[HISTORY: Adopted City of Norwalk Common Council 5-10-1988. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Board of Police Commissioners shall be the traffic authority of the city and shall have all the powers and perform all the duties conferred upon or assigned to a traffic authority by the provisions of the Connecticut General Statutes, as amended.
The Director shall provide technical assistance and recommendations on matters before the traffic authority and may initiate matters for the consideration of said traffic authority. No action shall be taken by the traffic authority on matters referred to it prior to receipt of a recommendation by the Director.
The Director shall erect and maintain at designated places in the city, in such manner as the traffic authority may direct, traffic control devices and traffic calming measures for the direction, regulation and calming of traffic and the parking of vehicles upon the streets of the city.
Any police officer may orally direct traffic or prohibit the parking of any vehicle on any street or public place in the city for the purpose of preventing any obstruction or impediment to the safe travel of vehicles thereon.
It shall be unlawful for any person to fail to comply with any order, rule or regulation relating to traffic or parking made by or under the authority of the traffic authority or the Director or for any person to fail to comply with any direction by voice, hand or sign of any member of the Police Department in connection therewith or for any person to fail to comply with any traffic sign, marking or control signal unless otherwise directed by a member of the Police Department.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon the traveled portion of any street or highway except upon the right-hand side of such highway in the direction in which such vehicle is headed, unless said highway is marked as a one-way street and parking is permitted on the left side of said highway; and, if such highway is curbed, such vehicle shall be so placed that its wheels, when stationary, shall, when safety will permit, be within a distance of 12 inches from the curb. No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon any highway in such a manner as to occupy more than the parking space for one vehicle as marked out upon said highway.
Notwithstanding the provisions of § 98-7, Parking at curb, no vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon any public street or highway at any place contrary to signs posted on said highway at the direction of the traffic authority.
No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon nor shall any motor vehicle be left parked, standing or stopped on or across any public sidewalk or footpath except to cross such sidewalk or footpath to enter or leave adjacent areas or to perform necessary sidewalk or footpath construction, maintenance or snow removal.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon any public street or highway within 25 feet of an intersection unless parking spaces are otherwise marked, nor shall any vehicle be permitted to remain stationary upon any highway within a marked crosswalk or an area posted as a bus stop or within 25 feet of a stop sign posted at the direction of the traffic authority.
No vehicle, otherwise lawfully stationary, shall be left stationary on any public street or highway without removing the key therefrom, unless said vehicle continues to be occupied while stationary by a person over 16 years of age.
No vehicle, otherwise properly stationary, shall be left stationary on any public street or highway with its motor running, unless it continues to be occupied while stationary by a person over 16 years of age.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary within 10 feet of any fire hydrant.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon a public street or highway in front of or so as to obstruct or interfere with the ingress to or egress from any private driveway or alleyway except with the permission of the owner of such driveway or alleyway.
In the event that a vehicle is parked at a prohibited time or place in a designated towing zone but has not been removed by the city, the owner or driver shall pay a fine in an amount established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees, for such illegal parking.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary within the right-of-way of a public street or highway in such a manner as to constitute a traffic hazard or obstruct the free movement of traffic thereon, provided that a vehicle which has become disabled to such an extent that it is impractical to remove it may be permitted to so remain for a reasonable time for the purpose of making repairs thereto or of obtaining sufficient assistance to remove it, unless otherwise directed by a member of the Police Department.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon a public street or highway during winter snowstorms contrary to the directions of the traffic authority or the Director under Chapter 99 hereof.
No vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon the traveled portion of any public street or highway to the left of and adjacent to any vehicles parked on the right-hand portion of said highway in the direction in which said vehicles are heading.
If a highway is marked for one-way traffic and parking is permitted on the left-hand side of said highway, no vehicle shall be permitted to remain stationary upon the traveled portion of any public street or highway to the right of and adjacent to any vehicles parked on the left-hand portion of said highway in the direction in which said vehicles are heading.
