Village of Ridgewood, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 8-13-2014 by Ord. No. 3426]
This article provides design guidelines, design standards and construction specifications which shall apply to applications for site plan or subdivision approval and to improvements and activities which are exempted from the requirement to obtain formal site plan approval. Site plans and subdivisions, and improvements and activities which are exempt from formal site plan approval requirements, except for individual lot applications for detached one- or two-dwelling-unit buildings and permitted accessory uses and structures thereto, shall be designed to:
A. 
Be consistent with the Village Master Plan, Official Map and with the zoning regulations, Article X of this chapter;
B. 
Consider county, regional and state plans for the Village, and to conform to all applicable regulations of the county, state or federal governments, as well as any regional entities having jurisdiction;
C. 
Minimize negative impacts to the natural and man-made environment, including wetlands, areas prone to flooding, stream corridors, steep slopes, surface and ground water systems, significant stands of vegetation, wildlife, historical structures and sites, existing structures, neighborhood character and the fiscal stability of the community; and
D. 
Advance the purposes of this chapter and the Municipal Land Use Law,[1] as applicable.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
A. 
General. The layout of blocks and lots shall be designed to:
(1) 
Be compatible with the lot and block patterns established in the neighborhood, as appropriate;
(2) 
Minimize negative impacts to the natural and man-made environments;
(3) 
Provide for a well-designed system for circulation and access; and
(4) 
Provide a suitable amount of land on each lot that will enable appropriate development according to this chapter without undue environmental impact.
B. 
Block length. No block shall exceed 1,000 feet in length, except when a greater length is necessary to implement a conforming dead end street layout as permitted by this chapter.
C. 
Block corners at intersections shall be rounded at the property line with a minimum radius of 25 feet.
D. 
Conformance with zoning. Whenever a new lot is formed from a part of any other lot or lots, the assembly or separation shall be effected in such a manner as not to impair any of the requirements of this chapter. No subdivision shall be permitted which results in a change in area, width or front, side or rear yard that fails to comply in every respect with the required provisions of the district in which it is located.
E. 
Lot shape. Lots shall be shaped to enable proper use, maintenance of and access to the lot, and in keeping with the planned future development of the area, as indicated in the Master Plan and zoning regulations. Insofar as is practical, side lot lines shall be at right angles to straight streets and radial to curved streets.
F. 
Each lot must front upon an approved street at least 50 feet in width, or such greater width that may be required by the Village Master Plan, Official Map or by any other law.
G. 
Reserve access strips. No subdivision showing reserve strips controlling access to streets shall be approved unless the control and disposal of land comprising such strips has been placed in the Village Council under conditions approved by the Board and the Council.
H. 
Suitability of lots for development. The Board may, after adequate investigation, withhold approval of any lot which, in its opinion, is not suitable for its intended use due to factors such as, but not limited to, rock formations, surface or underground mines, flooding, wetlands, soil conditions, presence of hazardous materials, excessive slopes, etc.
The following standards shall apply for all streets which are within the jurisdiction of the Village of Ridgewood.
A. 
General. Streets, driveways, aisles and sidewalks shall be designed to:
(1) 
Comply with the proposals in the Village Master Plan and Official Map;
(2) 
Permit the safe, efficient, and orderly movement of vehicular and pedestrian traffic;
(3) 
Discourage heavy volumes of through traffic on minor streets and in residential areas;
(4) 
Provide for anticipated future volumes and speeds of traffic;
(5) 
Provide for adequate access and movement of emergency and service vehicles, including police and fire-fighting equipment, school buses, street maintenance vehicles, garbage trucks, delivery vehicles, etc.;
(6) 
Provide access to adjacent properties without unduly interfering with the flow of traffic;
(7) 
Provide a simple and logical street pattern; and
(8) 
Provide an attractive streetscape.
B. 
Street width. The width of street right-of-way and pavement shall be as set forth below, according to the Master Plan street classifications, unless in a particular situation the Master Plan or Official Map require a greater width, and provided that the Board may require greater width in a particular situation based upon analysis of traffic and street conditions:
(1) 
Width of street.
Street Classification
Right-of-Way
(feet)
Pavement
(feet)
Village arterial
60
40
Village collector
50
30
Minor
50
30
(2) 
Subdivisions which abut existing streets that do not conform to the width standards of this chapter shall dedicate additional width along one or both sides of such street as may be required or permitted by law.
(3) 
Half streets. Half streets shall be prohibited except where essential to the reasonable development of the subdivision in conformity with other requirements of this chapter and where the Board finds that it will be practical to require the dedication of the other half of the street when the adjoining property is subdivided. Wherever a half street is adjacent to a tract to be subdivided, the other half street shall be platted within such tract.
C. 
Street grades and grading. Streets shall be graded in accordance with the following standards:
(1) 
Minimum grade. All streets shall have a minimum center-line grade of 1%.
(2) 
Maximum grade. No street shall have a center-line grade which exceeds 10%.
(3) 
The developer shall be required to grade the full width of the street right-of-way, and to grade abutting property as necessary to comply with the design standards of this chapter for streets. Where required by the Board, the developer shall provide slope-right easements on property abutting the street right-of- way.
D. 
Sight easements for horizontal curves. Sight easements shall be provided at horizontal curves when it is determined by the Planning Board and the Village Engineer that the same are necessary for proper visibility. The boundaries of the easement shall be determined based upon conditions which exist at the curve.
E. 
Street intersections. The following standards shall apply:
(1) 
Street intersections shall be as nearly at right angles as possible, and in no case shall the angle of intersection be less than 60°.
(2) 
New intersections created with an existing street shall be aligned with any existing or planned streets on the opposite side of the intersecting street and shall minimize jogs and sharp angles.
(3) 
Sight easements shall be provided at all intersections, when essential for traffic safety.
F. 
Dead end streets. The following standards shall apply to dead end streets:
(1) 
The maximum length of dead-end streets shall relate to the district within which the lots fronting on the street are located, in accordance with the following schedule. The length shall be measured along the center line of the street(s) between the extreme dead end of the right-of-way line at the turning circle to the center line of the nearest intersecting through street.
Zone
Maximum Length of Cul-de-Sac
(feet)
R-125
1,250
R-110
1,100
R-1
1,000
R-2
750
R-3
600
R-4
500
Other
As determined by the Board
(2) 
There shall be a turnaround provided at the end of all dead-end streets with a minimum outside curb radius of 30 feet and a minimum right-of-way radius of 40 feet. Whenever possible, the turnaround shall be tangent to the right side of the street as one approaches the turnaround.
(3) 
If a dead-end street is of a temporary nature, a turnaround shall be provided in accordance with the standards for permanent turnarounds. Provision shall be made for the future extension of the street and the reversion of excess right-of-way to abutting property owners. Removal of the temporary turnaround and installation of permanent improvements, including but not limited to pavement, sidewalks, curbs, topsoil, shade trees, driveway aprons, etc. shall be at the developer's sole expense.
G. 
Street pavement. All streets shall be paved in accordance with the street specifications for the Village.
H. 
Private streets. Any private street proposed for any development shall follow the same standards required for public streets.
Streets, parking areas, loading areas, driveways for nonresidential and multifamily residential developments and other paved areas required by the Board shall be bounded by curbs constructed according to the Village street curb standards.
Sidewalks shall be constructed in accordance with the following standards:
A. 
Sidewalks shall be installed on both sides of streets.
B. 
Sidewalks shall be at least four feet wide, except where site conditions warrant a greater width.
C. 
Provisions are to be made for access by disabled persons, particularly as they relate to entranceways and ramps, both within new and remodeled buildings and structures.
Flared driveway aprons shall be provided between the street pavement and the sidewalk or, when no sidewalk is required, between the street pavement and the right-of-way line, in accordance with the requirements of the Director of Public Works.
[Amended 1-15-2003 by Ord. No. 2814; 3-8-2006 by Ord. No. 2983; 1-17-2007 by Ord. No. 3035]
A. 
Purpose. It is the purpose of this section to establish minimum stormwater management requirements and controls for "major development" and "minor development" as defined in this section. The standards are intended to:
(1) 
Minimize the impact of stormwater runoff on water quality and water quantity in receiving water bodies;
(2) 
Maintain groundwater recharge;
(3) 
Minimize the potential for erosion and sedimentation;
(4) 
Prevent degradation of wildlife habitat, including but not limited to stream, swamp, lake and pond habitats;
(5) 
Consider the impact of the proposed development on the total watershed area;
(6) 
Provide for proper maintenance and repair of stormwater facilities;
(7) 
Provide for proper security of stormwater facilities and prevent undue hazards; and
(8) 
Ensure that stormwater facilities are aesthetically pleasing.
