lot described by metes and bounds, the description of which has been recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds.
LOT SPLIT
A subdivision of land for the purpose of transfer of ownership which does not contain more than three (3) lots fronting on an existing street, not involving any new street or road or the extension of municipal facilities, or the creation of any public improvements and not adversely affecting the development of the remainder of the parcel or adjoining property and not in conflict with any provision or portion of the Comprehensive Plan, Major Street Plan, zoning ordinance or these regulations.
LOT WIDTH
The mean horizontal distance between the side lines measured at right angles to the depth.
LOT, CORNER
A lot abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersections. A corner lot shall be deemed to front on that street on which it has its least dimension, unless otherwise specified by the zoning ordinance.
LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE
A lot having a frontage on two (2) non-intersecting streets as distinguished from a corner lot.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot whose side lines do not abut upon any street.
LOT, THROUGH
An interior lot having frontage on two (2) streets.
MANUFACTURED HOMES
A factory-built structure that is manufactured or constructed under the authority of 42 United States Code Section 5401 and is to be used as a place for human habitation but which is not constructed or equipped with a permanent hitch or other device allowing it to be moved other than for the purpose of moving to a permanent site, and which does not have permanently attached to its body or frame any wheels or axles. A mobile home is not a manufactured home.
NOTE: A "camper" or "travel trailer" is defined as a vehicle or structure designed and constructed in such manner as will permit temporary occupancy as living and sleeping quarters as is primarily required during camping or vacation travels. Such facility has characteristics similar to a mobile home in that it can be conveyed on the streets, however, in no way is it intended to become a residence.
MARIJUANA or MARIHUANA
Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis, hybrids of such species, and any other strains commonly understood within the scientific community to constitute marijuana, as well as resin extracted from the plant and marijuana-infused products. "Marijuana" or "Marihuana" do not include industrial hemp containing a crop-wide average tetrahydrocannabinol concentration that does not exceed three-tenths of one percent (3/10 of 1%) on a dry weight basis, or commodities or products manufactured from industrial hemp.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS
Products that are infused with marijuana or an extract thereof and are intended for use or consumption other than by smoking, including, but not limited to, edible products, ointments, tinctures and concentrates.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA CULTIVATION FACILITY
A facility licensed by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, to acquire, cultivate, process, store, transport, and sell marijuana to a Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, or to a Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY FACILITY
A facility licensed by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, to acquire, store, sell, transport, and deliver marijuana, marijuana-infused products, and drug paraphernalia used to administer marijuana as provided for in this Section to a Qualifying Patient, a Primary Caregiver, another Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, a Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, or a Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA TESTING FACILITY
A facility certified by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, to acquire, test, certify, and transport marijuana.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING FACILITY
A facility licensed by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, to acquire, store, manufacture, transport, and sell marijuana-infused products to a Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, a Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, or to another Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
MODULAR HOME
Factory-built housing bearing the seal issued by the Missouri Public Service Commission indicating compliance with the State of Missouri Modular Standards and Regulations for modular homes.
MOTOR VEHICLE
Any self-propelled vehicle designed primarily for transportation of persons or goods along public streets or alleys, or other public ways.
MOTOR VEHICLE SALVAGE OR WRECKING YARD
Any area of land where three (3) or more inoperable motor vehicles, or parts thereof, are stored in the open and are not being restored to operation; or any land, building, or structure used for the stripping, wrecking or storing of such motor vehicles, or parts thereof and which may include sale of parts of vehicles.
MOTOR VEHICLE SERVICE STATION
Any building, or portion thereof, or premises used for dispensing or offering for sale at retail any automotive fuels or oils, having pumps and storage tanks thereon; or where battery, tire, and other similar services are rendered, but only if rendered wholly within the lot lines. When dispensing, sale or offering for sale is only incidental to the conduct of a repair garage, the premises are classified as repair garage. Motor vehicle service stations do not include open sales lots or vehicle storage lots.
NET AREA
The entire area within the boundary lines of the site, less the area of any street right-of-way.
NON-CONFORMING USE
Any use of a building or premises which on the effective date of this Chapter does not, even though lawfully established, comply with all of the applicable use regulations as set forth herein for the Zoning District in which such building or premise is located.
NURSING HOME
An establishment or agency licensed by the State for the board and care or treatment of three (3) or more unrelated individuals.
