Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills, NJ
Morris County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Council of the Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills 10-28-1986 by Ord. No. 86:72 as Ch. XII of the 1986 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Lake Hiawatha Flood Project — See Ch. 175, Art. II.
[1]
Editor's Note: For the County and Municipal Water Supply Act, see N.J.S.A. 40A:31-1 et seq.

§ 420-1 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BONDED CONTRACTOR
A person licensed as a master plumber or water utility bonded contractor by the Township or a person approved by the Township and under bond to the Township as provided in its rules and who has filed a certificate of insurance in the amount of $100,000/$300,000/$25,000.
CONSUMER
Any person using water supplied by the water utility.
CONSUMER PERMIT
Permission by the Township for use of water by a property owner for the purposes specified in this chapter.
CUSTOMER
Any person supplied with water service by the water utility.
DEVELOPER
Any person desiring to construct an extension or addition to the water distribution system of the Township and shall include the owner of the fee title, mortgage, and any other person having an interest, legal or equitable, in the property.
MAINS
All pipes other than service pipes conveying water to or distributing water within the Township's distribution system or water supply.
METER
Any device used for the purpose of measuring the quantity of water delivered by the water utility to a customer or user.
OWNER
The applicant, consumer, person or company holding record title to the premises supplied.
PROPER NOTIFICATION
Applicants are instructed to give proper notification to the water utility, and if the time of notification is a time other than standard office hours the Township Police Department shall be the proper department to notify.
SERVICE CONNECTION
The point of connection of the owner's piping.
SERVICE PIPE
Each service pipe shall be considered, for the purposes of this chapter, to consist of two parts: the service connection pipe which extends from the main in the street to the curb stop, and the house service pipe which is that portion of pipe which extends from the curb stop to the dwelling or building unit.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills acting through its Director of the Department of Municipal Utilities, Water Superintendent or other duly authorized representative.
WATER UTILITY
The division of the Department of Municipal Utilities having responsibility for the operation, control and maintenance of the Township's water supply and distribution system, all as more specifically set forth in Chapter 4, Administration of Government, of this Code.

§ 420-2 Applicability; liability for costs; consumer permit.

A. 
Subscribers subject to rules and regulations. Any person receiving a supply of water for any purpose from the water system operated by the water utility of the Township shall be subject to the rules and regulations as set forth herein.
B. 
Liability of owner. The owner of any house, building or lot shall be liable for the payment of the charges as fixed herein for the use of water and for all fees and other charges in connection with the installation, repair and testing of any water meter, water service, service connections, appliances or parts heretofore or hereafter furnished or made by the water utility.
C. 
Method of payment. Payments for use and consumption of water and for all other fees and charges incurred shall be paid to the water utility of the Township. All bills for continuous service shall be rendered quarterly. Any bill not paid within 30 days will be considered delinquent and service may be discontinued after 10 days' final notice. Interest at a rate of 8% percent per annum on the first $1,500 and 18% per annum on amounts in excess of $1,500 will be charged on delinquent accounts. The owner shall remain liable for all charges for buildings which are unoccupied and owners will be held responsible and liable for bills rendered for water service of their tenants. Once every year, at the time of the Township's tax sale, all previous years' delinquent accounts may be sold as a lien against such property.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
D. 
Receiving bills. Unless the owner of the property specifies otherwise in writing, all bills and notices will be mailed to the owner's residence where the water is supplied. Failure to receive bills or notices shall not excuse the nonpayment of water bills.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
E. 
Unauthorized use of water. Any unauthorized use of water supplied by the water utility shall be paid for at the same rate as if the same had been authorized, together with cost incurred by the water utility in discovering the unauthorized use. Such payment shall not in any way affect any criminal liability which may have attached by reason of such unauthorized use.
F. 
Consumer permit. No person may be a consumer entitled to take water from the water works system unless he shall have agreed to all of the rules and regulations of the water utility. Consumer permits are to be issued for periods of three months and are to be renewed automatically by the water utility upon the payment of a quarterly water bill, but under no condition can consumer permits be granted for less than a four-quarter period unless ownership of property changes. Neither the granting of such permit nor any other act, circumstance or condition shall operate to create any vested or proprietary right whatsoever but shall give the consumer the right to use water for the purposes specified in the consumer permit subject to termination of such consumer permit as herein provided. Every consumer permit to use water shall be subject to revocation by the water utility without obligation upon the water utility to refund or repay any consideration which may have been given for the granting of such consumer permit and without any obligation upon the water utility whatsoever for violating any provision of this chapter.
G. 
Charges for work completed by Township. Any work performed by Township personnel for the benefit of any party or as a result of damage or neglect caused by a party to the Township water system or to any appurtenance thereto, or for failure of a party to make repairs deemed by the Water Superintendent to be harmful to the integrity of the water system if not repaired, shall be charged to the responsible party at the actual cost of material and labor plus 33% percent and paid to the Township.
[Amended by Ord. No. 94:5]

§ 420-3 Applications for service connections and water service.