(9) 
Require the retrofitting of existing storm drain inlets which are in direct contact with repaving, repairing, reconstruction, or resurfacing or alterations of facilities on private property, to prevent the discharge of solids and floatables (such as plastic bottles, cans, food wrappers and other litter) to the municipal separate storm sewer system(s) operated by the Village of Ridgewood so as to protect public health, safety and welfare.
[Added 11-9-2009 by Ord. No. 3223]
B. 
Applicability, scope, exemptions and waivers. This section shall apply to all aspects of development, municipal or private, that are not preempted by the Residential Site Improvement Standards at N.J.A.C. 5:21 or by other law. In addition, the following provisions shall govern the application of this section:
(1) 
Minimum requirements. In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this section shall be held to be the minimum requirements for the promotion of the public health, safety, and general welfare.
(2) 
Other approvals. Development approvals issued pursuant to this section do not relieve the applicant of the responsibility to secure required permits or approvals for activities regulated by any other applicable code, rule, act, or ordinance.
(3) 
Effect upon other regulations. This section is not intended to interfere with, abrogate, or annul any other ordinances, rule or regulation, statute, or other provision of law except that where any provision of this section imposes restrictions different from those imposed by any other ordinance, rule or regulation, or other provision of law, the more restrictive provisions or higher standards shall control.
(4) 
Exemption in case of regional plan. The standards for major development do not apply to the extent that alternative design and performance standards are applicable under a regional stormwater management plan or water quality management plan adopted in accordance with Department rules.
(5) 
Exemption for certain linear developments. The following linear development projects are exempt from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of § 190-83D(4), (5) and (6):
(a) 
The construction of an underground utility line, provided that the disturbed areas are revegetated upon completion;
(b) 
The construction of an aboveground utility line, provided that the existing conditions are maintained to the maximum extent practicable;
(c) 
The construction of a public pedestrian access, such as a sidewalk or trail with a maximum width of 14 feet, provided that the access is made of permeable material.
(6) 
Agricultural developments. Any application for a new agricultural development that meets the definition of major development in § 190-83C shall be submitted to the appropriate Soil Conservation District for review and approval in accordance with the requirements of this section and any applicable Soil Conservation District guidelines for stormwater runoff quantity and erosion control. For the purposes of this section, "agricultural development" means land uses normally associated with the production of food, fiber and livestock for sale. Such uses do not include the development of land for the processing or sale of food and the manufacturing of agriculturally related products.
(7) 
Waivers for widening of certain transportation improvements. A waiver from strict compliance from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of § 190-83D(4), (5) and (6) may be obtained from the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment, as applicable, in the case of site plan, subdivision, variance or other development approvals required pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law, or from the Engineering Department of the Village for other approvals, for the enlargement of an existing public roadway or railroad; or the construction or enlargement of a public pedestrian access, provided that the following conditions are met:
(a) 
The applicant demonstrates that there is a public need for the project that cannot be accomplished by any other means;
(b) 
The applicant demonstrates, through an alternatives analysis, that through the use of nonstructural and structural stormwater management strategies and measures, the option selected complies with the requirements of § 190-83D(4), (5) and (6) to the maximum extent practicable;
(c) 
The applicant demonstrates that, in order to meet the requirements of § 190-83D(4), (5) and (6), existing structures currently in use, such as homes and buildings, would need to be condemned; and
(d) 
The applicant demonstrates that it does not own or have other rights to areas, including the potential to obtain through condemnation lands not falling under Subsection B(7)(c) above within the upstream drainage area of the receiving stream, that would provide additional opportunities to mitigate the requirements of § 190-83D(4), (5) and (6) that were not achievable on-site.
(8) 
Exceptions; required mitigation. The municipal reviewing agency may grant an exception from the design and performance standards set forth in § 190-83D, provided that in granting relief, the agency shall require the applicant to submit a mitigation plan that identifies what measures are necessary to offset the deficit created by granting the variance or exception. The mitigation shall ensure that mitigation is completed within the drainage area and for the performance standard for which for the variance or exception was granted. Such mitigation measures shall comply with the mitigation project criteria set forth in the Village's stormwater management plan element of the Village Master Plan. The developer shall have the obligation to implement the measures identified in the mitigation plan or, if the developer is unable to implement the measures, to pay the cost of such mitigation measures to the Village of Ridgewood.
C. 
Definitions. Unless specifically defined below, words or phrases used in this section shall be interpreted so as to give them the meaning they have in common usage and to give this section its most reasonable application. The definitions below are the same as or based on the corresponding definitions in the Stormwater Management Rules at N.J.A.C. 7:8-1.2.
BMP
Best management practice.
COMPACTION
The increase in soil bulk density.
COUNTY REVIEW AGENCY
An agency designated by the County Board of Chosen Freeholders to review municipal stormwater management plans and implementing ordinances. The county review agency may either be:
(1) 
A county planning agency; or
(2) 
A county water resource association created under N.J.S.A. 58:16A-55.5, if the ordinance or resolution delegates authority to approve, conditionally approve, or disapprove municipal stormwater management plans and implementing ordinances.
DEPARTMENT
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
DESIGN ENGINEER
A person professionally qualified and duly licensed in New Jersey to perform engineering services that may include, but not necessarily be limited to, development of project requirements, creation and development of project design and preparation of drawings and specifications.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any building or structure, any mining excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, by any person, for which permission is required under the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq. In the case of development of agricultural lands, development means: any activity that requires a state permit; any activity reviewed by the County Agricultural Board (CAB) and the State Agricultural Development Committee (SADC), and municipal review of any activity not exempted by the Right to Farm Act, N.J.S.A. 4:1C-1 et seq.
DRAINAGE AREA
A geographic area within which stormwater, sediments, or dissolved materials drain to a particular receiving water body or to a particular point along a receiving water body.
ENVIRONMENTALLY CRITICAL AREA
An area or feature which is of significant environmental value, including, but not limited to: stream corridors; natural heritage priority sites; habitat of endangered or threatened species; large areas of contiguous open space or upland forest; steep slopes; and wellhead protection and groundwater recharge areas. Habitats of endangered or threatened species are identified using the Department's Landscape Project as approved by the Department's Endangered and Nongame Species Program.
EROSION
The detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice or gravity.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface that has been covered with a layer of material so that it is highly resistant to infiltration by water.
INFILTRATION
The process by which water seeps into the soil from precipitation.
MAJOR DEVELOPMENT
Any development that provides for ultimately disturbing one or more acres of land. Disturbance for the purpose of this rule is the placement of impervious surface or exposure and/or movement of soil or bedrock or clearing, cutting, or removing of vegetation.
MINOR DEVELOPMENT
Any development other than major development.
MUNICIPALITY
Any city, borough, town, township, or village.
MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORM SEWER SYSTEM (MS4)
A conveyance or system of conveyance, including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, man-made channels, or storm drains, that is owned or operated by the Village of Ridgewood or other public body, and is designed and used for collecting and conveying stormwater.
[Added 11-9-2009 by Ord. No. 3223]
NUTRIENT
A chemical element or compound, such as nitrogen or phosphorus, which is essential to and promotes the development of organisms.
PERSON
Any individual, corporation, company, partnership, firm, association, Village of Ridgewood, or political subdivision of this state subject to municipal jurisdiction pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
POLLUTANT
Any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, filter backwash, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, grease, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, medical wastes, radioactive substance [except those regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.], thermal waste, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, industrial, municipal, agricultural, and construction waste or runoff, or other residue discharged directly or indirectly to the land, groundwaters or surface waters of the state, or to a domestic treatment works. "Pollutant" includes both hazardous and nonhazardous pollutants.
RECHARGE
The amount of water from precipitation that infiltrates into the ground and is not evapotranspired.
SEDIMENT
Solid material, mineral or organic, that is in suspension, is being transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by air, water or gravity as a product of erosion.
SITE
The lot or lots upon which a development is to occur or has occurred.
SOIL
All unconsolidated mineral and organic material of any origin.
