[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the City of Meriden 10-7-1963 as Ch. 9 of the 1963 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Alarms — See Ch. 60.
Building construction — See Ch. 77.
Citation process — See Ch. 86.
Housing standards — See Ch. 125.
Property maintenance — See Ch. 159.
Fire prevention generally — See C.G.S. § 29-291 et seq.
The officer of the Fire Department in command at any fire in the City shall have the power and authority necessary to preserve order and enforce his command at the scene of such fire and may use all necessary force and may require and have the aid and assistance of any person for such purposes.
The officer of the Fire Department in command at any fire in the City, when he deems it necessary, may, with the consent of the City Manager, order any building or structure to be destroyed and torn down to prevent the spreading of such fire.
The City Manager or Chief of the Fire Department or the officer in charge at any fire may establish fire lines during any fire when in his judgment any such action shall be deemed necessary or advisable and may prohibit any person from going or remaining within such fire lines, unless authorized by the City Manager or officer of the Fire Department in command at such fire or an officer of the Police Department. Upon the establishment of such fire lines, all unauthorized persons shall remain outside such lines.
It shall be unlawful for any person to remove or assist in removing any property or obstruction placed by the Fire Department, in the course of its duties, in, upon or across any street or portion thereof or upon any premises under the control of such Department during a fire.
No vehicle shall, except by direction of the City Manager or officer of the Fire Department in command at the scene, approach or remain standing or parked within one block of a fire or other location to which any fire apparatus has been called by an alarm of fire in the City.
No unauthorized person shall trespass upon the property of the Fire Department or carry away, meddle with, use or injure any of the apparatus of such Department.
No person shall willfully destroy, deface or injure in any manner the fire alarm telegraph or any part thereof in the City or any of the appurtenances of the same or willfully interfere with or do anything to such telegraph to prevent or delay the proper or timely use thereof.
No person shall post or in any manner affix any placards, bills or notices, either written or printed, upon any of the fire alarm telegraph poles or boxes in the City.
It shall be unlawful for any person to give a false alarm of fire or knowingly to proclaim that any fire in the City is extinguished when it is not.
All new or renovated nonresidential occupancies shall be required to have a Knox-Box-type key box installed on the building before a certificate of occupancy is issued. The Knox-Box shall be installed in a location approved by the Fire Marshal.
Editor's Note: This resolution also provided for the repeal of former § 107-10, Securing and marking of trapdoors and other dangerous openings.
No person shall store or transport flammable liquids in quantities or with a flash point which will subject such storage or transportation to regulation by the Department of State Police, without a permit from the Fire Marshal so to do. No such permit shall be issued except in conformity with the General Statutes and rules and regulations promulgated thereunder relating to the storage or transportation of such flammable liquids. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate under a permit issued under the provisions of this section in violation of the terms and conditions of such permit.
Editor's Note: This resolution repealed provisions pertaining to a fee for the storage or transportation of flammable liquids. Said resolution also set out new and similar fees which are on file with the City.
No person shall store, transport or use any explosives which are of such content or which are stored, transported or used in such quantity or manner as will subject such storage, transportation or use to regulation by the Department of State Police, without a permit from the Fire Marshal so to do. No such permit shall be issued except in conformity with the General Statutes and rules and regulations promulgated thereunder relating to the storage, transportation or use of such explosives. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate under a permit issued under the provisions of this section in violation of the terms and conditions of such permit.
If any person is aggrieved by the refusal or neglect of the Fire Marshal to issue any license or permit which he is authorized to issue, such person may, except as otherwise provided by the General Statutes or any rule or regulation promulgated thereunder, appeal from such action to the Council at its next meeting, provided that such person shall leave with the Town and City Clerk written notice of such intended appeal prior to such meeting and not later than one week from the time he has been notified of the action of the Fire Marshal. Such action of the Fire Marshal shall only become invalid and inoperative if disapproved by the Council.
All annual permits issued by the Fire Marshal under the authority of this chapter shall expire on the 31st day of January of each year.
