City of Parkville, MO
Platte County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Aldermen of the City of Parkville 2-7-2017 by Ord. No. 2884. Amendments noted where applicable.]
For the purpose of regulating and restricting the use and development of land and buildings, the following districts are established, with the intent given for relationship to the Master Plan.
A. 
Zoning Districts And Intent Statements.
1. 
R-1 Single-Family Residential. The R-1 Single-Family Residential District provides residential living in a low-density neighborhood setting and relatively spacious and natural character, with access to supporting uses, such as schools, churches, parks and other public facilities which reinforce residential neighborhoods. This district should be used for residential neighborhoods where integration of open and natural features is desired.
2. 
R-2 Single-Family Residential. The R-2 Single-Family Residential District provides residential living in a low-density neighborhood setting and open character, with access to supporting uses, such as schools, churches, parks and other public facilities which reinforce residential neighborhoods. This district should be used generally for a variety of residential neighborhoods throughout the City.
3. 
R-3 Single-Family Residential. The R-3 Single-Family Residential District provides residential living in a moderate-density neighborhood setting and more community character, with access to supporting uses, such as schools, churches, parks and other public facilities which reinforce residential neighborhoods. This district should be used generally for a variety of residential neighborhoods throughout the City.
4. 
R-4 Mixed-Density Residential. The R-4 Mixed-Density Residential District provides residential living in a medium-density neighborhood setting and compact, walkable character. The district provides primarily detached houses and integrates a range of small-scale, civic and multi-unit building types at strategic locations. This district should have strong connections to a broad range of amenities, retail needs and support services to promote walkable patterns. This district should be used in older central sections of the City or new mixed-use areas.
5. 
R-5 Multi-Family Residential. The R-5 Multi-Family Residential District provides residential living in a higher density pattern in planned apartment complexes or other large-scale multidwelling building formats. The uses and buildings provide a transition between neighborhoods and more intense uses, where a concentration of residences have a high level of accessibility to public amenities and support services.
6. 
B-1 Neighborhood Business District. The B-1 Neighborhood Business District provides small-scale retail, service and employment uses in a compact and walkable format that are well-integrated with residential neighborhoods or other supporting uses that serve the needs of neighborhoods. This district should be used to create destinations in close proximity to residential neighborhoods.
7. 
B-2 General Business District. The B-2 General Business District provides a wide range of retail, service and employment uses that are not easily integrated with neighborhoods or are at a scale, intensity or in a format that requires a high level of vehicle accessibility and visibility. This district should be used generally for commercial and service uses that cannot be easily integrated or in close proximity to neighborhoods.
8. 
B-4-P Planned Business District. The B-4-P Planned Business District provides a wide range of retail, service and employment uses in a more integrated and master planned setting that creates effective transitions to supporting and compatible uses in other adjacent districts. This district should be used to create a better mixture of large and small commercial uses and improved transitions and compatibility with adjacent uses.
9. 
OTD Old Town District. The OTD Old Town District provides a broad range of retail, entertainment and civic uses, and supporting accessory office, service, and residential uses, in a compact and walkable format. This district preserves the scale and character of original Parkville as the focal point of the community, and reinforces a high level of civic design and small-scale urban patterns that keep downtown Parkville vibrant.
10. 
BP Business Park District. The BP Business Park District provides for a mixture of office, research and development, warehousing, distribution, light industrial and limited retail and service uses in a planned business park setting with an emphasis on quality buildings relating to integrated open spaces. Retail sales and services are allowed, provided that they would support other businesses within the park. This district should be used to concentrate employment uses and associated smaller-scale commercial and service uses.
11. 
P-EC Planned Educational Campus District. The P-EC Planned Educational Campus District is intended to promote unified development through master planning of public and private institutions for teaching and learning in a campus setting, including: elementary and secondary schools; colleges, universities and seminaries; and technical and trade schools. This district is established to allow for design flexibility, to encourage efficient use of land and public services and to ensure high-quality design. These regulations are intended to allow innovative development that is integrated within a campus setting and compatible with historic character and patterns of nearby development.
12. 
I-1 Light Industrial District. The I-1 Light Industrial District provides manufacturing, service and business uses which do not require intensive land coverage, generate large volumes of vehicular traffic, or create obnoxious sounds, glare, dust or odor, and which may provide employment opportunities in close proximity to other supporting and compatible commercial or neighborhood uses. This district should be used where smaller-scale employment and manufacturing is complementary to other commercial uses.
13. 
