City of Bradford, PA
Mckean County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Bradford 4-26-1977 by Ord. No. 2986. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Zoning — See Ch. 220.
This chapter shall hereafter be known and cited as the "Sign Regulations."
As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AWNING
Includes any structure made of cloth or metal with a metal frame attached to a building and projecting over a thoroughfare, when the same is so erected as to permit its being raised to a position flat against the building when not in use.
CANOPY
Includes any structure, other than an awning, made of cloth or metal with metal frames attached to a building, projecting over a thoroughfare and carried by a frame supported by the ground or sidewalk.
ERECT
To build, construct, attach, hang, place, suspend or affix, and shall also include the painting of wall signs.
FACING or SURFACE
The surface of the sign upon, against or through which the message is displayed or illustrated on the sign.
GROUND SIGN
Includes any sign supported by uprights or braces placed upon the ground and not attached to any building.
ILLUMINATED SIGN
Any sign which has characters, letters, figures, designs or outline illuminated by electric lights or luminous tubes as a part of the sign proper.
INCOMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
Any material which will not ignite at or below a temperature of 1,200º F. and will not continue to burn or glow at that temperature.
MARQUEE
Includes any hood or awning of permanent construction projecting from the wall of a building above an entrance and extending over a thoroughfare.
OTHER ADVERTISING STRUCTURE
Any marquee, canopy, awning or street clock as further defined herein.
PERSON
Includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.
PROJECTING SIGN
As regulated by this chapter, shall include any sign which is attached to a building or other structure and extends beyond the line of said building or structure or beyond the surface of that portion of the building or structure to which it is attached. All projecting signs shall be illuminated signs, as defined by this chapter.
A. 
Any sign which is greater in width than in height.
B. 
Any sign which is greater in height than in width.
ROOF SIGN
Any sign erected, constructed and maintained wholly upon or over the roof of any building with the principal support on the roof structure.
SIGN
Includes every sign, billboard, ground sign, wall sign, roof sign, illuminated sign, projecting sign, temporary sign, marquee, awning, canopy and street clock, and shall include any announcement, declaration, demonstration, display, illustration or insignia used to advertise or promote the interests of any person when the same is placed out of doors in view of the general public.
STREET CLOCK
Any timepiece erected upon a standard upon the sidewalk or on the exterior of any building or structure for the convenience of the public and placed and maintained by some person for the purpose of advertising his place of business.
STRUCTURAL TRIM
The molding, battens, cappings, nailing strips, latticing and platforms which are attached to the sign structure.
TEMPORARY SIGN
Includes any sign, banner, pennant, valance or advertising display constructed of cloth, canvas, light fabric, cardboard, wallboard or other light materials, with or without frames, intending to be displayed for a short period of time only.
WALL SIGN
Includes all flat signs of solid face construction which are placed against a building and attached to the exterior front, rear or side wall of any building or other structure.
It shall be unlawful for any person to erect, repair, alter, relocate or maintain within the City of Bradford any sign or other advertising structure, as defined in this chapter, without first obtaining an erection permit from the Building Inspector and making payment of the fee required by § 178-7 hereof. All illuminated signs shall, in addition, be subject to the provisions of the Electrical Code[1] and the permit fees required thereunder.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 103, Electrical Standards.
Application for erection permits shall be made upon blanks provided by the Building Inspector and shall contain or have attached thereto the following information:
A. 
Name, address and telephone number of the applicant.
B. 
Location of building, structure or lot to which or upon which the sign or other advertising structure is to be attached or erected.
C. 
Position of the sign or other advertising structure in relation to nearby buildings or structures.
D. 
Two blueprints or ink drawings of the plans and specifications and method of construction and attachment to the building or in the ground.
E. 
Copy of stress sheets and calculations showing that the structure is designed for dead load and wind pressure in any direction in the amount required by this chapter and all other laws and ordinances of the City.
F. 