OPEN SALES LOT
Any land used or occupied for the purpose of displaying, buying or selling merchandise, passenger cars, trucks, motor scooters, motorcycles, boats, monuments, or for similar items or for the storing of same prior to sale.
OPEN SPACE
An area of land or water or combination thereof planned for passive or active recreation, but does not include areas used for streets, alleys, driveways or private roads, off-street parking or loading areas, or required front, rear or side yards.
PARKING LANE
An auxiliary lane of a roadway used primarily for vehicular parking.
PARKING SPACE, OFF-STREET
A permanently surfaced dust-free area enclosed or unenclosed, to store one (1) automobile, having the minimum dimensions of eight and one-half (8 1/2) feet by twenty (20) feet, to which an automobile has direct access from a permanently surfaced dust-free drive.
PEDESTRIAN WAY
A right-of-way dedicated to public use which cuts across a block to facilitate pedestrian access to adjacent streets and properties.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, agency, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.
PLANNED DEVELOPMENT
A tract of land under single ownership or control which is to be developed in accordance with a plan adopted by ordinance and the boundaries of which are established to the Zoning District Map.
PLAT OR RE-PLAT
See "Subdivision."
PRELIMINARY PLAT
A map made for the purpose of showing the design of a proposed subdivision and existing conditions in and around it.
PREMISES
That portion of a lot or building occupied by a single occupant, exclusive of common area, if any, shared with adjacent occupants. Permitted sign area shall be separately calculated for multi-tenant, commercial buildings only when said tenants have a separate entrance for their exclusive use.
PUBLIC UTILITY
Any firm or organization duly authorized to furnish to the public under State or municipal regulations, electricity, gas, steam, communications, telegraph, transportation or water.
PUBLIC WORKS ELEMENTS
Street work, storm water facilities, water or sewer mains, sidewalks, street lighting and utilities that are to be installed, or agreed to be installed, by the subdivider on the land or that are related to or are necessary to support the development of the subdivision but are on land not included in said subdivision, to be used for public or private use.
REAR LINE
The boundary line which is opposite and most distant from the front street line.
REAR YARD
An open space unoccupied (except as hereinafter provided) between the rear lot line and the rear line of the principal building and the side lot lines.
REAR YARD DEPTH
The minimum horizontal distance from the rear line of the principal building to the rear lot line.
RECREATION/PLAYGROUND
A usable parcel of land suitably drained, free of stagnant pools of water, with sufficient soil to support the growth of plant material and containing a variety of recreational facilities.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
A vehicle towed or self-propelled on its own chassis or attached to the chassis of another vehicle and designed or used for temporary dwelling, recreational or sporting purposes. "Recreational vehicle," includes, but is not limited to, trailers, motor coach homes, converted trucks, buses or vans, and boat and boat trailers.
RESTAURANT
A building wherein food is prepared and served to the public in ready-to-eat form. The term shall include cafe, cafeteria, grills, pizza parlor, diner, snack shop, hamburger shop and steak house.
RESUBDIVISION
A combination or recombination of previously recorded lots or tracts of contiguous land for purposes of creating a new lot or lots.
RIGHT-OF-WAY (ROW)
A strip of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, crosswalk, railroad, road, electric transmission line, oil or gas pipeline, water main, sanitary or storm sewer main or for another similar use. The usage of the term "right-of-way" for land platting purposes shall mean that every right-of-way hereafter established and shown on a final plat is to be separate and distinct from the lots or parcels adjoining such right-of-way and not included within the dimensions or areas of such lots or parcels. Rights-of-way intended for streets, crosswalks, water mains, sanitary sewers, storm drains or any other use involving maintenance by a public agency shall be dedicated to public use by the maker of the plat on which such right-of-way is established. (See also LOT LINE — FRONT.)
ROADBED
The graded portion of a street upon which the base course, surface course, shoulders and median are constructed.
ROADWAY
The portion of a street, including shoulders, for vehicular usage.
ROOMING HOUSE
A rooming house is a building other than a hotel where lodging is provided for three (3) or more persons for compensation pursuant to previous arrangements but not open to the public or transients.
