Town of North Hempstead, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 2-27-1973; 6-16-1992 by L.L. No. 3-1992]
There shall be a Board of Zoning Appeals as previously established pursuant to § 267 of the Town Law. The Board shall be known as the "Board of Zoning and Appeals of the Town of North Hempstead." Said Board shall consist of seven members, except that after July 1, 1992, the size of the Board shall be reduced to five members in accordance with § 267 of the Town Law, effective on July 1, 1992. Board members shall receive such compensation as the Town Board shall determine.
[Amended 2-27-1973; 9-2-1978 by L.L. No. 3-1978; 8-12-1980 by L.L. No. 10-1980; 4-28-1987 by L.L. No. 10-1987; 8-21-1990 by L.L. No. 10-1990; 4-28-1997 by L.L. No. 10-1997; 5-21-1997 by L.L. No. 9-1997; 12-16-1997 by L.L. No. 25-1997; 12-11-2007 by L.L. No. 14-2007; 7-29-2008 by L.L. No. 7-2008; 9-22-2008 by L.L. No. 9-2008; 2-25-2014 by L.L. No. 2-2014]
A. 
The Board of Zoning and Appeals, in addition to the powers and duties set forth in the Town Law and as heretofore set forth in this chapter, may, in a specific case after public notice and hearing and subject to appropriate conditions and safeguards, determine and vary the application of this chapter and authorize the issuance of permits in harmony with the general purpose and intent as hereinafter provided.
B. 
Conditional and special uses.
(1) 
In the consideration and determination of applications for conditional uses or special permits, the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall consider the following general standards as applied to the specific application:
(a) 
The purposes of zoning as set forth in the Town Law of the State of New York and uses permitted in the district in which the property is located.
(b) 
Whether the proposed use is of such character, size, location, design and site layout as to be appropriate to and in harmony with the surrounding properties.
(c) 
Whether the proposed use will provide a desirable service, facility or convenience to the area or otherwise contribute to the proper growth and development of the community and to its general welfare.
(d) 
Whether the proposed use will be hazardous, conflicting or incongruous to the immediate neighborhood by reason of excessive traffic, assembly of persons or vehicles, proximity to travel routes or congregations of children or pedestrians.
(e) 
Whether the proposed use will be of such nature as to be objectionable to nearby residential dwellings by reason of noise, lights, vibration or other factors of impact.
(f) 
Whether the proposed use will be a harmonious use in the district in which it is to be situated and not hinder or discourage the appropriate use and development of adjacent uses or impair the value thereof.
(g) 
In addition to the foregoing, the location and size of a proposed use in a business or industrial district, the nature and intensity of the operations proposed, the site layout and its relation to access streets shall be considered by the board having jurisdiction of the application to determine whether the vehicular traffic resulting from such use will be more hazardous than the normal traffic of the district, taking into account such factors as street intersection, traffic flow, sight distances and pedestrian traffic.
(2) 
If the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall determine that the conditional uses provided in this chapter or a proposed special use will conform to the general character of the neighborhood to which the proposed use will apply and that the public health, morals, safety and general welfare of such neighborhood will be secure by the granting of such use, subject to the safeguards imposed by the Board, then the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall authorize the issuance of a permit pursuant to § 70-225 of this article. Such permits may be granted for a temporary period or permanently, as determined by the Board, and, if granted for a temporary period, application for extension of same will be subject to a public hearing as required in the original application.
(3) 
Before an application for a conditional or special use may be heard by the Board of Zoning and Appeals, a complete and accurate list of the names and addresses of the owners of all the lands within a radius of 300 feet of the property affected by such application as appears on the latest completed assessment roll of the County of Nassau shall be submitted simultaneously with the application. The applicant shall send, by first-class mail and by registered or certified mail, to each owner shown on said list, not less than 10 nor more than 20 days before the date set for a hearing upon this application, a notice addressed to such owners generally, signed by the applicant, identifying the property affected thereby and setting forth the use requested and the date, hour and place fixed by the Board of Zoning and Appeals for the hearing thereon. Before such case may be heard by the Board of Zoning and Appeals, the applicant must file with the Clerk of the Board, not later than five days prior to the hearing date, an affidavit of the mailing of such notices as herein provided, said affidavit to be made on forms to be provided by the Board of Zoning and Appeals. This provision shall likewise apply to any application for the extension of a temporary conditional or special use.