Name of the person, firm, corporation or association erecting the structure.
G. 
Written consent of the owner of the building, structure or land to which or on which the structure is to be erected.
H. 
Any electrical permit required and issued for said sign.
I. 
Insurance policy or bond as required by § 178-16.
J. 
Such other information as the Building Inspector shall require to show full compliance with this chapter and all other laws and ordinances of the City.
The application for a permit for erection of a sign or other advertising structure in which electrical wiring and connections are to be used shall be submitted to the Electrical Inspector. The Electrical Inspector shall examine the plans and specifications respecting all wiring and connections to determine if the same complies with the Electrical Code of the City of Bradford,[1] and he shall approve said permit if said plans and specifications comply with said code or disapprove the application if noncompliance with said code is found. Said action of the Electrical Inspector shall be taken prior to submission of the application to the Building Inspector for final approval or disapproval of the erection permit.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 103, Electrical Standards.
A. 
It shall be the duty of the Building Inspector, upon the filing of an application for an erection permit, to examine such plans and specifications and other data and the premises upon which it is proposed to erect the sign or other advertising structure, and if it shall appear that the proposed structure is in compliance with all the requirements of this chapter and all other laws and ordinances of the City of Bradford, he shall then issue the erection permit. If the work authorized under an erection permit has not been completed within six months after date of issuance, said permit shall become null and void.
B. 
The Building Inspector shall take action on any application within 30 days of receipt thereof. Any applicant who is aggrieved by said action may appeal to the Court of Common Pleas in accordance with the provisions of the Local Agency Law (2 Pa.C.S.A. § 551 et seq. and 2 Pa.C.S.A. § 751 et seq.).
[Added 5-14-2004 by Ord. No. 2986.4]
[Amended 2-10-1998 by Ord. No. 2986.1; 3-10-2015 by Ord. No. 2986.5]
Appropriate sign permit fees are set by resolution, adopted by the proper officers of Bradford City Council and will be reviewed from time to time.
[Added 5-14-2004 by Ord. No. 2986.4[1]]
To the extent that there exists any conflict between the City of Bradford Zoning Code (Chapter 220) and either this chapter or Chapter 125, the provisions of this chapter and Chapter 125 shall control.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 178-8, Annual inspection; fees, was repealed 2-10-1998 by Ord. No. 2986.1.
All rights and privileges acquired under the provisions of this chapter or any amendment thereto are mere licenses revocable at any time by the Building Officer, and all such permits shall contain this provision.
If the Building Inspector shall find that any sign or other advertising structure regulated herein is unsafe or insecure or is a menace to the public or has been constructed or erected or is being maintained in violation of the provisions of this chapter, he shall give written notice to the permittee thereof. If the permittee fails to remove or alter the structure so as to comply with the standards herein set forth within 10 days after such notice, such sign or other advertising structure may be removed or altered to comply by the Building Inspector at the expense of the permittee or owner of the property upon which it is located. The Building Inspector shall refuse to issue a permit to any permittee or owner who refuses to pay costs so assessed. The Building Inspector may cause any sign or other advertising structure which is an immediate peril to persons or property to be removed summarily and without notice.
Every sign or other advertising structure hereafter erected shall have painted in a conspicuous place thereon, in letters not less than one inch in height, the date of erection, the permit number and the voltage of any electrical apparatus used in connection therewith.
The owner of any sign as defined and regulated by this chapter shall be required to have properly painted at least once every two years all parts and supports of said sign, unless the same are galvanized or otherwise treated to prevent rust.
All signs and other advertising structures shall be designed and constructed to withstand a wind pressure of not less than 40 pounds per square foot of area and shall be constructed to receive dead loads as required in the Building Code[1] or other ordinances of the City of Bradford.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Building Construction.