SERVICE STATION
Any building or land used for the sale or retail of automobile fuels, oils and accessories, including lubrication of automobile and replacement or installation of minor parts and accessories, may or may not include major repair work such as motor replacement, body and fender repair or spray painting.
SETBACK LINE
The line generally parallel to the front, side or rear lot line establishing the minimum space to be provided as the front, side or rear yard.
SHOPPING CENTER
Any area containing two (2) or more shops, stores and other places of business permitted in the "B" Local Business District under the zoning regulations and providing off-street parking facilities in common for all of the businesses and their customers.
SIDE LINE
Any lot boundary line not a front or rear line thereof. A side line may be a party lot line, a line bordering on an alley or place or a side street line.
SIDE YARD
An open, unoccupied space on the same lot with the building between the main building and the adjacent side line of the lot, and extending from the front yard to the rear yard.
SIGN
Any structure or part thereof, or any device attached to, printed on or represented on a building, fence or other structure, upon which is displayed or included any letter, work, model, banner, flag, pennant, insignia, decoration, device or representation used as, or which is in the nature of, an announcement, direction, advertisement or other attention-directing device. A sign shall not include a similar structure or device located within a building except illuminated signs within show windows. A sign includes any billboard, but does not include the flag or pennant or insignia of any nation or association of nations, or of any State, City or other political unit, or of any political, charitable, educational, philanthropic, civic or like campaign, drive, movement or event.
SIGN AREA
The area of the sign face. The "sign area" of a multi-faced sign is the sum of the sign areas of each face, including structural trim which can be seen from a single location on an adjacent street and which displays or upon which is displayed any graphic, message, name or symbol of any kind for the purpose of advertising, announcing, directing or attracting attention from the outside of the building. If a sign or letters are attached to a building or suspended in any manner whereby there is no apparent trim or confining border, the sign area shall be computed by drawing imaginary straight lines around generally rectangular margins and measuring the area so encompassed by these lines.
SIGN STRUCTURE
The sign and all parts associated with its construction.
SIGN, ANIMATED
Any sign which includes action or motion. For purposes of this Chapter, this term does not refer to flashing, changing or indexing, all of which are separately defined.
SIGN, AWNING AND CANOPY
A sign attached or illustrated on a canopy or awning, respectively.
SIGN, CHANGEABLE COPY
A sign on which copy or sign panels may be changed manually or electronically in the field, such as boards with changeable letters or changeable pictorial panels, or temperature and date sign, message center, or electronic message board, where different copy changes are shown on the same location.
SIGN, CONSTRUCTION
A temporary sign used during construction of new buildings or reconstruction of or additions to existing buildings, such as those identifying the project and denoting the owner, architect, engineer, contractor and/or financing institution of the project.
SIGN, DIRECTIONAL
A sign which indicates a direction for vehicular or pedestrian traffic or other movement.
SIGN, FLASHING
Any sign which contains an intermittent or flashing light source, or which includes the illusion of intermittent or flashing light by means of animation, or an externally-mounted intermittent light source. Automatic changing signs such as public service time, temperature and date signs or electronically controlled message centers are classed as "changeable signs" not "flashing signs."
SIGN, FLUTTERING
A sign which flutters and includes pennants, banners, non-official governmental flags or other flexible material which moves with the wind or by some artificial means.
SIGN, FREESTANDING
Any sign erected, constructed or maintained for the purpose of indicating the name of the business, services, articles and products offered on the same premises on which the sign is located when such sign is supported by one (1) or more uprights, posts, poles or braces placed upon or affixed in the ground and not attached to any building.
SIGN, GROUND
Any detached sign on the same lot or parcel for the purpose of indicating the name of the business, service, article or product offered, and which has its bottom portion erected upon or supported by the ground, a ground planter box or other support.
SIGN, ILLUMINATED
Any sign designed to give forth artificial light or designed to reflect the light from one (1) or more sources of artificial light erected to provide light for the sign.
SIGN, INFLATABLE
A sign that is intended to be expanded by air or other gas for its proper display or support
SIGN, INSTITUTIONAL OR GOVERNMENTAL
A sign identifying an institution or government facility.
SIGN, NON-CONFORMING
A legal non-conforming sign is a sign, including the framework and support, which was lawful when constructed, but has become non-conforming as a result of an amendment to this Chapter. No legal non-conforming sign shall be extended, enlarged or structurally altered; however, non-structural alterations or modifications designed to improve the appearance of the sign are permitted and encouraged.