STORM DRAIN INLET
An opening in a storm drain used to collect stormwater runoff and includes, but is not limited to, a grate inlet, curb opening inlet, slotted inlet and combination inlet.
[Added 11-9-2009 by Ord. No. 3223]
STORMWATER
Water resulting from precipitation (including rain and snow) that runs off the land's surface, is transmitted to the subsurface, or is captured by separate storm sewers or other sewage or drainage facilities, or conveyed by snow removal equipment.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT BASIN
An excavation or embankment and related areas designed to retain stormwater runoff. A stormwater management basin may either be normally dry (that is, a detention basin or infiltration basin), retain water in a permanent pool (a retention basin), or be planted mainly with wetland vegetation (most constructed stormwater wetlands).
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT MEASURE
Any structural or nonstructural strategy, practice, technology, process, program, or other method intended to control or reduce stormwater runoff and associated pollutants, or to induce or control the infiltration or groundwater recharge of stormwater or to eliminate illicit or illegal nonstormwater discharges into stormwater conveyances.
STORMWATER RUNOFF
Water flow on the surface of the ground or in storm sewers, resulting from precipitation.
WATERS OF THE STATE
The ocean and its estuaries, all springs, streams and bodies of surface water or groundwater, whether natural or artificial, within the boundaries of the State of New Jersey or subject to its jurisdiction.
[Amended 11-9-2009 by Ord. No. 3223]
WETLANDS or WETLAND
An area that is inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, commonly known as "hydrophytic vegetation."
D. 
Requirements for major development. Major development, as defined by this section, shall be subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
General.
(a) 
All major development shall comply with the design and performance standards for erosion control, groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity control, maintenance and other requirements contained in this subsection.
(b) 
In addition to all other applicable requirements, major development that results in an additional 1/4 acre of total impervious surface on a development site shall comply with the standards for stormwater runoff quality control.
(c) 
To the maximum extent practicable, these standards shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies into the design. Nonstructural strategies include both environmentally sensitive site design and source controls that prevent pollutants from being placed on the site or from being exposed to stormwater. If these strategies alone are not sufficient to meet these standards, structural stormwater management measures necessary to meet these standards shall be incorporated into the design.
(d) 
Structural BMPs should be integrated with nonstructural stormwater management strategies and proper maintenance plans.
(e) 
Source control plans should be developed based upon physical site conditions and the origin, nature, and the anticipated quantity or amount of potential pollutants.
(f) 
Multiple stormwater management BMPs may be necessary to achieve the established performance standards for water quality, quantity, and groundwater recharge.
(g) 
Development applications and approvals shall incorporate a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of the development in accordance with § 190-83D(8).
(h) 
Stormwater management measures shall avoid adverse impacts of concentrated flow on habitat for threatened and endangered species as documented in the Department's Landscape Project or Natural Heritage Database established under N.J.S.A. 13:1B-15.147 through 15.150, particularly Helonias bullata (swamp pink) and/or Clemmys muhlnebergi (bog turtle).
(2) 
Nonstructural stormwater management strategies.
(a) 
Strategy prioritization. To the maximum extent practicable, the standards in § 190-83D(3) through (7) shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies set forth in this § 190-83D(2) into the design. The applicant shall identify the nonstructural measures incorporated into the design of the project. If the applicant contends that it is not feasible for engineering, environmental, or safety reasons to incorporate any nonstructural stormwater management measures identified in Subsection D(2)(b) below into the design of a particular project, the applicant shall identify the strategy considered and provide a basis for the contention.
(b) 
Strategy objectives. Nonstructural stormwater management strategies incorporated into site design shall:
[1] 
Protect areas that provide water quality benefits or areas particularly susceptible to erosion and sediment loss;
[2] 
Minimize impervious surfaces and break up or disconnect the flow of runoff over impervious surfaces;
[3] 
Maximize the protection of natural drainage features and vegetation;
[4] 
Minimize the decrease in the "time of concentration" from preconstruction to postconstruction. "Time of concentration" is defined as the time it takes for runoff to travel from the hydraulically most distant point of the watershed to the point of interest within a watershed;
[5] 
Minimize land disturbance including clearing and grading;
[6] 
Minimize soil compaction;
[7] 
Provide low-maintenance landscaping that encourages retention and planting of native vegetation and minimizes the use of lawns, fertilizers and pesticides;
[8] 
Provide vegetated open-channel conveyance systems discharging into and through stable vegetated areas;
[9] 
Provide other source controls to prevent or minimize the use or exposure of pollutants at the site, in order to prevent or minimize the release of those pollutants into stormwater runoff. Such source controls include, but are not limited to:
[a] 
Site design features that help to prevent accumulation of trash and debris in drainage systems, including features that satisfy § 190-83D(7)(c);
[b] 
Site design features that help to prevent discharge of trash and debris from drainage systems;
[c] 
Site design features that help to prevent and/or contain spills or other harmful accumulations of pollutants at industrial or commercial developments;
[d] 
When establishing vegetation after land disturbance, applying fertilizer in accordance with the requirements established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
(c) 
Perpetual maintenance. Any land area used as a nonstructural stormwater management measure to meet the performance standards in § 190-83D(3) through (6) shall be dedicated to a government agency, subjected to a conservation restriction filed with the appropriate County Clerk's office, or subject to an approved equivalent restriction that ensures that measure or an equivalent stormwater management measure approved by the reviewing agency is maintained in perpetuity.
(d) 
Technical guidance. Guidance for nonstructural stormwater management strategies is available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. The BMP Manual may be obtained from the address identified in Subsection G below, or found on the Department's Web site at www.njstormwater.org.
(3) 
Erosion control standards. The minimum design and performance standards for erosion control are those established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
(4) 
Groundwater recharge standards. The minimum design and performance standards for groundwater recharge are as follows:
(a) 
Recharge volume. The design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff and groundwater recharge calculations at § 190-83D(4) and (5), either:
[1] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the site and its stormwater management measures maintain 100% of the average annual preconstruction groundwater recharge volume for the site; or
[2] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the increase of stormwater runoff volume from preconstruction to postconstruction for the two-year storm is infiltrated.
(b) 
Calculations. Groundwater recharge may be calculated in accordance with the New Jersey Geological Survey Report GSR-32, A Method for Evaluating Ground-Water Recharge Areas in New Jersey, incorporated herein by reference as amended and supplemented. Information regarding the methodology is available from the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual; at http://www.state.nj.us/dep/njgs/; or at New Jersey Geological Survey, 29 Arctic Parkway, P.O. Box 427, Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0427; (609) 984-6587.
(c) 
Prohibited recharge. The following types of stormwater shall not be recharged:
[1] 
Stormwater from areas of high pollutant loading. High pollutant loading areas are areas in industrial and commercial developments where solvents and/or petroleum products are loaded/unloaded, stored, or applied, areas where pesticides are loaded/unloaded or stored; areas where hazardous materials are expected to be present in greater than "reportable quantities" as defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at 40 CFR 302.4; areas where recharge would be inconsistent with a Department-approved remedial action work plan or landfill closure plan and areas with high risks for spills of toxic materials, such as gas stations and vehicle maintenance facilities; and
[2] 
Industrial stormwater exposed to "source material." "Source material" means any material(s) or machinery, located at an industrial facility that is directly or indirectly related to process, manufacturing or other industrial activities, which could be a source of pollutants in any industrial stormwater discharge to groundwater. Source materials include, but are not limited to, raw materials; intermediate products; final products; waste materials; by-products; industrial machinery and fuels, and lubricants, solvents, and detergents that are related to process, manufacturing, or other industrial activities that are exposed to stormwater.
(d) 
The design engineer shall assess the hydraulic impact on the groundwater table and design the site so as to avoid adverse hydraulic impacts. Potential adverse hydraulic impacts include, but are not limited to, exacerbating a naturally or seasonally high water table so as to cause surficial ponding, flooding of basements, or interference with the proper operation of subsurface sewage disposal systems and other subsurface structures in the vicinity or downgradient of the groundwater recharge area.
(5) 
Runoff quantity standards.