[Amended 1-29-2019 by L.L. No. 3-2019]
(4) 
If the Board of Zoning and Appeals finds that in an application the conditional use provided in this chapter or special use proposed and requested in said application will not conform to the general character of the neighborhood to which the proposed use will apply and that the public health, morals, safety and general welfare of such neighborhood will not be secured by granting such conditional use, then the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall deny such application, anything in this chapter to the contrary notwithstanding.
(5) 
If, upon an application for extension of a conditional or special use, the Board finds that the applicant has violated the conditions imposed in the granting of same or if the Board finds that because of a change in the general character of the neighborhood the public health, safety, morals and general welfare will be adversely affected by the extension of such conditional or special use, then the Board of Zoning and Appeals may deny an application for extension of such conditional or special use, anything in this chapter to the contrary notwithstanding.
(6) 
Mother-daughter residences.
(a) 
Upon an application for a mother-daughter residence, as defined in § 70-231 of this chapter, § 70-225B(3) shall not apply; however, the applicant shall file with the Board the written consents received from, or proof of written notice given to, all owners of property adjoining the property affected by the application.
(b) 
Any mother-daughter residence legally in existence with a currently valid permit on April 1, 1997, shall be considered to be a legal nonconforming use with respect to any structural improvement in existence on April 1, 1997. Any subsequent structural improvement shall conform to the conditions of a mother-daughter residence, as defined in § 70-231.
(c) 
The fee owner of any residence which ceases to be a mother-daughter residence under the conditions listed in § 70-231 shall remove all cooking facilities from the apartment within 90 days of the change. As a condition of granting any application for a conditional use of a mother-daughter residence, the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall require the recording of a covenant to remove cooking facilities as aforesaid.
(7) 
Changes to uses requiring conditional use permit; noncompliance.
[Amended 3-20-2018 by L.L. No. 2-2018]
(a) 
Any restaurant or retail food use must apply to the Board of Zoning and Appeals if any of the following occurs:
[1] 
An increase in the size of an approved kitchen by 20% of floor area of said kitchen, or 250 square feet, whichever is less, inclusive of prep areas, is proposed.
[2] 
The addition or removal of counter/kiosk service for the placement of a food order.
(b) 
Failure to comply with the conditions imposed in the decision of the Board of Zoning and Appeals may result in a revocation of the conditional use permit. In the event that the conditional use permit is revoked, a new conditional use permit application must be made and the appropriate fees paid.
C. 
Authorize the issuance of temporary and conditional permits for a period not to exceed two years for structures, buildings and uses in undeveloped sections of the Town, as determined by the Board, in contravention of the requirements of this chapter.
D. 
Determine and establish the true location of use district boundaries in any disputed case.
E. 
Permit a use authorized on a portion of a lot in a lower restricted district to extend to the entire lot, but not more than 50 feet beyond the boundary line of the higher restricted district in a case where a use district boundary line divides a lot in a single ownership at the effective date of this chapter.
F. 
Determine whether or not any trade, industry, purpose or use otherwise permitted by this chapter would violate Article XXII, § 70-203A, and if so, to prohibit such trade, industry or use.
G. 
Vary the application of the provisions of this chapter and establish appropriate requirements for irregular lots or lots less than the required area in any district existing at the effective date of this chapter.
H. 
Vary the application of the provisions of this chapter and modify the requirements thereof in cases of exceptional topography under such conditions as will safeguard the neighborhood.
I. 
Vary any provision of this chapter in cases of practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship, provided public health, safety and general welfare are secured.
J. 
In an appeal under which the Board is asked to vary those provisions of this chapter related to the dimension and/or number of parking spaces (e.g., §§ 70-103 and 70-231), the Board shall decide such appeal by applying the "area variance" test set forth in Town Law § 267-b(3).
K. 
In addition to the power and duties of the Board as hereinabove set forth, the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall also act in an advisory capacity to the Town Board in reference to changes of zone, and shall study the application of this chapter, recommending to the Town Board from time to time such changes in the chapter and in the boundaries of the various districts as it shall deem advisable to further promote the health, safety, morals and/or general welfare of the community.
L. 
The concurring vote of a majority of the members of the Board shall be necessary for a decision.
M. 
Wherever in this chapter reference is made to the Planning Board or Board of Appeals, said reference shall for the purpose of the ordinance be deemed to refer to the Board of Zoning and Appeals as established by the Town Board under the date of May 1, 1952.
N. 
Review a decision of the Building Commissioner to deny a request for a tree removal permit. In reviewing such decision, the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall be guided by the criteria established in § 2-9T(4).
O. 