A. 
Filing of application.
(1) 
No physical connection except as herein otherwise specifically authorized shall be made to any of the pipes or facilities of the Township or to any privately or publicly owned extension thereof for any purpose unless application to make such connection shall have first been filed with the water utility, in writing, by the owner or authorized agent, and permission granted by the water utility to make such connection.
(2) 
Application for connection to the water distribution system shall be made in writing to the water utility on forms furnished by the utility and signed by the owner of the property or by a duly authorized agent.
B. 
Submission of plan. The applicant shall submit to the water utility, with his properly completed application form, a plan of the proposed water service, giving a full description of the premises to be served together with the location of same.
C. 
Granting of permit. When such application shall be made by a bonded contractor duly authorized by the applicant, a permit for the work necessary will be granted giving proper assurance to the water utility that its rules respecting connections will be fully observed.
D. 
Use of water.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
(1) 
Persons desiring the use of water for building construction shall make application in writing to the water utility. Under no circumstances shall water for building construction be taken from fire hydrants of the Township. The use of construction water shall be permitted for 90 days for residential construction and one year for commercial construction, ending December 31 of each year. Any request for extension of time shall be made in writing to the water utility. The approval of any request to exceed the time periods shall be given by and at the sole discretion of the water utility.
(2) 
Temporary connections to the water system for special purposes will be granted in proper cases upon application. Consumer permits for water for building purposes will be issued only upon the submission to the water utility of the plans and specifications of the work to be done for which water will be required, from which plans and specifications the charge to be made will be computed, but in no case shall be less than $50, and in all cases payment in advance for the water shall be a condition precedent to the issuance of a permit for an attachment to the water system for use under such consumer permit.
E. 
Cross-connections. When application shall be made for connection to mains for facilities not owned and controlled by the water utility, permit for connection will be granted only in those cases in which the water utility shall have been duly authorized to grant such permit by the owner in control of such main or facility. Application for cross-connections will be accepted by the water utility for consideration and processing. The application will receive consideration in accordance with the rules and regulations of the New Jersey State Department of Health and the Office of Health.
[Amended 12-20-2005 by Ord. No. 2005:31]
F. 
Township water main connection required. No water service or connection will be granted to serve premises supplied with water from any other source than the mains of the Township.
G. 
Conditions of water usage. The water utility will turn water on at any premises for which a consumer's permit has been approved with prior notice of three days. No one except a duly authorized employee of the water utility shall under any condition or circumstance turn water on or off for any use in any premises. The Township shall not be liable or responsible for damage to any personal property by reason of water being turned off by its employees, and it shall be the duty of the consumer and all persons apparently acting under his authority to protect piping, fixtures and appliances supplied with water from Township mains. It shall be the duty of all those connected with the water system under the control of the water utility to keep advised of varying pressures and conditions of service so as to properly protect their persons and property from injury by water furnished through Township facilities. The Township shall not be liable for any damage caused by, or in any way arising out of, the running or escaping of water from open faucets, burst pipes, faulty fixtures or any other omission or defect respecting such facilities not owned by the Township.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
H. 
Breakdown of water supply; prevention. As necessity may arise in case of breakdown, emergency or for any other unavoidable cause, the Township shall have the right to temporarily cut off the water supply to make necessary repairs, connections, etc.; but the Township will use all reasonable and practicable measures to notify the customer of such discontinuance of service. All persons having boilers within their premises not supplied by a tank or cistern are hereby cautioned against collapse. In such case the Township will not be liable for any damage or inconvenience suffered. The Township shall not be responsible or liable for damages to privately owned piping or fixtures served by or connected to the Township's water works system, whether located in or upon public or private property, nor for damage to any person whomsoever or property whatsoever resulting from the existence, use and the arrangement of or accident to such piping fixtures. All consumers shall keep their service pipes, stop valves, heaters, fixtures and other apparatus for the use of water in good repair and protected from freezing or other damage at their own expense. The consumers shall place and maintain a brass, bronze or equal stop and waste valve inside the basement and after the meter of any building in which water is to be used and at the lowest point practicable on the service pipe entering the building and as close as feasible to the wall through which the service pipe enters and easily accessible so that the water may be turned on or off by the user or occupant. When necessary the consumer shall cut off the water supply from the premises at the stop and waste valve and drain the water from the pipes to prevent freezing or other damage. The consumer shall maintain the stop and waste valve in good working order at all times and shall instruct servants, employees, members of the family and other occupants of the premises as to its location and use. When the premises is to be left unoccupied for any long period of time the water shall be turned off and the house pipes drained through this stop and waste valve to prevent freezing of the pipes and the consequent waste of water.
I. 
Shutoff by Township. The Township reserves the right at any time without notice to shut off the water in its mains for the purposes of making repairs, extensions or for other useful or necessary purposes. No consumer shall be entitled to any damages or to have any portion of payment refunded for any stoppage of water supply however the same may be occasioned. All persons having boilers or other appliances on their premises depending on pressure of water in pipes or upon a continual supply of water shall provide at their own expense suitable safety appliances to protect themselves against the stoppage of water supply or loss of pressure. No claim shall be made against the Township by reason of any damage resulting from water having been cut off.
J. 
Water studies by developers. Any developer or other party requesting information for the purpose of investigating the feasibility of a connection to the Township's water system or for any purpose relating to an application before a Township agency, including but not limited to a feasibility study or an environmental impact statement as required by ordinance or statute, shall pay to the Township a fee of $50 for such information.
[Amended by Ord. No. 94:5]

§ 420-4 Service pipes and service connections.