(a) 
Preconstruction runoff rates to be maintained. In order to control stormwater runoff quantity impacts, the design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff calculations at § 190-83D(5)(b), complete one of the following:
[1] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that for stormwater leaving the site, postconstruction runoff hydrographs for the two-, ten- and one-hundred-year storm events do not exceed, at any point in time, the preconstruction runoff hydrographs for the same storm events;
[2] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that there is no increase, as compared to the preconstruction condition, in the peak runoff rates of stormwater leaving the site for the two-, ten- and one-hundred-year storm events and that the increased volume or change in timing of stormwater runoff will not increase flood damage at or downstream of the site. This analysis shall include the analysis of impacts of existing land uses and projected land uses assuming full development under existing zoning and land use ordinances in the drainage area; or
[3] 
Design stormwater management measures so that the postconstruction peak runoff rates for the two-, ten- and one-hundred-year storm events are 50%, 75% and 80%, respectively, of the preconstruction peak runoff rates. The percentages apply only to the postconstruction stormwater runoff that is attributable to the portion of the site on which the proposed development or project is to be constructed. The percentages shall not be applied to postconstruction stormwater runoff into tidal flood hazard areas if the increased volume of stormwater runoff will not increase flood damages below the point of discharge.
(b) 
Calculation methodology. Stormwater runoff shall be calculated in accordance with the following:
[1] 
The design engineer shall calculate runoff using one of the following methods:
[a] 
The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) methodology, including the NRCS Runoff Equation and Dimensionless Unit Hydrograph, as described in the NRCS National Engineering Handbook Section 4 - Hydrology and Technical Release 55 - Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds; or
[b] 
The Rational Method for peak flow and the Modified Rational Method for hydrograph computations.
[2] 
For the purpose of calculating runoff coefficients and groundwater recharge, there is a presumption that the preconstruction condition of a site or portion thereof is a wooded land use with good hydrologic condition. The term "runoff coefficient" applies to both the NRCS methodology at § 190-83D(5)(b)[1][a] and the Rational and Modified Rational Methods at § 190-83D(5)(b)[1][b]. A runoff coefficient or a groundwater recharge land cover for an existing condition may be used on all or a portion of the site if the design engineer verifies that the hydrologic condition has existed on the site or portion of the site for at least five years without interruption prior to the time of application. If more than one land cover has existed on the site during the five years immediately prior to the time of application, the land cover with the lowest runoff potential shall be used for the computations. In addition, there is the presumption that the site is in good hydrologic condition (if the land use type is pasture, lawn, or park), with good cover (if the land use type is woods), or with good hydrologic condition and conservation treatment (if the land use type is cultivation).
[3] 
In computing preconstruction stormwater runoff, the design engineer shall account for all significant land features and structures, such as ponds, wetlands, depressions, hedgerows, or culverts, that may reduce preconstruction stormwater runoff rates and volumes.
[4] 
In computing stormwater runoff from all design storms, the design engineer shall consider the relative stormwater runoff rates and/or volumes of pervious and impervious surfaces separately to accurately compute the rates and volume of stormwater runoff from the site. To calculate runoff from unconnected impervious cover, urban impervious area modifications as described in the NRCS Technical Release 55 - Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds and other methods may be employed.
[5] 
If the invert of the outlet structure of a stormwater management measure is below the flood hazard design flood elevation as defined at N.J.A.C. 7:13, the design engineer shall take into account the effects of tailwater in the design of structural stormwater management measures. The Village Engineer may also require that the outfall pipe be equipped with a backflow prevention measure such as tide gate.
(6) 
Runoff quality standards. Stormwater management measures shall only be required for water quality control if an additional 1/4 acre (10,890 square feet) or more of impervious surface is being proposed on a development site. Such measures shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) 
Suspended solids, Stormwater management measures shall be designed to reduce the postconstruction load of total suspended solids (TSS) in stormwater runoff by 80% of the anticipated load from the developed site, expressed as an annual average. The requirement to reduce TSS does not apply to any stormwater runoff in a discharge regulated under a numeric effluent limitation for TSS imposed under the New Jersey Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) rules, N.J.A.C. 7:14A, or in a discharge specifically exempt under a NJPDES permit from this requirement.
[1] 
The water quality design storm is 1.25 inches of rainfall in two hours. Water quality calculations shall take into account the distribution of rain from the water quality design storm, as reflected in Table 1. The calculation of the volume of runoff may take into account the implementation of nonstructural and structural stormwater management measures.
Table 1
Water Quality Design Storm Distribution
Time
(minutes)
Cumulative Rainfall
(inches)
0
0.0000
5
0.0083
10
0.0166
15
0.0250
20
0.0500
25
0.0750
30
0.1000
35
0.1330
40
0.1660
45
0.2000
50
0.2583
55
0.3583
60
0.6250
65
0.8917
70
0.9917
75
1.0500
80
1.0840
85
1.1170
90
1.1500
95
1.1750
100
1.2000
105
1.2250
110
1.2334
115
1.2417
120
1.2500
[2] 
For purposes of TSS reduction calculations, Table 2 below presents the presumed removal rates for certain BMPs designed in accordance with the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. The BMP Manual may be obtained from the address identified in Subsection G below, or found on the Department's Web site at www.njstormwater.org. The BMP Manual and other sources of technical guidance are listed in § 190-83D(9). TSS reduction shall be calculated based on the removal rates for the BMPs in Table 2 below. Alternative removal rates and methods of calculating removal rates may be used if the design engineer provides documentation demonstrating the capability of these alternative rates and methods to the review agency. A copy of any approved alternative rate or method of calculating the removal rate shall be provided to the Department at the following address: Division of Watershed Management, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, P.O. Box 418, Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0418.
[3] 
If more than one BMP in series is necessary to achieve the required eighty-percent TSS reduction for a site, the applicant shall utilize the following formula to calculate TSS reduction:
R = A + B - (AXB)/100
Where
R = total TSS percent load removal from application of both BMPs
A = TSS percent removal rate applicable to the first BMP
B = TSS percent removal rate applicable to the second BMP
Table 2
TSS Removal Rates for BMPs
Best Management Practice
TSS Percent Removal Rate
Bioretention systems
90%
Constructed stormwater wetland
90%
Extended detention basin
40% to 60%
Infiltration structure
80%
Manufactured treatment device
Sand filter
80%
Vegetative filter strip
60% to 80%
Wet pond
50% to 90%
[4] 
If there is more than one on-site drainage area, the eighty-percent TSS removal rate shall apply to each drainage area, unless the runoff from the subareas converges on site, in which case the removal rate can be demonstrated through a calculation using a weighted average.
(b) 
Nutrients. Stormwater management measures shall also be designed to reduce, to the maximum extent feasible, the postconstruction nutrient load of the anticipated load from the developed site in stormwater runoff generated from the water quality design storm. In achieving reduction of nutrients to the maximum extent feasible, the design of the site shall include nonstructural strategies and structural measures that optimize nutrient removal while still achieving the performance standards in § 190-83D(3) through (6).
(c) 
Additional information. Additional information and examples are contained in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, which may be obtained from the address identified in § 190-83D(9).
(d) 
FW1 waters. In accordance with the definition of FW1 at N.J.A.C. 7:9B-1.4, stormwater management measures shall be designed to prevent any increase in stormwater runoff to waters classified as FW1.
(e) 
Category 1 waters. Special water resource protection areas shall be established along all waters designated Category One at N.J.A.C. 7:9B, and perennial or intermittent streams that drain into or upstream of the Category One waters as shown on the USGS Quadrangle Maps or in the County Soil Surveys, within the associated HUC14 drainage area. These areas shall be established for the protection of water quality, aesthetic value, exceptional ecological significance, exceptional recreational significance, exceptional water supply significance, and exceptional fisheries significance of those established Category One waters. These areas shall be designated and protected as follows:
[1] 
The applicant shall preserve and maintain a special water resource protection area in accordance with one of the following:
[a] 
A three-hundred-foot special water resource protection area shall be provided on each side of the waterway, measured perpendicular to the waterway from the top of the bank outwards or from the center line of the waterway where the bank is not defined, consisting of existing vegetation or vegetation allowed to follow natural succession.
[b] 
Encroachment within the designated special water resource protection area under Subsection D(6)(e)[1][a] above shall only be allowed where previous development or disturbance has occurred (for example, active agricultural use, parking area or maintained lawn area). The encroachment shall only be allowed where applicant demonstrates that the functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area will be maintained to the maximum extent practicable. In no case shall the remaining special water resource protection area be reduced to less than 150 feet as measured perpendicular to the top of bank of the waterway or center line of the waterway where the bank is undefined. All encroachments proposed under this subsection shall be subject to review and approval by the Department.