Each member of the Board of Appeals and of the Town Board shall complete four hours of training each year, designed to enable such members to more effectively carry out their duties. Training received by a member in excess of four hours in any one year may be carried over by the member into succeeding years in order to meet the requirements of this subsection. Such training shall be approved by the Commissioner of Planning, as an authorized representative of the Town Board. Training may include, but not be limited to, training provided by a municipality, regional or county planning office or commission, county planning federation, state agency, statewide municipal association, educational or other similar entity. Training may be provided in a variety of formats, including, but not limited to, electronic media, video, distance learning and traditional classroom training.
(1) 
With respect to members of the Board of Zoning and Appeals, in order to be eligible for reappointment to such board, such members shall have completed the training required by the Town pursuant to this subsection.
(2) 
Board members shall provide adequate proof of such training to the Commissioner of Planning upon completion of same.
(3) 
The training required by this subsection may be waived or modified by resolution of the Town Board when, in the judgment of the Town Board, it is in the best interest of the Town to do so.
(4) 
No decision of the Board of Zoning and Appeals or of the Town Board shall be voided or declared invalid because of a failure to comply with this subsection.
(5) 
The training requirements imposed by this subsection shall become effective for the calendar year 2008, as the Town Board deems it in the best interests of the Town to impose such requirement at such time.
[1]
Editor’s Note: Former § 70-226, Lapse of variance; requests for variance extension, was repealed 2-28-2019 by L.L. No. 5-2019.
[Added 3-12-2013 by L.L. No. 1-2013]
This article shall take effect immediately.
[Amended 5-29-2007 by L.L. No. 5-2007]
A. 
The Board of Zoning and Appeals shall establish rules as to the manner of filing appeals or applications for permits or variances in specific cases and may amend these rules as needed. Copies of the procedures and requirements for the filing of applications shall be maintained by the Board and shall be made available to the public.
B. 
Fees and costs. Fees for all matters to be heard by the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall be set according to the amounts indicated in the Town of North Hempstead Fee Schedule.
C. 
Submission requirements.
(1) 
All applications to the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall be accompanied by the notice of disapproval issued by the Building Department, an application form with related attachments and five copies each of the following:
(a) 
For applications for new one- and two-family residential structures:
[1] 
Title page, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Key map showing clearly and accurately the location of the property in relation to the neighboring streets;
[b] 
Zoning/Site data analysis which shall include zoning district; permitted and proposed data for all zoning criteria, including, but not limited to, floor areas, lot coverage, building height, and a depiction of the required sky exposure plane;
[c] 
Name and address of the applicant, and the name and address of the owner of the site, if different from the applicant;
[d] 
Name(s) and contact information of the professional engineer, land surveyor, architect, landscape architect and/or land planner involved in preparing the plans;
[e] 
Area map of the subject property and all properties within a radius of 300 feet of any contiguous property owned by the applicant. The area map must be accurately drawn to scale and shall include the names of property owners, as well as section, block, and lot information for all properties within the three-hundred-foot radius;
[2] 
Survey of existing conditions, prepared by a New York State licensed land surveyor at a scale of one inch equals 40 feet or larger, showing at a minimum:
[a] 
The locations of all existing buildings, driveways, patios, fences and accessory structures;
[b] 
The locations of property lines with bearings and distances clearly marked;
[c] 
The locations of all monuments, stakes or other permanent boundary markers;
[d] 
Underground and overhead utilities;
[e] 
The locations of all easements, if applicable;
[3] 
Proposed site or plot plan, showing the location of all proposed buildings, accessory structures, driveways or other paved areas;
[4] 
Floor plans, fully dimensioned, of each level, which shall include, but not be limited to, basements, cellars, mezzanines and attics, and labeling of all interior spaces with their uses;
[5] 
Building elevations and section, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Existing and proposed grades in Nassau County Vertical Datum;
[b] 
Finished floor elevations for each level;
[c] 
Building height elevation(s);
[d] 
Building/site section(s);
[e] 
Proposed finish materials for all exterior surfaces;
[6] 
Short environmental assessment form;
[7] 
Disclosure affidavit from applicant;
(b) 
For additions or alterations of one- and two-family residential structures or construction of fences, sheds or other accessory structures:
[1] 
Title page, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Key map showing clearly and accurately the location of the property in relation to the neighboring streets;
[b] 
Zoning/Site data analysis which shall include zoning district; permitted and proposed data for all zoning criteria, including, but not limited to, floor areas, lot coverage, building height, and a depiction of the required sky exposure plane;
[c] 
Name and address of the applicant, and the name and address of the owner of the site, if different from the applicant;
[d] 
Name(s) and contact information of the professional engineer, land surveyor, architect, landscape architect and/or land planner involved in preparing the plans.