I-2 Light Industrial District. The I-2 Light Industrial District provides manufacturing, service and business uses relatively free from noise, dust, and odor within buildings and on well-landscaped sites. This district should be used to provide employment and manufacturing uses that will not have significant impact on adjacent uses.
14. 
I-3 Heavy Industrial District. The I-3 Heavy Industrial District provides industrial uses which are generally not compatible with residential and/or commercial activity due to the scale, operation, intensity or impacts of activities, or due to the high level of supporting access and infrastructure required of the business. This district should be used where larger-scale and more intensive uses need to be remote from potentially incompatible uses.
15. 
U-1 Underground District. The U-1 Underground District is a planned district that accommodates the reasonable utilization of underground space for post-mining, subsurface land uses whose traffic and other surface impacts are compatible with the surrounding surface uses and are safe for human occupation of the underground or surface above or surrounding the underground use. This district should be used where geology and topography permit uses to occur with no immediate or long-term impact on adjacent uses or future surface uses.
16. 
PLCD Parkland And Conservation District. The Parkland and Conservation District provides public recreation activities, preserves important open lands for aesthetic and ecological purposes, and provides parks, open and civic spaces that improve the image of Parkville. This district should be used to preserve unique features and shape the public realm of Parkville.
B. 
Relationship To Master Plan. The future land use element of the Master Plan provides a general framework for implementing the plan; it is not intended to predetermine specific land uses or zoning for individual parcels. The following table is a general guide showing the relationship of zoning districts to each other and to the land use categories of the Master Plan. It is intended to ensure compatibility and effective transitions among different zoning districts and allow creation of places where projects and zoning districts add up to a larger and greater whole as envisioned in the plan.
Table 405-1: Master Plan and Zoning Districts
Future Land Use Category
Typically Applicable Zoning Districts
Parks and Open Space
PLCD; or integrating specific parts of the open and civic space systems in Chapter 404 associated with development
Conservation Overlay
PLCD; or R-1 in a planned conservation pattern or very large lots, or agriculture/undeveloped lands
Residential Neighborhood
R-1; R-2; R-3; but R-4 can be mixed in a planned pattern integrated around mixed-use or commercial areas
Moderate Density Residential Mix
R-3; R-4
Mixed Use Residential Neighborhood
Predominantly R-4; but R-3 or R-5 can be mixed in a planned pattern integrated around mixed-use or commercial areas
Mixed Use
Predominantly B-1; R-4; but B-2, B-4, and R-5 can be mixed in a planned pattern with a well-integrated mix of compatible uses and designs
Office
BP; or B-1
General Commercial
B-2; B-4-P; BP; or I-1 if in a planned pattern integrated with surrounding areas
Office/Business Park
BP; B-1; I-1 if in a planned pattern and integrated with surrounding uses; or U-1 in a planned pattern designed to not impact principal and future land uses
University
P-EC; or U-1 in a planned pattern designed to not impact principal and future land uses
Nothing in this table or the plan would preclude the finding that a different application of the zoning districts is also consistent with the future land use element of the Master Plan, or other more specific plans if the context of a specific application, and the goals, policies and strategies of the plan support that finding.
C. 
Preexisting Zoning Districts. Zoning districts that were legally initiated prior to the adoption or amendment of this code, but which no longer exist under the current terms of this code, shall continue to exist for the purpose of regulating and restricting the use and development of land and buildings as they were established.
[Added 10-3-2017 by Ord. No. 2915]
A. 
Permitted Uses. In order to implement the intent of each zoning district and to regulate a variety of compatible uses within zoning districts, use categories and general uses have been established for principal uses of land and buildings. Table 405-2 indicates permitted uses (P) subject to general district and building type standards or any specific use standards, and conditional uses (C) subject to the discretionary review process in Section 403.050. Use categories, general uses and specific types of uses are more specifically described in Chapter 402. This table enables general use categories. More specific types of uses within these categories may be subject to additional standards in Section 405.040, Standards Specific to Uses, or be subject to conditional review processes indicated in Section 405.050, Conditional Uses.