A. 
Connection. Upon the submission and acceptance of the necessary application, payments of the required fees and approval by the water utility, the utility will tap the main. The customer shall provide a curb stop inside the curbline by means of which the water may be turned on or off from the premises and a curb box with rod to protect such curb stop and render attachments to it accessible and convenient from the surface of the ground. This requirement is made for the purpose of insuring uniformity in these appliances and to promote the public peace, health and safety. All piping, fixtures and appurtenances necessary to produce connections between the mains under the control of the water utility and the fixtures through which water is to be used shall be provided at the expense of the applicant. Tapping of any main for purpose of making a connection shall be done only by the water utility at such time as the water main has been sufficiently exposed by the contractor, and the tapping shall be at the expense of the applicant.
B. 
Cash bond. No work shall be done in connection with water pipes to fixtures connected or to be connected to the water works system by persons other than bonded contractors. In addition to filing the proper certificates of insurance as set forth in § 420-1,[1] bonded contractors shall post a cash bond in the amount of $2,000 to cover the cost of any damages incurred to the water main by the contractor and obtain a road opening permit and pay a fee in the amount as set forth in § 420-5G for each road opening permit required. The cash bond is refundable 90 days after successful completion of the job and inspection of the road opening.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
[1]
Editor's Note: See the definition of "bonded contractor" in § 420-1.
C. 
Inspection. Upon completion of the work of installation the water shall be turned off and left off until turned on by the water utility or upon its written order. Water will not be turned on to any premises, except for construction purposes, unless and until the plumbing shall have been completed and passed by the Plumbing Inspector of the Township or other official having jurisdiction of such inspection, and until payment of the proper charges at the office of the water utility is made. Prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy the Construction Official shall verify that an application for water service for the premises has been applied for and the proper fees paid.
D. 
Curb stop. Every customer shall provide an approved curb stop at the curbline with a surface pipe outside of his premises and protected by a stop box by means of which the water may be turned on or off by the employees of the water utility. The customer shall maintain same in good working order. The stop box shall be so maintained that it is at all times accessible, with the cover at the level of the adjacent ground. If the curb stop is made inaccessible by being damaged, covered, paved or cemented over by the customer or his agent or contractor then the water utility shall be authorized to repair or replace it at cost to the customer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 88:69; Ord. No. 90:23]
E. 
Materials required. All materials used for the installation of service pipes and service connections shall be in accordance with the following, or approved equal:
(1) 
Service shall be of not less than three-fourths-inch inside diameter copper tubing meeting the requirements of ASTM Specification B88-49 Government Type K, as required. Type K shall be furnished in coils or straight lengths as required. All fittings for annealed tubing shall be of cast bronze flared tube type. All fittings for Type K copper tubing shall be flared fittings approved by the water utility.
(2) 
Other fittings:
(a) 
Curb stop copper to copper with waste (Mueller H15210 or equal).
(b) 
Curb box, with rod four feet bury (Mueller H10314 or equal).
(c) 
Meter yoke or copper horn (Mueller H14111 or equal).
(d) 
Meter bends (Mueller H14200 or equal).
(e) 
Meter box with double lid. Box shall be 18-inch by 24-inch transite or equal. Lid shall be Ford double lid or equal. All fittings shall be brass or copper.
F. 
Minimum depth. Services shall be laid to a depth of not less than four feet zero inches. No pipe or tubing between mains and meter shall be covered until inspected by a representative of the water utility.
G. 
Minimum distance. A minimum distance of six feet shall be maintained between any new underground utility and any existing Township water main. It shall be a general rule that all gas utilities shall be installed on the opposite side of the center line of the street from the water utilities, and, in addition, all mains shall be located on the north or west sides of roads within the Township. Prior to the installation of underground utilities on roads under the jurisdiction of the State of New Jersey or the County of Morris having existing water mains, engineering drawings shall be submitted to and approved by the Water Department prior to the issuance of a permit for installation of the utility.
H. 
Sufficient length of pipes. All service pipes shall be installed in such a manner so that the pipe has sufficient length to allow for shrinkage and contraction during periods of cold weather. No copper water service shall be longer than 75 feet if not metered. Whenever a longer service is required the water utility shall reserve the right to require ductile iron pipe.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]

§ 420-5 Water rates and charges.

A. 
Prices established. The following prices, annual rental or water charges are hereby established by the Township as the price, rent or water charges to be charged to all customers, both private and municipal, of the water system of the Township.
B. 
Building construction. Building construction water charges shall be as follows:
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23; Ord. No. 95:8; 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
(1) 
Residential. Water for the purpose of construction of residential property shall be for a ninety-day period or any part thereof and shall be $70.
(2) 
Commercial. Water for the purpose of construction of commercial property shall be for a period of one year. It shall be renewable on January 1 of each year and shall be $280.
C. 
Water meter measurement charges.
[Amended by Ord. No. 87:23; Ord. No. 90:23; Ord. No. 94:11; 4-29-2003 by Ord. No. 2003:09; 5-11-2004 by Ord. No. 2004:12; 5-22-2007 by Ord. No. 2007:11; 3-16-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:04]
(1) 
The minimum quarterly charge for all one-family residential dwellings with five-eighths-inch by three-fourths-inch meters shall be $23.25 per quarter, with a minimum allowance of 10,000 gallons. Meters of all other sizes shall have their minimum charge as set forth in Subsection C(3) below.
(2) 
The minimum quarterly charge for a multiunit residential or multiunit commercial or a combination of the two classes of users serviced through a single water meter shall be determined by the product of the number of units multiplied by the minimum quarterly charge. If a premises is served by compound meters for fire or domestic purposes, the minimum charge shall be based on the number of units or meter size, whichever is greater. If meter size is used to determine the minimum charge for a compound meter, the smaller meter may be used to determine this minimum if 95% of the water metered is metered through the smaller meter. If in any one quarter more than 5% of the total meter water passes through the larger meter of a compound meter, then the minimum bill shall be based on the larger meter size.
(3) 
All other classes of users shall be subject to the following minimum quarterly charges:
Size of Meter
(inches)
Minimum Quarterly Quantity
(gallons)
Minimum Quarterly Charge
5/8
10,000
$23.25
1
40,000
$171
1 1/2
100,000
$449
2
250,000
$1,159
3
500,000
$2,401
4
900,000
$4,485
6
1,700,000
$8,777
8
3,000,000
$16,022
10
5,000,000
$26,703
12
8,000,000
$42,725
(4) 
Consumption in excess of the water allowance for the minimum quarterly charge shall be as follows:
Size of Meter
(inches)
Number of Gallons
Charge per 1,000 Gallons
5/8
10,001-20,000
$2.72
20,001-30,000
$2.95
30,001-40,000
$3.81
40,001 and up
$4.47
1
$5.34
1 1/2
$5.42
2
$5.52
3
$5.60
4
$5.70
6
$5.78
8 through 12
$5.88
(5) 
In addition to the above water charges, all water consumers shall pay the state-mandated public community water system tax of $0.01 per 1,000 gallons.
(6) 
All special arrangements to furnish water to any other community, municipality, Township, agency or governmental unit by the Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills water utility shall be charged on the unit rates as set forth herein and as listed in the above schedule.
D. 
Hydrant and sprinkler charges. Hydrant and sprinkler charges shall be in accordance with the following schedule:
[Amended by Ord. No. 87:23; Ord. No. 90:38; Ord. No. 94:11; Ord. No. 95:8; Ord. No. 95:19; 5-22-2007 by Ord. No. 2007:11; 3-16-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:04]
(1) 
Hydrant standby: $110 per quarter.
(2) 
Sprinkler standby, based on meter size:
[Amended 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09; 10-18-2011 by Ord. No. 2011:21]
Size of Meter
(inches)
Charge
1
$41
1 1/2
$55
2
$69
3
$90
4
$110
6
$145
8
$179
10
$281
(3) 
All water used in sprinkler systems shall be paid for on the basis of $3.11 per 1,000 gallons.
E. 
Turning on or off water service and final meter readings.
[Amended by Ord. No. 87:23; Ord. No. 90:23; by Ord. No. 95:8]
(1) 
Any person intending to sell, remove or temporarily close on a property where he has a customer permit shall give notice at least three days in advance so that a final meter reading could be taken and a final bill produced.
(2) 
For each service of turning on water there shall be a charge of $30.
[Amended 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
(3) 
For each service of turning off water there shall be a charge of $30.
[Amended 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
(4) 
For each service of taking a final water meter reading there shall be a charge of $30.
[Amended 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
(5) 
If any of the above services are requested to be carried out at a time other than normal business hours (between 7:00 a.m. and 3:30 p.m., Monday through Friday excepting holidays), the customer shall be charged at the prevailing wage.
[Amended 7-20-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:17]
(6) 
If a service call is arranged and the customer or his representative is not present at the scheduled time and place, the customer shall be charged for such calls as if the services had actually been performed. Each additional service call then required shall incur an additional charge as set forth in the above schedule.
(7) 
For each service of "in-field" collection of payment to avoid water shut-off, there shall be a charge of $25 payable at the time of collection.
[Added 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
F. 
Main connections.
[Amended by Ord. No. 87:23; Ord. No. 90:23; Ord. No. 93:12; Ord. No. 94:11; Ord. No. 95:8]
(1) 
Upon making service connections, the tapping of the main, installation of the corporation stop and the installation of the water meter shall be done by the Township. All piping, curb stop, curb box, and meter pit with cover and all necessary materials shall be installed by and at the expense of the owner but shall be approved by the Township.
(2) 
Tapping charges shall be as follows (price includes one meter of equal size for each; additional meters may be purchased at their prevailing rate):
[Amended 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
Size of Tap
(inches)
Tapping Charge
3/4
$400
1
$500
(3) 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection F(3), regarding four-inch and larger main taps, was repealed 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09.
(4) 
All of the above-listed and foregoing tapping fees do not include the cost of installation, excavation, meter couplings, copper horns (yolks), copper pipe, cast iron or ductile iron pipe, curb boxes, curb stops, rods, gate valves, gate boxes or water meters greater than two inches.
(5) 
All new water distribution system and main extension tie-ins and connections to existing systems shall be made by the applicant and shall be made in accordance with § 420-10 herein. The expense of these tie-ins shall be borne by the applicant.
G. 
Road opening fees. The fee for a road opening permit shall be set forth in Chapter 360, Streets and Sidewalks, Article II, Excavations in Streets, of this Code.
H. 
Special agreements. The Township reserves the right to adjust the water rates in cases where water is purchased from other water companies at a higher rate.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 12-5.9, which immediately followed this subsection, as added by Ord. No. 88:69, was repealed by Ord. No. 90:23.