Any sign now or hereafter existing which no longer advertises a bona fide business conducted or a product sold shall be taken down and removed by the owner, agent or person having the beneficial use of the building or structure upon which such sign may be found within 10 days after written notification from the Building Inspector, and, upon failure to comply with such notice within the time specified in such order, the Building Inspector is hereby authorized to cause removal of such sign, and any expense incident thereto shall be paid by the owner of the building or structure to which such sign is attached.
[Amended 12-10-2002 by Ord. No. 2986.3; 5-14-2004 by Ord. No. 2986.4]
A. 
Temporary signs not exceeding 12 square feet, provided each such sign is removed within 60 days of its erection.
B. 
Identification signs not exceeding three square feet denoting only the name and profession of an owner or occupant.
C. 
Signs painted on the exterior surface of a building or structure; provided, however, that if said signs have raised borders, letters, characters, decorations or lighting appliances, they shall be subject to the provisions of § 178-24 and all applicable provisions of this chapter.
D. 
Bulletin boards not exceeding eight square feet in area advertising or informing of a service, business, occupation or profession carried on, in or about the property upon which such bulletin board is displayed.
E. 
Signs cut into any masonry surface or when constructed of bronze or other incombustible materials denoting the name or other identifying information concerning a building or its date of construction.
F. 
Traffic or other municipal signs, legal notices, railroad crossing signs, danger and such emergency or nonadvertising signs as may be approved by the City Council.
G. 
Noncommercial signs not exceeding 12 square feet in area placed upon private property by the owner or occupant of said property.
Every applicant for a permit referred to herein shall, before the permit is granted, file with the Building Inspector a continuing bond in the penal sum of $10,000 executed by the applicant and a surety company to be approved by the City Solicitor and conditioned for the faithful observance of the provisions of this chapter and all amendments thereto and of all laws and ordinances relating to signs and other advertising structures and which shall indemnify and save harmless the City of Bradford from any and all damages, judgments, costs or expense which said City may incur or suffer by reason of the granting of said permit. Any person lawfully maintaining a sign or other advertising structure regulated by this chapter at the time of the enactment of this chapter shall, within 30 days after said enactment, comply with all the provisions set forth in this section. A liability insurance policy issued by an insurance company authorized to do business in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania conforming to this section may be permitted in lieu of a bond.
No sign shall be erected, relocated or maintained so as to prevent free ingress to or egress from any door, window or fire escape. No sign of any kind shall be attached to a standpipe or fire escape.
No sign or other advertising structure as regulated by this chapter shall be erected at the intersection of any streets in such a manner as to obstruct free and clear vision or at any location where, by reason of the position, shape or color, it may interfere with, obstruct the view of or be confused with any authorized traffic sign, signal or device or shall make use of the words "Stop," "Look," "Drive-in," "Danger" or any other word, phrase, symbol or character in such manner as to interfere with, mislead or confuse traffic.
All signs or other advertising structures which are constructed on street lines, or within five feet thereof, shall have a smooth surface, and no nails, tacks or wires shall be permitted to protrude therefrom, except electrical reflectors and devices which may extend over the top and in front of the advertising structures.
Gooseneck reflectors and lights shall be permitted on ground signs, roof signs and wall signs; provided, however, that the reflectors shall be provided with proper glass lenses concentrating the illumination upon the area of the sign so as to prevent glare upon the street or adjacent property.
It shall be unlawful for any person to maintain any sign which extends over public property which is wholly or partially illuminated by floodlights or spotlights.
[Amended 12-10-2002 by Ord. No. 2986.3]
It shall be unlawful for any person to display upon any sign or other advertisement structure any obscene matter as that term is interpreted from time to time under either the Federal Case Law or the Case Law of this commonwealth.
[Amended 10-14-1986 by Ord. No. 2986.1]
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
Materials required. All ground signs for which a permit is required under this chapter shall have a surface or facing of incombustible material; provided, however, that combustible structural trim may be used thereon.