[Amended 11-7-2017 by Ord. No. 2923]
Table 405-2: Use Table
Key:
P = Permitted use
C = Use allowed through conditional review
Blank = Use not allowed
Use
R-1
R-2
R-3
R-4
R-5
OTD
B-1
B-2
B-4-P
BP
P-EC
I-1
I-2
I-3
PLCD
U-1
Residential Uses
Detached house
P
P
P
P
P
P
Duplex
P
P
P
3-/4-plex
C
P
P
P
Row house (3 to 8 units; 2- to 3-story)
C
P
P
P
Walk-up apartment (3 to 12 units; 2- to 3-story)
C
P
P
P
Apartment complex (garden apartment - density based)
P
P
P
Mixed-use (residential above or behind street level commercial)
P
P
P
Accessory dwelling
C
C
C
C
C
C
Civic/Institutional Uses
Assembly — limited (under 250)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Assembly — small (251 to 500)
C
C
C
C
C
P
P
Assembly — large (501 to 1,000)
C
P
P
P
P
Assembly — event venue (1,000+)
C
P
P
P
Education — neighborhood school (<10 acres)
P
P
P
P
Education — campus (> 10 acres)
C
C
C
C
C
C
P
Education — extension
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Library, museum or art gallery
C
C
C
C
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Open/civic space (various types; see design standards Section 404.020)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Community and public service (post office, fire, police, rec center)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Retail
Retail — limited (under 2,500 square feet)
P
P
P
P
P
Retail — small (2,500 to 8,000 square feet)
P
P
P
P
Retail — general (8,000 to 50,000 square feet)
P
P
Retail — large (50,000 to 100,000 square feet)
P
P
Retail — warehouse (over 100,000 square feet)
P
P
Retail — outdoor sales, limited
P
P
P
Retail — outdoor sales general
P
P
Restaurant — micro/mobile
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Restaurant — limited
P
P
P
P
P
Restaurant — general
P
P
Restaurant — drive-in/drive-through
C
P
P
Restaurant — bar/tavern
P
P
P
P
P
Restaurant — microbrewery/winery
C
C
C
C
C
C
Grocery — convenience/market (under 5,000 square feet)
P
P
P
P
P
Grocery — small store (under 40,000 square feet)
P
P
P
Grocery — large store (over 40,000 square feet)
P
P
Gas station — limited (4 pumps or fewer)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Gas station — general (5 to 16 pumps)
P
P
P
P
P
P
Gas station — large (more than 16 pumps)
C
C
P
P
P
Office/Service Uses
Office — home occupation
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Office — limited
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Office — general
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Service — limited
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Service — general
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Animal care or clinic — limited
P
P
P
P
P
Animal care or clinic — general
P
P
P
Lodging — bed-and-breakfast
C
P
P
P
P
Lodging — inn
P
P
P
P
P
Lodging — hotel/motel
P
P
P
Recreation — indoor, limited
C1
P
P
P
P
P
Recreation — indoor, general
P
P
P
P
Recreation — outdoor, limited
C
P
P
P
Recreation — outdoor, general
P
P
Residential care — limited
P
P
P
Residential care — general
C
C
P
Residential care — institutional living
P
Vehicle service/repair — limited
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Vehicle service/repair — general
P
P
P
P
P
P
Vehicle service/repair — heavy
C
P
P
Industrial
Manufacturing — artisan
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Manufacturing — light
C
P
P
P
P
P
P
Manufacturing — general
P
P
P
Manufacturing — heavy
P
Storage and warehousing — indoor, limited
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Storage and warehousing — indoor, general
P
P
P
P
Storage and warehousing — outdoor
P
P
P
Storage and warehousing — outdoor, junkyard
P
NOTE:
1
See Section 405.050 for additional requirements.
A. 
Height, Area And Bulk Standards. The height, area, and bulk requirements for the various districts are established by Table 405-3.
Table 405-3: Height, Area and Bulk Standards
Zoning District
Lot Size
Building Standards
Minimum Area
Minimum Width
(feet)
Minimum Depth
(feet)
Front Setback
(feet)
Side Setback
(feet)
Rear Setback
(feet)
Maximum Height
(feet/stories)
R-1 Single-Family Residential
20,000 square feet
100
150
40
10
50
35/2.5
R-2 Single-Family Residential
10,000 square feet
75
100
25
10
30
35/2.5
R-3 Single-Family Residential
7,500 square feet
60
100
25
10
25
35/2.5
R-4 Mixed-Density Residential
See Section 406.020 for development standards specific to the Mixed-Density Residential District.
R-5 Multi-Family Residential[a]
1 acre
200
200
30
20
20
45/3
B-1 Neighborhood Business
2,500 square feet
25
80
25[b]
10[b]
20
35/2.5
B-2 General Business
7,500 square feet
60
100
25
20
20
45/3
OTD Old Town District
See Section 406.010 for development standards specific to the Old Town District.
B-P Business Park
See Section 406.030 for development standards specific to the Business Park District.
B-4-P Planned Business
All development standards for the B-4-P District shall be set through the master planned development process in Section 403.040.
P-EC Planned Educational Campus
All development standards for the P-EC District shall be set through the master planned development process in Section 403.040.