[2] 
Survey or plot plan of existing conditions, prepared by a New York State licensed land surveyor at a scale of one inch equals 40 feet or larger, showing at a minimum the locations of all existing buildings, driveways, patios, fences and accessory structures;
[3] 
Proposed site plan, showing the location of all proposed buildings, fences, accessory structures, driveways or other paved areas;
[4] 
Floor plans, fully dimensioned, of each level, which shall include, but not be limited to, basements, cellars, mezzanines and attics, and labeling of all interior spaces with their uses;
[5] 
Building elevations, if applicable, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Existing and proposed grades;
[b] 
Finished floor elevations for each level;
[c] 
Building height elevation(s);
[d] 
Proposed finish materials for all exterior surfaces.
[6] 
Details or specifications of any fencing material, if applicable.
(c) 
For applications for new multiple residence, commercial or other nonresidential structures:
[1] 
Title page, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Key map showing clearly and accurately the location of the property in relation to the neighboring streets;
[b] 
Zoning/Site data analysis which shall include zoning district information; permitted and proposed data for all zoning criteria, including, but not limited to, floor areas by use, lot coverage, building height, parking; and the quantities of pervious and impervious surfaces. All zoning calculations shall be based on gross floor area as required in this chapter;
[c] 
Names of the appropriate water and sewer districts;
[d] 
Name and address of the applicant, and the name and address of the owner of the site, if different from the applicant. If the applicant or owner is a corporation or partnership, the names of all principals shall be included;
[e] 
Name(s) and contact information of the professional engineer, land surveyor, architect, landscape architect and/or land planner involved in preparing the plans;
[f] 
Area map of the subject site and all properties within a radius of 300 feet of any contiguous property owned by the applicant. The area map must be accurately drawn to scale and shall include all proposed principal and accessory buildings, the names of abutting property owners, as well as section, block, and lot information for all properties within the three-hundred-foot radius.
[2] 
Survey of existing conditions, prepared by a New York State licensed land surveyor at a scale of one inch equals 40 feet or larger, showing at a minimum:
[a] 
The locations of all existing buildings, driveways, patios, fences and accessory structures;
[b] 
The locations of property lines, with bearings and distances clearly marked;
[c] 
The locations of all monuments, stakes or other permanent boundary markers;
[d] 
Underground and overhead utilities;
[e] 
The locations of all easements, if applicable.
[3] 
Schematic site plan, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Location and arrangement of all buildings and structures;
[b] 
All proposed parking and loading facilities, access aisles, and all pavement markings, fully dimensioned;
[c] 
Adjacent roadways indicating traffic flow directions and showing vehicular access and circulation to and from the site, including intersections, road widths, pavement surfaces, dividers, traffic controls, and street lighting;
[d] 
Any proposed right-of-way improvements or road widening;
[e] 
Arangement of pedestrian traffic access and circulation, including, but not limited to, walkway structures, and handicapped accessibility;
[f] 
Location and type of equipment provided for storage and disposal of garbage and refuse; if the application is for a restaurant, delicatessen, retail grocery or other food-related use, the plan must show the location of the required interior refrigerated refuse locker.
[4] 
Floor plans, fully dimensioned, of each level, which shall include, but not be limited to, basements, cellars, lobbies, mezzanines and attics, and labeling of all interior spaces with their uses; seating diagrams and emergency egress plans are required for all places of public assembly;
[5] 
Building elevations and sections, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Existing and proposed grades in Nassau County Vertical Datum;
[b] 
Finished floor elevations for each level;
[c] 
Building height elevation(s);
[d] 
Building/Site section(s) as required to adequately analyze the site development;
[e] 
Proposed finish materials for all exterior surfaces;
[f] 
Scale drawings indicating the design, color and material of all signs, accompanied by an explanation of the lighting mechanism.
[6] 
Perspective drawing(s) of all principal buildings;
[7] 
Schematic landscape, grading, drainage and lighting plans;
[8] 
Full environmental assessment form in the format required by the State Environmental Quality Review Act;
[9] 
Traffic analysis, including capacity and level-of-service for the nearest signalized intersection(s);
[10] 
Disclosure affidavit from applicant.
