City of Meriden, CT
New Haven County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: by the Council of the City of Meriden 10-19-2015.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Massage establishments — See Ch. 133.
Health nuisances — See Ch. 144.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also superseded former Ch. 70, Barbershops, Hairdressing and Cosmetology Shops, adopted 6-6-2003 by the Council of the City of Meriden.
For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BARBERING
Includes the following described practices when performed by a barber licensed in the State of Connecticut upon the head, face, scalp, or neck for cosmetic purposes only:
A. 
The cutting, trimming, or shaving of the hair.
B. 
Singeing, shampooing, dyeing, coloring, or styling of the hair.
C. 
The application of cosmetic preparations, hair tonics, antiseptics, powders, oils, clays, creams, or lotions.
D. 
Giving facial and scalp massage or the application of oils, creams, lotions, or other preparations, either by hand or mechanical appliances.
BARBERSHOP
Any establishment engaged in the practice of barbering for the public.
DIRECTOR OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
The Director of Health and Human Services for the City of Meriden or his/her duly authorized representative.
HAIRDRESSING and COSMETOLOGY
Include the following described practices performed by a licensed hairdresser/cosmetician in the State of Connecticut upon the head, face, scalp, arms, hands, body, legs, and feet for cosmetic purposes only:
A. 
Dressing, arranging, curling, waving, weaving, cutting, singeing, relaxing/straightening, bleaching, and coloring hair.
B. 
Treating the scalp, face, neck, and arms by massaging, cleansing, exercising, stimulating, or manipulating, with the hands, mechanical appliances, or water.
C. 
Application of cosmetics, preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, creams, powders, oils, clays, sprays, or any product pertaining to the skin.
D. 
Manicuring fingernails of the hand and, for cosmetic purposes only, trimming, filing, and painting the healthy toenails of the feet, excluding cutting nail beds, corns, calluses, or other medical treatment involving the foot or ankle.
HAIRDRESSING OR COSMETOLOGY SHOP
Any establishment engaged in the practice of hairdressing, cosmetology, or barbering for the public.
MOBILE WORK STATION
A modular space which can be used for multiple purposes through the use of mobile equipment.
NAIL TECHNICIAN
A person who, for compensation, cuts, shapes, polishes, or enhances the appearance of the nails of the hands, including but not limited to the application and removal of sculptured or artificial nails.
OPERATOR
A person, including but not limited to a license hairdresser/cosmetician or barber or unlicensed person, who is performing tasks allowed under the scope of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
OTHER SERVICES
The following described practices can be performed by an unlicensed individual under the supervision of a licensed hairdresser/cosmetician in the State of Connecticut:
A. 
Manicuring nails of the hands.
B. 
Performing facials.
C. 
Shampooing of the hair.
D. 
Eyebrow arching.
E. 
Braiding hair.
SHAMPOO STATION
Consists of a shampoo bowl (sink) and a shampoo chair.
WORK AREA
A separate room with more than one work station or private room set aside to serve one customer at a time.
WORK STATION
A chair, countertop, and floor space set aside for the purpose of serving a customer, including floor space for the operator to stand while serving the customer.
A. 
It is prohibited for any barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop having a permanent location to be relocated, constructed, remodeled, or extensively altered, or for a structure to be converted to use as a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop, except in accordance with plans and specifications approved by the Meriden Health Department.
B. 
Required forms; approval by Director.
(1) 
Prior to the relocation, construction, remodeling, alteration or conversion of any establishment subject to the provisions of this chapter, plans and specifications shall be submitted with forms furnished by the Director of Health and Human Services, which must include:
(a) 
Properly prepared plans drawn to a scale of not less than 1/4 inch to one foot and specifications for such construction, remodeling, or alteration shall be submitted to the Director of Health and Human Services or his/her authorized agent for review and approval; and
(b) 
The proposed layout, arrangement, and construction materials of the work area and the type and model of proposed fixed equipment and facilities.