(2) 
Letters to be secured. All letters, figures, characters or representations in cut-out or irregular form maintained in conjunction with, attached to or superimposed upon any sign shall be safely and securely built or attached to the sign structure and shall comply with all requirements in § 178-19.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Height limitation. It shall be unlawful to erect any ground sign whose total height is greater than 25 feet above the level of the street upon which the sign faces or above the adjoining ground level, if such ground level is above the street level.
(2) 
Space between sign and ground and other signs and structures. Ground signs shall have an open space not less than two feet between the base line of said sign and the ground level. This open space may be filled in with a platform or decorative latticework which does not close off more than 1/2 of any square foot of such open space. No ground sign shall be nearer than two feet to any other sign, building or structure.
(3) 
Setback line. No portion of any ground sign shall extend beyond a property line or extend into any right-of-way or street line established by law.
[Amended 10-12-1999 by Ord. No. 2986.2]
(4) 
Not to mislead, interfere with or confuse traffic. All ground signs shall conform to the provisions of § 178-18.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Bracing, anchorage and supports. All ground signs shall be securely built, constructed and erected upon posts and standards sunk at least three feet below the natural surface of the ground and shall be supported and braced by timbers or metal rods in the rear thereof, extending from the top thereof to a point in the ground at least a distance equal to 1/2 of the height of such sign, measured along the ground, from the posts or standards upon which the same is erected.
(2) 
Supports, etc., to be creosoted. All posts, anchors and bracing of wood shall be treated to protect them from moisture by creosoting or other approved methods when they rest upon or enter into the ground.
(3) 
Wind pressure and dead load requirements. All ground signs shall conform to the requirements of § 178-13.
D. 
Premises to be kept free of weeds, etc. All ground signs and the premises surrounding the same shall be maintained by the owner thereof in a clean, sanitary and inoffensive condition and free and clear of all obnoxious substances, rubbish and weeds.
A. 
Construction; materials required. All wall signs for which a permit is required under this chapter shall have a surface or facing of incombustible material; provided, however, that combustible structural trim may be used thereon.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Limitation on placement and area. No wall sign shall cover wholly or partially any wall opening nor project beyond the ends or top of the wall to which it is attached, and any one wall sign shall not exceed an area of 500 square feet.
(2) 
Projection above sidewalk and setback line. A wall sign shall not be permitted to extend more than six inches beyond the building line and shall not be attached to a wall at a height of less than 10 feet above the sidewalk or ground.
(3) 
Obstructions to doors, windows or fire escapes. No wall sign shall be erected, relocated or maintained so as to prevent free ingress to or egress from any door, window or fire escape.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Supports and attachment. All wall signs shall be safely and securely attached to the building wall by means of metal anchors, bolts or expansion screws of not less than 3/8 inch in diameter embedded in said wall at least five inches; provided, however, that such signs may rest in, or be bolted to, strong, heavy, metal brackets or saddles set not over six feet apart, each of which shall be securely fixed to the wall as hereinbefore provided. In no case shall any wall sign be secured with wire, strips of wood or nails.
(2) 
Wind pressure and dead load requirements. All wall signs shall conform to the requirements of § 178-13.
A. 
Construction; materials required. Every roof sign, including the upright supports and braces thereof, shall be constructed entirely of incombustible materials; provided, however, that combustible structural trim may be used thereon.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Height and area limitations. A roof sign shall not have a surface or facing exceeding 300 square feet nor have its highest point extended more than 20 feet above the roof level.
(2) 
Setback from roof edge. No roof sign shall be erected or maintained with the face thereof nearer than five feet to the outside wall toward which the sign faces.
(3) 
Space between sign and roof. All roof signs shall have a space at least five feet in height between the base of the sign and the roof level and have at least five feet clearance between the vertical supports thereof.