§ 420-6 Meters.

A. 
Meter required. Each new service connection shall be metered. The use of water without a meter, except as herein provided, shall render the owner liable for the amount of water consumed as estimated by the water utility in addition to any penalties imposed. Where existing services have not been provided with meters, the use of water shall render the consumer liable for the charges normally imposed. The water utility may after repeated offenses order the water supply discontinued.
B. 
Control and ownership. All meters one inch and smaller shall be furnished by the water utility and shall remain the property of the water utility. All meters larger than one inch, except meters for fire protection purposes, shall be initially supplied by the applicant and shall become the property of the water utility. All meters for the purpose of fire protection shall be supplied by the owner applicant. All meters shall be accessible at all times to any employee of the water utility in case of an emergency or for the purpose of reading or removing for testing or exchange. All water meters shall be manufactured by the Neptune Water Meter Company and shall have six moving dials registering gallons with encoder registers. Meters one inch and smaller shall be purchased from the water utility at their prevailing cost.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23; 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09]
C. 
Installation and design.
[Amended by Ord. No. 95:8]
(1) 
Meters shall be installed within the building, on the cellar floor on the applicant's property or in such location as the water utility shall approve as near as possible to the point of entrance of the service, in a clean, safe, dry place not subject to variation of temperature, and so located as to be easily accessible for maintenance, installation or disconnection and for reading and of a type suitable for the purpose and location. When no suitable location for the meter can be obtained in a building or when a building is distant from the street or curbline, the consumer may be required to provide a watertight pit, chamber or vault for the meter near the property line.
(2) 
The design of the water pit shall be as specified by the water utility in accordance with engineering design drawings on file with the utility. The meter pit shall be of sufficient size to accommodate men to repair or replace the valves, meters or parts housed in the pit. It is vitally essential that this pit be waterproof and that all water be restricted from entering through the sides, bottom or top.
(3) 
The entire top shall be covered by a not less than one-half-inch steel plate bolted to the outside walls and so fitted to allow for expansion or contraction and not pull in or push out or crack the side wall. Two trap doors or openings having a minimum opening of two square feet each are to be designed so that the opening covers may be handled by one man. These covers must be hinged, spring powered and provided with handles so that one man can open the covers easily. They shall be designed so that surface water cannot enter the pit. A sump and pump shall be required in the meter vault if it is found to be subject to water infiltration. Also, a ladder must be installed so that the meter reader can get in and out of the pit. The meter pit shall be located within the road right-of-way. Should it be necessary to construct a meter pit on private property, an easement shall be furnished the Township for the right of ingress and egress to the pit.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection C(4), regarding connection to telephone for meter reading, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09.
D. 
Damage or loss. The consumer and owner shall take all proper precautions to protect the water meter from injury, frost and damage from hot water, steam or other cause. The owner shall be liable for all damage or loss from failure to properly take care of the meter. Any meter damaged from the above shall be purchased from the water utility at their prevailing cost.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
E. 
Proper connections and appurtenances.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23; Ord. No. 95:33]
(1) 
The connections at the meter shall be so arranged that the water utility will not be required to do any pipe fitting but merely have to connect the meter by means of meter yolks or flanges (one-and-one-half-inch and two-inch meters). Meters larger than two inches and fire meters shall be installed by the owner. The union connections and other piping required for installing the meter shall be installed at the expense of the owner and shall remain as part of the permanent piping of the building. Gate valves or ball valves shall be placed before and after every meter installation. When application of water service is made, it is the responsibility of the applicant to ascertain the service pressure in the main from which the service is being applied for. The applicant shall install a pressure reducing valve approved by the water utility as necessary.
(2) 
Each water meter installed shall have its own service line, curb stop and curb box located outside the building and shall be supplied with a telephone line connection within five feet of the meter and generally accessible. Special allowances will be made for premises serviced by combination fire and domestic service. Any premises served by a fire line shall have a gate valve on the fire line outside the building before it enters the building.
F. 
Connections to street side of meter. No fixture of any kind from which water might be drawn shall be connected to the street side of a meter. The water will not be turned on unless the meter location and other facilities provided for meet the approval of the water utility.
G. 
Meter failure. Failure of a meter to register properly shall be reported immediately to the water utility. Charges for water during the period of such failure shall be computed on the basis of the average consumption over a reasonable period prior to the failure.
H. 
Meter testing. The meter shall be removed at regular intervals. It shall be tested at the discretion of the water utility at no cost to the consumer. Any customer believing his meter to be inaccurate may request the meter to be tested by written request. If upon being tested the meter is found to record accurately within 2%, the customer shall be charged for the test at the prevailing cost. If the meter is found to be recording greater than 2%, then there shall be no cost to the consumer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]

§ 420-7 Fire service.