SIGN, OCCUPATIONAL AND/OR IDENTIFICATION
A sign identifying the name of an organization and/or person(s) occupying a building.
SIGN, OFF-PREMISES
A sign or sign structure with a commercial message for an establishment, merchandise, service, or entertainment which is not located, sold, produced, manufactured or furnished at the location on which the sign is located.
SIGN, OFFICIAL
A sign placed by a governmental body, governmental agency, or public authority, such as traffic signs, signals, or regulatory devices or warnings; official emblems, public notices, or official instruments; signs of historical interest; signs designating areas of architectural or historic significance or gateways; or other similar signs or devices. Such signs are authorized within all rights-of-way or other properties controlled by such governmental body, agency, or authority.
SIGN, ON-SITE INFORMATIONAL
A sign located on a commercial, industrial, institutional, governmental or other site which gives parking, fire protection, traffic flow (other than directional signs), height clearance, pedestrian or other similar information and which does not advertise the business or use located on said site, except for drive-in restaurant menu signs which are permitted.
SIGN, PORTABLE
A sign that is temporarily affixed to one (1) location, not to exceed thirty (30) days, and which has the capability of being moved from one (1) location to another.
SIGN, PROJECTING
A sign, other than a wall sign, which is attached to and projects from a structure or building face. The area of double-faced projecting signs are calculated on one (1) face of the sign only.
SIGN, ROOF
Any sign erected upon, against or directly above a roof or on top of or above the parapet of a building.
SIGN, SNIPE
Any sign of a material such as cardboard, paper, pressed wood, plastic or metal that is erected, placed, posted or otherwise displayed on a fence, tree, utility pole, street sign or post, traffic sign or post, street light poles, traffic signal poles or equipment boxes, other public property or right-of-way, or temporary structure or located within a public right-of-way, other than official signs authorized by this Chapter.
SIGN, SUBDIVISION, REAL ESTATE
A temporary real estate sign advertising an entire residential subdivision.
SIGN, WALL
A sign attached to or erected against a wall of a building with the face parallel to the building wall and extending not more than one (1) foot therefrom including signs attached to a mansard or similar decorative roof.
SLOPE
The degree of natural inclination of the existing ground which is used as the basis for determining the hillsides.
STABLE, PRIVATE
An accessory building with capacity for not more than two (2) horses, provided, however, that the capacity of a private stable may be increased if the premises whereon such stable is located contains an area of not less than three thousand (3,000) square feet for each horse accommodated.
STABLE, PUBLIC
A stable other than a private stable as defined herein.
STABLE, RIDING
A structure and premises in which horses, ponies or mules, used exclusively for pleasure riding or driving, are housed or kept for remuneration, hire or sale.
STORAGE
The word storage, stored or store when used in this Chapter shall mean the keeping of materials, equipment or products of the following nature:
1. 
In Residential Districts the keeping of building materials, industrial equipment, semitrailer trucks, recreational vehicles and equipment and similar items for a period of time longer than would normally be involved in the day-to-day use or consumption of the same. The keeping of motor vehicles, pickup trucks and similar vehicles used for daily transportation by occupants of the premises; recreational equipment and vehicles which are used one (1) or more times per month for recreation purposes during the period of keeping on the premises; and construction materials and equipment which are being used on construction on the premises shall not be considered storage.
2. 
In commercial and industrial districts the keeping of merchandise, raw materials, products or equipment which are a necessary part of the sales, manufacturing or other activity on the premises.
STORY
That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above (also see "Basement," "Building Height," "Grade Plane," and "Mezzanine"). It is measured as the vertical distance from top to top of two (2) successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters.
STREET
A public thoroughfare or place which affords principal means of access to property abutting thereon.
HIGHWAYS — A street or road of great continuity with either a signal roadway or a dual roadway which serves or is intended to serve major traffic flow and is designated in the Comprehensive Plan or is otherwise designated as a limited access highway or freeway, highway, boulevard, parkway or other equivalent term to identify those streets comprising the basic street system.
MARGINAL ACCESS STREETS OR FRONTAGE ROADS — A minor street which is generally parallel to or adjacent to a major traffic thoroughfare, highway or railroad right-of-way and provides access to abutting properties.