(2) 
The Director of Health and Human Services shall approve the plans and specifications if they meet the requirements of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
C. 
Prior to the barbershop's, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop's opening or re-opening after a relocation, construction, remodeling, alteration or conversion, the Director of Health and Human Services or his/her authorized agent shall conduct a pre-operational inspection to determine compliance with the approved plans and specifications and with the requirements of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
A. 
It is prohibited for any person, firm, or corporation to maintain or operate any barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop without having a valid license issued by the Director of Health and Human Services. Only a person who complies with the requirements of this chapter shall be entitled to receive or retain such a license.
B. 
Application for a license shall be made on forms furnished by the Director of Health and Human Services, wherein the applicant shall state his/her name, address, and the address of the place of business, give such other pertinent information as the Director of Health and Human Services may require, and affix her/her signature to the application. The chief corporate officers shall be designated as agents for service when the license is issued to a corporation.
C. 
The license fee shall be $100, and the license fee shall not be prorated. All licenses are valid for one year, or a portion thereof, and are renewable each year on or before June 30 of each year. A license renewal application received after July 1 will result in a late fee of $25, in addition to the license fee.
D. 
No license shall be issued or renewed until a completed application has been submitted, the license fee has been paid and the applicant's barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop meets the requirements set forth in the chapter and all other applicable state and local regulations.
E. 
Licenses shall be valid until the expiration date indicated on the license unless suspended or revoked by the Director of Health and Human Services or until such time as the facility changes owners, closes, or goes out of business.
F. 
Licenses shall not be transferable from person to person or from location to location.
G. 
The Director of Health and Human Services or his/her agent, after proper identification, shall be permitted to enter, during normal operating hours, any portion of any barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop for the purpose of making inspections to determine compliance with this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
H. 
A temporary license to operate a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop may be granted for a period not to exceed 14 calendar days. A temporary license shall be required for conducting a public demonstration, a fund-raising event or public convention.
A. 
At least once a year, the Director of Health and Human Services, or authorized agent, shall inspect each barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop and shall make as many additional inspections as are necessary for the enforcement of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
B. 
A fee of $25 will be charged to the license holder for each additional inspection required as a result of noncompliance or failure to pass a prior inspection.
A. 
Failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter and applicable state regulations shall be grounds for suspension of a license issued under the provision of this chapter.
B. 
In the event that the Director of Health and Human Services or his/her agent finds unsanitary conditions in the operation of a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop, or if a violation or set of violations appears on more than one consecutive inspection report, the Director of Health and Human Services may immediately issue a written notice to the license holder, or person in charge, citing such conditions and specifying the corrective action to be taken and time frame within which action shall be taken. If correction is not made in the allotted time, the license may be suspended or revoked at the discretion of the Director of Health and Human Services.
C. 
The Director of Health and Human Services may suspend, without warning, prior notice or hearing, any license to operate a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop if:
(1) 
The operation constitutes an imminent hazard to public health; or
(2) 
The owner, operator, or person in charge has interfered with the performance of the Director of Health or Human Services' or his/her agent's duties.
D. 
An imminent health hazard shall include, but is not limited to, any one of the following occurs:
(1) 
An ongoing breakout of an infectious, pathogenic, or toxic agent capable of being transmitted to consumers;
(2) 
The absence of potable water, supplied under pressure, in a quantity which, in the opinion of the Director of Health and Human Services, is capable of meeting the needs of the facility;
(3) 
A sewage backup into the facility; or
(4) 
An unlicensed individual is performing procedures requiring licensure by the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
E. 
Suspension shall be effective immediately upon delivery of the written order to the license holder or person in charge of the facility by the Director of Health and Human Services or designee. When a license is suspended, all barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology operations shall cease immediately at the facility and shall not resume until written approval to resume has been issued by the Director of Health and Human Services. The Director Health and Human Services or designee shall remove a suspended license from the premises.
F. 