A. 
Authorization of Fire Department. No person shall take water from any fire hydrant or hose plug except for use by a recognized fire company, and no fire hydrant shall be used for sprinkling the street, flushing sewers or gutters, or for any other purpose without the authorization of the water utility.
B. 
Use by Fire Department. The Chief of the Fire Company and his assistant officers are authorized to use the public fire hydrants for the purpose of extinguishing fires or removing a hazard which could cause a fire or otherwise endanger public safety. In the event that the use of water is necessary by the Fire Department for other purposes than mentioned above, permission for this use shall be obtained by the Chief of the Fire Company from the Director of Municipal Utilities of the Township and this usage shall be under the supervision of the Chief and his assistant officers, and in no event shall an inexperienced or incompetent person be permitted to manipulate or control in any way any fire hydrant.
C. 
Fire hydrant equipment. All fire hydrants shall be equipped with a minimum six-inch gate valve, shall have a minimum five-and-one-half-inch opening, shall have two two-and-one-half-inch hose connections, and one four-and-one-half-inch steamer connection and shall be in accordance with Township specifications.
D. 
Location of fire hydrants. Fire hydrants and control valves shall be installed not more than 500 feet apart at proper locations or as may be determined by the Fire Prevention Bureau and Director of Municipal Utilities. The location of fire hydrants in commercial or industrial areas shall be determined solely by the Fire Prevention Bureau. All fire hydrant locations shall be properly indicated on all plans of major subdivisions, or industrial, commercial or multifamily dwelling sites.
E. 
Change of location. The location of a fire hydrant may upon written request be changed with the approval of and under the supervision of the water utility. The cost of making such a change shall be paid by the applicant except when the request is made by the Chief of the Fire District. In this event no charge will be made. No hydrant will be moved which will increase existing insurance rates.
F. 
Maintenance by Water Department. Public fire hydrants will be maintained by the water utility, but all expenses for maintenance or repairs resulting from the negligence or fault of the employees of the Township, members of the Fire Department or other persons, excluding the water utility or its employees, shall be paid for by the Township or those responsible.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 12-7.7, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed by Ord. No. 93:46.
G. 
Liability of water utility. The Water Utility shall not be liable for a deficiency or failure in the supply of water for the control or suppression of fires from any cause.
H. 
Fire flow meters. Fire flow meters shall be bought and installed by owner or contractor. Fire lines shall be equipped with an approved fire flow compound meter. No detector check meter shall be permitted. Fire flow meters shall be used only for the purpose for which they were designed. The aforementioned meter shall be of a type as approved in accordance with standards published by United Laboratories, Inc., or Underwriters' Laboratories. There shall be a gate valve before and after the fire flow meter. Fire flow meters shall be housed in concrete, waterproof pits of adequate size to permit entry into the pit for maintenance and inspection.

§ 420-8 Private fire service.

A. 
Hydrants and hose connections or sprinkler systems permitted. Where it is the intent to create a private fire service connection, hydrants may be allowed and hose connections or sprinkler systems permitted on private property; and such installation shall be metered in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Charges for private fire service facilities shall be as set forth in § 420-5 of this chapter.
B. 
Installation at cost of applicant. All private fire hydrants shall be installed at the sole cost of the applicant and shall be subject to the approval of the water utility as to type, size and installation.
C. 
Use by Fire Department. All private fire hydrants shall be subject to use by the Fire Department for the control and suppression of fires whether on the property of the applicant or not. When such use is made thereof for protection of property other than that of the owner of the property whereon the private fire hydrant is located, no charge shall be made for the water so used, as estimated by the water utility.

§ 420-9 Service.