PLCD Parkland and Conservation District
All development standards for the PLCD are subject to the open and civic space design standards in Section 404.020. Any public structures built shall be subject to the standards for the most similarly applicable zoning district or building type.
I-1 Light Industrial
1 acre
150
200
40
15/50 total
10
30/2
I-2 Light Industrial
1/2 acre
100
150
25
15/50 total
10
45/3
I-3 Heavy Industrial
1 acre
150
200
40
30
30
125
U-1 Underground District
All development standards for the U-1 District shall be set through the master planned development process in Section 403.040.
NOTES:
[a]
R-5 has a minimum lot area of five thousand four hundred forty-five (5,445) square feet per dwelling unit [eight (8) units per acre] for any lot with multiple principal dwelling units.
[b]
B-1 has a required front setback of zero (0) feet to ten (10) feet for any lot fronting on an activity street meeting the streetscape design standards in Section 403.010. Side setbacks may be reduced to zero (0) feet for any buildings constructed with a party wall.
B. 
Exceptions And Supplemental Standards.
1. 
Height Exceptions. The height regulations as prescribed in this Chapter shall not apply to:
a. 
Accessory building elements integral to the design and construction of the building, such as belfries, chimneys, ornamental towers and spires, elevator bulkheads, cooling towers, smokestacks or other equipment, provided that they meet all applicable screening requirements and they are not otherwise extended to specifically avoid the intent of applicable height limits.
b. 
Site elements, flagpoles, monuments, water towers, fire towers, provided that they are setback from the property line at least one (1) foot for each one (1) foot of additional height above the height limit for the district in which it is located.
c. 
Public, semipublic or public service buildings, hospitals, institutions, or schools, when permitted in a district, may have a maximum height of sixty (60) feet, and churches and temples may have a maximum height of seventy-five (75) feet, when the required side and rear yards are each increased by at least one (1) foot for each one (1) foot of additional building height above the height regulations for the district in which the building is located.
d. 
Any other structure that has a specific height limit that is different from the generally applicable height limit.
2. 
Lot Exceptions. The following are exceptions and supplemental standards for the lot area and setback standards in this Chapter:
a. 
Whenever a lot abuts upon a public alley, one-half (1/2) of the alley width may be considered as a portion of the required setback.
b. 
Every part of a required setback shall be open to the sky except for: ordinary projections of rooflines, eaves, gutters, soffits, sills, belt courses, awnings and canopies without independent supports, window wells, egress windows, accessible ramps, stairs, window air conditioning units, chimneys, cornices and ornamental features which may project to a distance not to exceed twenty-four (24) inches into a required yard; or statuary, arbors, trellises, flagpoles, landscaping, lighting and similar ornamental features which shall be allowed within the required setback areas.
c. 
In the event that a lot is to be occupied by a group of two (2) or more related buildings to be used for residential, institutional, hotel or motel purposes, there may be more than one (1) main building on the lot when such buildings are arranged around a courtyard meeting the design standards of Section 404.020; provided, however, that:
(1) 
The courtyard between buildings that are parallel or within forty-five degrees (45°) of being parallel, shall have a minimum width of thirty (30) feet for one-story buildings, forty (40) feet for two-story buildings, and fifty (50) feet for three-story buildings, and in no case may such buildings be closer to each other than fifteen (15) feet.
(2) 
Where a courtyard having direct street access is more than fifty percent (50%) surrounded by a building, the minimum width of the court shall be at least thirty (30) feet for one-story buildings, forty (40) feet for two-story buildings, and fifty (50) feet for three-story buildings.
d. 
Within any residential district, the least dimension of a yard upon which the principal entrances or exits of a multiple dwelling face, shall be twenty (20) feet.
e. 
Where a lot is used for a commercial or industrial purpose, more than one (1) main building may be located on the lot, but only when such buildings conform to all open space requirements around the lot for the district in which the lot is located.
3. 
Accessory Buildings. Accessory buildings shall be permitted in association with and on the same lot as a principal building, and are subject to the following additional limitations.
a. 
Generally. All accessory buildings shall be at least ten (10) feet from the principal building.
b. 
Small Sheds. Accessory buildings one hundred twenty (120) square feet and less and less than twelve (12) feet tall shall be limited to one (1) per lot, located behind the rear building line of the principal building, and be no closer than five (5) feet from the rear or side property line.
c. 
Detached Building.
(1) 
Accessory buildings over one hundred twenty (120) square feet shall meet the following:
(a) 
No more than one (1) per lot.
(b) 
Located behind the front building line.