(d) 
For additions or alterations of multiple residence, commercial or other nonresidential structures or variances for nonresidential uses:
[1] 
Title page, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Key map showing clearly and accurately the location of the property in relation to the neighboring streets;
[b] 
Zoning/site data analysis which shall include zoning district information; permitted and proposed data for all zoning criteria, including, but not limited to, floor areas by use, lot coverage, building height, parking; and the quantities of pervious and impervious surfaces. All zoning calculations shall be based on gross floor area as required in this chapter;
[c] 
Names of the appropriate water and sewer districts;
[d] 
Name and address of the applicant, and the name and address of the owner of the site, if different from the applicant. If the applicant or owner is a corporation or partnership, the names of all principals shall be included;
[e] 
Name(s) and contact information of the professional engineer, land surveyor, architect, landscape architect and/or land planner involved in preparing the plans;
[f] 
Area map of the subject site and all properties within a radius of 300 feet of any contiguous property owned by the applicant. The area map must be accurately drawn to scale and shall include the names of property owners, as well as section, block, and lot information for all properties within the three-hundred-foot radius.
[2] 
Survey of existing conditions showing, at a minimum, the locations of all existing buildings, parking areas and access points;
[3] 
Schematic site plan, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Location and arrangement of all buildings and structures;
[b] 
All proposed parking and loading facilities, access aisles, and all pavement markings, fully dimensioned;
[c] 
Location and width of landscaped buffers, if applicable;
[d] 
Location and type of equipment provided for storage and disposal of garbage and refuse; if the application is for a restaurant, delicatessen, retail grocery or other food-related use, the plan must show the location of the required interior refrigerated refuse locker.
[4] 
Floor plans, fully dimensioned, of each level, which shall include, but not be limited to, basements, cellars, lobbies, and mezzanines, and labeling of all interior spaces with their uses; seating diagrams and emergency egress plans are required for all places of public assembly;
[5] 
Building elevations and sections, which shall include the following:
[a] 
Finished floor elevations for each level;
[b] 
Building height elevation(s);
[c] 
Proposed finish materials for all exterior surfaces;
[d] 
Scale drawings indicating the design, color and material of all signs, accompanied by an explanation of the lighting mechanism;
[6] 
Schematic landscape, grading, drainage and lighting plans, if applicable;
[7] 
Short environmental assessment form;
[8] 
Disclosure affidavit from applicant.
(2) 
All plans and accompanying documents shall be prepared by the appropriate professional(s) licensed in the State of New York and shall be prepared at a scale sufficient to clearly present the required information for review.
D. 
Hearing notice requirements.
(1) 
The Secretary to the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall publish notice of the public hearing for a variance, appeal for determination or conditional use permit in the local newspapers at least 10 days before the hearing date. The notice shall identify the property affected by stating the section, block, lot and street address and shall also state the date, time and place of the hearing.
(2) 
Before the application will be heard, the applicant must provide notice of the hearing to property owners within a radius of 300 feet of the site, in the manner provided herein, and must file an affidavit as to the mailing of such notices in accordance with this section with the Secretary to the Board of Zoning and Appeals not less than five days before the hearing. Not less than 10 nor more than 20 days before the hearing, the applicant shall send, by first-class mail and by registered or certified mail, a notice to each affected owner identifying the subject property, stating the nature of the application and the date, time and place for the hearing. For applications for additions and alterations to one- or two-family residential structures, notice may be provided to only the adjoining property owners.
[Amended 1-29-2019 by L.L. No. 3-2019]
Upon the filing with the Board of Zoning and Appeals of an appeal or of an application for a permit or variance, the Board of Zoning and Appeals shall fix a time and place for a public hearing thereon and shall give notice thereof as set forth in § 70-228A and B.
A. 
By publishing a notice thereof in a local newspaper or newspapers at least 10 days before such hearing.
B. 
Such notice shall state the location of the building or lot and the general nature of the question involved.
[Added 1-4-1972; amended 11-19-1974 by L.L. No. 11-1974; 7-9-1991 by L.L. No. 10-1991; 11-16-2010 by L.L. No. 15-2010]
A. 
Every applicant, owner and their successors must comply with all decisions of the Board of Zoning and Appeals, including the provisions of any variance which has been granted by the Board and any permit or rider attached thereto. It shall be the duty of the Building Official and the Code Enforcement Officer to enforce those decisions.
B. 
Said applicant, owner or their successors shall file for an annual permit to the Building Official for any temporary use, conditional use, conditional permit or conditional variance granted by the Board of Zoning and Appeals, and it shall be the duty of the Building Official and the Code Enforcement Officer to enforce those provisions.