When a license is suspended, the holder of a license, or the person in charge, shall be notified in, writing, of the suspension, and an opportunity for a hearing will be provided if a written request for hearing is filed with the Director of Health and Human Services by the holder of the license within 48 hours. The Director of Health and Human Services may end the suspension at any time by giving written notice to the license holder if reasons for suspension no longer exist.
G. 
Upon receiving a request for a hearing, the Director of Health and Human Services shall schedule a hearing to examine the merits of such suspension and after the hearing, issue a decision to vacate, modify, or affirm such suspension.
H. 
The license holder who is aggrieved by a decision of the Director of Health and Human Services may appeal to the State Department of Public Health in accordance with the applicable state statutes.
A. 
In addition to license suspension, the failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter and applicable state regulations shall be grounds for revocation or nonrenewal of any license issued under the provision of this chapter.
B. 
The Director of Health and Human Services may revoke or refuse to renew the license of any person for a serious violation and/or repeated violations of any of the provisions of this chapter or for interference with the Director of Health and Human Services in the performance of official duties, or for cases where the license has been obtained through nondisclosure, misrepresentation, or intentional misstatement of a material fact.
C. 
Prior to revocation or nonrenewal, the Director of Health and Human Services shall notify the license holder, or the person in charge at the facility, of the specific reason(s) for such revocation or nonrenewal and that the license shall be revoked or not renewed at the end of 10 calendar days following service of such notice, unless a written request for hearing is filed with the Director of Health and Human Services by the holder of the license within 48 hours of such notice. If no request for a hearing is filed within 48 hours of such notice, the revocation or nonrenewal becomes final. The Director of Health and Human Services shall remove a revoked license from the premises.
D. 
The license holder who is aggrieved by a decision of the Director of Health and Human Services may appeal to the State Department of Public Health in accordance with the applicable state statutes.
A. 
Suspension. Whenever a license has been suspended, the holder of the suspended license may make a written request for reinstatement of the license, which shall include a signed statement that the conditions which caused the suspension have been corrected to the Director of Health and Human Services. Within 10 business days following receipt of a written request, the Director of Health and Human Services shall make a reinspection. If the Director of Health and Human Services determines that the applicant has complied with the requirements of this chapter and the State Public Health Code, the license shall be reinstated and returned to the license holder.
B. 
Revocation/nonrenewal. After a period of 60 days from the date of revocation or non renewal, a written application may be made for the issuance of a new license. This application will be treated as a new application. All appropriate procedures and inspections will be required, including a plan review.
Every barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall comply with the following minimum requirements:
A. 
Water supply. An adequate supply of hot and cold running water, at proper temperatures, from a municipal or approved private source shall be provided for service for customers, cleanliness of employees, and for washing floors, walls, ceiling, and equipment. Hot water at any faucet shall not exceed 110° F.
B. 
Wastewater disposal. Wastewater from all plumbing fixtures shall be discharged into municipal sewers or into an approved and properly functioning subsurface septic system.
C. 
Plumbing fixtures.
(1) 
Plumbing fixtures shall be of impervious material and of a type which is easily cleanable. They shall be free from cracks and from parts which are not readily accessible for cleaning. They shall be of a type which does not constitute a hazard to a public water supply through backsiphonage or cross-connection.
(2) 
All plumbing installation and fixtures shall conform to applicable building and plumbing codes.
(3) 
Shampoo bowls shall be used for barbering, hairdressing and cosmetology work only and there shall be a minimum of one shampoo bowl for every three barbers/hairdressers.
(4) 
A utility sink shall be provided for proper cleaning of surfaces and equipment.
(5) 
At least one handwash facility shall be located in each private treatment room and in each work area in order to provide for proper handwashing before each customer.
(6) 
A mop sink shall be provided for cleaning the facility. Those premises in operation prior to the passage of this chapter are exempt from this requirement.
D. 