STREET, COLLECTOR — A street which carries or is proposed to carry intermediate volumes of traffic from minor streets to major streets, and which may or may not be continued.
STREET, MINOR — A street of limited continuity used primarily for access to abutting properties, providing for minimum speeds and traffic volumes.
THOROUGHFARES — A street or road of considerable continuity which serves or is intended to serve principal traffic flow between separated areas or districts and which is in the main means of access to the residential street or roadway system.
STREET LINE
The dividing line between the street and the abutting property.
STREET PUBLIC
A right-of-way dedicated to the public for use as a principal access to properties adjacent thereto, constructed in accordance with accepted design standards and endorsed by the Planning Commission and City Council.
STREET, PRIVATE
A right-of-way, owned and maintained by one (1) or more private parties, which provides principal vehicular and pedestrian access to adjacent properties.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
Any change in the supporting member of the building, such as bearing walls, columns, beams or girders.
STRUCTURE
Anything erected, the use of which requires more or less permanent location on the ground or attached to something having permanent location on the ground, including, but without limitation to, buildings, factories, sheds, parking lots, cabins, manufactured homes, mobile homes and other similar uses.
SUBDIVIDER
Any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, estate or other group or combination acting as a unit, dividing or proposing to divide land in a manner that constitutes a subdivision as herein defined. The term "subdivider" shall include any agent of any subdivider.
SUBDIVISION
The division of land into two (2) or more lots or parcels. The term "subdivision" shall also include all re-subdivisions of land or lots and combination of lots.
SUBDIVISION, MINOR
A division of land into two (2) but not more than four (4) lots, which does not include any new streets, improvements, easements or rights-of-way; a division of land in which each parcel is less than five (5) acres in area and which does not include any new streets, improvements, easements, rights-of-way, or other provisions for public areas and facilities; the division of land held by a bona fide partnership in existence for two (2) or more years upon dissolution thereof; a division of land among the immediate members of a family for personal use which does not include any new streets, improvements, easements or rights-of-way.
TRAILER
A vehicle, other than a manufactured home, equipped with wheels and normally towed over the road behind a motor vehicle.
TRANSITIONAL USE
A use intended to permit a more gradual change of the character of uses at the boundaries of districts which have different use regulations and which may be permitted by the Board of Zoning Adjustment.
TRANSPORTATION FACILITY
A facility licensed as such by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services in connection with the transportation and storage of medical marijuana.
[Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
TRAVEL TRAILER, RECREATION VEHICLE or MOTOR HOME
A portable structure mounted on wheels or on a motorized chassis, including converted bus, and which is normally used as sleeping quarters and shelter while traveling but not as a dwelling.
UNITS
An area within a manufactured home park, court or camp of not less than two thousand (2,000) square feet of unoccupied space designated for the exclusive use of not more than one (1) automobile and one (1) manufactured home.
USE — PERMITTED
Any building, structure, or use, which on the effective date of this Chapter, complies with the applicable regulations governing permitted uses in the Zoning District in which such building, structure, or use is located.
USE — PRINCIPAL
The main use of land or building as distinguished from a subordinate or accessory use.
USE
The purpose or activity for which the land or building thereon is designed, arranged, or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained.
UTILITY BUILDING
A free standing accessory building in a Commercial or Industrial District which houses secondary or incidental equipment or functions of the principal use. Utility buildings are subject to all of the Zoning and Building Code provisions of the Municipal Code of the City of Richmond.
VARIANCE
The granting of permission of the Board of Zoning Adjustment to allow the development of a lot or tract for uses allowed within the zoning district in a manner which exceeds maximum limits or is less than minimum limits established by these regulations and where such limits prohibit use of the land in a manner equivalent to the abutting similarly zoned properties.
YARD
Any open space located on the same lot with a building or structure, unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground up, except for any accessory buildings or projections as are permitted on the lot.
YARD — REAR
The portion of the yard on the same lot with the principal building and located between the rear line of the building and the rear lot line extending for the full width of the lot.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending across the front of a lot between the side yard lines and being the minimum horizontal distance between the street line and the front building line.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending along each side of a lot between the front yard line and the rear yard line and being the minimum horizontal distance between the side lot line and side building line.