(c) 
Be at least five (5) feet from the rear or three (3) feet from the side lot line, except that any accessory building providing garage access off a rear alley may be located within three (3) feet of the rear lot line. On any rear lot line abutting a street, detached buildings over one hundred twenty (120) square feet shall meet the required rear yard setback.
(d) 
Be no more than one and one-half (1 1/2) stories, or no higher than the principal building, whichever is less. However, any portion of an accessory building facade that is more than fifteen (15) feet high, such as a dormer, gable or similar facade component, shall be at least ten (10) feet from any lot line.
(e) 
Be limited to no more than thirty-five percent (35%) of the rear yard, or five hundred seventy-six (576) square feet, whichever is less.
(f) 
Be constructed with materials, architectural details and style, and roof forms that are compatible with the principal structure.
(2) 
Detached buildings may be attached to the principal building by a breezeway or roofed structure, provided that it remains entirely open except for support columns.
4. 
Front Yards.
a. 
Where an official line has been established for the future widening or opening of a street or major thoroughfare upon which a lot abuts, then the depth of a front or side yard shall be measured from such official line to the nearest line of the building.
b. 
On through lots, the required front yard shall be provided on each street.
c. 
Except in the B-2 General Business District, where a lot is located at the intersection of two (2) or more streets, there shall be a front yard of fifteen (15) feet on the side street; provided, however, that the buildable width of a lot of record at the time of passage of this Title shall not be reduced to less than thirty-two (32) feet.
d. 
Open, unenclosed front entry features which do not extend above the level of the first floor of the building may project into the front and side yard up to ten (10) feet, but no closer than five (5) feet to any side lot line.
e. 
Where twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the street frontage, or twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the street frontage with four hundred (400) feet of the property in question, is improved with buildings that have a front yard [with a variation of six (6) feet or less] that is greater or less than the required front yard in the district, no building shall project beyond the average front yard so established; provided, however, that a depth of front yard of more than fifty percent (50%) in excess of the depth of the required front yard in the district in which the lot is located, shall not be required. Where forty percent (40%) or more of the street frontage is improved with buildings that have no front yard, no front yard shall be required for the remainder of the street frontage.
5. 
Side and Rear Yards.
a. 
Where dwelling units are erected above business structures in business districts, no side yards are required except such side yard as may be required in the district regulations for a business or industrial building on the side of a lot adjoining a dwelling district.
b. 
For the purpose of the side yard regulations, a duplex or a multiple-unit building shall be considered as one (1) building occupying one (1) lot.
c. 
The minimum depth side yards for schools, libraries, churches, community houses, and other public and semipublic buildings in residential districts shall be twenty-five (25) feet, except where a side yard is adjacent to a business or industrial district, in which case, the depth of that yard shall be as required for the district in which the building is located.
d. 
Open or lattice-enclosed fire escapes, outside stairways and balconies opening upon fire towers, and the ordinary projections of chimneys and flues may project into the required rear yard for a distance of not more than five (5) feet, but only where the same are so placed as not to obstruct light and ventilation.
e. 
In Zoning Districts R-1 and R-2, on a lot with an irregularly shaped rear property line or when the residence is located on the lot at an angle, rear yard dimensions shall be taken at each end of the building parallel to the sides, and a perpendicular measurement shall be taken from the rear of the building to the furthest point of the lot. The average of these three (3) measurements shall equal at least thirty (30) feet. However, in no case shall the building or structure be located less than ten (10) feet perpendicular from any property line. (A sketch illustrating how to measure for rear lot averaging shall be on file in the City offices).
f. 
Swimming pools and home barbecue grills may occupy a rear yard, provided that both side and rear yards conform to the side yard requirements for the district in which they are located.
6. 
Building Area. The minimum floor area for dwellings shall be one thousand two hundred (1,200) square feet in the R-1 District; one thousand (1,000) square feet in the R-2 District; nine hundred (900) square feet in the R-3 and R-4 Districts; and six hundred (600) square feet per living unit in the R-5 District.
In addition to the general use and development standards applicable to all districts, the following standards are specific to particular uses. These standards shall be met whether the use is a generally permitted use or a conditional use according to Table 405-2. The uses in this Section may involve more specific types or formats of the uses generally enabled in Table 405-2.
A. 
Accessory Uses, Generally. All principal uses shall include accessory uses and structures that are clearly incidental to and customarily associated with the principal use. These uses and structures shall:
1. 
Be compatible with the general character of the area and comparable to uses of other property in the vicinity.
2. 
Not be constructed, maintained or conducted in a way that produces noise, vibration, noxious odor or material, any visible light, glare or other visible impacts that are harmful, damaging or disturbing to the adjacent property.