(4) 
Prohibited obstructions. A roof sign shall not be placed on the roof of any building or structure in such manner as to prevent free passage from one part of said roof to any other part thereof or interfere with openings in said roof and shall comply with § 178-17 hereof.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Bracing, anchorage and supports. Every roof sign shall be thoroughly secured to the building by iron or other metal anchors, bolts, supports, rods or braces. When erected upon buildings which are not constructed entirely of fireproof material, the bearing plates of said sign shall bear directly upon masonry walls and intermediate steel columns in the building. No roof sign shall be supported or anchored to the wooden framework of a building.
(2) 
Wind pressure and dead load requirements. All roof signs shall conform to the requirements of § 178-13 of this chapter.
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
Every projecting sign, including the frames, braces and supports thereof, shall be designed by a structural engineer or manufacturer and shall be approved by the Building Inspector as in compliance with the Building Code[1] of the City of Bradford and by the Electrical Inspector as in compliance with the Electrical Code of the City of Bradford,[2] shall be constructed of incombustible materials, shall be illuminated and shall be two-faced.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Building Construction.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 103, Electrical Standards.
(2) 
Illumination. The reflectors shall be provided with the proper glass lenses concentrating the illumination upon the area of the sign and preventing glare upon the street or adjacent property, and no floodlight or spotlight or reflectors of the gooseneck type shall be permitted on projecting signs.
(3) 
Limitation of glass. The lettering or advertising designs to be illuminated may be composed of glass or other transparent or semitransparent incombustible material. Any glass forming a part of any sign shall be safety glass or plate glass at least 1/4 inch thick, and in case any single piece or pane of glass has an area exceeding three square feet, it shall be wired glass. One section, not exceeding three square feet in area, constructed of wire glass or safety glass shall be permitted on each side of a sign.
(4) 
Movable parts to be secured. Any movable part of a projecting sign, such as the cover of a service opening, shall be securely fastened by chains or hinges.
(5) 
Area limitations. Except by special permission of the City Council, projecting signs shall be limited in area as follows:
(a) 
Horizontal projecting signs, 50 square feet each side.
(b) 
Vertical projecting signs, 100 square feet each side.
(6) 
Thickness limitation. The distance measured between the principal faces of any projecting sign shall not exceed 18 inches.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Projection over public property. Every projecting sign shall be placed at least eight feet above the public sidewalk over which it is erected and a distance not greater than two feet from the face of the wall to which it is attached, measuring from the point of the sign nearest thereto, and no sign or part thereof shall extend nearer the curbline than three feet. Every projecting sign erected over public driveways, alleys and thoroughfares shall be placed not less than 15 feet above the level of the same.
(2) 
Obstructions and traffic hazards. Every projecting sign shall be erected in full compliance with §§ 178-17 and 178-18 of this chapter.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Bracing, anchorage and supports. Projecting signs exceeding 10 square feet in area of 50 pounds in weight shall not be attached to nor supported by frame buildings nor the wooden framework of a building. Said signs shall be attached to masonry walls with galvanized expansion bolts at least 3/8 inch in diameter, shall be fixed in the wall by means of bolts extending through the wall, shall contain a proper size metal washer or plate on the inside of the wall and shall comply with § 178-13 hereof.
(2) 
Anchorage with wire, etc., prohibited. No projecting sign shall be secured with wire, strips of wood or nails, nor shall any projecting sign be hung or secured to any other sign.
D. 
V-shaped signs prohibited. V-shaped signs, consisting of two single-faced signs erected without a roof or ceiling, shall not be permitted.
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
Materials and area limitations. No temporary sign of combustible material shall exceed four feet in one of its dimensions or 100 square feet in area, and provided that such signs in excess of 60 square feet shall be made of rigid materials, that is, of wallboard or other light materials with frames.
(2) 
Weight limitation. Every temporary sign weighing in excess of 50 pounds must be approved by the Building Inspector as conforming to the safety requirements of the Building Code of the City of Bradford.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Building Construction.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Projection from wall and over public property. No temporary sign shall extend over or into any street, alley, sidewalk or other public thoroughfare a distance greater than four inches from the wall upon which it is erected, and no temporary sign shall be placed or project over any wall opening.