The Fire Marshal shall keep a record book in which he shall enter a record of all licenses, permits or orders issued by him, all complaints made to him and all inspections and examinations made by him. He shall make a report of his actions to the Council once each month.
Where any person fails to comply with any order to abate a fire hazard issued by the Fire Marshal pursuant to the provisions of §§ 29-306 to 29-310 of the General Statutes, the Fire Marshal may cause such hazard to be abated, and the expense thereof shall be chargeable to the person responsible for the creation or maintenance of such fire hazard and shall be collectible by the City in the same manner that debts due the City are collected.
No person shall kindle or maintain any bonfire or authorize any such fire to be kindled or maintained in the City unless a written permit so to do has been secured from the Fire Marshal. No such fire shall be kindled or maintained except in accordance with the terms and conditions of such permit. No person shall kindle or maintain any fire out of doors in the City, except in a proper receptacle, unless a person over the age of 14 years is present and in charge of such fire as long as it remains burning.
The term and conditions of such permit shall be set by the Fire Marshal. Only nonprocessed wood shall be burned. Said permit may be revoked by the Fire Marshal or his representative at any time due to unsafe operation, burning of prohibited material or creating a smoke nuisance. All such determinations shall be in the sole discretion of the Fire Marshal or his representative. Such permits shall be for residential home use only. Nothing herein shall be construed to affect any state regulation.
No person shall deposit ashes, smoldering coals or embers, greasy or oily substances or other matters liable to create spontaneous ignition, within 10 feet of any wooden or plastered wall, partition, fence, floor, sidewalk, lumber, hay, shavings, rubbish or other combustible materials, except in metallic or other noncombustible receptacles. Such receptacles, unless resting on a noncombustible floor or on the ground outside the building, shall be placed on noncombustible stands and in every case shall be kept at least two feet away from any combustible wall or partition.
No person shall permit to remain upon any roof or in any courtyard, vacant lot or open space any accumulation of wastepaper, hay, grass, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any kind. All weeds, grass, vines or other growth, when endangering property or liable to be fired, shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of the property it is on.
No person making, using, storing or having charge or control of any shavings, excelsior, rubbish, sacks, bags, litter, hay, straw or combustible trash, waste or fragments shall fail, neglect or refuse at the close of each day to cause all such material which is not compactly baled and stacked in an orderly manner to be removed from the building or stored in suitable vaults or in metal or metal-lined covered receptacles or bins. The Fire Marshal may require suitable baling presses to be installed in stores, apartment houses, factories and similar places where accumulations of paper and waste materials are not removed at least every second day and may require the removal of such accumulations daily if conditions warrant such action in his opinion.
The storage of empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or other similar combustible containers is forbidden unless approved by the Fire Marshal. Such storage shall be orderly and not so located as to endanger exits from the building in which stored. Storage in the open of packing cases, boxes, barrels or other similar combustible containers shall not be more than 20 feet in height and shall be so located, with respect to surrounding buildings, as not to constitute a hazard. All such storage shall be in a compact and orderly manner.
No person shall take an open light or flame into any building, barn, boat or other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive material is kept, unless such light or flame is well secured in an explosionproof-type lamp or similar approved device.
No heating apparatus with an open flame, and no artificial lighting system other than incandescent electric lights, shall be used in any warehouse for the storage of rags, excelsior, hair or other flammable or combustible material or fluids, nor in any shop or factory used for the manufacture, repair or renovating of mattresses or bedding, nor in any establishment for the upholstery of furniture.
The Fire Marshal may inspect all warehouses, stores, industrial establishments and any building, structure or open space in which combustible materials are handled, stored, manufactured or sold, and, where conditions found justify the prohibition of smoking, he shall order the owner or occupant, in writing, to post suitable signs or placards in each room, building, structure or place in which such prohibition shall be enforced. All such signs or installations shall read "By Order of the Fire Marshal."
The Fire Marshal may designate special rooms or portions of structures in which smoking, under such restrictions as he may designate, may be permitted.
The term "smoking" as used in this section shall include the carrying of a lighted pipe, cigar, cigarette or tobacco in any other form.