No person or vehicle shall violate the terms of Section 14-253a of the Connecticut General Statutes or any other applicable law or regulation or park in any parking site designated as a "handicapped parking space," unless said vehicle bears a special identification card or license plate issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles to a handicapped person or disabled veteran.
The owner, operator, lessee or tenant of any parking site marked by a designated handicapped parking sign shall affix an additional sign, in letters a minimum of two inches in height, which states "Violators Will Be Towed," at the owner's expense. Within 30 days of the enactment of this subsection, if said additional lettering is not affixed thereto, the city may proceed to affix the same and impose the cost thereof against the owner, operator, lessee or tenant of such parking site.
Any person, firm or corporation violating or failing to comply with the terms of this chapter or of any rules and regulations relating to traffic and parking adopted by the traffic authority or the Director shall be subject to a fine for each such violation. If the motor vehicle is registered in the name of a partnership, firm, corporation or other business entity, then it shall be presumed that the operator was acting within the scope of his authority as the agent, servant or employee of said partnership, firm, corporation or other business entity. The amount of the fine shall be established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
The Director shall erect and maintain at such places in the city and in such manner as the traffic authority may designate meters for the regulation of parking of vehicles upon the streets and within off-street parking facilities and signs for the regulation of parking in nonmetered public spaces.
Rate. The rate which shall be charged for parking at parking meters shall be established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
Maximum parking time. Wherever the Director has posted a sign or placed a parking meter designating a maximum time limit for parking a vehicle, no person shall cause any vehicle to remain parked in said area for a period of time in excess of that established by said meter or sign. No person shall be allowed to continue depositing coins in a meter or remain parked in such area beyond the established time period.
Use of metered space for trade or business. In addition to any other permits or licenses which may be required, no person shall carry on any trade or business for profit, including the sale or distribution of any merchandise, from a metered space or any parking area under the jurisdiction of the Director, unless written authorization is obtained from the Director with the approval of the Common Council.
The Director shall have the authority to issue permits for parking at various public off-street parking facilities at a fee established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
Original parking violation fines will become delinquent after 15 calendar days, and the original amount of the fine shall escalate if not paid within said fifteen-day period. If any fine is not paid within 30 calendar days of the original violation, the fine will again escalate. The Director shall have the authority to establish a schedule which shall be utilized to calculate all fines for delinquent parking violations. The schedule shall be based on the original amount of the fine and the duration of delinquency. All such fines shall be established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
The Director, with the approval of the traffic authority, is hereby authorized to temporarily suspend any of these provisions or any other rules and regulations relating to traffic and parking when emergencies or other conditions warrant their suspension. No such suspension shall continue for a period in excess of 30 days without the approval of the Common Council. Notice of such temporary suspension shall be posted at the site, if appropriate, and in the offices of the Department of Public Works and the Police Department.
Any provisions of the Code of the City of Norwalk inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.
Nothing in §§ 98-6 through 98-18 shall be construed to apply to emergency vehicles and to public maintenance vehicles displaying flashing lights or to prohibit a vehicle from stopping or being held stationary by any police officer in an emergency to avoid accident or to give a right-of-way to any vehicle or pedestrian, as may be required by law.
No person shall park, cause to be parked or permit to be parked any of the following vehicles upon any public street or highway or other public place within the City in excess of the time limit prescribed:
No person shall park, cause to be parked or permit to be parked at one time in any residential district or upon any street adjacent thereto, two or more commercial vehicles or commercial trucks.
The traffic authority is authorized to designate approved garages within the city as official towing stations to which vehicles may be removed for storage by the Police Department or special constable in the manner set forth in this chapter. Any garage owned by the city or by any public agency or privately owned may be designated as an official towing station by the traffic authority.
The designated towing stations shall file with the traffic authority a schedule of reasonable fees for the cost of towing or removing vehicles, the same as that filed with the State Motor Vehicle Department. Such schedule shall be posted at the offices of the Police Department.