[2] 
All stormwater shall be discharged outside of and flow through the special water resource protection area and shall comply with the standard for off-site stability in the "Standards For Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey," established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq.
[3] 
If stormwater discharged outside of and flowing through the special water resource protection area cannot comply with the standard for off-site stability in the "Standards for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey," established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., then the stabilization measures in accordance with the requirements of the above standards may be placed within the special water resource protection area, provided that:
[a] 
Stabilization measures shall not be placed within 150 feet of the Category One waterway;
[b] 
Stormwater associated with discharges allowed by this section shall achieve a ninty-five-percent TSS postconstruction removal rate;
[c] 
Temperature shall be addressed to ensure that there is no detrimental impact on the receiving waterway;
[d] 
The encroachment shall only be allowed where the applicant demonstrates that the functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area will be maintained to the maximum extent practicable;
[e] 
A conceptual project design meeting shall be held with the appropriate Department staff and Soil Conservation District staff to identify necessary stabilization measures; and
[f] 
All encroachments proposed under this section shall be subject to review and approval by the Department.
[4] 
A stream corridor protection plan may be developed by a regional stormwater management planning committee as an element of a regional stormwater management plan, or by the Village through an adopted municipal stormwater management plan. If such a stream corridor protection plan for a waterway subject to § 190-83D(6)(e) has been approved by the Department of Environmental Protection, then the provisions of the plan shall be the applicable special water resource protection area requirements for that waterway. A stream corridor protection plan for a waterway subject to § 190-83D(6)(e) shall maintain or enhance the current functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area as defined in § 190-83D(6)(e)[1][a]. In no case shall a stream corridor protection plan allow the reduction of the special water resource protection area to less than 150 feet as measured perpendicular to the waterway subject to this subsection.
[5] 
Section 190-83D(6)(e) does not apply to the construction of one individual single-family dwelling that is not part of a larger development on a lot receiving preliminary or final subdivision approval on or before February 2, 2004, provided that the construction begins on or before February 2, 2009.
(7) 
Standards for structural stormwater management measures. Standards for structural stormwater management measures are as follows:
(a) 
General.
[1] 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to take into account the existing site conditions, including, for example, environmentally critical areas, wetlands; flood-prone areas; slopes; depth to seasonal high water table; soil type, permeability and texture; drainage area and drainage patterns; and the presence of solution-prone carbonate rocks (limestone).
[2] 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to minimize maintenance, facilitate maintenance and repairs, and ensure proper functioning.
[3] 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed, constructed, and installed to be strong, durable, and corrosion-resistant. Measures that are consistent with the relevant portions of the Residential Site Improvement Standards at N.J.A.C. 5:21-7.3, 7.4, and 7.5 shall be deemed to meet this requirement.
[4] 
Stormwater management basins shall be designed to meet the minimum safety standards for stormwater management basins at § 190-83D(7)(d).
[5] 
Manufactured treatment devices may be used to meet the requirements of § 190-83D, provided that the pollutant removal rates are verified by the New Jersey Corporation for Advanced Technology and certified by the Department.
[6] 
Stormwater management measure guidelines are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. Other stormwater management measures may be utilized, provided the design engineer demonstrates that the proposed measure and its design will accomplish the required water quantity, groundwater recharge and water quality design and performance standards established by § 190-83D.
(b) 
Trash racks. A trash rack is a device designed to catch trash and debris and prevent clogging of outlet structures. Trash racks shall be installed at the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin to ensure proper functioning of the basin outlets in accordance with the following:
[1] 
Trash racks shall have parallel bars with one-inch spacing between the bars to the elevation of the water quality design storm.
[2] 
For elevations higher than the water quality design storm, the parallel bars at the outlet structure shall be spaced no greater than 1/3 the width of the diameter of the orifice or 1/3 the width of the weir, with a minimum spacing between bars of one inch and a maximum spacing between bars of six inches.
[3] 
At the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin, the orifice size shall be a minimum of 2.5 inches in diameter.
[4] 
The design of trash racks must also comply with the requirements of § 190-83D(7)(d).
(c) 
Grates and inlets to prevent discharge of trash and debris from drainage systems. Site design features identified under § 190-83D(2)(b)[9][b] shall comply with the following standard to control passage of solid and floatable materials through storm drain inlets. For purposes of this subsection, "solid and floatable materials" means sediment, debris, trash, and other floating, suspended, or settleable solids. For exemptions to this standard see § 190-83D(7)(c)[3] below.
[1] 
Grates.
[a] 
Design engineers shall use either of the following grates whenever they use a grate in pavement or another ground surface to collect stormwater from that surface into a storm drain or surface water body under that grate:
[i] 
The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) bicycle-safe grate, which is described in Chapter 2.4 of the NJDOT Bicycle Compatible Roadways and Bikeways Planning and Design Guidelines (April 1996); or
[ii] 
A different grate, if each individual clear space in that grate has an area of no more than seven square inches, or is no greater than 0.5 inch across the smallest dimension.
[b] 
Examples of grates subject to this standard include grates in grate inlets, the grate portion (non-curb-opening portion) of combination inlets, grates on storm sewer manholes, ditch grates, trench grates, and grates of spacer bars in slotted drains. Examples of ground surfaces include surfaces of roads (including bridges), driveways, parking areas, bikeways, plazas, sidewalks, lawns, fields, open channels, and stormwater basin floors.
[2] 
Whenever design engineers use a curb-opening inlet, the clear space in that curb opening (or each individual clear space, if the curb opening has two or more clear spaces) shall have an area of no more than seven square inches, or be no greater than two inches across the smallest dimension.
[3] 
This standard does not apply:
[a] 
Where the review agency determines that this standard would cause inadequate hydraulic performance that could not practicably be overcome by using additional or larger storm drain inlets that meet these standards;
[b] 
Where flows from the water quality design storm as specified in § 190-83D(6)(a) are conveyed through any device (e.g., end-of-pipe netting facility, manufactured treatment device, or a catch basin hood) that is designed, at a minimum, to prevent delivery of all solid and floatable materials that could not pass through one of the following:
[i] 
A rectangular space 4 5/8 inches long and 1.5 inches wide (this option does not apply for outfall netting facilities); or
[ii] 
A bar screen having a bar spacing of one-half inch.
[c] 
Where flows are conveyed through a trash rack that has parallel bars with one-inch spacing between the bars, to the elevation of the water quality design storm as specified in § 190-83D(6)(a); or
[d] 
Where the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection determines, pursuant to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places Rules at N.J.A.C. 7:4-7.2(c), that action to meet this standard is an undertaking that constitutes an encroachment or will damage or destroy the New Jersey Register listed historic property.
(d) 
Safety standards for stormwater management basins. The following requirements are intended to protect public safety through the proper design and operation of stormwater management basins. These requirements apply to any new stormwater management basin.
[1] 
Requirements for trash racks. A trash rack is a device designed to catch trash and debris and prevent the clogging of outlet structures. Trash racks shall be installed at the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin to ensure proper functioning of the basin outlets in accordance with the following:
[a] 
The trash rack shall have parallel bars, with no greater than six-inch spacing between the bars.
[b] 
The trash rack shall be designed so as not to adversely affect the hydraulic performance of the outlet pipe or structure.
[c] 
The average velocity of flow through a clean trash rack is not to exceed 2.5 feet per second under the full range of stage and discharge. Velocity is to be computed on the basis of the net area of opening through the rack.
[d] 
The trash rack shall be constructed and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion-resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of 300 pounds per square foot.
[2] 
Requirements for overflow grates. An overflow grate is designed to prevent obstruction of the overflow structure. If an outlet structure has an overflow grate, such grate shall meet the following requirements:
[a] 
The overflow grate shall be secured to the outlet structure but be removable for emergencies and maintenance.
[b] 
The overflow grate spacing shall be no less than two inches across the smallest dimension.
[c] 
The overflow grate shall be constructed and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion-resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of 300 pounds per square foot.
[3] 
Requirements for escape provisions. For purposes of this subsection, "escape provisions" means the permanent installation of ladders, steps, rungs, or other features that provide easily accessible means of egress from stormwater management basins. Stormwater management basins shall include escape provisions as follows:
[a] 
If a stormwater management basin has an outlet structure, escape provisions shall be incorporated in or on the structure. With the prior approval of the reviewing agency a freestanding outlet structure may be exempted from this requirement.