A. 
Free access. No person shall at any time obstruct free access to any water meter, curb stop, curb box, valve, hydrant or other equipment of the water distribution system.
B. 
Discontinuance of service. Water service may be discontinued upon such notice as shall be reasonable or practicable for any of the following reasons:
(1) 
For the use of water for any properties or purpose other than those permitted in this chapter or as described in the application.
(2) 
For willful waste of water through improper, defective or imperfect pipes, fixtures or otherwise.
(3) 
For failure to maintain in good order, connections, service lines or fixtures owned by the consumer.
(4) 
For molesting or tampering with any service pipe, meter, curb stop or seal or any other appliance of the water utility.
(5) 
For refusal of access at reasonable hours for purposes of inspecting or for installing, reading, maintaining fixtures, pipes and meters.
(6) 
For nonpayment of bill, rents, charges or fees or of penalties imposed or for any other reason causing or tending to cause a loss to the water utility.
(7) 
Failure to decrease or limit the use of water when requested by the water utility.
(8) 
For violation of any ordinance of the Township relating to the use and distribution of water.
(9) 
For misrepresentation in the application for water service respecting the property to be served or the fixtures to be supplied or the use to be made of the water.
(10) 
At the discretion of the Water Department when the premises becomes vacant.
C. 
New application. A new application for water service shall be filed upon the change of ownership of the property described in the original application, and the water utility may discontinue water service until such new application has been filed and approved.
D. 
Limits of responsibility of water utility. The water utility's responsibility ends at the curb stop, and the water utility will in no case be liable for damages occasioned by water running from open or faulty fixtures or from broken or damaged pipes beyond the water utility's curb stop.
E. 
Conservation of water.
[Amended 1-27-2004 by Ord. No. 2004:01]
(1) 
From June 1 through September 30 of each year, residential lawn watering shall be permitted as follows:
(a) 
Watering of properties having even-numbered street addresses shall be permitted on the even-numbered days of the month.
(b) 
Watering of properties having odd-numbered street addresses shall be permitted on the odd-numbered days of the month.
(c) 
No watering shall be permitted on any Friday or on the 31st of the month.
(d) 
These restrictions shall apply to not only properties which receive water provided by the Township but to all supplies of water located within the Township, including but not limited to wells and other utilities and authorities.
(e) 
Watering on the above dates shall be permitted during the hours from 5:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. only.
(2) 
From June 1 through September 30 of each year, nonresidential lawn watering shall be permitted as follows:
(a) 
Watering of properties shall be permitted on Mondays and Thursdays.
(b) 
No watering shall be permitted on any Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday or Sunday.
(c) 
These restrictions shall apply to not only properties which receive water provided by the Township but to all supplies of water located within the Township, including but not limited to wells and other utilities and authorities.
(d) 
Watering on the above dates shall be permitted during the hours from 5:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. only.
(3) 
From June 1 through September 30 of each year, athletic field watering shall be permitted as follows:
(a) 
Watering of properties whose names begin with the letters A through M shall be permitted on the even-numbered days of the month.
(b) 
Watering of properties whose names begin with the letters N through Z shall be permitted on odd-numbered days of the month.
(c) 
Watering on the above dates shall be permitted during the hours from 12:00 midnight to 6:00 a.m. only.
(d) 
No watering shall be permitted on any Friday or on the 31st of the month.
(e) 
These limitations shall not apply to newly seeded/sodded, renovated or chemically treated fields, at the discretion of the Parks and Forestry Division.
(4) 
These limitations shall not apply to:
(a) 
Nurseries;
(b) 
Golf course greens, tees and fairways; and
(c) 
Newly installed sod or seed for a period of two weeks from notice of installation to the Water Utility.
(5) 
The water use limitations imposed pursuant to this section shall be enforced by local authorized officials and/or the Police Department, both of whom are empowered to write summonses for a violation of the water use limitations.
(6) 
Violations of this section shall be subject to the penalties set forth in Chapter 1, Article II, Terminology; Construal of Provisions; Penalty, § 1-17, Violations and penalties.
(7) 
In case of prolonged scarcity of water from any cause, the executive office of the Township reserves the right, upon public notice, to restrict certain uses of water above and beyond the limitations contained herein. No person during the existence of an emergency so duly declared or proclaimed shall use water in violation of the terms of said declaration or proclamation.
(8) 
In the event of more stringent water conservation measures imposed by an agency or department of the State of New Jersey, every person shall be bound by and must comply with said restrictions.
F. 
Furnishing water to others. No person shall be allowed to furnish water to others for any purpose without receiving a special permit from the water utility therefor.
G. 
Alterations in fixtures prohibited.
(1) 
No person shall attach or extend any water pipe or make an alteration in any stopcock or other fixture or do any work calculated to increase the facilities for using water in the water distribution system of the Township nor turn on or off the stopcock on the main or at the curb except an employee of the water utility of the Township duly authorized for that purpose. This section shall not apply to cases of a break when temporary provisions may be made by a licensed plumber after notification of the water utility, which break may be permanently repaired under the direction of the water utility of the Township within 24 hours.
(2) 
No person except an employee of the Township water utility duly authorized for that purpose shall tap or connect any water main or insert a stopcock therein nor make any change in the water connection nor in any way tamper with the meter, its seal or any other property of the Township whatsoever.

§ 420-10 Extensions; developers.