No garage, other than a garage operated by the city or by any public agency, shall be designated as an official towing station unless the owner, lessee or operator has supplied security to the traffic authority in an amount and form specified by the traffic authority to protect the city against liability for any claim for damages arising out of the towing or storage of any impounded vehicles and to insure faithful performance and discharge of its duties as an official towing station, as bailee of impounded vehicles, and to indemnify owners of vehicles against loss, injury or damage while such vehicles are in the custody of such official towing station.
The traffic authority shall designate towing zones within the city in no-parking areas and unloading zones, which shall be clearly designated by appropriate signs.
Whenever any vehicle is found parked in a towing zone, it shall be removed by or under the direction of a member of the Police Department or a special constable, by means of towing or otherwise, to an official towing station. The removal of any vehicle parked in a towing zone shall be deemed to abate a public nuisance and shall therefore be carried out at the risk of the owner or person entitled to the possession of such vehicle. Having been so removed, such vehicle shall continue to be impounded until the fees and charges provided in this chapter shall be paid by the owner or the person entitled to possession thereof.
The police officer or special constable directing the removal of any such vehicle shall make a prompt report to Police Headquarters, and notice thereof shall be sent by the Police Department to the owner of record of such vehicle within 12 hours from the time of such removal, indicating the place to which such vehicle has been removed and the reason for its removal and impounding.
No person shall be permitted to remove from any official towing station any vehicle impounded under the provisions of this chapter unless such person:
Reports to Police Headquarters and furnishes satisfactory evidence of his identity and ownership of the vehicle or agency on behalf of the owner or other right to immediate possession.
Pays a fee for the parking violation in a towing zone to the Police Department, who shall collect the same pursuant to the Connecticut General Statutes, as amended. The fee shall be established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
Goes to the official towing station, exhibits a receipt and authorization from the Police Department and pays a fee according to such reasonable fee schedule as provided in § 90-4 to cover the costs of towing or removing the vehicle, and further pays for the storage of the vehicle at the rate established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees, for each day or any fraction thereof, which storage and towing charges may be retained by the official towing station.
The removing, towing and storage charges provided in this section shall be a lien upon such impounded vehicle, and the payment thereof shall not release or relieve the owner or his agent from prosecution for any violation of law which may have been involved from the circumstances which resulted in the impounding of such vehicle.
Unless the payments required by this section are made under protest, they shall be final and conclusive and shall consist of a waiver of any rights to recover money so paid. If payment is made under protest, the owner or his agent shall be entitled to a hearing under the provisions of the Connecticut General Statutes, as amended, upon the furnishing of a bond in an amount set by the Police Department, where such bond shall be posted. Upon posting of such bond, the impounded vehicle shall be surrendered to the claimant, and it shall thereupon be the duty of the police officer having knowledge of the facts forthwith to institute the proper proceedings for such hearing, charging the owner or operator of such vehicle with a violation of the provision of this Code or other ordinance for which such vehicle was impounded.
When any impounded vehicle is returned to its owner or any person on behalf of the owner, such person shall sign a receipt for the vehicle.
The Police Department shall keep a record of the motor vehicles impounded, which shall contain the following information:
The names and addresses of the owners and operators of vehicles impounded.
The names of persons claiming such vehicles.
The license plate numbers and such other information as may identify such motor vehicle.
Where the vehicle has been towed.
The nature and circumstances of the impounding of the vehicle, including the violation for which the same was impounded.
The amount of fees and charges paid as a result of such towing and impoundment.
The final disposition of each case.
Nothing in this chapter is intended to prohibit the institution of legal proceedings charging the owner or driver of any vehicle with the violation of any other law or ordinance.
The Director shall erect and maintain the city, in such manner as directed by the traffic authority, speed limit signs for the regulation of traffic and the protection of the public.
No person shall operate any motor vehicle on any public street, highway or bridge within the municipal limits of the City of Norwalk at a rate of speed greater than the posted speed limit or, where there is no posted speed limit, greater than 25 miles per hour.
Nothing in this section shall apply to persons operating Police Department, Fire Department or other emergency vehicles in the performance of official business.