Floors. Floors shall be nonporous and of such construction as to be easily cleaned. Floors where tinting or shampooing is done, or where chemicals for bleaching hair are used, shall have hard and washable surfaces. Floors shall be kept clean and in good repair. Carpeting or similar floor covering is acceptable for patron wait areas only.
E. 
Lighting. Lighting fixtures shall be of a sufficient number and properly placed so as to provide adequate illumination.
F. 
Ventilation. The shop will be properly and adequately ventilated so as to remove excess heat and odors. Salon ventilation shall comply with state and local building codes and ordinances.
G. 
Cabinets. Cabinets shall be provided for storage of clean linen, towels, blankets, and gowns. They shall have tight-fitting doors that shall be kept closed to protect the linen, towels, blankets, and gowns from dust and dirt.
H. 
Receptacle for used towels and gowns. A covered receptacle, which can be readily emptied and cleansed, shall be provided and maintained in a sanitary manner. Chemically soiled towels and linens shall be stored in fire-retardant containers.
I. 
Refuse. Covered containers for hair droppings, paper, and other waste material shall be provided and maintained in a sanitary manner.
J. 
Toilet facilities.
(1) 
Adequate toilet facilities and handwash sinks shall be provided for customers and employees. Such facilities and washbasins shall be kept clean and in working order.
(2) 
Adequate and conveniently located handwashing facilities shall be provided with hot and cold running water through a mixing valve or a combination faucet, a sanitary soap dispenser, and single-use towels for customers and employees.
(3) 
The use of common soap for more than one person is prohibited.
(4) 
A covered refuse receptacle shall be provided in the ladies' room.
K. 
Work stations.
(1) 
Chairs in work stations shall be at least 54 inches apart, center to center. Those premises in operation prior to the passage of this chapter are exempt from this requirement.
(2) 
A two-foot-wide work space shall be maintained behind each chair for the operator. Those premises in operation prior to the passage of this chapter are exempt from this requirement.
(3) 
Three-foot-wide aisles that are separate and discreet from work areas shall be maintained through the shop.
(4) 
It is prohibited to place hair dryers in any waiting room or encroach on the required three-foot-wide aisle space.
L. 
Barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop in residence.
(1) 
A barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop located in a residence shall be confined to a separate room, separated with high ceiling-high partitions and provided with a door to be closed at all times.
(2) 
The area within a home operated as a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall be equipped with the facilities and instruments required in all such establishments.
Every barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall comply with the following minimum requirements:
A. 
General cleanliness.
(1) 
The license holder of every barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall keep it in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.
(2) 
It is prohibited to allow for hair droppings to accumulate on floors. Hair droppings shall be removed frequently and as soon as possible, in such a manner as not to cause objectionable conditions.
B. 
Walls, ceilings, and fixtures.
(1) 
Ceilings shall be kept in good repair, and cracks in walls, especially around baseboards, shall be filled in so as to prevent the harboring and breeding of insects. All windows shall be screened to prevent the entry of flying insects.
(2) 
Cabinets, shelves, furniture, shampoo bowls, and fixtures shall be kept clean and free of dust, dirt, and hair droppings. Arms, seats, and rests of chairs shall be wiped of hair droppings after serving each customer.
C. 
Sanitary services.
(1) 
It is prohibited for any person affected with an infectious disease to be attended.
(2) 
It is prohibited for a towel to be used for more than one person without being properly laundered before each use.
(3) 
A sanitary paper strip or clean towel shall be placed completely around the neck of each customer before an apron or any other protective device is fastened around the neck.
(4) 
A properly laundered towel or paper shall cover the headrest of the chair for each customer before the customer is permitted to recline in such chair.
(5) 
Foot baths and spas shall be emptied and cleaned and sanitized after each use and between serving customers, including the removal of filter screens for cleaning.
(6) 
Scraping of calluses from the feet with razor-sharp credo or similar blades is prohibited.
(7) 
Steel nail files are prohibited. Single-use emery boards shall be used and disposed of after each customer.
(8) 
The cutting of cuticles using cuticle scissors or a similar tool is prohibited.