A. 
Persons permitted to make extensions or additions. All extensions of, or additions to, the water distribution system of the Township shall be in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Any person desiring to construct an extension or addition to the water distribution system of the Township shall, for purposes of this section, be a developer and shall include the owner of the fee title, mortgagee and any other person having an interest, legal or equitable, in the property.
B. 
Application required. The developer shall make application in writing to the water utility for permission to construct an extension or addition to the water distribution system, which shall include preliminary plans showing the location of the proposed improvement, together with general specifications therefor. The water utility shall approve or disapprove the plan and specifications within 40 days from the filing of the same with the water utility.
C. 
Filing of plans. Upon approval of the water utility the developer shall then file detailed, comprehensive and final plans, maps and specifications with four copies of each for final approval and shall deposit with the Township Clerk a sum to be fixed and determined by the water utility to secure payment of expenses incurred and to be incurred by the Township for inspection and engineering fees in connection therewith. The sum shall be calculated by multiplying the daily rate of pay of the inspector appointed by the Township and the Township Engineer by the estimated number of days required for the performance of the work as shown on and by the final approved plans and specifications from its inception to final completion and acceptance by the water utility.
D. 
Approval or disapproval of plans. After consideration of the maps, plans and specifications with the advice of the Director of the Department of Municipal Utilities and the Township Engineer, the Township shall approve or disapprove the plans and specifications submitted and if approved adopt a resolution authorizing the proper officers of the Township to execute a formal agreement in writing with the developer as hereinafter provided. The maps, plans and specifications shall be approved or disapproved within a period of 40 days after the delivery thereof to the water utility. In the event of disapproval of the maps, plans and specifications, the reasons therefor shall be given in writing to the developer, who shall thereupon make the maps, plans and specifications conform to the requirements of the Township, and the Township shall thereupon approve the same.
E. 
Furnishing of water. Upon satisfactory completion of the work, the Township Engineer, the Director of the Department of Municipal Utilities and the water utility shall certify to the Township that the work in its entirety has been completed in compliance with the plans and specifications; and, in consideration of the execution of the agreement and the completion and acceptance of such work, the Township shall furnish to the developer water in accordance with the terms and provisions of the respective ordinances governing the same.
F. 
Developer to obtain permit. The developer shall also obtain all necessary permits from any municipal, county, state or federal agencies or departments as well as perpetual easements or rights-of-way for construction which may be required in the performance of the work at his own cost and expense.
G. 
Right of Township to change plans. The Township shall have the right to change, alter or modify any of the plans and specifications for the construction of the work after final approval where conditions are encountered which, in the judgment of the Township Engineer and the Director of the Department of Municipal Utilities, require such change, alteration or modification, without in any way imposing any obligation on the Township to pay for an additional expense which may be sustained by the developer by reason thereof.
H. 
Adherence to specifications. In general, the work to be performed shall, except where modified by the Township, adhere to the following or equal specifications:
[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23]
(1) 
Pipe. The main pipe shall be centrifugally cast ductile iron Class 52 cement-lined pipe. It shall have a minimum diameter of eight inches. Lining shall be full thickness to the ends of the pipe. The pipe shall have a bituminous exterior coating. The joint of the pipe shall be mechanical or rubber slip/push joints. The pipe shall have bell and spigot ends. Pipes shall be installed according to their manufacturers' specifications.
(2) 
Fittings. Cast iron fittings shall be in conformance with ASA A 21.0 or ASA B 16.1. Service line fittings shall be in conformance with AWWA Specification No. C800. In all cases, the fittings or appurtenances shall at least meet the same strength and pressure requirements of the pipe or fitting of which they are a part.
(3) 
Valves.
(a) 
Gate valves shall be mechanical joint end, iron body, bronze mounted, double disc, parallel seat type gate valves with nonrising stem and shall open by turning in a counterclockwise direction. Operating nuts shall have an arrow indicating the direction of opening. Each gate valve shall be equipped with a cast iron, adjustable valve box and cover. Valves, boxes and covers shall be as manufactured by Mueller Co.
(b) 
Check valves shall be flanged end, iron body and fitted with removable bronze seats and discs or disc rings and bronze hinge pins. Discs shall swivel in the disc hinges. Caps shall be designed for easy removal. Check valves shall operate without slamming and shall be equipped with disc position indicators.
(c) 
All fittings shall be new, cast iron, mechanical joint type conforming to the latest ASA specifications.
(d) 
In all cases the valves and appurtenances shall at least meet the same strength and pressure requirements of the pipe or fittings of which they are a part.
(e) 
Valves shall conform to A.W.A.A. C500.
(4) 
Valve boxes. Valve boxes shall have a minimum five-inch inside diameter and shall be an adjustable screw buffalo type with the box extending from the surface to three inches above the value bonnet base. The value box is to be cast iron with standard coal tar foundry dip with a cast iron water drop cover, and the word "water" is to be cast into the cover.
(5) 
Hydrants. Hydrants shall be Mueller Centurions A423 with a five-and-one-fourth-inch barrel. Hydrants shall be cast iron body, fully bronze mounted, adapted for a working pressure of 150 pounds per square inch. Hydrants shall have six-inch hub and connection centering at the depth of five feet below ground. Each hydrant shall be equipped with a minimum of two two-and-one-half-inch and one four-and-one-half-inch steamer nozzles without independent shutoff. Hydrant nozzles shall have "National Standard" threads. Hydrants shall be opened by turning to the left (counterclockwise) with a National Standard one-and-one-half-inch pentagon operating nut.
(6) 
Service connections.
(a) 
House service connections shall be of minimum three-fourths-inch Type K copper tubing, ASTM Specification B88-49.
(b) 
Curb stops shall be all cast bronze with inverted key type stop and drain and shall open in a counterclockwise direction.
(c) 
Corporation stops shall be all cast bronze and conform to AWWA Specification C800.
(d) 
Curb boxes shall be cast iron extension type with arch pattern base, stationary rod and lid marked "water." The curb box shall have a tar base enamel protective coating. The curb box shall extend from the surface to the base of the curb stop. Length of box shall be selected to bury from four feet to five feet.
(e) 
All fittings and joints shall be flared connections. All fittings shall be cast bronze.
(f) 
Tapping sleeve and valve shall be Mueller or equal caulker type for cast iron pipe, minimum of 150 psi working pressure, but in all cases comparable to the working pressure in the system. Caulking shall be done with jute and poured lead. The furnishing and installation of the sleeve and valve is to be made by the contractor. The Township will make the cut for the tap and will charge a fee as set forth in this chapter. The contractor or plumber must supply tapping sleeve, valve and gate box. All work must be inspected and approved by the water utility.
I. 
External reading meters. Remote or external reading meters of a type, style and manufacture approved by the water utility shall be installed in all cases.
J. 
Denial of service. Any unauthorized extension or addition made by any developer not in accordance with the terms and provisions of this chapter may be shut off and removed by the Township, and service of the water distribution system shall be denied to such developer or any person holding under him.
K. 
Extension to be processed with subdivision plan. All extensions of or additions to the water distribution system of the Township that are required or necessary to service a proposed subdivision shall be processed simultaneously with the major subdivision or site plan being acted upon by the Planning Board and shall be applied for at the time of making application for tentative plat or site plan approval. Approval of all water distribution system extensions shall be a condition of the subdivision approval.

§ 420-11 Extensions generally.

A. 
Installation within road boundaries. All water mains shall be installed within the boundaries of public roads or streets or, where such roads and streets have not yet been accepted by the Township, within the boundaries of roads and streets laid out in compliance with all ordinances of the Township.
B. 
Compliance with Township requirements. The installation of water mains in any street, road, lane, etc., by the Township or by others shall not imply Township ownership or acceptance of such streets, roads, lanes, etc., unless and until they otherwise comply with Township requirements for acceptance, ownership and maintenance.
C. 
Limited main extension. Limited main extension, other than in subdivision developments, as part of the Township extension program may be made at the direction of the Township Council. Such extension shall be placed within the boundaries of street and roads and shall conform to all requirements and stipulations of this chapter.

§ 420-12 Service pipe supplying two or more consumers; violations.

Where an existing service pipe supplies two or more customers or consumers, any violations of the rules of the water utility with reference to either or any of such consumers as the case may be shall be deemed a violation as to all and the water utility may take such action as could be taken if it were used by a single consumer.

§ 420-13 Water connection fees.