3. 
Be conducted in a way that is consistent with the intent and objectives of all other design and development standards applicable to the property.
B. 
Accessory Dwelling. Accessory dwellings shall be accessory to a primary residential use on the lot and subject to the following additional standards:
1. 
One (1) accessory dwelling may be permitted per lot, only when associated with a detached house.
2. 
Accessory dwelling units may be located in a detached accessory building or located within the principal building (such as an attic or basement apartment).
3. 
The accessory dwelling shall not exceed fifty percent (50%) of the living area of the principal dwelling or one thousand two hundred (1,200) square feet, whichever is less.
4. 
One (1) additional parking space shall be provided on-site, although this provision may be waived if the context and circumstances of each dwelling unit prove the space unnecessary.
5. 
The property owner shall occupy either the principal or accessory dwelling as his or her permanent residence.
6. 
Occupancy of the accessory or principal unit is limited to family members related by blood, marriage or adoption or persons providing nursing or domiciliary care or assistance to the owner in exchange for lodging.
7. 
The homeowner shall obtain an occupancy permit from the City every three (3) years so that the accessory dwelling unit can be reviewed for compliance. Issuance of the occupancy permit shall be contingent on the homeowner filing a notarized affidavit by stating that the accessory dwelling unit complies with all standards and any all conditions of approval of any conditional use permit.
8. 
The following additional design considerations apply to accessory dwellings:
a. 
The accessory dwelling shall be designed to maintain the architectural design, style, appearance and character of the principal building as a detached house.
b. 
A separate entrance to the accessory dwelling is not permitted on the front facade of the principal dwelling.
c. 
The accessory dwelling shall have a roof pitch, siding, and window proportions similar to that of the principal dwelling.
d. 
No exterior stairway to the second floor is permitted at the front of the building.
C. 
Home Occupation. Home occupations shall meet all of the following standards:
1. 
Home occupations shall be entirely contained within the interior of a structure. A home occupation shall use no more than thirty percent (30%) of the total dwelling unit floor area.
2. 
No person outside the family shall be employed at the location.
3. 
No visible evidence of the business shall be apparent from the street or surrounding area. Signage shall be permitted per the requirements of Chapter 409. There shall be no outdoor storage or display of products, equipment, or merchandise other than of a type and quantity characteristically found at a single residential dwelling. The appearance of a dwelling shall not be altered to the extent that attention is drawn to the structure as a commercial or business operation.
4. 
No traffic shall be generated by any home occupation in substantially greater volume than would normally be expected in a residential neighborhood. No vehicle or delivery truck shall block or interfere with normal traffic circulation. If parking for a home occupation occurs in a manner or frequency causing disturbance to the normal traffic flow for the neighborhood, the occupation shall be considered a business best handled in a commercial district rather than as a home occupation.
5. 
A home occupation shall not create excessive noise, dust or dirt, heat, smoke, odors, vibration, glare or bright lighting which would be over and above that created by a single residential dwelling.
6. 
Any business that provides care or instruction to children shall be limited to no more than two (2) children at one (1) time that are not members of the household.
7. 
Home occupations that do not clearly meet all of these standards may only be permitted through a conditional use permit.
D. 
Temporary Storage.
1. 
Portable storage containers and temporary dumpsters may be permitted in conjunction with a building or construction permit. Where no building or construction permit is required, portable storage containers and temporary dumpsters may be permitted subject to the following limitations.
a. 
Only for a period reasonably necessary to complete the associated project or task, not to exceed thirty (30) days or other time associated with a specific project or task and previously approved by the Community Development Director or Public Works Director in writing.
b. 
All portable storage containers and temporary dumpsters shall be delivered and maintained in good condition free from rodents, insects, graffiti, vulgar and/or offensive words or pictures.
c. 
Portable storage containers and temporary dumpsters shall not be placed on public property or within the City's right-of-way without prior approval of a right-of-way permit. Where permitted, no portable storage container or temporary dumpster shall be located in an intersection sight triangle.
d. 
Portable storage containers and temporary dumpsters shall be placed on a paved surface.
e. 
The placement of portable storage containers shall not encroach onto adjoining properties and shall not block or hinder access to or from any ingress, egress or emergency exit.
2. 
Should existing site conditions not allow for the placement in full compliance with these provisions, exceptions may be considered and written approval granted on a case-by-case basis by the Community Development Director or the Public Works Director in writing.
3. 
Upon removal of a permitted portable storage container or temporary dumpster, any portion of the site disturbed by the container or dumpster shall be returned to an original or better condition, including at minimum seeding or sodding any vegetative areas disturbed.