[b] 
Safety ledges shall be constructed on the slopes of all new stormwater management basins having a permanent pool of water deeper than 2 1/2 feet. Such safety ledges shall be comprised of two steps. Each step shall be four feet to six feet in width. One step shall be located approximately 2 1/2 feet below the permanent water surface, and the second step shall be located one foot to 1 1/2 feet above the permanent water surface. See below for an illustration of safety ledges in a stormwater management basin.
[c] 
In new stormwater management basins, the maximum interior slope for an earthen dam, embankment, or berm shall not be steeper than three horizontal to one vertical.
Illustration of Safety Ledges in a Stormwater Management Basin
[4] 
Relief or exemption from safety standards. A variance or exemption from the safety standards for stormwater management basins may be granted only upon a written finding by the appropriate reviewing agency (municipality, county or Department) that the variance or exemption will not constitute a threat to public safety.
(8) 
Maintenance and repair.
(a) 
Maintenance plan required. The design engineer shall prepare a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of the development. Maintenance guidelines for stormwater management measures are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual.
(b) 
Plan contents. The maintenance plan shall contain specific preventative maintenance tasks and schedules; cost estimates, including estimated cost of sediment, debris, or trash removal; and the name, address, and telephone number of the person or persons responsible for preventative and corrective maintenance (including replacement). If the maintenance plan identifies a person other than the developer (for example, a public agency or homeowners' association) as having the responsibility for maintenance, the plan shall include documentation of such person's agreement to assume this responsibility, or of the developer's obligation to dedicate a stormwater management facility to such person under an applicable ordinance or regulation.
(c) 
Maintenance responsibility. Responsibility for maintenance shall not be assigned or transferred to the owner or tenant of an individual property in a residential development or project, unless such owner or tenant owns or leases the entire residential development or project.
(d) 
Recording of plan. If the person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection D(8)(b) above is not a public agency, the maintenance plan and any future revisions based on Subsection D(8)(g) below shall be recorded upon the deed of record for each property on which the maintenance described in the maintenance plan must be undertaken.
(e) 
Plan implementation. Preventative and corrective maintenance shall be performed to maintain the function of the stormwater management measure, including repairs or replacement to the structure; removal of sediment, debris, or trash; restoration of eroded areas; snow and ice removal; fence repair or replacement; restoration of vegetation; and repair or replacement of nonvegetated linings.
(f) 
Maintenance log. The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection D(8)(b) above shall maintain a detailed log of all preventative and corrective maintenance for the structural stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of the development, including a record of all inspections and copies of all maintenance-related work orders.
(g) 
Ongoing evaluation. The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection D(8)(b) above shall evaluate the effectiveness of the maintenance plan at least once per year and adjust the plan and the deed as needed.
(h) 
Recordkeeping. The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection D(8)(b) above shall retain and make available, upon request by any public entity with administrative, health, environmental, or safety authority over the site, the maintenance plan and the documentation required by Subsection D(8)(f) and (g) above.
(i) 
Governmental facilities exempted. The requirements of Subsection D(8)(c) and (d) above do not apply to stormwater management facilities that are dedicated to and accepted by the Village or another governmental agency.
(j) 
Failure to maintain. In the event that the stormwater management facility becomes a danger to public safety or public health, or if it is in need of maintenance or repair, the Village shall so notify the responsible person in writing. Upon receipt of that notice, the responsible person shall have 14 days to effect maintenance and repair of the facility in a manner that is approved by the Village Engineer or his/her approved designee. The Village, in its discretion, may extend the time allowed for effecting maintenance and repair for good cause. If the responsible person fails or refuses to perform such maintenance and repair, the Village or county may immediately proceed to do so and shall bill the cost thereof to the responsible person.
(k) 
Guarantees. Nothing in this section shall preclude the Village from requiring the posting of a performance or maintenance guarantee in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.
(9) 
Sources for technical guidance.
(a) 
Department sources. Technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be found in the documents listed below, which are available from Maps and Publications, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, 428 East State Street, P.O. Box 420, Trenton, New Jersey 08625; telephone (609) 777-1038.
[1] 
Guidelines for stormwater management measures are contained in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, as amended. Information is provided on stormwater management measures such as: bioretention systems, constructed stormwater wetlands, dry wells, extended detention basins, infiltration structures, manufactured treatment devices, pervious paving, sand filters, vegetative filter strips, and wet ponds.
[2] 
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Stormwater Management Facilities Maintenance Manual, as amended.
(b) 
Additional sources. Additional technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be obtained from the following:
[1] 
The "Standards for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey" promulgated by the State Soil Conservation Committee and incorporated into N.J.A.C. 2:90. Copies of these standards may be obtained by contacting the State Soil Conservation Committee or any of the Soil Conservation Districts listed in N.J.A.C. 2:90-1.3(a)4. The Bergen County Soil Conservation District is located at 700 Kinderkamack Road, Suite 106, Oradell, New Jersey 07649; telephone number (201) 261-4407; FAX (201) 261-7573;
[2] 
The Rutgers Cooperative Extension Service, (732)932-9306; and
[3] 
The Soil Conservation Districts listed in N.J.A.C. 2:90-1.3(a)4. The location, address, and telephone number of each Soil Conservation District may be obtained from the State Soil Conservation Committee, P.O. Box 330, Trenton, New Jersey 08625; (609) 292-5540.
E. 
Requirements for minor development. The following requirements shall apply to all minor development as defined by § 190-83C:
(1) 
Erosion control standards. The minimum design and performance standards for erosion control are those established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
(2) 
Groundwater recharge standards.
(a) 
Applicability. Stormwater runoff from the following areas shall be recharged, provided that the types of runoff indicated in § 190-83D(4)(c) shall not be recharged:
[1] 
All roof areas of buildings having an area of at least 200 square feet.
[2] 
Any impervious surface(s) that represents an increase of at least 200 square feet of such surfaces from the predevelopment condition.
(b) 
Groundwater recharge calculations. Groundwater recharge calculations, when required, shall be prepared in accordance with the New Jersey Geological Survey Report GSR-32, A Method for Evaluating Groundwater Recharge Areas in New Jersey.
(c) 
Roof drain connections. Stormwater runoff that must be recharged from roof areas shall drain to leaders that are connected to seepage pits/tanks or equivalent structures with Schedule 40 or SDR 35 PVC pipe having a minimum six-inch diameter.
(d) 
Seepage tank/retention system design.
[1] 
Storage capacity.
[a] 
When the amount of impervious surfaces that drains to the tank/system is at least 200 square feet but less than 2,000 square feet, the storage volume of the tank/system must be at least one gallon for each square foot of impervious cover. The volume of the air voids in the clean stone surrounding a tank/system shall not be counted toward the required volume.
[b] 
When the amount of impervious surfaces that drains to the tank/system is at least 2,000 square feet, the tank/system must be designed by a professional engineer so that the stormwater runoff from the site is no greater after than in the predevelopment condition for the following storms:
[i] 
One hour: three-inch rainfall.
[ii] 
Twenty-four hours: seven-inch rainfall.
[c] 
Soil tests. Soil percolation tests results shall be submitted to support design calculations when required by the Village Engineer.
[2] 
Tanks/systems shall be located a minimum of 15 feet from proposed or existing structure foundations, and located outside the required building envelope (i.e., area formed by the minimum setback lines for the principal building) whenever possible.
[3] 
Tanks/systems shall be located at least five feet from the property line, provided that the Village Engineer may require a greater setback when it is determined that such location is not sufficient to avoid significant detriments to adjacent lands.
[4] 
At least two feet of cover shall be provided over tanks/systems.
(3) 
Runoff quantity standards.
(a) 
Applicability. All development that results in an increase of at least 200 square feet of impervious cover from the predevelopment condition shall be designed so that there is no increase in the rate of stormwater runoff from the predevelopment condition.
(b) 
Runoff calculation methodology. All runoff calculations shall be based on the two-, ten-, and one-hundred-year storm events. Runoff shall be calculated using either the Rational Method (modified for hydrograph computations) or the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) methodology, including the NRCS Runoff Equation and Dimensionless Unit Hydrograph, as described in the NRCS National Engineering Handbook, Section 4 - Hydrology and Technical Release 55 Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds.