(2) 
Obstruction to doors, windows and fire escapes. No temporary sign shall be erected so as to prevent free ingress to or egress from any door, window or fire escape, nor shall such sign be attached to any standpipe or fire escape.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Anchorage and support. Every temporary sign shall be attached to the wall with wire or steel cables, and no strings, ropes or wood slats for anchorage or support purposes shall be permitted.
D. 
Duration of permits. Permits for temporary signs shall authorize the erection of said signs and their maintenance for a period not exceeding 30 days.
E. 
Advertising permitted. The advertisement contained on any temporary sign shall pertain only to the business, industry or pursuit conducted on or within the premises on which such sign is erected or maintained. This provision shall not apply to signs of a civic, political or religious nature.
F. 
Bond or insurance requirements. Bond or insurance requirements on temporary signs shall be as provided in § 178-16.
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
Materials required. All marquees, including the anchors, bolts, supports, rods and braces thereof, shall be constructed of incombustible materials, shall be designed by a structural engineer and approved by the Building Inspector as in compliance with the Building Code of the City of Bradford[1] and by the Electrical Inspector as in compliance with the Electrical Code of the City of Bradford[2] and shall be illuminated.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Building Construction.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 103, Electrical Standards.
(2) 
Drainage. The roofs of all marquees shall be properly guttered and connected by downspouts to a sewer so that the water therefrom will not drip or flow onto public property.
(3) 
Roofs, use and glass. The roofs of all marquees shall be used for no other purpose than to form and constitute a roof, and at least 25% of the area of the roof of every marquee shall be of glass or other incombustible transparent substance.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Height above sidewalk. No portion of a marquee shall be less than eight feet above the level of the sidewalk or other public thoroughfare.
(2) 
Setback from curbline. No marquee shall be permitted to extend beyond a point three feet inside the curbline.
(3) 
Width. No marquee shall be wider than the entrance or entrances of the building, plus five feet on each side thereof; provided, however, that where the entrances to a building are not more than 20 feet apart, a marquee may be made a continuous single structure between said entrances.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Bracing, anchorage and supports. Marquees shall be supported solely by the building to which they are attached, and no columns or posts shall be permitted as support therefor.
(2) 
Roof live load requirement. The roof of any marquee, except glass area required, shall be designed and constructed to support a live load of not less than 100 pounds per square foot. The wind pressure requirements shall be those stated in § 178-13.
(3) 
Anchorage to wood structure prohibited. No marquee shall be erected on any building of wood frame construction unless attached to the masonry, concrete or steel supports of the building.
D. 
Signs attached to marquee. Signs attached to or hung from a marquee shall be completely within the borderline of the marquee outer edge and shall in no instance be lower than 10 feet above the sidewalk or public thoroughfare. No sign or advertising material shall exceed five feet in height, exclusive of the name of the establishment exhibiting such marquee. No advertising material shall be placed upon the roof of any marquee.
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
Materials for awnings. Awnings may be constructed of cloth or metal; provided, however, that all frames and supports shall be of metal.
(2) 
Materials for canopies. Canopies may be constructed of cloth or metal hood; provided, however, that all frames and supports shall be of metal.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Height above sidewalk, awnings and canopies. All awnings and canopies shall be constructed and erected so that the lowest portion thereof shall be not less than eight feet above the level of the sidewalk or public thoroughfare.
(2) 
Setback from curbline, awnings and canopies. No awning or canopy shall be permitted to extend beyond a point 12 inches inside the curbline.
(3) 
Width of awnings and canopies. There shall be no limitation on the width of awnings; provided, however, that full compliance with § 178-13 is required. No canopy shall be permitted to exceed eight feet in width.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Awnings, support. Every awning shall be securely attached to and supported by the building. Posts or columns beyond the building line shall not be permitted for awnings. No awning shall be attached to the wood jambs, frames or other wood members of a building (frame buildings excepted) when such building is less than 10 feet from public property.