E. 
Outdoor Storage, Non-Residential. Accessory outdoor storage may be permitted in the non-residential districts subject to the following standards:
1. 
The storage area shall be located behind the front building line of the principal building.
2. 
The storage area shall be fully screened from residential property or public spaces according to the standards and design requirement of Section 407.030, and no materials shall be stacked higher than the screening.
3. 
The storage area shall not be located closer than fifteen (15) feet to any street or right-of-way.
4. 
The storage area shall be paved per the requirements for parking lots.
5. 
Alternative surfaces, locations or screening can only be approved by the Planning Commission through site plan review procedures in Chapter 403.
F. 
Outdoor Display And Service Areas.
1. 
Accessory outdoor display and service areas for merchandise are subject to the following conditions:
a. 
Outdoor display and areas shall be located on the same lot as the principal use.
b. 
The display area shall be located in an area abutting the principal structure, and shall not be located in a required parking space, drive lane, loading area, or the public right-of-way.
c. 
Display and service areas shall not be arranged where they will interfere with pedestrian or building access or clear vision areas. At least five (5) feet clear or at least fifty percent (50%) of any sidewalk, whichever is greater, shall be maintained on all sidewalk display areas.
d. 
Except for furnishings, all merchandise shall be brought indoors during non-business hours.
e. 
Outdoor display of merchandise shall be limited to three (3) events per location per year, and each limited to no more than seven (7) consecutive days.
f. 
Televisions or other electronic audio or visual devices or means of producing amplified sound shall not be permitted within an outdoor display or service area that is within one hundred (100) feet of a residential use or district.
2. 
Outdoor display and services not meeting these standards may only be approved through a temporary event permit or by the Planning Commission through the site plan review procedures in Chapter 403.
G. 
Restaurant — Micro/Mobile. Restaurants — micro/mobile shall meet the following additional standards:
1. 
Any vendor shall provide appropriate waste receptacles at the site of the unit and remove all litter, debris, and other waste attributable to the vendor on a daily basis.
2. 
Shall comply with all other applicable Federal, State, County and City regulations and obtain all applicable permits or licenses.
3. 
The customer service area for mobile food vending units shall be on the side of the street that faces a curb, lawn, or sidewalk when parked. No food service shall be provided on the driving lane side of the truck or vehicle.
4. 
Mobile food vending units parked on public streets shall conform to all applicable parking regulations and shall not hinder the lawful parking or operation of other vehicles.
5. 
Mobile food vending units shall not operate on public property within one (1) block of a City-sanctioned or authorized street fair, public festival, farmer's market or event being conducted without authorization from the event sponsor.
6. 
Mobile food vending units shall not be parked within three hundred (300) feet of an existing brick and mortar restaurant during the hours when such restaurant is open for business to the public, unless written permission is first obtained from the restaurant owner.
7. 
Besides signage that is physically part of the mobile food vending units, only one (1) portable pedestrian sign is allowed in accordance with Chapter 409.
8. 
Mobile food vending units shall be subject to all noise, odor, hours of operation or other requirements and limitations of other businesses in the same or similar vicinity, and any other conditions placed on it at the time of permitting to ensure such conditions are maintained through all operations.
H. 
Restaurant — Drive-In/Drive-Through.
1. 
Where accessory drive-through facilities are permitted, all of the following standards shall be met:
a. 
The service area shall use the same entrance and exit from the site as the principal use.
b. 
No access shall be provided on any street designed to the activity street standards in Section 404.010. Use of alleys, internal access and the back sides of buildings for drive-through services is required to preserve the urban design context of these areas.
c. 
Service areas and windows shall be located on the most remote wall possible, considering adjacencies to public streetscapes, residential property or other sensitive land use and urban design characteristics of the context. Additional screening or buffers may be required beyond the standards of Section 407.030 in order to ensure compatibility.
d. 
No service area or pickup window shall be located within one hundred (100) feet of any residentially zoned property.
e. 
Circulation, stacking and other access issues shall be designed in a manner that has the least impact on pedestrians entering the principal building both from public streets and from internal streets or parking areas. Design elements such as raised crosswalks or other elements that distinguish walkways from vehicle surfaces may be required to express pedestrian priority where conflicts occur.
f. 
Signs, service windows or other noise or lighting elements shall not be visible or audible from the public right-of-way or adjacent residential property. Additional screening or buffers may be required beyond the standards of Section 407.030.
2. 
Any drive-through service area that does not clearly meet these criteria shall only be approved by the Planning Commission through a conditional use permit in Chapter 403.
I. 