(4) 
Technical guidance. Technical guidance is available on a limited basis with the Engineering Division during normal office hours.
(5) 
Soil movement permits. A soil movement permit in accordance with Chapter 246 is required on a separate application whenever more than 100 cubic yards of soil is proposed to be moved.
F. 
Retrofitting of existing storm drain inlets. No person in control of private property (except a residential lot with one single-family house) shall authorize the repaving, repairing (excluding the repair of individual potholes), resurfacing (including top coating or chip sealing with asphalt emulsion or a thin base of hot bitumen), reconstructing or altering any surface that is in direct contact with an existing storm drain inlet on that property unless the storm drain inlet either:
[Added 11-9-2009 by Ord. No. 3223]
(1) 
Already meets the design standard described under § 190-83D(7)(c) for the control of the passage of solid and/or floatable materials; or
(2) 
Is retrofitted or replaced to meet the design standard under § 190-83D(7)(c) prior to the completion of the project.
The following standards shall apply to the placement of street trees:
A. 
Street trees shall be placed on both sides of the street within the right-of-way and spaced not more than 50 feet apart.
B. 
Street trees shall be located where they will not interfere with sidewalks, utility lines or pipes located above or below the ground; where they will not interfere with the proper distribution of light from street lighting fixtures, and where they will not interfere with proper sight distance.
C. 
The choice of tree species shall be as approved by the Board. Tree species to be used shall be appropriate for their neighborhood location, hardiness, soil characteristics, light exposure and available moisture and shall not be unusually susceptible to pests or diseases, nor shall they require a high degree of maintenance.
D. 
All street trees shall have a minimum trunk caliper of 1 3/4 to two inches at the time of installation.
E. 
Street trees shall be trimmed so that the lowest branches will be at least six feet above the ground at the base of the tree at the time of planting.
F. 
The condition of all street trees shall be approved by the Director of Parks and Recreation prior to planting.
Illumination for streets and properties shall be designed in accordance with the following standards:
A. 
General. Site lighting shall be designed to:
(1) 
Provide adequate illumination in appropriate locations for site users and the general public for purposes of traffic and pedestrian safety, security, property and building identification, and aesthetic improvement;
(2) 
Prevent excessive illumination and glare; and
(3) 
Provide proper orientation and shielding of fixtures to prevent undue illumination of adjacent properties.
B. 
Streetlighting. Light fixtures and standards shall be installed in accordance with the standards and specifications of the utility company providing the service.
C. 
Shielding of fixtures. All lighting fixtures shall be directed downward and shall be equipped with the necessary shielding so as to prevent the direct source of light from being visible from any point beyond the property lines of the premises upon which the lighting structure is located.
D. 
Height of fixtures. No lighting structure shall exceed a height of 20 feet, measured as set forth in § 190-119D(6).
[Amended 5-14-2008 by Ord. No. 3120]
E. 
Duration of illumination. Duration of operation of all lighting and maximum lumen power permitted shall be as determined satisfactory by the Planning Board with due regard to whether any limitations imposed will deprive the applicant of a reasonable use of his property and whether the application will be detrimental to the public health and general welfare or to the property and personal rights of the abutting owners. Provision shall be made for the reduction in the intensity of illumination to the minimum needed for security purposes when the facility is not in operation.
F. 
All wiring for light fixtures shall be laid underground, and not strung between poles or buildings.
The following provisions shall apply to the placement of street name signs:
A. 
Street name signs shall be placed at all street intersections, including those intersections where new streets intersect an existing street.
B. 
Street name signs shall be of a type and at locations approved by the Director of Public Works.
C. 
No name applied to any street shall duplicate or so nearly resemble the name of any existing street within the Village or nearby locations outside the Village as to cause confusion. When a street is proposed as an extension of an existing street, the proposed street shall use the same name as the existing street, unless the Board directs otherwise.
All survey monuments shall be designed, constructed and located as required by the Map Filing Law, N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq.
A. 
General. The grading of land for development shall be designed to:
(1) 
Minimize disturbance of steep slopes and vegetation;
(2) 
Minimize as well as balance the amount of cut and fill, and minimize the transportation of soil and other materials to and from the site;
(3) 
Minimize the potential for erosion, sedimentation, landslides and subsidence;
(4) 
Prevent undue concentration or alteration of stormwater flows;
(5) 
Avoid directing runoff over walks and paved areas, where the freezing of such runoff would create hazardous conditions for vehicles and pedestrians;
(6) 
Protect groundwater supplies, including aquifer recharge areas;
(7) 
Enable safe and convenient access to properties, seeking to avoid excessive or insufficient slopes for paved areas and to avoid steps for pedestrian walks; and
(8) 
Enable appropriate maintenance of properties.
B. 
Preservation of topsoil. Topsoil moved during the course of construction shall be redistributed so as to provide at least four inches of cover to all areas of the site, provided that the depth of topsoil need not exceed six inches. Said topsoil shall be stabilized by seeding and/or planting.
Buildings shall be designed and placed in accordance with the following provisions:
A. 
General guidelines. The location and design of buildings shall:
(1) 
Encourage the most appropriate use and development of the site and adjacent properties;
(2) 
Preserve and enhance natural features and the physical environment;
(3) 
Promote a desirable visual environment which is harmonious with the character of existing development and which enhances the character of the surrounding neighborhood and the Village as a whole, and avoids adversely affecting the value of adjacent or nearby properties;
(4) 
Use exterior colors, facade or roof materials or a combination of colors and materials that are harmonious;
(5) 
Create a coordinated and harmonious appearance through the relationship of design features, such as height and mass, building proportions, rooflines, building projections and ornamental features;
(6) 
Use all sides of the building to contribute to the architectural unity of the building;
(7) 
Avoid large unbroken building masses;
(8) 
Use attractive and quality building materials;
(9) 
Provide for appropriate access by vehicles, including emergency and service vehicles, and pedestrians; and
(10) 
Enable service by the appropriate utilities.
B. 
Prohibited materials. The use of exposed concrete block is prohibited, unless the same is textured. Metal siding should not be used to such an extent that it will be a dominant architectural feature. In addition, metal siding with exposed fastenings shall not be allowed.
C. 
Durability of materials. All buildings shall use durable material requiring low maintenance, such as brick, stone, glass, precast concrete and wood, when properly treated. Where durability and performance are questionable, the applicant may be asked to provide a manufacturer's guaranty or proof of durability from an independent testing laboratory certification.
D. 
Use of color. Bright or brilliant colors shall be used only for accent and shall not substantially depart from the character of existing neighborhood colors so as to detract from the overall appearance of the neighborhood.
E. 
Trademark or prototypical designs. The use of trademarks and/or prototypical designs of roofs, facades, windows, doors, awnings, signs, lights and other improvements shall be permitted after approval in accordance with the provisions of this chapter; provided, however, that the use of such marks and designs shall not, by itself, be accepted as satisfaction of the requirements for relief from any provision of this chapter.
[Added 12-14-2011 by Ord. No. 3323]
A. 
General. Off-street parking, loading, circulation and access improvements shall be designed to:
(1) 
Provide adequate space in appropriate locations for vehicles of employees, patrons, and visitors and for shipping and delivery vehicles, including future space needs;
(2) 
Be compatible with the internal circulation system of a site and avoid unusual risks of traffic congestion, public safety or hazards;
(3) 
Avoid substantial negative impacts to adjacent properties;
(4) 
Discourage illegal and improper parking of vehicles;
(5) 
Provide only the minimum area of pavement necessary to meet site needs, and to break up large areas of pavement with landscaping;
(6) 
Ensure proper drainage;
(7) 
Provide for access by disabled persons; and
(8) 
Enable appropriate property maintenance and security.
B. 
Dimensions of parking and loading spaces. Parking and loading spaces shall be designed to provide a rectangular area with the following minimum dimensions, which shall exclude any roadway, driveway or access aisle adjacent to the parking or loading space:
[Amended 6-10-1997 by Ord. No. 2606]
Type of Space
Space Width
(feet)
Space Depth
(feet)
Vertical Clearance
(feet)
Automobile parking
No curb overhang
9
20
8.5
With 2-foot curb overhang
9
18
8.5
Reserved for employees and visitors*
8.5
Same as above
8.5
Truck parking and loading
12
40
14
* NOTE: Reduced dimensions not permitted for spaces designed to primarily serve retail sales and retail service establishments, banks and other high turnover establishments. Reduced dimension spaces shall require special hairpin striping as specified in Subsection E below.