It shall be unlawful for any person to remove any sign or placard posted under the provisions of this section or to smoke in any properly placarded place.
[Added 7-1-1974; amended 9-15-1980]
Definitions. A "fire zone" (fire lane) is a designated unobstructed passageway sufficient to permit free passage of fire and other emergency equipment from a public highway to all areas or portions of any private or public property as hereinafter set forth.
Determination of need for fire zone (fire lane). Whenever the Fire Marshal shall determine that the reasonable safety of persons occupying or using any premises, public or private, other than a private residential dwelling consisting of four or fewer separate apartment units, requires the establishment of a fire zone (fire lane) for the orderly access to said premises of fire and other emergency equipment, he shall recommend to the City Council that said Council establish such fire zone (fire lane). Prior to making such recommendation, the said Fire Marshal or Deputy Fire Marshal shall discuss the area of the proposed fire zone (fire lane) with the owner or owners or agents of said premises. No fire zone shall be recommended or established by the said City Council for any building which immediately abuts a public highway unless the owner of said building consents in writing to the establishment of said zone. For the purposes of this section, a building will be considered to immediately abut a public highway if it is no more than 15 feet from the City street line.
Issuance of order establishing fire zone (fire lane); filing copies of order. Whenever the City Council establishes a fire zone (fire lane) as recommended by the Fire Marshal, said Council shall cause a copy of said order to be delivered to the owner or owners or agents thereof of any private land on which such fire zone (fire lane) is established. The Council shall also file one copy of its order with the Clerk of the Council, one copy with the City Clerk and one copy with the Traffic Division of the City of Meriden.
Appeal by aggrieved person. Any person aggrieved by said order may appeal therefrom to the Court of Common Pleas for the County of New Haven.
Erecting signs; collection of cost when a private property. Upon establishment of a fire zone (fire lane) the Traffic Division shall cause to be erected or installed adequate signs and/or markings or other devices to delineate said fire zone (fire lane). Such signs and/or markings or other devices installed on privately owned premises, as ordered by the City Council, shall be at the cost of the owner. All such signs or markings shall read "Fire Zone--No Parking." Should the owner or owners, or agents thereof, of any private land fail to comply with the order of the City Council, the Fire Marshal or the Deputy Fire Marshal may have the Traffic Division erect said signs and establish said markings, and the cost of said signs and the installation thereof shall be billed to the owner or owners, or agents thereof, and collected in the same manner as municipal taxes, provided that the Traffic Division causes a notice of lien to be filed on the land records within 60 days after the erection or installation of said signs or markings.
Motor vehicles not to be parked in fire zones (fire lanes). No person shall park or permit to stand a motor vehicle in a fire zone which has been established in accordance with this section, except when actually picking up or discharging passengers. Any person violating this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $100. The registered owner of a motor vehicle shall be presumed to be the operator of such vehicle.
Towing of vehicles parked within fire zone (fire lane). Any motor vehicle found standing in a fire zone which has been established in accordance with this section may be towed, upon the direction of a police officer, to any public or private parking facility, and all expense of such towing and any subsequent storage shall be borne by the registered owner of such vehicle.
Citation for violation; early payment of fine. Whenever a vehicle is found standing in violation of Subsection F, a police officer shall serve upon the owner or operator of such vehicle or place upon such vehicle a notice directing the owner or operator thereof to appear at the Police Department prior to a time specified in said notice. If any person receiving said notice shall appear as directed and shall pay an amount as specified in said notice, not exceeding $5; such payment shall bar a prosecution for violation of Subsection F.
In new construction, required smoke detectors on different levels of a dwelling unit shall be electrically interconnected and arranged so that a detector sensing smoke on any level will sound an alarm on all levels.
The provisions of this chapter may be enforced by citation, in addition to other remedies. The following persons have authority to issue citations for violations pursuant to this chapter: City of Meriden Fire Chief, Deputy Fire Chief, Assistant Fire Chief, Fire Marshal and Deputy Fire Marshal.