(9) 
All manicure workstations shall be thoroughly cleaned after each customer.
(10) 
Clean towels shall be delivered in closed containers and kept in a clean, closed cabinet or closet. A commercial linen service shall be used for laundering if not done on the premises.
(11) 
A sanitizing agent shall be used when washing towels and linens on the premises.
D. 
Sanitation of equipment and implements.
(1) 
Hair brushes, combs, and all other implements used on a customer shall be kept clean and sanitary at all times and shall undergo thorough cleansing and sanitizing after serving each customer or single-service disposable implements shall be used.
(2) 
Cleaned and sanitized implements shall be stored in sanitary, covered containers which shall contain a disinfectant or in a clean drawer.
(3) 
After handling a customer affected with an eruption or whose skin is broken out or is inflamed or contains pus, the instruments shall be effectively cleaned, washed with soap or detergent and water, then rinsed with water having a temperature of at least 170° F., or allowed to remain for five minutes in alcohol (70% to 80%) or some other approved disinfectant or sanitizing process.
(4) 
Shaker-top containers shall be provided for dispensing lotions and powders.
(5) 
Single-service towels, papers, and other material shall be disposed of in the proper receptacle immediately after use and shall not be used again.
(6) 
All disposable materials that come into contact with blood and/or body fluid shall be disposed of in sealable plastic bags prior to placing in the waste receptacle.
(7) 
All articles that come into direct contact with the customer's skin, nails, or hair that cannot be effectively cleaned and sanitized shall be disposed of in a covered waste receptacle immediately after use.
E. 
Shaving brushes, mugs, finger bowls, and credo blades. The use of shaving brushes, shaving mugs, and credo blades is prohibited. The use of finger bowls for manicure and/or pedicure purposes is allowed, but the finger bowl shall be properly cleaned and sanitized after each customer. Disposable, single-use finger bowls may be used.
F. 
Alum and other astringents. Alum or other material used to stop the flow of blood shall be applied in powered or liquid form only.
G. 
Neck dusters, powder puffs, makeup brushes, and sponges. The use of brush neck dusters, powder puffs, makeup brushes, and sponges is prohibited unless they are single-use disposable implements.
H. 
Animals. It is prohibited for any animals, pets, or live birds to be kept in any barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop. This prohibition does not apply to service animals.
A. 
Cleanliness of operators. The hands of the operators shall be thoroughly washed with soap and warm water before serving each customer and immediately after using the toilet or eating.
B. 
Health of operators. It is prohibited for any person known to be affected with any communicable disease in an infectious stage to engage in barbering, hairdressing, or cosmetology, and for any person so affected to be employed as a barber, hairdresser, or cosmetician.
C. 
Eating/drinking while providing service. It is prohibited for operators to eat or drink while providing services to a customer.
It is prohibited to smoke while providing services to a customer.
While attending any customer in a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop, operators shall wear clean, washable garments having at least one-quarter length sleeves.
Except students under the supervision of a licensed individual, all persons engaged in the activities of a barber, hairdresser, cosmetician, or nail technician shall be properly licensed by the Connecticut Department of Public Health (except students under the supervision of a licensed individual), and the license shall be displayed in a conspicuous place adjacent to or near each workstation so that the public may see it.
A. 
In addition to other remedies as provided in this chapter, the provisions of this chapter may be enforced by citation of not more than $250, as established by the Department of Health and Human Services. Each day's violation shall be a separate offense and is subject to additional citation.
B. 
Any person, firm, or corporation operating a barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop without a license under the provisions of this chapter shall be subject to a citation of $250 for each such violation. Each day's violation shall be a separate offense and is subject to an additional citation of $250.
C. 
The following people have authority to issue citations for violations pursuant to this chapter: Director of Health and Human Services, Environmental Health Administrator, Sanitarian.
D. 
A violation of this chapter may also subject any person, firm or corporation to the provisions of § 19a-206 of the Connecticut General Statutes.