Restaurant — Microbreweries/Winery. Microbreweries, microdistilleries and microwineries shall meet the following additional conditions:
1. 
Retail sales, restaurant, tasting rooms, pubs, and outdoor service areas shall be permitted as allowed by the design and performance standards of the applicable district, or as specifically modified in a conditional use permit.
2. 
Supplies, processing, and by-products shall be managed in a way that no impacts on adjacent uses and property are produced other than what ordinarily may occur from other allowed uses in the district.
3. 
Processes or equipment to remove or treat by-products or wastes, regulate temperature or other operating procedures shall be in place to eliminate impacts on sewer and water systems.
4. 
When permitted in the OTD, B-1, B-2 and B-4 Districts, the following shall apply unless specifically modified through the conditional use permit:
a. 
Retail sales on-site shall be a specific component of the business plan, and retail sales shall begin within twelve (12) months of approval of the permit.
b. 
At least twenty-five percent (25%) of the product shall be sold for on-site consumption or retail sale on site.
c. 
Outdoor storage is prohibited.
d. 
The total indoor floor area of the facility, including production and retail areas, shall not exceed eight thousand (8,000) square feet.
e. 
Accessory retail sales of related items, consumer products and food is encouraged.
A. 
In addition to the general uses enabled by Table 405-2 as permitted or conditional uses, the following specific uses are conditional uses enabled through the discretionary review process in Section 403.050. For example, use categories that are designated as a "C" in Table 405-2, all specific types of uses in that category need a conditional use permit even though they are not on the list below; use categories designated as a "P" in Table 405-2 are generally permitted, but if a more specific type of that category is listed below it needs a conditional use permit. The uses in this Section may involve more specific types or formats, or include more specific performance criteria than the uses generally enabled in Table 405-2, and due to their typical scale, intensity and potential impacts require special and site specific review different from generally enabled uses.
B. 
The following uses may be approved as conditional uses subject to the review process in Section 403.050:
1. 
Airports, heliports and landing fields.
2. 
Circus or carnival grounds, temporary for a specified time period.
3. 
Dwellings in an industrial district, special flood hazard area, or floodway.
4. 
Extraction, processing, and removal of sand and gravel or stone.
5. 
Fairgrounds.
6. 
Hospitals.
7. 
Marina.
8. 
Public or government buildings or public or governmental use of land.
9. 
Public utilities or public service uses, buildings, structures, or appurtenances thereto.
10. 
Sanitary landfill.
11. 
Sports arena or stadium.
12. 
Swimming pool, commercial, or private swimming club.
13. 
Race track.
14. 
Modular or prefabricated structures.
15. 
Pawnbrokers in non-residential zoning districts.
16. 
Office uses of low traffic generation, such as real estate, accounting, law, dental, financial services, and those similar in nature in residential districts that front and have access to a State highway.
17. 
Home occupations that provide care or instruction to more than two (2) children at a time, or which do not otherwise clearly meet the criteria for accessory home occupations in Section 405.040(C).
18. 
Animal shelters in residential districts.
19. 
Emergency shelters for homeless or indigent persons and boarding, rooming and lodging houses where not permitted by matter of right.
20. 
Off-site storage, staging and assemblage of heavy equipment and materials for public utility and infrastructure construction, fronting on or with reasonable access to a State or County highway.
21. 
Sales and service of vehicular motor scooters with stock muffler and exhaust systems, as defined and regulated in Title III, Traffic Code, of the Parkville Municipal Code, in non-residential districts and subject to limited hours of operation, limited outdoor display or storage, and mitigation of general impacts on the surrounding properties and district on a case-by-case basis.
22. 
Sales of automobiles, new or used, and subject to limited hours of operation, limited outdoor display or storage, and mitigation of general impacts on the surrounding properties and district on a case-by-case basis.
23. 
Refined fuel storage, distribution and accessory uses on sites: previously used for the same; zoned I-3 Heavy Industrial District; containing at least ten (10) and not more than forty (40) contiguous acres; abutting the Missouri River; abutting a State highway; abutting rail; and utilizing pipeline distribution as a primary source of intake delivery, all subject to conditions as necessary to mitigate impacts, if any, to surrounding uses. Said use may not include on-site refinement of petroleum products.
24. 
Garden centers, landscape centers, nurseries and related uses in residential districts.
[Added 8-1-2017 by Ord. No. 2906]
25. 
Recreation — indoor, limited (less than 10,000 square feet) uses in the OTD Old Town District, excluding the ground floor on Main Street between the railroad tracks to the south and 2nd Street to the north.
[Added 11-7-2017 by Ord. No. 2923]