C. 
Driveways and access aisles. All parking areas and structures shall be provided with adequate means of ingress and egress which shall be open and unobstructed at all times and which shall be designed to meet the following standards:
(1) 
Driveways for parking and loading facilities shall have a minimum width of 10 feet for one-way traffic and 20 feet for two-way traffic.
(2) 
Access aisles serving parking areas for multifamily residential and nonresidential uses shall have the following minimum widths, provided that any access aisle less than 24 feet wide shall only be permitted if designed for one-way traffic only:
Angle of Parking Space
(degrees)
Aisle Width
(feet)
0
12
30
11
45
13
60
18
90
24
(3) 
When appropriate, off-street parking and loading areas shall be designed so that all vehicles may turn around within the parking or loading area, thus preventing the necessity of any vehicle backing into a public street.
D. 
Pavement. Off-street parking and loading areas shall be paved in accordance with the following:
(1) 
All off-street parking areas and driveways for nonresidential districts and nonresidential uses permitted in residential districts, single-family attached dwellings and multifamily dwellings shall be surfaced with either bituminous concrete or concrete pavement in accordance with the Village specifications for streets.
(2) 
Provision shall be made for adequate drainage facilities for all parking and loading areas and other paved areas. All such installations shall be connected with an adequate, approved system and shall be adequate to accommodate the storm drainage runoff of the facility it is designed to serve. All drainage facilities shall be approved by the Village Engineer prior to Board approval.
E. 
Striping. Off-street parking and loading spaces shall be striped with painted lines in accordance with the following:
(1) 
All spaces within any parking or loading area shall be clearly marked and maintained to show the arrangement of spaces within said parking and loading areas.
(2) 
All parking spaces permitted to be reduced to 8 1/2 feet in width by this section shall utilize hairpin striping as follows:
(a) 
There shall be a double parallel painted line on each side of the parking space.
(b) 
The width of each double line shall be four inches.
(c) 
The distance between the parallel lines on each side of the parking space shall be 10 inches.
(d) 
The distance between the parallel lines on opposite sides of each parking space shall be at least seven feet.
F. 
Pedestrian circulation. Paved walkways will be provided as necessary to ensure safe pedestrian circulation throughout the parking lots and into building entrances.
A. 
Provision of adequate supply. The developer shall make an adequate supply of water available to each property within the development, with the supply subject to the approval of the Board, Village Engineer and the Village Water Department.
B. 
Floodwater protection. Water supply systems shall be designed to prevent infiltration of floodwaters into said systems or discharges from such systems into floodwaters.
C. 
Fire protection facilities. Fire protection facilities shall be provided for any development connected to a public water system. Hydrants shall be installed and connected in locations approved by the Village.
The developer shall provide for the installation of sanitary sewers to service the development in accordance with the standards of the Village of Ridgewood, and as follows:
A. 
Floodwater protection. Sanitary sewer systems shall be designed to prevent infiltration of floodwaters into said systems or discharges from such systems into floodwaters. Septic disposal systems shall be designed and located so as to avoid impairment of them or contamination from them during periods of flooding.
B. 
Manholes. Locking-type manholes shall be provided except when located in the pavement of a public street.
A. 
The applicant shall arrange with the serving utility for the underground installation of the utility's distribution supply lines, appurtenant equipment and service connections in accordance with the provisions of the applicable standards, terms and conditions incorporated as a part of its tariff as the same are then on file with Board of Public Utilities.
B. 
Prior to the grant of final approval, the developer shall submit to the Board a written instrument from each serving utility which shall evidence full compliance with the provisions of this article; provided, however, that lots which abut existing streets where overhead electric or telephone distribution supply lines have theretofore been installed on any portion of the streets involved may be supplied with overhead service, but the service connections must be underground.
A. 
General. Landscaping for site plans and subdivisions shall be designed to:
(1) 
Preserve and enhance the visual identity of the site, neighborhood and Village as a whole;
(2) 
Mitigate the potentially harmful effects of soil and vegetative disturbance, lighting and noise;
(3) 
Buffer incompatible uses;
(4) 
Screen various improvements, including buildings, parking and loading areas, utilities and drainage structures, storage areas, etc., from streets and adjacent properties; and
(5) 
Not conflict with traffic safety, light fixtures, electric and telephone lines or other utilities.
B. 
General site landscaping. Any part or portion of the site which is not used for buildings, accessory structures, loading or parking spaces or aisles, sidewalks and designated storage areas and which does not contain existing vegetation to remain shall be landscaped in accordance with an overall landscape planting plan, as approved by the Board. All landscaped portions of the site shall be maintained adequately throughout the year.
C. 
Protection of existing vegetation. Existing vegetation shall be preserved to the maximum extent practicable. The following shall apply:
(1) 
Snow fence or silt fence shall be installed at the limits of disturbance as shown on the approved development plans, which shall be at a sufficient distance to prevent disturbance of the root systems or branches of the vegetation to be preserved.
(2) 
Cut or fill near existing trees to be preserved shall require the installation of tree wells or retaining walls, as appropriate, to maintain the existing grade above the roots of the tree.
D. 
Buffers. A buffer in the form of landscaping, fences, berms and/or walls shall be provided by the developer of any nonresidential use which abuts a residentially zoned property, and by the developer of any multifamily residential use which abuts a property located in a single-family or two-family residential zone. Any buffer provided between properties shall be sufficient to provide visual separation during all seasons and to minimize the effects of headlights from vehicles, light from structures, noise and the movements of people and vehicles. The following provisions shall apply, provided that additional and/or more restrictive standards may be required by the zoning regulations, Article X of this chapter.
[Amended 2-8-2017 by Ord. No. 3579]
(1) 
When topographical conditions, existing vegetation or other conditions provide a sufficient buffer as determined by the Board, no additional buffer shall be required.
(2) 
Buffer depths. The depth of required buffers shall be sufficient to accommodate the ultimate growth of any plantings in the buffer.
(3) 
Trees and shrubs used in a buffer for screening purposes shall be at least five feet high at the time of planting, and shall be of a species that will naturally grow to such additional height within five years as needed to provide a suitable visual screen, as determined by the reviewing board. The spacing of the trees and shrubs shall be designed to accommodate the mature spread of the plant species and to provide a suitable visual screen within five years, again as determined by the reviewing board.
(4) 
Buffers shall be protected from impact by motor vehicles and from the negative effects of road salt and snowplowing. A curb, bumper guard or the equivalent at least five inches in height above the pavement shall separate buffers from vehicle use areas, provided that utility poles or railroad ties shall not be used.
(5) 
In cases where berms, fences and/or walls are proposed or required, the reviewing board shall determine the required location of such features, taking into consideration topography, the location of existing structures, trees and other vegetation to remain, sight lines and other factors as necessary to determine the location where such features would provide the most effective screen and would not unduly impair the design and function of the subject properties.
A. 
Energy conservation. Site plans and subdivisions shall be designed, to the greatest degree practicable, in accordance with the following provisions:
(1) 
Streets and lots shall be oriented in order to permit buildings to be constructed to maximize solar gain. Where possible, streets shall run in an east-west direction, and the long axis of a lot shall run in a north-south direction.
(2) 
Development shall take advantage of topographic conditions in order to permit buildings to be constructed to maximize solar gain and in order to provide protection from winter winds. Where possible, development shall be oriented to south-facing slopes.
(3) 
Existing vegetation shall be preserved and new landscaping provided to enable vegetation to provide protection from winter winds and summer sun. Where practical, evergreen trees shall be placed on the north and west sides of buildings, and deciduous trees placed on the south and east sides of buildings.
B. 
Waste removal and recycling. Every site plan shall show an area reserved for storage and removal of trash, refuse and recyclable materials, which shall comply with the following provisions:
(1) 
Such areas shall be accessible to solid waste trucks at all times.
(2) 
Areas for storage of trash or refuse shall be screened by an attractive and appropriate wall, fence and/or planting to obscure same from view of adjacent properties.
(3) 
New multifamily housing developments shall conform with the model ordinance promulgated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Department of Community Affairs pursuant to Section 2 of P.L. 1993, c. 81 (N.J.S.A. 13:1E-99.13a) regarding the inclusion of facilities for the collection or storage of source-separated recyclable materials.