The city hereby adopts the provisions of Public Act 81-438, as amended, allowing the Mayor to appoint a hearing officer to conduct hearings on parking violation tickets, and said hearing officer shall exercise such powers as allowed by said statute, as amended.
Whenever there is found any motor vehicle parked legally or illegally upon the streets or upon the public grounds of the city which has received notice of 10 or more parking violations which remain delinquent, unpaid or otherwise unsettled and uncontested, such vehicle may be removed by towing or otherwise by or under the direction of a police officer or special constable to an official towing station or such vehicle may be immobilized in such manner as to prevent its removal or operation except by such persons as shall be authorized to do so by the Police Department.
It shall be the duty of any police officer or special constable removing or immobilizing a vehicle or under whose direction such a vehicle is removed or immobilized to inform, as soon as practicable within 12 hours, the owner of record of the removed or immobilized vehicle of the nature and circumstances of the prior unsettled parking violation notices for which or on account of which such vehicle was removed or immobilized. In any case involving immobilization of a vehicle pursuant to this section, there shall be placed on such vehicle, in a conspicuous manner, a notice warning that such vehicle has been immobilized and that any attempt to move such vehicle might result in damage thereto.
The owner of an immobilized vehicle or other duly authorized person shall be allowed at least 24 hours from the time of immobilization to repossess or secure the release of the vehicle, following which such vehicle may be removed to a storage area for safekeeping under the direction of a police officer or special constable.
Before the owner or person in charge of any vehicle removed or immobilized as above provided shall be allowed to repossess or to secure the release of said vehicle, he or his agent shall report to Police Headquarters and pay the following: the cost of towing and the cost of storage for each day or portion of a day that such a vehicle is so stored in excess of the first 24 hours; plus all sums legally due for any city parking citations issued and outstanding against such vehicle; or, in lieu of the above, a bond with a surety company authorized to do business in this state in an amount sufficient to cover the above charges and adequately protect the city. The amount and form of such bond shall be established by the traffic authority.
No such vehicle shall be released until the owner or his agent has established his identity and right to possession and has signed a proper receipt therefor.
Any person who, after having had his vehicle removed or immobilized, shall move or repossess such vehicle without complying with § 98-39, Conditions for repossession, shall, in addition to the charges provided for in said section, be liable for any damage done to the immobilization device or mechanism and be subject to a fine in an amount established in accordance with the provisions of § 90-4, Approval of rates and fees.
Prior to scheduling any vehicle on a list for impoundment or immobilization, the Director shall cause to be mailed to the registered owner a list of all delinquent parking citations and a statement warning that such vehicle shall be impounded if found parked on the public street or grounds of the city and giving notice of appeal rights pursuant to § 98-35, Authority to appoint hearing officer, and Public Act 81-438, as amended. No vehicle shall be placed on a list for impoundment or immobilization sooner than 15 days after the mailing of such notice.
The Police Department shall keep a record of motor vehicles impounded or immobilized under these provisions in the same manner as set forth in § 98-32, Records of impounded vehicles.
No operator of a motor vehicle, other than a tractor-trailer unit, as defined in Connecticut General Statutes Sec. 14-1, shall proceed into an intersection that has been designated, posted and marked by the City in accordance with Subsection B of this section, except when making a turn, unless there is sufficient space on the opposite side of the intersection to accommodate such motor vehicle without obstructing the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians, notwithstanding the indication of a traffic control signal that would permit such operator to proceed into the intersection.
The City shall
Post signs at each such designated intersection indicating that blocking the intersection is prohibited and that violators are subject to a fine; and
Mark, in white paint, the boundary of such intersection with a line not less than one foot in width and the area within such boundary line with parallel diagonal lines not less than one foot in width.
Any person who violates the provisions of Subsection A of this section shall have committed an infraction and shall be issued a fine of $100.
This section shall apply to the following intersections within the City:
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
- Any vehicle used in commerce; whether for hauling goods, equipment, or transporting passengers for a fare.