[Amended by Ord. No. 90:23; Ord. No. 91:4; Ord. No. 94:13; Ord. No. 94:34; Ord. No. 95:9; Ord. No. 97:20; Ord. No. 98:5; Ord. No. 99:9; Ord. No. 2000:31; Ord. No. 2001:07; 6-18-2002 by Ord. No. 2002:20]
A. 
Single-family residential. The following water connection fees for single-family residential use are hereby established for the following years:
[Amended 2-25-2003 by Ord. No. 2003:04; 4-27-2004 by Ord. No. 2004:10; 1-11-2005 by Ord. No. 2004:37; 5-18-2010 by Ord. No. 2010:09; 9-20-2011 by Ord. No. 2011:17; 5-14-2013 by Ord. No. 2013:09; 9-26-2017 by Ord. No. 2017:23]
Year
Amount
2017
$2,014.87
2013
$1,684.50
2011
$1,761.41
2010
$1,685.72
2005
$1,021.39
2004
$1,404.00
2003
$1,359.00
2002
$1,322.00
2001
$1,274.00
2000
$1,217.00
1999
$1,209.00
1998
$1,136.00
1997
$1,061.00
1996
$1,053.00
1995
$1,053.00
1994
$984.99
1993
$920.10
1992
$861.06
1991
$791.37
B. 
Uses other than single-family residential. Water connection fees for other than single-family residential shall be based upon a computation for utilizing the charge for a single-family residence multiplied by the equivalent number of single-family units contributing the same flow to the system and in accordance with the following standards:
(1) 
Design flow rate for one single-family dwelling is 300 gallons per day.
(2) 
The design flow rate for various types of establishments as set forth in Schedule A shall be used to determine the equivalency factor for the type of establishments listed therein.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Schedule A is included herein as § 420-15.
(3) 
In any case where the design flow cannot be reasonably established, using Schedule A as a guide,[2] the Township shall determine the design flow by such means as are, in its opinion, fair and equitable. The water connection fee shall be equivalent to one single-family-dwelling residence.
[2]
Editor's Note: Schedule A is included herein as § 420-15.
C. 
Calculation of fee. The water connection fee shall be calculated to reflect the actual cost of the physical connection plus an amount computed in the following manner to represent a fair payment toward the cost of the system:
(1) 
The amount representing all debt service, including but not limited to sinking funds, reserved funds, the principal and interest on bonds, and the amount of any loans and the interest thereon, paid by the Township to defray the capital cost of developing the system as of the end of the immediately preceding budget year shall be added to all capital expenditures made by the Township not funded by a bond ordinance or debt for the development of the system as of the end of the immediately preceding budget year.
(2) 
Any gifts, contributions or subsidies to the Township received from, and not reimbursed or reimbursable to, any federal, state, county or municipal government or agency or any private person, and that portion of amounts paid to the Township by a public entity under a service agreement or service contract which is not repaid to the public entity by the Township shall then be subtracted.
(3) 
The remainder shall be divided by the total number of service units served by the Township at the end of the immediately preceding budget year, and the results shall then be apportioned to each new connector according to the number of service units attributed to that connector. In attributing service units to each connector, the estimated average daily flow of water for the connector shall be divided by the average daily flow of water to the average single-family residence in the area served by the Township, to produce the number of service units to be attributed.
D. 
Annual recomputing of fee. The water connection fee shall be recomputed annually at the end of each budget year, and a public hearing shall be held by the Township Council prior to its adoption. The revised connection fee may be imposed upon those who subsequently connect in that budget year to the system.
E. 
Exempt facilities.
(1) 
The following facilities are exempt from the charges imposed by this section:
(a) 
Churches and other places of worship;
(b) 
Facilities used solely by volunteer fire companies and volunteer ambulance/first aid squads;
(2) 
If an exempt facility is converted to a use other than one of those enumerated, the nonexempt use shall be subject to a connection fee according to Schedule A.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Schedule A is included herein as § 420-15.
F. 
Payment required prior to connection. All water connection fees as outlined under this section shall be paid to the Parsippany-Troy Hills Township water utility prior to any connection being made to the Township's system and/or prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 12-13.2, Connection and Capacity Charges for Approved Subdivisions and/or Site Plans, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed by Ord. Nos. 94:13 and 94:34.

§ 420-14 (Reserved) [1]

[1]
Editor’s Note: Former § 420-14, Violations and penalties, as amended, was repealed 12-20-2005 by Ord. No. 2005:31. See now § 1-17, Violations and penalties.

§ 420-15 Schedule A: Criteria for Future Water Demands.

A. 
Water demand for any given type of occupancy varies widely depending on the nature of the occupancy. The following chart lists values used to determine water demand for the types of occupancies shown:
[Amended 5-14-2013 by Ord. No. 2013:09; 9-26-2017 by Ord. No. 2017:23]
Type of Establishment
Measurement Unit
Gallons per Day
House/townhouse/
apartment/condo
  1-bedroom
Dwelling
90
  2-bedroom
Dwelling
135
  3-bedroom
Dwelling
180
Office/shop center
Square feet
0.1
Hotels
Bedroom
75
Motels
Bedroom
60
Mobile van campgrounds
Site
100
Schools
  No cafeteria/showers
Student
10
  Cafeteria/showers
Student
20
Restaurants
  Average
Seat
35
  Fast-food
Seat
15
  24-hour
Seat
50
Bars
Seat
20
Institutions
Bed
175
Nursing homes
Bed
125
Picnic parks
Person
10
Municipal buildings
Square feet
0.1
Banquet halls
Person
20
Assembly halls
Seat
3
Clubs
  Nonresident
Member
35
  Resident
Member
75
Fire house/first aid
Member
35
Laundromats
Machine
580
Gas stations
  Service bays
Bay
50
  Fill positions
Fill position
125
  Mini markets
Square feet
0.1
Factory/warehouse
Employee
25
B. 
Projections.
(1) 
The estimated increase in population which can be expected with full development of currently vacant residentially zoned lands is tabulated below for the several pressure zones of the water distribution system.
Type of Zone
Number of People
Low-pressure zone
9,740
Intermediate-pressure zone
  140
Lackawanna pressure zone
  500
High-pressure zone No. 1
3,120
High-pressure zone No. 2
4,540
(2) 
The number of equivalent dwelling units associated with the population increases in the several pressure zones is as follows:
Type of Zone
D.U.
Low-pressure zone
2,785
Intermediate-pressure zone
40
Lackawanna pressure zone
145
High-pressure zone No. 1
890
High-pressure zone No. 2
1,300
(3) 
Additional water supply required to meet future demands. The additional water supply which will be required to meet the demands with full development of vacant property is tabulated below.
Type of Zone
Average Daily
(MGD)
Peak Daily
(MGD)
Low-pressure zone
0.975
1.706
Intermediate-pressure zone
0.014
0.025
Lackawanna pressure zone
0.051
0.089
High-pressure zone No. 1
0.3 12
0.545
High-pressure zone No. 2
0.455
0.796