(2) 
Canopies, support. The framework of all canopies shall be designed by a structural engineer and approved by the Building Inspector as in compliance with the Building Code of the City of Bradford.[1] All frames and supports shall be of metal and designed to withstand a wind pressure as provided in § 178-13 of this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Building Construction.
D. 
Advertising. No advertising shall be placed on any awning or canopy, except that the name of the owner and the business, industry or pursuit conducted within the premises may be painted or otherwise permanently placed in a space not exceeding eight inches in height on the front and side portions thereof.
E. 
Permits and inspection. Permits for awnings and canopies shall be required as provided in § 178-3. Awnings and canopies shall be subject to annual inspection as required in § 178-8.
A. 
Construction.
(1) 
All street clocks as herein defined shall be constructed of incombustible material, including the frames, braces and supports thereof.
(2) 
Regulation of size of dial. The dial of such clocks shall be not less than 30 inches nor more than 40 inches in diameter.
(3) 
Requirements on glass. Any glass forming a part of a clock or the sign thereon shall be safety glass or plate glass at least 1/4 inch thick, and in case any single piece or pane of glass has an area exceeding three square feet, it shall be constructed of wired glass, securely held in place.
(4) 
Movable parts to be secured. Any movable part of a street clock, that is, cover or service opening, shall be securely fastened by metal hinges.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
Clocks erected on walls. Clocks supported on the corner of any building or structure at the intersection of two streets shall not be less than 15 feet nor more than 20 feet above the sidewalk and shall not project from the face or wall of the building or structure, in any direction, more than five feet.
(2) 
Clocks erected on sidewalk. Every clock erected on the sidewalk shall be supported upon a post of ornamental design, the total height of which shall be not less than 15 feet, shall be not more than 20 inches from the outer edge of the curb and shall be at least 20 feet from the point of intersection of the lines of any street, measured parallel with the street.
C. 
Erection.
(1) 
Clocks erected on walls. All clocks erected on the exterior of any building or structure shall comply with the requirements set forth in § 178-24 regulating wall signs or § 178-26 regulating projecting signs in all respects concerning erection, whichever applies.
(2) 
Wind pressure and dead load requirements. All street clocks, whether erected on exterior walls or on the sidewalk, shall comply with the requirements of § 178-13 of this chapter.
D. 
Limitation on permits for clocks on sidewalks. Any person erecting a street clock on any public sidewalk shall obtain the special written permission of the City Council in addition to all other permits required hereunder.
E. 
Limitation on permits in general. No person shall be permitted to erect more than one street clock as herein defined for any place of business at any one location.
F. 
Advertising permitted. Only the name of the owner, proprietor or manager of the place of business erecting and maintaining such clock shall be permitted as advertising matter on said clock.
G. 
Must keep accurate time. Such clock shall keep accurate time, and if this condition is not complied with, the clock shall be promptly repaired or removed.
Every sign or other advertising structure in existence on adoption of this chapter which violates or does not conform to the provisions hereof shall be removed or altered or replaced so as to conform to the provisions of this chapter within two years. The requirements of § 178-16 shall be complied with in all cases.
Every sign or other advertising structure lawfully in existence on the adoption of this chapter shall not be repaired, altered or moved unless it shall be made to comply with the provisions of this chapter. The provisions of this section shall not exempt the owner of any nonconforming signs from the requirements of § 178-16 pertaining to bond or liability insurance.
The Building Inspector is hereby authorized and empowered to revoke any permit issued by him upon failure of the holder thereof to comply with any provision of this chapter.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding $300 or to imprisonment not exceeding 90 days, or to both such fine and imprisonment. Each day such violation is committed or permitted to continue shall constitute a separate offense and shall be punishable as such hereunder.